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Publication numberUS3264461 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 2, 1966
Filing dateJun 2, 1964
Priority dateJun 2, 1964
Publication numberUS 3264461 A, US 3264461A, US-A-3264461, US3264461 A, US3264461A
InventorsNorval D Osburn
Original AssigneeFlasher Flare Southeast Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flasher warning light
US 3264461 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 2, 1966 N. D. QSBURN FLASHER WARNING LIGHT 2 heet l Filed J 14y MAVZKVAV A INVENT v l A awar Aug. 2, 1966 Filed June 2, 1964 N. D. OSBURN 3,264, 41

FLASHER WARNING LIGHT 2 Sheets-Sheet l NVENTOR. jl/orva "l Qfibonfl M ,1 TT() 1 EYS United States Patent p g I 3,264,461 FLASHER WARNING LIGHT Norval D. Osbum, St. Petersburg, Fla., assignor to Flasher Flare Southeast, Inc., Tampa, Fla, a corporation of Florida.

Filed June 2, 1964, Ser. No. 372,056 2 Claims. (Cl. 240-2) The subject matter of the instant case is a continuationin-part of my earlier filed application Serial No. 63,027 entitled Flasher Light Mounting which was filed Oct. 17, 1960, and now Patent No. 3,135,468.

This invention relates broadly to a novel lamp assembly and is more particularly directed to a warning lamp assembly such as a flasher unit of the type which is adapted to be mounted on a barricade and utilized on highways to warn motorists of highway construction areas or the like.

More specifically, the instant invention is directed to an improved lamp head and light centering means for use in a lamp assembly of the foregoing general type which is designed to provide such a lamp assembly with a greatly increased life over prior types of devices of this general class and which is designed to substantially reduce mechanical fatigue of various parts of the assembly and breakage thereof resulting from shock loads.

The lamp assembly to which the instant invention apertains includes generally a battery casing having means formed thereon for mounting the casing on a road barrier and a lamp head rotatably mounted on the casing containing a lamp which is energized by a battery mounted within the casing.

Specifically, the lamp head disclosed in the illustrated embodiment of my invention comprises generally a rim which is cylindrical in form and which is rotatably mounted on the top wall of the battery casing. A translucent tube extends diametrically across the rim and has at least one end secured to the rim. An ordinary lamp bulb is disposed inside the translucent tube and is maintained midway between the ends thereof by means of its own lead wires as to be disposed at the center axis of the rim. The lead wires from the battery extend up into the hollow translucent tube and are connected to the lamp bulb and constitute the only means for supporting the lamp bulb in the tube. A stopper is provided at one end of the tube which receives the lead wires in frictional contact so that the wires can manually be moved into or out of the stopper to place the bulb mounted thereon in exactly the desired position within the translucent tube in a manner such that they will remain in their adjusted position. Since the lead wires are the sole supporting means for the blub in the tube, the translation of shock loads from the lamp assembly to the lamp itself will be minimized and bending of the lamp head relative to the casing will not interrupt operation of the lamp.

Since the translucent tube is connected, in one embodiment of the invention, to the rim rather than the casing, the tube will always extend across the axis of the rim even if the rim is tilted with respect to the casing. In each embodiment, by maintaining the lamp bulb midway between the opposite ends of the translucent tube, the lamp bulb will always remain in the optical center of the lenses which, in turn, are mounted coaxially of the rim. It will be recognized that this feature is particularly important in properly projecting the light emitted from the bulb.

It is therefore a principal object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved lamp assembly wherein simple yet effective means are provided for properly positioning a lamp bulb in a lamp head.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a means for mounting a lamp bulb in a lamp vide a means of ready access to the bulb.

These and other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from time to time as the following specification proceeds and wit-h reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a front elevational view of a lamp assembly constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention mounted on the usual type of road barricade;

FIGURE 2 is a vertical sectional view through one embodiment of a lamp assembly constructed in accordance with the principles of the instant invention, fragmentarily illustrating the road barricade upon which it is mounted;

FIGURE 3 is a front elevational view of the lamp assembly illustrated in FIGURES l and 2 but showing the lamp head cocked with respect to the casing upon which it is mounted;

FIGURE 4 is a vertical sectional view through a different form of lamp assembly constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view through the lower end of the lamp head shown in FIG- URE 4 and showing the means by which the lamp head is mounted on the casing and the translucent tube is maintained in position.

The lamp assembly 10 comprises a battery casing 11 which is mounted on a road barricade 12 and which has a lamp head 13 rotatably mounted thereon.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in FIG- URE 2, the lamp head 13 comprises cylindrical rim 14 which has a resilient liner of sponge rubber or the like 15 bonded to the inner periphery thereof. The rim 14 is welded or otherwise rigidly secured to an annular washer 16. A hollow bolt 17 having a central bore 18 and a head 19 extends through the annular Washer 16 and an aperture in the top wall 20 of the casing 11 and has a nut 21 threadedly mounted thereon which serves to positively secure the rim 14 to the top wall 20.

The nut 21 is sufficiently torqued at time of assembly to permit, under tension, complete rotation of the lamp head. This allows optimum beaming of the emitted light rays toward traffic irrespective of the placement of the barricade.

A shoulder 23 lies intermediate the bore 18 and a radially enlarged portion 24 thereof which serves as a seat for one end of a translucent tube 25. As illustrated in FIGURES 2 and 3, the tube 25 extends diametrically across the rim 14 and has its upper end disposed in juxtaposition to the inner periphery of the rim 14 in a pocket cut in the resilient liner 15. The enlarged portion 24 of the bore 18 may be formed of sufiicient diameter to provide a relatively loose fi-t for the tube 25 so that the tube is permitted some freedom of angular movement relative to the washer and bolt 16 and 17, respectively.

A pair of lenses 26 are mounted in the lamp head with their peripheries lying against the outer edges of the resilient liner 15 and are secured together by bolts 26a. The bolts 26a are the sole means for mounting the lenses within the lamp head against the resilient liner and there is, therefore, no means rigidly connecting the lenses to the rim 14. In this manner, breakage of the.

lenses, resulting from shock loads, applied to the lenses.

or, the head rim is considerably reduced.

7 The road barricade 12 is of the usual type including a pair of leg sections 27 which are pivotally mounted together by bolts 27a extending through adjacent legs 28.

Horizontally extending planks 29 are nailed or otherwise rigidly secured to each of the legs 28 in each leg section '29 and are usually imprinted with warning indicia as illustrated in FIGURE 1. v

The battery casing 11 has a base wall3t) which is positioned at an angle of greater than 90 with respect to the rear wall 31. and has a downwardly sloping mounting plate formed integrally therewith. A lip 33 depends from the top wall 20 and defines an opening in the battery casing through which a battery 34 may be inserted. A

cover 35 overlies the battery 34-and has its upper end lying adjacent the inner surface of the depending lip 33.

A mounting plate 36 is formed integrally with the. cover- 35 and lies at an angle with respect to the cover so that the cover will lie parallel with the rear wall 31 when the mounting plates 32 and 36 are in juxtaposition to one The nut 40 is welded or otherwise rigidly secured to a the mounting plate 32 withits center aperture in registry with an aperture plate 32. The plate 36 also has an aperture formed therein which lies in registry with the aperture in theplate 32 when the casing 11 and cover 35 are positioned as shown. 44' formed therein inregistry with the apertures in the.

mounting plates 32 and 36 which receives the enlarged head 45 of a tamper-proof bolt 46 having its shank threaded into the nut 4-0. The head 45 lies on the upper surface of the mounting plate 36 but entirely within the recess 44 to prevent tampering therewith.

Lead wires 48 are connectedto and extendfrom the battery .34 (in a manner not shown) upwardly through the bore 18 and the hollow interior of the translucent tube 25. These wires are connected at their upper free ends to a lamp bulb socket'49 which has an ordinary lamp bulb 50 removably mounted therein. The wires are somewhat stiff and serve as the sole means of support for the socket and bulb. The lead wires 48 also extend through and are snugly engaged by a rubber stopper 51 which fits within the open end of the bore 18.

The wires 48 are maintained in frictional contact with the stopper 51 so that by selectively positioning the lead wires within the stopper and thereby controlling the length of the wires intermediate the stopper 51 and the socket 49, the lamp bulb50 may be positioned in any desired positionalong the axis of translucent tube and may thereby be positioned midway between the ends of the tube 25 at the exact center axis of the rim 14.

The stopper 51 not only facilitates assembly and/ or servicing of the light mounting but also prevents the seepage of water into the battery casing in the event that one or both of the lenses 26 and the tube 25 becomes broken. Replacement of the lamp bulb is readily effected simply by removing the stopper from the lower end of the translucent tube and thereby pulling the lead wires and the lamp bulb out of the tube.

.wIn FIGURE 3, the rim 14 is shown in a displaced position such as it might occupy if the lamp assembly were struck by a vehicle or subject to severe shock loads. will be noted that the bulb is still disposed at the optical center axis of the lenses 26 while the washer 16 and head 19 of't e bol are shown as being displaced from the The plank 29 has an enlarged bore top wall of the casing. The tube 25 is loosely'mounted in thebolt 17 and the tube 25 will thus extend across the diameter of the rim even though there is relative angular movement between the members 16, '17 and the :rim 14.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG? URES 4 and 5 a light head 60 is formed of two lens sec tions 61 which are bolted together and which cooperate to define an annular seating surface 625. The seating sur-' face .62 is fitted with a gasket63 and is seated upon the upper surface 64 of casing 65.

A clamping ring 66 'has its'periphery .67 mounted onthe undersurface of the upper wall of the casing and: has a plurality of studs 68=exteuding outwardly from and. formed integrally therewithywhich are received within.

complementary apertures. 69 formed in the; annular seating surface 62.. A plurality of s'crews 70' extend through the clamping ring 66 and into the seating :surface 62 to rigidly mountthe light head 60 on the casing, 65.

Translucent tube 71 extends through;the aperture de.-: fined by the annular seating-asurface 62Cand has a pin 73 extending through its uppermost end and maintaining the a .said end in a fixed position at a point on the light head 60= diametrically opposedfrom the aperture 72. The pin 73 extends through. both lens sections 61 and thus serves to positively maintain thewupper end of, the tube in a fixedposition;

A rubber .seal 74 having a tapered outer ,wall .75 is positioned within the central aperture formed in the clamping ring 66 and extends; up .into the aperture 72 in the head 60 with its tapered outer wall 75 wedged into the ring aperture. The: seal 74 is itself? centrally iapertured as at 76 to. snugly receive the outer surface .of the lower end of the translucent tube 71.5. The seal 74 thus'provides a positive seal between the head and the tube and serves also to center the tube within the aperture 72 so that the 'tube extends diametrically: across the: head 60 and intersects the optical center axis of the head.

Lead wires -77 extending upwardly from batteries have V .a lamp bulb'socketz79 connected .thereto at their upper ends and a lamp bulb 30 is removably received within the socket 79. The wires '77 are somewhat stifi and run- .through and-are frictionallyengaged by a tapered wallstopper81 which is fitted withinithe lowermost end of the tube 71'.

It will'be observedthatthe' inner diameter of thetube 71 is only very slightly greater than the maximum outer diameter of the lamp bulb 80 and its. associated sockets 7 9 so that by moving the'wires 77 into or out of the tube hollow transparentmember which may .restrictivelyposition the bulb. Forthis purpose it may conceivably inelude forms other than cylindrical.

From an optical standpoint, the purpose of the tube is to provide long distance visibility through the center (bulls-eye) of the-outside lens while. at the same time providing a means. of diffusing the: light source to achieve a more uniform patternof light dispersion throughthe remainder of the outside lens; thus'providing a highly visible light even when viewed from an oblique angle.

It will be understoodthat the illustrated embodiments of the instant invention-have been used for illustrative purposes only and'that various modifications and variations in the present invention may be effected without de-. parting from the spirit andscope of the novel concepts thereof.

I claim as my invention:

1. A lamp assembly comprising:

a supporting member,

a light head member with light-transmitting walls mounted on said supporting member and having a lamp chamber formed therein,

a resilient plug mounted on one of said members and having a central orifice,

a translucent cylindrical tube extending into said chamber and being snugly engaged within said central orifice,

said tube having an open end adjacent the said plug,

a light source slidably guided for axial movement within said tube,

a power supply lead connected to said light source and leading through the open end of said tube,

means connecting said supply lead to a source of electrical power, and

means gripping said lead to maintain said lead in a fixed position relative to the said open end of said tube.

2. A lamp assembly comprising:

a supporting member,

a light head member with light-transmitting walls mounted on said supporting member and having a lamp chamber formed therein,

a resilient plug mounted on one of said members and having an orifice formed therethrough,

a translucent cylindrical tube snugly engaged within said orifice and extending into said chamber and having an open end adjacent said plug,

a light source slidably guided for axial movement within said tube,

a relatively stiff power supply lead connected to said light source and leading through the open end of said tube whereby to support said light source axially Within said tube,

means connecting said supply lead to a source of electrical power, and

means gripping said lead to maintain said lead in a fixed position relative to the said open end of said tube and providing a fluid tight seal between said lead and said tube.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,229,794 6/1917 Salzer 24010 X 1,282,617 10/1918 Mygatt 240--106 1,738,770 12/1929 Geyser 240 X 2,077,973 4/ 1937 Wilson 24010 2,225,183 12/ 1940 Schnoor 24010 2,871,343 1/1959 Whitney 24088 X 2,918,668 12/1959 Stube 2402 X 3,135,468 6/1964 Osburn 240-2 NORTON ANSHER, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1229794 *Jul 20, 1916Jun 12, 1917Arthur SalzerIlluminated toy balloon and lighting effect.
US1282617 *Dec 31, 1915Oct 22, 1918Holophane Glass CompanyIlluminating appliance.
US1738770 *Jan 5, 1928Dec 10, 1929Geyser Mathilde TFlexible tail light for vehicles
US2077973 *Feb 8, 1936Apr 20, 1937Wilson Charles EmoryElectric bulb socket
US2225183 *Jun 17, 1937Dec 17, 1940Raymond D SchoorAttachment for incandescent lamps
US2871343 *Nov 4, 1955Jan 27, 1959Donald W WhitneyInflatable decorative lantern
US2918668 *Mar 4, 1957Dec 22, 1959Dietz Co R EFlasher warning lamps
US3135468 *Oct 17, 1960Jun 2, 1964Flasher Flare Southeast IncFlasher light mounting
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3506959 *Oct 9, 1967Apr 14, 1970Hamilton Douglas L PBarricade with flashing signal
US3523290 *Dec 19, 1967Aug 4, 1970Elledge Fred Russell JrFlashing warning signal
US3675613 *May 28, 1970Jul 11, 1972Sayles Louis FCollapsible signal assembly
US4387416 *Aug 31, 1981Jun 7, 1983Decker Wilton KWarning light housing
US4751622 *Apr 6, 1987Jun 14, 1988Power Plus, Inc.Solar powered construction light
US5262756 *Mar 15, 1991Nov 16, 1993Chien Tseng LSolar powered warning light
US5664874 *Dec 29, 1995Sep 9, 1997Winterer; Allen G.Barricade warning light
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/267, 362/253, 340/908.1, 362/190, 362/311.9, 362/196, D10/109.2
International ClassificationF21V17/02, G08B5/38, G08G1/095
Cooperative ClassificationG08G1/095, G08B5/38, F21V17/02, F21L11/00
European ClassificationF21L11/00, G08G1/095, F21V17/02, G08B5/38