US 3264756 A
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A118A 9, 1966 M. E. FUENTEVILLA 3,264,756
DRYING TRAY Filed June 1, 1964 a 2 ,4 Z y. ,0 2. M.
/NVE/VTOR MANUEL TFUE/VTEV/LLA United States Patent O 3,264,756 DRYING TRAY Manuel E. Fuentevilla, Haddoniield, NJ., assigner to Pennsalt Chemicals Corporation, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed .lune 1, 1964, Ser. No. 371,622 Claims. (Cl. 34-237) This application is a continuation-in-part of copending application Serial No. 286,078 tiled on June 6, 1963, and entitled, Drying Tray.
This invention relates to a drying tray, and more particularly, to a tray adapted for use in vacuum or freeze drier wherein products to be dried will be supported on and receive heat from the tray or move along the tray, and receive heat from the tray while moving therealong.
The drying tray of the present invention is made from a material having good thermal conductivity and good emissivity. Good thermal conductivity may be defined as thermal conductivity having a coefficient thereof which is greater than 100 at 70 F. Good emissivity may be defined as an emissivity greater than .9. The tray is preferably made from extruded aluminum which is then annodized or coated with a material such as urethane paint.
The tray of the present invention is to be of substantial length, such as up to twenty feet in length and is preferably .a one-piece extrusion. The tray is structurally interrelated in a manner so as to have passages therein through which a heating medium may flow. The passages may be a straight flow-through arrangement wherein a heating medium enters the tray at one end and is discharged at the other end. In the illustrated embodiment, the passages may be orientated so that the heating medium flown down one side of the tray, enters a manifold chamber and then flows back down the other side of the tray, whereby the inlet and outlet conduits are at the same end of the tray.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel heating tray.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a onepiece extruded heating tray made from a material having good thermal conductivity and good emissivity.
It is 'another object of the present invention to provide a novel drying tray which can be manufactured inexpensively and which will enable a substantial amount of heat to be uniformly introduced into materials supported thereon for drying purposes.
Other objects will appear hereinafter.
For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there is `shown in the drawings a form which is presently preferred; it being understood, however, that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.
FIGURE l is a top plan view of the tray of the present invention.
FIGURE 2 is a partial exploded perspective View of the tray in FIGURE l.
FIGURE 3 is a partial perspective view of the righthand end of the tray in FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 4 is a sectional View taken along the line 4 4 in FIGURE l.
Referring to the drawing in detail, wherein like numerals indicate like elements, there is shown in FIGURE 1 a drying tray designated generally as 10.
The tray includes a one piece extruded body 12 made from a material having good thermal conductivity and good emissivity. The tray body 12 is preferably a one piece extrusion of aluminum which has a thermal conductivity greater than 100 at 70 F. and an emissivity greater than .9. The tray body 12 may be annodized or provided with a coating such as urethane paint or the like.
Patented August 9, 1966 ICC The body 12 includes a bottom wall 14 having a plurality of spaced parallel upstanding -ribs 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26 and 28 integral therewith. The upper end of the ribs 16-23 are integral with an article supporting wall 32. Wall 32 is parallel to wall 14.
Wall 32 is provided with a plurality of integral upstanding parallel ribs 16', 18', 20', 22', 24', 26' and 28'. Rib 16' is directly above rib 16, rib 18 is directly above rib 18, etc. However, this relationship between the position of the ribs may be varied as desired. The ribs l6'-28' are preferably higher than the ribs 16-28.
As will be evidenced from FIGURES 2 and 4, the lefthand end of the ribs 18, 20, 24 and 26 have been machined so as to be shorter in length than the ribs 16 and 2S. As will be apparent from FIGURE 3, the righthand end of the ribs 18, 20, 22, 24 and 26 have been machined so that these ribs are shorter in length th-an the ribs 16 and 28.
A gasket 34 is provided for the lefthand end of the tray 10. Gasket 34 corresponds generally to the configuration defined by walls 14 and 32, and ribs 16 and 28. Gasket 34 is provided with two elongated apertures separated by a web 36. Web 36 is positioned so as to overlie rib 22 when the ends of the gasket 34 overlie the ribs 16 and 28.
An end plate 38 is provided for the lefthand end of the body 12. End plate 38 corresponds to the peripheral configuration of the gasket 34. Conduits 40 and 42 extend from and are removably coupled to the end plate 38. Conduit 40 is generally in line with the channel between ribs 24 and 26. `Conduit `42 is generally in line with the channel between ribs 18 :and Ztl. Aligned holes are provided in the lefthand end of the body 12, in the gasket 34, and in the end plate 38 through which screws may extend to assemble the tray 10. A gasket 44 and end plate 46 are provided for the righthand end of the body 12. Gasket44 is identical with gasket 34, but does not have a web corresponding to web 36. End plate 46 is identical with end plate 38, except that the cnd plate 46 does not have a provision for having conduits coupled thereto. The end plate 46 cooperates with the walls 14 and 32 as well as the ends of the ribs 18-26 to dene a manifold chamber at the righthand end of the tray 10.
A pair of manifold chambers are provided at the lefthand end ofthe tray 10. The said pair of manifold chambers are on opposite sides of the rib 22 and are defined by the end plate 38, wall 14, wall 32, and the end faces of the ribs 18, 20, 24 and 26.
In use, the tray 1t) will be disposed within an evacuated chamber. Articles to be vacuum dried or freeze dried `will be placed on the tray 10. If desired, a means may be provided to cause the articles to move along the length of the tray 10. The articles to be dried, such as diced carrots, will be provided on the tray 10 between the ribs 16'-28', will be supported 4from below by the wall 32, and will have a height slightly less than the height of the ribs 16-28. The tray 10 will be heated by passing a heating medium into one of the conduits 40 and 42 and permitting the heating medium to be discharged through the other conduit. For example, hot water may be pumped through conduit 40, through the channels between ribs 22 and 2S, through the manifold at the righthand end of :the tray 10, through the channels between the ribs 16 and 22, and then out through conduit 42.
The articles to be dried on tray 10 will be heated by conduction from below, namely by wall 32 as well as from the sides, namely by the ribs 16'428. If desired, the articles to be dried may also be subjected to radiant heat from above by any convenient means (not shown). Due to the good thermal conductivity and good emissivity of the body 12, the articles will be uniformly heated in a minimum amount of time.
As pointed lout above,'the heating medium may yentery l the tray 10 at one end and bedischarged at theother end. In that case, each of the end plates would be provided with only a single conduit and the lefthand end of thev rib 22 would be machined in the same manner as the ribs 18, 20, 24.and 26.l In either its alternative embodiment or in the embodiment illustrated in the drawing, thev `righthand end of the body 12`wil1 be as illustratedin FIGURES.
The present invention may be embodied in `other spccic forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributesA thereof and, accordingly, reference should ibe made .to the appended claims, rather than to the foregoing specication as indicating the scope of the invention.
1. A tray for the drying of material under'vacuum conditions while such material is moving along said tray combody,L said end-plate means extending` no higher thanV said top surface, at least some of said partitions stopping short of the end plate means to provide a path for transverse movement of fluid around the ends of said partitions, and conduit means secured to the ,tray and communicating outlet for a heat exchange-huid.
2. A tray for the drying of material as described in claim 1 'wherein the vconduit means comprise an inletiand an outlet tube for heat exchange fluid, both tubes being secured to one of said yend plate means at laterally spaced locations thereon, all but one of said partitions stopping;
short of theend plate means, and the said oneofsaid partitions being between said locations and extending to the said oneof said end plate means.
3. A tray for the kdrying of material as described in claim v1 wherein the conduit means comprises an -inlet` with the interior of said body to provide an inlet and an 1 and an outlet tube being secured to the end plate means; v
on the, opposite endsof the body respectively, and wherein none of said partitionsextend `tothe :endfpllate means.-
4.L A drying .tray comprising atray body having an article supporting ,wall andupright spaced r-ibs on said wall, Imeans= connected ,With said an .outgoing uidpath, meansincluding the ends of a plu.
rality yoi spaced Yribs ,having -a .length less than the entire length of said body and `lan end plate ordening a single manifold chamber-aatV one end of said body, and means comprising another end vplate whichcooperates with said partition means,V andthe other ends of said pluralityV of spaced ribs for defining at least twozmanifold chambers l at theother end of said body.
5. :A drying tray comprising, `a tray body having an article supporting wall and upright; spacedribs on said wall,l a second wall vspacedfrom ,said article vsupporting wall, spaced ribs on `said secondwall-for dening duid passage means ibelow said article supporting wall, said spaced ribs onfsaid second wall being parallel to said spaced ribs on said articletsupporting. walLapa-rtition rib onsecond wall forrden'ing an incoming fluid path and an outgoing fluid path, an end'plate at each endof saidy body, the end plate at one end ofsaid body cooperating with said .body
to dene asingle manifold chamber, the: end plate at the' other end of Vsaid body vcooperating with said body to detne a pair of manifold chambers and said spaced ribs on said second wall having ja length less than the entire,
length of said body.
References Cited bythe Examiner t UNITED STATES lPATENTS 1 999,147 7/1911 Bonine 16S-176V 1,774,860 9/'1930 lWandler etal 34-'237 1,808,617l `6/19? 1 Thompson V l65i47 2,611,584l 9/X1952 Labus; l65-'-176 X FREDERICK L. MATTESON, IR., Primary Examiner. WILLIAMAF. ODEA, JOHN vJCAMBY Examiners.
C. R. REMKE; Assistant Examinen Wall for deining iluid l passage emeans; below said Wall, said .meansf including partition means for vdefining an incoming fluid .pathand l*