|Publication number||US3265883 A|
|Publication date||Aug 9, 1966|
|Filing date||Apr 30, 1964|
|Priority date||Apr 30, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3265883 A, US 3265883A, US-A-3265883, US3265883 A, US3265883A|
|Inventors||Joseph A Tolbert|
|Original Assignee||Gen Electric|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (13), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 9, 1966 J. A. TOLBERT 3,265,883
LUMINAIRE Filed April 1964 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Flg I l 4 I; g l I l 2 3 5 INVENTOR. JOSEPH 0. 701.8527
H/ HTTOENEY Aug. 1966 J. A. TOLBERT 3,265,883
LUMINAIRE Filed April 30, 1964 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN\;EN'TOR. JOSEPH A]. TOLBEET BY Ms fiTTo/QNEY LUMINAIRE Filed April 30, 1964 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 F i g 5.
50 40 a0 20 I0 0 /0 20 a0 40 50 73 CONE [mar/m4 PL HNE 7440 75/201.
JOSEPH ,4. TOLBE/QT BYMTa M5 #77 TOENEY J. A. TOLBERT 3,265,883
United States Patent 3,265,883 LUMINAIRE Joseph A. Tolbert, Flat Rock, N.C., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Filed Apr. 30, 1964, Ser. No. 363,776 3 Claims. (Cl. 240-25) This invention relates to a luminaire and more particularly to luminaires intended for asymmetric up-anddown the roadway lighting of streets or highways.
It has become a standard practice to design luminaires for disposition at one side of a roadway. Proper distribution of the light from luminaries in this position is one of the essential factors in efficient roadway lighting. In such luminaries it is necessary to provide a roadway lighting pattern which is asymmetric with respect to a line parallel to the road and passing through the nadir. It is an object of this invention to provide such a luminaire which more advantageously uses the light from the source and hence is more eflicient.
It is a further object of this invention to provide for directional lighting utilizing an essentially open reflector whereby the use of high cost refracting mean-s may be essentially eliminated.
A better understanding of the invention and the further appreciation of its various objects and advantages may be had with reference to the following detailed specification, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing wherein:
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of a luminaire embodying the invention;
FIG. 2 is a side sectional view of a part of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a bottom View of the luminaire shown in FIG. 1, showing the reflector;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the reflector taken on line 44 of FIG. 3; and
FIGS. 5 and 6 are graphs showing the light distribution therefrom.
As shown in FIG. 1, the luminaire includes mounting means 1, electric lampholding means 2 and a lamp 3, whichv is one of the high pressure mercury types, having a light center LC. An upper inverted U-shaped open bottom housing 4, which as shown is an integral die cast piece, covers and is a part of the luminaire. It will be understood that the upper housing need not be made as an integral piece. The mounting means 1 is more specifically shown and disclosed in copending application Serial No. 246,560, filed December 21, 1962, and assigned to the same assignee as herein, now abandoned, which disclosure is incorporated by reference herein.
The light output of the lamp 3 is controlled by an inverted bowl-shaped reflector 5 which is secured within the end of the housing 4 by any suitable means so as to generally surround the lamp.
The lamp 3 has an envelope or bulb 6 having thereon a phosphor coating 7 except at the outer ends 70 of the bulb. With the phosphor coating on the envelope the lamp is color-improved and more eflicient, but the size of the source is increased. Therefore, good light control has been difficult to attain.
As shown in FIG. 1, the luminaire is positioned with the plane of the bottom opening of the reflector 5 at an acute angle of about approximately 2 and with the elongated light source 3 tilted upward toward the roadway to make better use of the candle power and lumen output of mercury arc lamps, which is highest at angles perpendicular to the lamp axis. With the light source tilted and the reflector opening inclined, more of the direct light falls, and more reflected light can be easily directed, into the roadway pattern and a desirable low The reflector is generally sy-mmetrical on either side of median plane MM and has paraboloidal surfaces 8 on either side thereof for reflecting light from the phosphor-coated area of the source downwardly at an angle of 7()-78 vertical and toward the center of the roadway at an angle of approximately 70 lateral into two main beam sections on opposite sides of the reflector. The upper area of the reflector is provided with a ridge 9 which serves to direct light downwardly and around the side of the source. This ridge 9 is provided with flutes 10 which serve to diffuse the reflected light and eliminate spot distribution of light on the roadway. Because of the use of the phosphor coating on the lamp, the control of the light and obtaining of, for example, I.E.S. Type III distribution, is difficult. In accordance with the invention, this difliculty is overcome and efllciency increased by providing reflector surfaces 1-1 at the street side end of the reflector which direct light from the clear end of the lamp downwardly at 70- 78 vertical and at a lateral angle of approximately 73 into the main reflected beams. To accomplish this the reflector is indented at areas 13 and 14 which, as best shown in FIG. 3, are located on a line drawn between the end of the are within the source and the terminal edge of the phosphor coating. The increased utilization of the light for the luminaire is depicted by the shaded areas .15 and 16 in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6. From this the advantage of using the light emitted from the clear end of the lamp is readily apparent.
While the present invention has been described with reference to particular embodiments thereof, it will be understood that numerous modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without actually departing from the scope of the invention. Therefore, the appended claims are intended to cover all such equivalent variations as come within the true spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. A luminaire adapted to be mounted adjacent a roadway comprising an elongated inverted bowl-shaped reflector having a rim extending in a plane and having reflecting surfaces on opposite sides with a contour which is paraboloidal in vertical and horizontal cross-section, a lamp comprising an elongated bulb having a base mounted at one end of said reflector and extending therein toward the other end thereof substantially along said plane, said lamp emitting a principal amount of light from its side portions toward said reflecting side surface-s of said reflector, and an additional amount of light from its end portion generally toward said other end of said reflector, the light source of said lamp being so positioned with respect to said reflecting side surfaces that said principal amount of light from said lamp is reflected therefrom downwardly and outwardly toward the center of the roadway in main beams on opposite sides of the luminaire, said reflector being formed with inwardly convex reflecting portions on its interior surface between said lamp end portion and said other end of said reflector and in the path of said additional amount of light for reflecting the same into said main beams.
2. A luminaire as defined in claim 1, said reflector having reflector surfaces at its top forming a ridge and having flutes for diffusing light downwardly about said lamp.
3 I 4 3. A luminaire as defined in claim 1, wherein said 2,970,208 1/ 196 1 Keck 240-25 lamp comprise-s a phosphor-coated bulb having a clear 3,040,994 9 s n 61 a1. 240-103 end. FOREIGN PATENTS References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Rex Primary Examiner.
2,713,629 7/1955 Etzkorn 2402.25 CHARLES R. RHODES, Assistant Examiner,
5 1,310,979 10/1962 France.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2578451 *||Aug 30, 1946||Dec 11, 1951||Gen Electric||Luminaire|
|US2713629 *||Sep 5, 1950||Jul 19, 1955||Walter V Etzkorn||Luminous bodies|
|US2970208 *||Jul 26, 1957||Jan 31, 1961||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Luminaire optical system|
|US3040994 *||Jun 16, 1958||Jun 26, 1962||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Luminaire|
|FR1310979A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3390262 *||May 24, 1965||Jun 25, 1968||Sylvania Electric Prod||Multizone high power light reflector|
|US4234912 *||Jun 28, 1978||Nov 18, 1980||International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation||Luminaire for residential roadway lighting|
|US4507717 *||Jul 6, 1981||Mar 26, 1985||U.S. Philips Corporation||Luminaire for street lighting|
|US5130910 *||Apr 4, 1991||Jul 14, 1992||Tek Tron Enterprises, Inc.||Reflective housing for increased luminance of fluorescent bulbs|
|US5161883 *||Nov 29, 1991||Nov 10, 1992||Musco Corporation||Means and method for increasing output, efficiency, and flexibility of use of an arc lamp|
|US5730521 *||May 13, 1996||Mar 24, 1998||International Sports Lighting, Inc.||Glare control sports lighting luminaire|
|US6964506||Jun 14, 2003||Nov 15, 2005||Allied Lighting Systems, Inc||Light reflector|
|US8517566||Sep 22, 2010||Aug 27, 2013||Musco Corporation||Apparatus, method, and system for roadway lighting using solid-state light sources|
|US8622569||Jul 16, 2010||Jan 7, 2014||Musco Corporation||Method, system and apparatus for controlling light distribution using swivel-mount led light sources|
|US8696178||Jul 16, 2013||Apr 15, 2014||Musco Corporation||Apparatus, method, and system for roadway lighting using solid-state light sources|
|US20030214811 *||Jun 14, 2003||Nov 20, 2003||Sara Peter C.||Light reflector|
|US20110074313 *||Sep 22, 2010||Mar 31, 2011||Musco Corporation||Apparatus, method, and system for roadway lighting using solid-state light sources|
|USRE39900||Dec 20, 2002||Oct 30, 2007||Hein William A||Light fixture having a plurality of light reflecting fins|
|U.S. Classification||362/346, 362/350|