US 3268939 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 30, 1966 J. AVERSA COSMETIC DEVCES Filed Nov. 5, 1964 INVENTOR. d PH A PSA A 5 ATaR/VEY United States Patent O 3,268,939 COSMETIC DEVICES Joseph Aversa, Scarsdale, NX. (270 Lafayette St., New York 12, N.Y.) Filed Nov. 3, 1964, Ser. No. 408,477 2 Claims. (Cl. 15-18-1) This invention relates to cosmetic devices in general and more particularly to applicators such as lipstick brushes and eyebrow brushes.
Among the objects of the present invention, it is aimed to provide an improved cosmetic applicator such as a lipstick brush or eyebrow brush of the type illustrated in United States Letters Patent No. 2,789,304 issued to Samuel B. Leavin, William H. Leavin and Joseph Aversa, in Which the mechanism for controlling the position of the brush in operative use and in inoperative use consists of a ferrule or holder for a crayon or the hair bristles of a brush for a lipstick or eyebrow pencil, a one-piece anchor and a spring cooperating with the casing automatically to position the brush in the casing and yieldlable to be actuated into operative position by cooperation of the anchor with a cap for the casing.
These and other features, capabilities and advantages of the invention will appear from a specific embodiment thereof illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a plan view partly broken away showing the brush or medium transmitting element extended in operative position.
FIG. 2 is a transverse section on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a plan view of the device illustrated in FIG. 1 partly broken away with the cap covering the medium transmitting element.
FIG. 4 is a transverse section on the line 4 4 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is an exploded view of the medium transmitting unit, anchor and control spring removed from the casing shown in FIGS. l to 4 inclusive.
FIG. 6 is a plan view of the medium transmitting unit, anchor and spring connected to one another on a slightly larger scale than the scale of the elements illustrated in FIG. 5.
FIG. 7 is a section on a scale larger than the scale of the elements shown in FIG. 6 on the line 7-7 of FIG. 6 -of the anchor alone.
In the embodiment illustrated there is provided a main casing 1 tapered at one end 2 terminating in a diminished opening 3 and having a plug 4 secured to the D open end 5 of the casing 1.
In the casing 1, as clearly shown in FIGS. 2 and 4 there is slidably mounted the anchor 6 to which is connected the medium dispensing element such as the hair bristles 7 by the ferrule or holder 8. The ferrule 8 is conical and connected to the diminished end 9 of the anchor 6. The diminished end 9 is provided with an annular depression 10 to receive one or more crimps or detents 11 -rnade after the ferrule 8 is slipped on to the end 9. Preferably the crimps 11 are deep enough not only to enter the groove 10 but also to enter the body portion of the anchor 6 in order to anchor the ferrule 8 against rotation on the end 9.
Preferably also when hair bristles 7 are used, the diminished portion 12 of the ferrule 8 is flattened out as shown in FIG. 6 by the wide portion exposed as compared to the narrow portion 12 when looking at the edge of the ferrule 8 as shown in FIG. 5.
After the ferrule 8 with the hair bristles 7 is secured to the diminished end 9 as sh'own in FIG. 6, the coil spring 13 is slipped on over the hair bristles 7, ferrule 8 and diminished portion 9 as shown in FIG. 6.
This spring 13 as shown in FIG. 6 has a series of cylindrical coils 14 disposed adjacent to one another at one end of the spring which is positioned adjacent the shoulder 15 of the anchor 6. The other end of the spring 13 is provided with a series of cylindrical coils 16 adjacent to one another but of different size starting with one of a narrow diameter at the outer end 17 and terminating with one of a greater diameter such as 18 terminating at the inner end of the coil portion 16. The coils of the coil portion 14 are of substantially the same diameter as the diameter of the largest coil 18 of the coil portion 16. The outer faces or peripheries of the coil portion 16 will lit into the tapered portion 2 of the casing 1 so that the narrowest coil portion 17 is spaced from the outer end 3 of the casing 1, see FIGS. 2 and 4, and prevent rocking.
The plug 4 and anchor 6 are preferably composed of a resilient material such as a thermose-tting butyrate, a thermosetting polyst-ryrene, a thermosetting nylon or the like. In the present instance, instead of using a separate spring controlled projection, the anchor is composed of an enlarged cylindrical portion 19 having a solid cylindrical head 20 at its outer end and a second solid cylindrical head 21 adjacent to the diminished cylindrical portion 9.
From the cylindrical head 2=1, see particularly FIGS. 5, 6 and 7, there extends the connecting portion 2-2 to the cylindrical outer head 20 which connecting portion 22 is spaced from the arm 23 extending from the cylindrical head 2'1. The outer periphery of the arm 23 and the outer periphery of the connection 22 coincide substantially with the inner cylindrical periphery of the casing 1 to per-mit the anchor 6 to slide in the casing 1 with .the solid Vhead 20 nearest to the plug 4 and the hair bristles 7 extending away from the plug 4 so that they may protrude from the open end 3 of the casing 1 in the position shown in FIG. 2 and, in turn, be concealed in Ithe casing 1 in the position shown in FIG. 4 in closed or inoperative position.
For anchoring the anchor 6 to the casing 1, there is provided the projection or nose 24 extending outwardly from the free end of the arm 23 in position to sna-p into the slot 25 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, the slot 25 extending in the present instance from a position inwardly of the plug 4 toward the open end 3 to enable the hair bristles 7 in operative position yto project from the open end 3 of the casing 1 when the projection 24 engages the outer end of the slot 25 and to position the hair bristles 7 Within the casing 1 when the projection 24 engages the inner end of the slot 25 as shown in FIG. 4.
For actuating the anchor 6 and therewith the hair lbristles 7 into the operative position shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the cap 26 is provided which iswclosed at one end 27. The inner periphery of the cap 26 conforms to the outer periphery of the casing 1 and when the projection 24 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 4 extends beyond the outer face of the casing 1, the edge of the open end 28 of the cap 26 will engage the projection 24 and. move it from the position shown in FIG. 4 into the position shown in FIG. 2.
In order to anchor the cap 26 in the position shown in FIG. 2 where the projection 2.4 engages the inner end of the opening 25 there are provided the ribs 29 extending parallel to the axis of the casing 1 and preferably adjacent to and parallel to the slit 2S. Two such ribs 29 are shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, `although any number may be provided, preferably four disposed at ninety degrees from one another.
The thermosetting material of which the anchor 6 is composed is preferably so yieldable that the arm 23 may be deflected radially inwardly from the full line position shown in FIG. 7 into the dash and dot line position shown in FIG. 7. During the operation of assembling this device, the anchor 6 with its ferrule 8 secured in place as shown in FIG. 6 is slid into the casing 1 with the projection 24 in alignment with the slit 25 so that when the projection 24 registers with the slit 25 it will pop out into the position shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, that is, in a position to slide along the slot 25 and anchor the anchor 6 and its ferrule 8 to the casing 1.
Excellent results have been achieved when the anchor 6 shown in FIG. 7 and the plug 4 are composed of a thermosetting plastic material such as a thermosetting butyrate, thermosetting polystyrene or thermosetting nylon, the casing 1 and cap 26 are composed of a metal such as brass, aluminum or steel, brass being preferred ordinarily in View of the ability to conform the same into various decorative appearances and aluminum being preferred on account of its low cost when cost is a factor and the spring 13 is preferably composed of steel music wire. The hair bristles 7 may vary according to the use to which the applicator is put and `as aforesaid may be replaced with a crayon stem. In the latter case, the ferrule 8 need not be flattened out, it only being necessary to conform the outer end 12 with an inner periphery slightly smaller than the outer peri-phery of the crayon so that the crayon stem will be anchored in the ferrule 8, the ferrule 8 being impinged into the pliable material of the crayon stem.
It is obvious that Various changes and modifications may be made to the details of construction without departing from the general spirit of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
1. In a cosmetic applicator, the combination with a cylindrical casing open at one end and having a diminished portion at its other end terminating in a small opening, of an anchor slidably mounted in said casing, said casing having an inner periphery conforming to the outer periphery of said anchor, an applicating unit connected to said anchor and projecting toward said diminished end, said anchor having a shoulder facing toward the diminished end of said casing, a spring mounted in said casing on said anchor and tensed between said shoulder and said diminished end of said casing, there being a longitudinally extending slot in said casing, said anchor having an integral projection mounted on the free end of an yarm extending into said slot and yieldable inward, and a cap engaging said projection to move it forwardly toward the diminished end of said casing against the tension of said spring, means for frictionally anchoring said cap on said casing in position to extend said applicating unit from the front end of said casing or in position on said casing to close the front end of said casing and to enable said spring to position said applicating unit inside of said casing, said anchor including said projection being composed of a yieldable substance to enable said projection normally to project through said opening and slide along said opening when said anchor is actuated by said cap.
2. The combination as set forth in claim 1 in which a plug is mounted in the rear open end of said casing.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,071,747 2/ 1937 Houlihan. 2,789,304 4/1957 Leavin 15-184 3,071,113 1/1963 Winchell 1Z0-42.03 3,179,087 4/1965 Kahn et al. 1Z0-42.03 3,196,839 7/1965 Bertoglio et al. 120-42.03
FOREIGN PATENTS 1,087,110 8/1960 Germany.
1,017 1856 Great Britain.
CHARLES A. WILLMUTI-I, Primary Examiner'. PETER FELDMAN, Assistant Examiner.