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Publication numberUS3269588 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 30, 1966
Filing dateJan 10, 1964
Priority dateJan 10, 1964
Also published asDE1432132A1
Publication numberUS 3269588 A, US 3269588A, US-A-3269588, US3269588 A, US3269588A
InventorsRuekberg Herbert S
Original AssigneeContinental Can Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Plastic overcap
US 3269588 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. i: 16 H. s. RUEKBERG PLASTIC OVERGAP 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 10, 1964 @w Om $9 z INVENTOR RBERT S. EUEKBERG AMQQZ 5 ATTORNEYS g- 1956 H- s. RUEKBERG 3,269,588

PLASTIC OVERCAP 5 Shees-Sheet 3 Filed Jan. 10, 1964 INVENTOR HERBERT S. RUEKBEEG- 7w L Z UY VT ATTORNEYS I BY Mm I

United States Patent 3,269,588 PLASTIC OVEREAP Herbert S. Ruekherg, Highland Park, IlL, assignor to Continentai Can Company, Inc, New York, N.Y., a corpo= ration of New York Filed Jan. 10, 1964, Ser. No. 337,029 8 Claims. (Cl. Mil-60) This invention relates to plastic overcaps for conventional containers and more particularly to a novel plastic overcap and a method of applying the overcaps to containers of varying height.

A recent innovation in the marketing of consumer commodities, such as ground coffee, is the feature of packaging the commodity in a conventional container or can of the type having the ends thereof secured by a conventional double seam, and providing such a package with a flexible plastic overcap for reclosing the container after the consumer has removed the end thereof with a conventional can opener. It is desirable that the plastic overcaps be applied to the containers or cans by using high speed capping machines; however, certain problems arise because of variations in container heights. Such variations in height exist because of manufacturing tolerances for the container body and because of variations in the placement of can ends during the usual double seaming operation. Consequently, some containers or cans are higher than normal, and some are lower than normal.

It is an object of this invention to provide a flexible plastic overcap which is particularly constructed for use with high speed capping machines and which automatically compensates for variations in the heights of the coutainers or cans.

Another object of this invention is to provide a flexible overcap comprising an end wall and an integral peripheral skirt depending to form a side wall portion, the side wall portion being provided with an inner shoulder spaced from the end wall, and a tapered portion extending inwardly and upwardly from the inner shoulder.

Another object of this invention is to provide a flexible overcap, of the type described above, wherein the overcap is provided with a lower inner rib means extending inwardly from the side wall portion and spaced from the inner shoulder to define therewith a seam receiving concavity whereby a container seam is disposable between the lower inner rib means and the inner shoulder in spaced relation to the end wall.

Another object of this invention is to provide such a flexible overcap with an upwardly extending rib on the end wall thereof, which rib is spaced inwardly from the edge of the end wall to define a peripheral seat for receiving the peripheral edge of a superimposed container.

Another object of this invention is to provide such a flexible overcap which further includes a tapered leadin portion extending downwardly and outwardly from the peripheral edge of the end wall, and an outwardly extending support shoulder to provide a seat for the lowermost edge of a nested overcap.

Another object of this invention is to provide a new and novel combination of a container and a flexible overcap, the container being of the type including a seam for joining the end of the container to the side wall thereof, the overcap comprising an end wall and an integral peripheral skirt depending to form a side wall portion, the side wall portion being provided with an inner shoulder spaced from the end wall, a tapered portion extending inwardly and upwardly from the inner shoulder, the tapered portion extending circumferentially about the inner surface of the overcap and having a mean diameter slightly smaller than the diameter of the container, whereby the container and overcap cooperate such that when the overcap is forced onto the container and the tapered portion is brought into engagement with the container seam, the resiliency of the flexible overcap causes the tapered portion thereof to automatically slide off of the container seam so that the inner shoulder properly seats on the container seam.

A further object of this invention is to provide such a combination of a container and a flexible overcap wherein the side wall portion of the overcap is further provided with lower inner rib means extending inwardly from the side wall portion and spaced from the inner shoulder to define a container seam receiving concavity whereby the container seam is snugly engaged between the lower inner rib means and the inner shoulder in spaced relation to the end wall.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a novel method of applying an overcap to an end portion of a container wherein the method comprises the steps of moving the container along a predetermined path, placing an overcap upon the end of the container, applying a force to seat the overcap beyond the normal seated position of the overcap and the container, and

removing the force so that the overcap seats itself in its normal seated position.

With the above and other objects in view that will hereinafter appear, the nature of the invention will be more clearly understood by reference to the following detailed description, the appended claimed subject matter and the several views illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a plurality of flexible plastic overcaps embodying the present invention.

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary bottom view of the novel overcap.

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view, taken on line 33 of FIGURE 1, and illustrates a pair of overcaps disposed in nested relation.

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of a high speed capping machine and illustrates a portion of the feed mechanism for feeding overcaps to a line of con tainers.

FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view and illustrates a first position of an overcap and container and a fixedly mounted roller for applying the overcap to the container.

FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view, similar to FIGURE 5, and illustrates the overcap and container just prior to the final positioning of the overcap on the container which has a less than normal height.

FIGURE 7 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view and illustrates the flexible overcap in its normally seated position in snug engagement with the double seam of the container.

FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view,

similar to FIGURE 6, and illustrates an overcap applied to a container having a higher than normal height.

' FIGURE 9 is a greatly enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view of the overcap and container illustrated in FIGURE 8 and shows the overcap pressed beyond its normal seated position prior to the overcap automatically snapping back to its normal seated position (as shown in dotted lines) after the overcap and container are displaced from the fixed roller.

FIG. 10 is an enlarged vertical sectional view showing an overcap in its normally seated position on a container, and illustrates a stacking feature embodied in the present invention wherein a second container is fixedly positioned and supported by the overcap.

Referring to the drawings in detail, there is illustrated in FIGURE 1 a flexible plastic overcap, generally designated by the numeral 10, which overcap is preferably molded and formed of a suitable plastic material such as polyethylene or other suitable polyolefin resin. While the overcap 10 is shown as being circular, it will be apparent that the various novel features of this invention may be embodied in overcaps of various shapes.

The flexible overcap includes a top end wall 11 and a depending integral peripheral skirt or side wall portion 12. An annular upwardly extending stacking rib 13 is provided on the end wall 11 inwardly spaced from an edge 14, of the end wall 11, so as to provide a peripheral seat 15. The overcap 10 further includes a tapered lead-in portion 16 which extends outwardly and downwardly from the edge 14 and terminates so as to be spaced by a wall portion 17 from an outwardly extending support shoulder 18, which support shoulder 18 provides a seat for a purpose to be later described. The outer surface of the peripheral skirt or side wall portion 12 is completed by a wall 19 which extends downwardly and slightly outwardly from the support shoulder 18 and terminates at a lowermost edge 20.

The inside surface of the peripheral skirt or side wall portion 12 includes a short inner wall section 25 extending upwardly from the lowermost edge and having a diameter which is slightly larger than the wall portion 17. A tapered lead-in section 26 extends inwardly and upwardly from the inner wall section and merges with a smoothly rounded lower inner rib 27. Tapered walls 28 and 29 extend upwardly from the inner rib 27 and terminate at an inner shoulder 30 which extends radially inwardly of the overcap 10 and is spaced from the inner surface of the end wall 11 by a tapered portion 31 that extends inwardly and upwardly from the inner shoulder 30.

It is desirable for handling and shipping, and essential for use in high speed capping machines, that the overcap 10 be so designed as to inlcude a nesting fea ture wherein a plurality of the overcaps may be symmetrically positioned such as shown in FIGURE 3. As pointed out above, each of the overcaps 10 is provided with a tapered lead-in portion 16 and an outwardly extending support shoulder 18. The tapered lead-in portion 16 cooperates with the short inner wall section 25, of an adjacent overcap, such that the lowermost edge 20 of a first overcap is guided to a seated position on the outwardly extending support shoulder 18 of a second overcap.

In FIGURE 4, there is illustrated a fragmentary portion of a capping machine which includes an inclined chute, generally indicated by the numeral 35, which sequentially feeds a plurality of overcaps 10 into position to be engaged by a moving line of containers or cans 36. Also shown in FIGURE 4 is a roller 37 mounted for rotation on an axle 38 which is fixedly mounted in suitable supporting braces 39 and 41! so as to be fixed relative to the chute and the fixed supporting surface (not shown) for the container 36.

The containers or cans 36 are fed horizontally beneath the chute 35 and into engagement with the skirt portion 12 of an inclined overcap 10, as is shown in FIGURE 5, and continued horizontal movement of the container or can 36 moves the overcap 10 and the container or can 36 beneath the fixedly mounted roller 37.

It is an important feature of this invention that the particular construction and design of the overcap 10 make it possible that the roller 37 may be fixedly positioned at a fixed distance from the container supporting surface (not shown). With this construction, it is unnecessary to resiliently mount the roller 37 and, thus, avoids the problems of making spring-adjustments and also simplifies maintenance problems. In order to facilitate the use of the capping machine with containers or cans 36 of other than normal height, the roller 37 is spaced from the container supporting surface (not shown) such that the roller 37 will force the overcap 10 to a normal seated position on containers or cans 36 which are of slightly less than normal height. As is shown in FIGURE 6, and more clearly in FIGURE 7, the normal seated position of the overcap on the container is such that a double seam 45 is snugly received within a container seam receiving concavity 46 which lies between the inner rib 27 and the inner shoulder 30, and is defined by the tapered walls 28 and 29.

FIGURES 8 and 9 illustrate the manner in which an overcap 10 is positioned upon a container or can 47 which has a slightly greater than normal height. Since the container or can 47 is higher than normal height, and Since the distance between the roller 37 and the container supporting surface remains constant, the roller 37 presses the overcap 10 down beyond its normal position such that the inner shoulder 30 is forced past the top of the double seam 48 such that the double seam 48 contacts the overcap 10 along the tapered portion 31 and along a ledge 49 which is formed on the underside of the end wall 11. As a result, the side wall portion 12 is flared out and down, to the full line position shown in FIGURE 9, such that the tapered portion 31 is disposed at an angle over the double seam 48 which will cause the overcap 10 to snap upwardly, when pressure is released, to the normal seated position which is shown in dotted lines in FIGURE 9.

It will be apparent from the forgeoing that when the overcaps 10 are applied to containers or cans of correct normal height, the overcaps 10 will be pressed down to a position mid-way between the normal seated position illustrated in FIGURE 7 and the fully seated snap-back position which is illustrated in full lines in FIGURE 9.

Another feature which is performed by the overcap 10 is that of holding containers or cans stable when they are placed one on top of another in a stack. As is shown in FIGURE 10, an overcap 10 is properly seated on the double seam of a first container or can 55, and a second container or can 56 is held stable by having a double seam 57 thereof supported on the peripheral seat 15 of the overcap 10. The upwardly extending stacking rib 13, which is provided on top of the end wall 11 of the overcap 10, has an outside diameter which is slightly smaller than the diameter of a can end 58 inside of the double seam 57.

While preferred forms and arrangements of parts have been shown in illustrating the invention, and a preferred method has been disclosed for assembling the parts, it is to be clearly understood that various changes in details and arrangement of parts may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claimed subject matter.

I claim:

1. A flexible overcap comprising an end wall and an integral peripheral skirt depending to form a side wall portion, said side wall portion being provided with an inner shoulder spaced from said end wall, and a tapered por-' tion extending inwardly and upwardly from said inner shoulder, said inner shoulder providing means for normally engaging the topmost portion of a container seam, said tapered portion having a diameter which is smaller than the outside diameter of said container seam.

2. A flexible overcap comprising an end wall and an integral peripheral skirt depending to form a side wall portion, said side wall portion being provided with an inner shoulder spaced from said end wall, a tapered portion extending inwardly and upwardly from said inner shoulder, and lower inner rib means extending inwardly from said side wall portion and being spaced from said inner shoulder to define therewith a container seam receiving concavity whereby a container seam is disposable between said lower inner rib means and said inner shoulder in spaced relation to said end wall, said inner shoulder providing means for normally engaging the topmost portion of a container seam, said tapered portion having a diameter which is smaller than the outside diameter of said container seam.

3. The overcap as defined in claim 2 wherein an upwardly extending rib is provided on said end wall spaced inwardly from the edge thereof to define a peripheral seat for receiving the peripheral edge of a superimposed container.

4. The overcap as defined in claim 2 wherein a tapered lead-in portion extends downwardly and outwardly from the peripheral edge of said end wall, and an outwardly extending support shoulder providing a seat for the lowermost edge of a nested overcap.

5. A flexible overcap comprising an end wall and an integral peripheral skirt depending to form a side wall portion, said side wall portion being provided with an in ner shoulder spaced from said end wall, a tapered portion extending inwardly and upwardly from said inner shoulder, lower inner rib means extending inwardly from said side wall portion and being spaced from said inner shoulder to define therewith a container seam receiving concavity whereby a container seam is disposable between said lower inner rib means and said inner shoulder in spaced relation to said end wall, an upwardly extending rib on said end wall spaced inwardly from the edge thereof to define a peripheral seat for reeciving a peripheral edge of a superimposed container, a tapered lead-in portion extending downwardly and outwardly from the peripheral edge of said end wall, and an outwardly extending support shoulder providing a seat for engaging the lowermost edge of a nested overcap, said inner shoulder providing means for normally engaging the topmost portion of a container seam, said tapered portion having a diameter which is smaller than the outside diameter of said container seam.

6. The combination of a container and a flexible overcap, said container including a seam for joining the end of the container to the side wall thereof, said overcap comprising an end wall and an integral peripheral skirt depending to form a side wall portion, the improvement comprising; said side wall portion being provided with an inner shoulder spaced from said end wall, a tapered portion extending inwardly and upwardly from said inner shoulder, said tapered portion extending circumferentially about the inner surface of said overcap and having a mean diameter slightly smaller than the outside diameter of said container seam, whereby when said overcap is forced onto said container and said tapered portion is brought into engagement with said container seam the resiliency of said flexible overcap causes the tapered portion to automatically slide oif of the container seam so that said inner shoulder properly seats itself on said container seam.

7. The structure as defined in claim 6 wherein said side wall portion is further provided with lower inner rib means extending inwardly from said side wall portion and being spaced from said inner shoulder to define a container sea-m receiving concavity whereby the container seam is snugly engaged between said lower inner rib means and said inner shoulder in spaced relation to said end wall.

8. The method of applying an overcap to an end portion of a container comprising the steps of moving the container along a predetermined path, placing an overcap upon the end of the container, applying a force to seat the overcap beyond the normal seated position of the overcap and the container, and removing the force so that the overcap seats itself in its normal seated position.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 3/1965 Goldsmith 22060 4/1965 Edwards 220-60

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3173574 *Aug 8, 1963Mar 16, 1965Gen Am TransportContainer stacking and covering devices
US3178051 *Sep 26, 1962Apr 13, 1965Illinois Tool WorksContainer and lid
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3325044 *Jul 21, 1965Jun 13, 1967Mutual Plastic Mold CorpCan closure
US3373896 *Jan 3, 1966Mar 19, 1968Sweetheart PlasticsContainer lid
US3392873 *Aug 25, 1965Jul 16, 1968Liggett & Myers Tobacco CoSeal for a tobacco container
US3451586 *Sep 15, 1967Jun 24, 1969Continental Can CoCan body guard bead for scored can ends
US3480177 *Dec 22, 1967Nov 25, 1969Monsanto CoContainer lid
US3504823 *May 6, 1968Apr 7, 1970Monsanto CoContainer
US3642167 *Jul 20, 1970Feb 15, 1972Phillips Petroleum CoContainer closure
US3773170 *Feb 5, 1971Nov 20, 1973Federal Paper Board Co IncPackage
US3987929 *Mar 3, 1975Oct 26, 1976Yamato Iron Works Co., Ltd.Cap seal for drum
US4360119 *Dec 8, 1980Nov 23, 1982Olivo Amando DCover for sealing open mouth of a container
US4364476 *Jan 5, 1982Dec 21, 1982Shamrock Industries, Inc.Plastic lid with stacking separation means
US4389802 *Nov 12, 1981Jun 28, 1983Champion International CorporationScalloped paperboard insert for use with plastic lid
US4407426 *Apr 13, 1981Oct 4, 1983Champion International CorporationRound ice cream carton lid
US4702389 *Sep 2, 1982Oct 27, 1987Kraft, Inc.Rigid lid system
US5381918 *Dec 10, 1993Jan 17, 1995Herberts Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter HaftungDevice for securing the lid of a can, in particular, a can of paint
US5960985 *Oct 1, 1997Oct 5, 1999Barrett; Robert K.Container lid and container
US6695164Feb 20, 2002Feb 24, 2004Steven A. ChayerStorage systems and methods for paint roller sleeves
US7169418May 24, 2002Jan 30, 2007The Procter And Gamble Companya packaging system useful for packing fresh roast and ground coffee; a convenient, lightweight container that provides increased strength per mass unit of plastic for the transport of freshly roast and ground coffee
US8047398Jun 22, 2007Nov 1, 2011Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcSnap overcap closure for a container
US8087539 *Aug 7, 2007Jan 3, 2012Stull Technologies, Inc.Easily removable multi-paneled locking cover
US20120141637 *Dec 7, 2010Jun 7, 2012Mooney Kristin AnnMultiple Compartment Coffee Packaging System
CN100448757CJun 3, 2002Jan 7, 2009福杰仕咖啡公司Container, method and device for providing fresh package coffee
WO2002098759A1 *Jun 3, 2002Dec 12, 2002Procter & GamblePackaging system for coffee
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/485, 220/781, 206/515, D09/445, 206/508
International ClassificationB65D21/02, B65D43/02, B65D51/18, B65D51/20
Cooperative ClassificationB65D2543/00537, B65D2251/0071, B65D21/022, B65D2543/00796, B65D2543/00685, B65D2543/00092, B65D2543/00027, B65D43/0212, B65D2543/00416, B65D2543/00638, B65D2543/00527, B65D2543/0074, B65D51/20, B65D2251/0018, B65D2543/00296
European ClassificationB65D43/02S3E, B65D21/02E7B, B65D51/20