US 3270525 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
p 6; 1966 R. s. SELLERS 3,270,525
PERFUME DISPENSING JEWELRY WITH FRANGIBLE PORTION Filed Jan. 28, 1964 INVENTOR Baberfi J. Sellers United States Patent 3,270,525 PERFUME DISPENSING JEWELRY WITH FRANGIBLE PORTION Robert S. Sellers, Huntington, N.Y., assignor to Chas. Pfizer & (30., Inc., New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. 28, 1964, Ser. No. 340,664
. 1 Claim. (Cl. 63-1) This invention is concerned with a fragrance dispenser, and more particularly with a container adapted to be worn upon the person and to slowly release the vapor of perfume contained therein.
The use of perfume, cologne, or the like imposes the problem of rapid evaporation and dissipation of the scent within a relatively short period, entailing the inconvenience of reapplication by the wearer from a container or atomizer, usually carried in the purse. If a prolonged effect is sought by the application of larger amounts, the scent is too strong and the effect is not pleasing.
Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide a perfume dispenser which, worn upon the person, produces a sustained fragrance over a prolonged period of time.
Another object is to provide such a dispenser which produces a uniform, pleasing fragrance level, detectable but not overpowering, during such prolonged period.
A further object is to provide a dispenser which serves as a convenient reservoir for storage of liquid scent without danger of leakage.
Still another object is to provide an inconspicuous or decorative form of such dispenser.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following description, in conjunction With the attached drawings, wherein FIG. 1 is a side elevation of one embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view, taken along the line 2-2, of the embodiment shown in .FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a side elevation of another embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view, taken along the line 4-4, of the embodiment shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a third embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a sectional view, taken along the line 6-6, of the embodiment shown in FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a plan view of a fourth embodiment of the invention; and
FIG. 8 is a sectional view, taken along the line 8-8, of the embodiment shown in FIG. 7.
In accordance with the present invention, the aforesaid advantages are provided by a small, hollow perfume container formed of any rigid, liquid-impervious material such as metal, rigid plastic, glass or ceramic. The container is perforated by one or more minute holes or vents communicating with the hollow interior, these vents being of sufiiciently small aggregate cross sectional area to assure that perfume or cologne stored within the container is retained by surface tension, to preclude leakage of the liquid. The maximum area suitable for this purpose will naturally vary somewhat with the physical properties of the particular liquid scent, but areas which do not exceed about 0.01 square inch are ordinarily satisfactory.
Although the liquid is safely retained within the container, it will slowly evaporate, escaping through the vent or vents to permeate the surrounding air. When the new 3,270,525 Patented Sept. 6, 1966 Ice dispenser is held in close proximity to the skin, it is warmed by body temperature to increase the evaporation rate, to provide an appropriate fragrance level. To insure an adequate evaporation rate, it has been found that the vent or vents should present an aggregate area of at least about 0.0001 square inch. While a plurality of vents may be provided, excellent results have been obtained with a single vent about 0.02-0.05 inch in diameter.
The new dispenser may be any small container adapted to be worn about the person or pinned to the clothing or close to the skin. If desired, it may be formed as an ornament or piece of costume jewelry, e.g. a pendant, earring, bracket, ring, necklace or pin. The perfume may be injected into the dispenser by any convenient means, for example by means of a fine syringe having a tip of suitable diameter for insertion into the vent. Alternatively, the container may be provided with a removable plug of relatively large diameter for ease in filling with liquid or for insertion of a pledget of cotton or other absorbent filler saturated with the perfume.
While the new dispenser may be refilled as described when the contents have completely evaporated, a further embodiment contemplates a particularly inexpensive, disposable unit made, for example, of rigid plastic and supplied filled with perfume. This embodiment is imperforate and provided with at least one small protuberance, e.g. a hollow point, formed in the surface thereof and adapted to be cut or broken off by the user, to create a vent of appropriate size.
Several preferred forms of the new dispenser are shown in the accompanying drawings.
FIGS. 1 and 2 depict a pendant 10, formed suitably of metal or rigid plastic, and provided with eyelet 12 designed to receive a ribbon or fine chain, not shown, to be worn about the neck. Hollow interior 14 of pendant 10 serves as a perfume reservoir and communicates with the exterior by means of vent 16, through which it may be filled, by means of a fine syringe for example. Vent 16 is shown slight enlarged for the sake of clarity.
FIGS. 3 and 4 show an earring 18 conforming to the present invention. Earring 18 includes an ornamental knob 20, pierced by a vent 16 communicating with hollow interior perfume reservoir 14. Knob 20 is joined to a conventional yoke section 22 provided with a threaded stud 24 for attachment to the ear.
FIGS. 5 and 6 show a ring or bracelet 26, having several vents 16 communicating with hollow interior perfume reservoir 14.
FIGS. 7 and 8 show an inconspicuous form of the invention, viz. .a disposable cylindrical dispenser 28, suitably of plastic and provided with clasp pin 30 for attachment to the clothing. Dispenser 28 is imperforate and contains perfume in hollow interior reservoir 14. Thin-walled protuberance 32 formed in the surface of dispenser 28 is adapted to be cut off by the user to provide a vent of about 0.02-0.05 inch diameter in accordance with the present invention.
The new dispensers are convenient and inexpensive. Their use is free of the objectionably high, initial fragrance levels associated with the conventional application of perfume. In addition, they provide a uniform fragrance level up to the point of complete evaporation of the contents. A reservoir of about 0.5-1 milliliter is readily contained in a dispenser of convenient size, and it will supply a pleasing fragrance for many hours. Dispensers of larger or smaller capacities may, of course, be employed if desired. A filled dispenser may ordinarily be worn many times before the supply of scent is depleted. When not in use, it may be stored in a cool place below body temperature, whereby the evaporation rate is substantially reduced. If desired, evaporation during storage may be still further reduced, or halted completely, by covering the vent, e.g. with a small piece of adhesive cellulose tape, or by storing the article in a small, air-tight case.
What is claimed is:
A disposable fragrance dispenser comprising a body having securing means thereon adapting said body to be worn on the person, said body comprising a small imperforate hollow container of rigid plastic containing perfume, said container having a protuberance means having a hollow interior communicating with the hollow of said container, said protuberance means being adapted to be cut off to provide a vent of from about 0.02 to 0.05 inch diameter, whereby said perfume will slowly escape in the form of vapor to permeate the air surrounding the wearer.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Birge.
Seki 239-34 Gooken 239-59 Darlington -2 222-541 Carliner 128-272 X Shand et al. 128-272 X Great Britain.
RICHARD C. PINKHAM, Primary Examiner.
F. B. SHAY, Examiner.