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Publication numberUS3273208 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 20, 1966
Filing dateSep 19, 1963
Priority dateSep 19, 1963
Publication numberUS 3273208 A, US 3273208A, US-A-3273208, US3273208 A, US3273208A
InventorsGreenberger Joseph I
Original AssigneeUnited Eng Foundry Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Interchangeable continuous casting apparatus
US 3273208 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 20, 1966 J. l. GREENBERGER INTERCHANGEABLE CONTINUOUS CASTING APPARATUS 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 19, 1965 HIS ATTORNEY Sept. 20, 1966 J. 1. GREENBERGER INTERCHANGEABLE CONTINUOUS CASTING APPARATUS Filed Sept. 19, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VEN TOR JOSEPH I. GREENBERGER j Q. 77x23;

HlS ATTORNEY Sept 1966 J. 1. GREENBERGER 3,273,208

INTERCHANGEABLE CONTINUOUS CASTING APPARATUS Filed Sept. l9 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. JOSEPH l. GREENBERGER HIS ATTORNEY v United States Patent 3,273,208 INTERCHANGEABLE CONTINUOUS CASTING APPARATUS Joseph I. Greenberger, Pittsburgh, Pa., assignor to United Engineering and Foundry Company, Pittsburgh, Pa., a

corporation of Pennsylvania Filed Sept. 19, 1963, Ser. No. 310,019 13 Claims. (Cl. 2257.2)

This invention relates to the continuous casting of metallic workpieces and, more particularly, to a continuous casting plant designed to assure maximum production and capable of operating uninterruptedly for relatively long periods.

It is a well-known fact that for a number of reasons in operating present-day continuous casting plants considerable and frequent unproductive periods of time are experienced. One of the primary reasons for this loss in productivity has reference to the fact that processes presently employed require a discontinuance of the cast ing operation after the metal in the ladle has been completely poured, until the empty ladle can be removed from the casting position, the dummy bar system inserted and a second ladle, full of molten metal, positioned in its place. In some continuous casting plants, the time necessary to perform the changing of the ladles and preparing for the next casting cycle equals the time it takes to pour the metal from a ladle. This means that the production efiiciency of such a plant is about 50% and usually less.

Other production delays are caused by the time needed to effect a changing of used tundishes, worn molds and/ or replacement secondary cooling units as well as for changes incident to the change of the size and/or shape of the cast product. According to present general practice, it has been found that replacement of the tundishes is necessary after every casting cycle. With respect to mold maintenance, a mold may remain productive for as many as several hundred casts. However, in comparison with ladle changes, the time necessary to change the tundishes, molds and secondary cooling units is considerably longer, particularly in casting plants employing multiple strands.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a continuous casting plant wherein the ladles can be so changed as to assure more continuous operation of the plant and wherein in no event will ladle changing delay operation of the plant.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an arrangement for quickly changing the tundishes, molds and secondary cooling units of a continuous casting plant whereby the discontinuation of the operation of the plant incident to such changing will be reduced considerably.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a structure for supporting a number of ladles provided for a common tun-dish, including means for quickly positioning the ladles successively in operative relationship with the tundish, wherein in moving one ladle out of the pouring position a second or replacement ladle will be automatically positioned in the pouring position.

It is further contemplated by the invention to provide a similar construction for removing molds provided for a common strand from an operative position to an inoperative position and repositioning a second mold unit into the operative position.

It will thus be seen from the following description that by providing a construction whereby the ladles can be shifted without interrupting the continuous operation of the casting plant maximum production, particularly of high tonnage workpieces, can be realized together with a greater yield, since scrap losses incident to cutting off portions from the head and tail portions of the total cast will be reduced. Another inherent advantage in the extended uninterrupted operation of the plant is that greater slab uniformity in dimension and quality will be assured and higher production efficiencies will be obtained.

With respect to the construction which enables the tundishes, molds and secondary cooling unit to be quickly replaced, not only is there a definite advantage in reducing production losses .incident to the occasion when these elements require changing and/ or replacement, but of equal significance is the advantage that replacement elements designed to cast a different size workpiece can be set up in readiness for quick insertion into casting position with a minimum amount of delay.

These features and advantages as well as others will become more evident when the following description is read along with the accompanying drawings of which:

FIGURE 1 is a schematic elevational view of the upper portion of a continuous .casting plant, illustrating a system of ladles, tundishes and molds constructed in accordance with the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a schematic and elevational view of the plant illustrated in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a plan View, in smaller proportion, of the plant illustrate-d in FIGURES 1 and 2; and

FIGURE 4 is a modification, in certain respects, of the equipment illustrated in FIGURE 3.

With reference, first to FIGURES 1 and 2, there is illustrated a ladle supporting arrangement consisting of a number of spaced-apart columns .11, the lower end of which is secured to a substructure 12, the columns serving to support at their upper portions parallel extending rails 13 which are made of a length sufficient to handle three separate ladle cars, two at a time, such as, cars 14 and 15, illustrated in FIGURE 1. The ladle cars, as shown best in FIGURE 1, include two pairs of wheels 16 which pass along the rails 13, the wheels of one pair being driven individually by separate motors 17. The ladle cars carry portable ladles 18 having pouring open: ings 19 at their lower ends through which the metal is discharged and may be selectively interrupted by means of stoppers 21. Each ladle car is also provided with a locking arrangement, which is shown only in FIGURE 2, consisting of a piston cylinder assembly 22 carried by one of the columns M, the piston of which is adapted to pass into an arm 23 formed at one end of the bottom of the car which has an opening for receiving the end of the piston.

By this construction and in again referring to FIG URE 1, after the molten metal has been poured from the ladle 18 on the ladle car 14, the stopper 21 can be lowered into the opening 19 and the motors 17 operated to move the ladle car 14 toward the left to a phantom position where it will come to rest against a stop 20. Of course, if the ladle car 15 is located on the left of the ladle car 14, as one views FIGURE 1, the car 14 will move toward the right. Prior thereto, the ladle -1-8 for the car 15 can be placed on the car 15 by a crane in readiness to take the place of the ladle 18 of the car 14. Once the car 14 has been removed from its pouring position, the car 15 can be brought into this position in which connection the piston cylinder assembly 2 2 of the locking device will be operated to correctly position the car in its pouring position. Once this occurs, the stopper 21 of the car 15 can be raised allowing the molten metal to issue therefrom. The time involved in shifting the empty ladle and replacing it with a full ladle will be less than the time required to empty the tundish, so that continuity of pouring will be maintained.

With reference again to FIGURE 2, it will be noted that at the inside of the bases of the columns 11 opposed feet 24 are provided, the upper surfaces of which serve to support a pair of beams 25 which run parallel to the rails 13 and, as in the case of the rails 13, are sufficiently long to carry three tundish cars, two at a time. The beams 25 serve as rails for tundish cars 26 and 27 which are similar in construction to the ladle cars 14 and being provided with two pairs of wheels 28, the wheels of one pair being driven by individual motors 29 shown both in FIGURES 1 and 2. The tundish cars may be maintained in their operative position by the brakes of the motors 29.

The tundish cars carry tundishes 33 which have the usual stoppers 34, the lower ends of which are inserted into nozzles 35 located at the bottom of the tundishes 33 when it is desired to prevent the metal from flowing out of the nozzles. Prior to discontinuing the operation of the continuous casting machine to change the tundish 33 of the tundish car 26, a new or rebuilt tundish 33 and car 27 is positioned on the tracks 25 and preheated preliminary. to being inserted into the pouring position. This preheating is accomplished in the instant case by fuel heating devices 36 which, as shown in FIGURE 1, are located on either side of the pouring position of the casting machine. The devices include trunnion-mounted heads 37 to which there are connected fuel nozzles 38 that may be positioned above and inserted into the covers of the tundishes. In order to obtain effective preheating, as shown in FIGURE 1, the tundishes are provided with removable covers 40 which are used during the preheating period. When it is desired to change the tundish 33 of the car 26, its motors 29 will be operated to advance the car either to the left or right depending upon whether the replacement tundish is at the left or right as one views FIGURE 1. Assuming the replacement tundish car is in the position shown in FIGURE 1, then the tundish car 26 will be advanced to the left as one views FIGURE 1 and come against stops 58. Immediately after this has occurred and after the head 37 of the employed heating device 36 has been raised and rotated, so that the cover 40 can be removed, the tundish car 27 is advanced by the operation of its motors 29 and when in the pouring position will be maintained there by the brakes of the motors 29.

With reference now to the equipment provided for changing the mold, reference will be made first to FIG- URE 2. In this respect there is provided a U-shaped supporting platform 41, shown best in FIGURES 3 and 4, which serves to support a mold 42, the mold being connected to the platform by a series of bolts 43. The platform is adapted to be oscillated by an oscillating mechanism 44 which is connected to and carried by the structure of the casting machine. The bottom of the mold is provided with two pair of freely rotatable wheels 45 which are engaged by parallelly arranged rails 46 arranged directly below the mold on either side thereof. The rails are supported by structural members 47 through pivotally connected links 48 which allow the rails 46 to be raised and lowered toward and away from the wheels 45 of the mold. At one end of the rails there is connected thereto a piston cylinder assembly 51 which is also carried by one of the structural members 47 through which means the rails are raised and lowered. FIG- URES 1 and 2 show the rails in their lower-most positions out of contact with the wheels of the mold 42.

With respect to the construction of the supporting platform 41 and the mold 42 reference at this point is made to FIGURE 3, whereit will be seen that over the platform is a U-shaped plate 52 wherein the open side of the platform 41 is so arranged that the mold 42, including the plate 52, can pass over and through the open side and away from the platform 41. As previously indicated, the mold is normally secured to the platform 41 by bolts 43 which pass through the plate 52 and which receive at their upper ends wedges which can be quickly removed 4 from the bolts to free the plate 52 and, hence, the mold 42 for longitudinal movement.

As shown in FIGURE 2, to the left of the rails 46, there is provided a mold-shifting system which is made up of a supporting beam 55 for supporting a pair of parallel extending beams 56 that serve as guide ways for a shiftable car 57 which is supported and guided on the beams 56. The beams 56, as noted in FIGURE 2, are arranged at right angles with respect to the rails 46. As best shown in FIGURE 3, the mold-shifting car 57 is provided with two pairs of rails 58 and 59 which serve as extensions of the rail-s 46 when positioned in line with the casting machine. In still referring to FIGURE 3, it will be observed that the mold 43 can be pushed manually over the rails 46 onto the rails 58 where the mold will come to rest against stops 61 shown in FIGURE 2. Once this occurs, the car 57 can be traversed so that the replacement mold 62 carried by the mold transfer car 5'7- can be positioned in line with the rails 46. The car, as shown in FIGURE 3, is moved traversely through the agency of a piston cylinder assembly 63 which is connected to one end of the car 57, the extent of movement being controlled by stops 60.

FIGURE 4, as previously noted, illustrates a second embodiment of the mold-shifting system. As shown, in place of the longitudinal shiftable car 57, a rotatable turntable 64 is provided having two pairs of tracks 65 and 66 so arranged that on rotation of the turntable, one or the other of the pairs of tracks will line up with the rails 46. The turntable 64 is provided with an internally formed gear 67 which meshes with a pinion 68 connected to a motor 68a. In this case a replacement mold 69 is set upon the tracks 66. After the used mold 43 is moved manually onto the turntable, as shown in phantom in FIGURE 4, the turntable will be rotated to place the replacement mold in the phantom position after which it will be manually moved into the casting machine.

There remains one other element illustrated to be commented upon and that has reference to the secondary cooling unit 71 which is shown in FIGURES 1 and 2. While for simplicity the illustration of the present invention has not shown in detail a mechanism for quickly removing the secondary units 61 relative to the mold, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that this may very conveniently be done, thereby giving the attendant advantage of being able to considerably reduce downtime incident to changing the secondary unit.

Thus, it will be seen from the above that in providing a shiftable arrangement for the ladle cars whereby two or more cars can be handled at once, uninterrupted operation of the casting plant is assured as far as the changing of the ladles is concerned. Thus, the period of uninterrupted operation is limited to the life of the tundish nozzles, mold or secondary cooling unit, primarily the former. In this respect the present invention will considerably eliminate the time loss incident to replacing these elements by providing a system whereby the used elements can bequickly removed and immediately replaced by other elements.

In accordance With the provisions of the patent statutes, I have explained the principle and operation of my invention and have illustrated and described what I consider to represent the best embodiment thereof. However, I desire to have it understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically illustrated and described.

I claim:

1. In combination with a continuous casting machine employing a ladle and a mold, said mold being vertically movable relative to said ladle during operation of said machine,

a first means for supporting the mold in a pouring position,

a second means for supporting two molds in such a manner that the molds can be selectively positioned in said pouring position when said vertical movement of said mold is interrupted, and

means for bringing at least a part of the second supporting means into a supporting position with one of the molds when in the pouring position when said vertical movement of said mold is interrupted, thereby to allow the transfer of a mold from a supporting position with said first supporting means to a supporting position with said second supporting means.

2. In combination with a continuous casting machine employing a ladle, mold and tundish,

means for supporting two ladles in such a manner that the ladlies can be selectively positioned in a common pouring position,

means for moving the ladles into and out of the pouring positions,

means for supporting two tundishes in such a manner that the tundishes can be selectively positioned in the pouring position,

means for moving the tundishes into and out of the pouring position,

means for supporting a mold in such a manner that the mold can be moved from a casting position to a position remote therefrom,

a mold transfer car located remote from the casting position of the mold for supporting at least two molds, and

means for positioning the car so as to receive a mold from the casting machine, and to position a second mold in position for insertion into the casting machine.

3. In combination with a continuous casting machine,

according to claim 2, wherein,

wheels are secured to said mold,

rails engage with said wheels, and

means for moving said rails into and out of engagement with said wheels whereby said mold in the casting position can be moved away from said casting position.

4. In combination with a continuous casting machine,

according to claim 2, wherein said mold in the casting position is detachably connected to a mold-carrying means, and

said carrying means having an open side for permitting a mold, when detached from said carrying means, to move away from said carrying means.

5. In combination with a continuous casting machine,

according to claim 4, including means connected to and for oscillating said mold-carrying means, thereby to oscillate said mold during the casting operation.

6. In combination with a continuous casting machine employing a ladle and a pair of molds,

means for supporting one of said molds belows the ladle so that it can be moved ultimately into a pouring position for receipt of molten metal and to a position remote therefrom,

a mold transfer car located in said remote position having mold supporting areas for supporting at least two molds in which said areas are positionable alternately relative to said supporting means, and

means for positioning said car so that one of its supporting areas will receive one of the molds from the casting machine and said other supporting area will position the other mold for movement into said casting machine.

7. In combination with a continuous casting machine employing a mold, a pair of tundishes and a pair of ladles arranged in a superimposed relationship,

means for supporting said ladles in such a manner that the ladles can be selectively positioned in a common pouring position above a tundish,

means for supporting the tundishes in such a manner that the tundishes can be selectively positioned in the common pouring position above the mold,

means for moving the ladle into and out of the pouring position wherein the ladle is changed so as to maintain a sufficient volume of molten metal in the tundish in the pouring position, whereby a continuous flow of metal from a tundish is assured during the interchange of an empty ladle for a full ladle,

a support structure -for the said ladle supporting means and said tundish supporting means, the construction being such that said ladles and tundishes are maintained in a spaced vertical superimposed relationship and allowed to move unrestrictedly relative to each other and in a direction normal to the axis of said support structure,

said tundish being arranged below one of the ladles and above the mold and being smaller than either of the ladles so that both ladles cannot be simultaneously located in the pouring position over the tundish,

said tundish having a cover, and

an opening in said cover of relatively small size in comparison with the cover through which molten metal is fed from the ladle.

8. In combination with a continuous casting machine,

according to claim 7, including means for preventing the ladles from moving when positioned in the pouring position.

9. In combination with a continuous casting machine employing a mold, a pair of tundishes, and a pair of ladles arranged in a superimposed relationship,

means for supporting said ladles in such a manner that the ladles can be selectively positioned in a common pouring position above a tundish,

means for supporting two tundishes in such a manner that the tundishes can be selectively positioned in the common pouring position above the mold,

means for moving the ladles into and out of the pouring position wherein the ladles are changed so as to maintain a suflicient volume of molten metal in one of the tundishes in the pouring position, whereby a continuous flow of metal from said tundish is assured during the interchange of an empty ladle for a full ladle, and

a support structure for the said ladle supporting means and said tundish supporting means, the construction being such that said ladles and tundishes are maintained in a spaced vertical superimposed relationship and allowed to move unrestrictedly relative to each other and in a direction normal to the axis of said support structure.

10. In combination with a continuous casting machine,

according to claim 9, including means for preventing the ladles from moving when positioned in the pouring position, and

means for preventing the tundishes from moving when positioned in the pouring position.

11. In combination with a continuous casting machine,

according to claim 9, including tundish preheating means arranged to heat the tundish When in a position away from the pouring position.

12. In combination with a continuous casting machine, according to claim 9, in which said means for supporting said ladles and tundishes are sufiiciently long to support three ladles and tundishes, whereby a replacement tundish and ladle can be positioned on either side of a ladle and tundish in the pouring positions, and

tundish preheating means are arranged on both sides of said pouring position to preheat a replacement tundish which may be located on either side thereof.

13. In combination with a continuous casting machine employing at least a pair of molds, a pair of tundishes and a pair of ladles arranged in a superimposed relationship,

means for supporting said ladles in such a manner that the ladles can be selectively positioned in a common pouring position above a tundish,

, means for supporting said tundishes in such a manner I means for moving the ladles into and out of the pouring position wherein the ladles are changed so as to maintain a sufficient volume of molten metal in one of the tundishes in the pouring position, whereby a continuous flow of metal from said tundish is assured during the interchange of an empty ladle for a full ladle,

a mold transfer car located in a remote position for supporting at least two molds, and

means for positioning the car so as to receive one of the molds from the casting position and to position said other mold in position for insertion'into the casting position.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,519,313 8/ 1950 Haklin 22-82 2,732,601 1/ 1956 Junghans 2257.2 X 2,768,413 10/ 195 6 Alexanderson 22-57.2 2,799,906 7/1957 Duncan 2275 I. SPENCER OVERHOLSER, Primary Examiner. R. S. ANNEAR, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
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US2519313 *Sep 11, 1947Aug 15, 1950Crane CoLadle pouring guide
US2732601 *Sep 6, 1950Jan 31, 1956 Method of continuous casting
US2768413 *Apr 20, 1953Oct 30, 1956Allegheny Ludlum Stcel CorpSystem for controlling the flow of molten metal
US2799906 *Jan 26, 1953Jul 23, 1957Duncan William MApparatus and method of filling ingot molds
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3344847 *Mar 14, 1966Oct 3, 1967United Eng Foundry CoApparatus for the continuous casting of molten metal
US3435882 *Jun 20, 1966Apr 1, 1969Pennsylvania Engineering CorpGantry car apparatus for casting molten metal
US3446269 *Aug 8, 1966May 27, 1969Schloemann AgApparatus for the transporting of the intermediate container of continuous casting machines
US3456713 *Sep 7, 1966Jul 22, 1969Bliss CoMethod for supplying multiple metal streams to a continuous casting mold
US3459312 *Apr 12, 1967Aug 5, 1969United States Steel CorpCar having ladle supporting and positioning means
US3514519 *Feb 8, 1968May 26, 1970Lectromelt CorpHeated transfer vessel for molten metal casting apparatus and method
US3578063 *Jul 12, 1968May 11, 1971Varaxin Alexei IvanovichDevice for setting tundish above mould of machine for continuous casting of metal
US3773103 *Jul 20, 1971Nov 20, 1973Concast AgContinuous casting machine
US3782447 *Apr 7, 1971Jan 1, 1974Concast AgContinuous casting plant
US3974874 *Nov 24, 1975Aug 17, 1976Concast IncorporatedContinuous casting plant
US4031948 *Jun 13, 1975Jun 28, 1977Von Roll AgMold-equipped casting oven unit for continuous rod castings
US4064930 *Feb 3, 1977Dec 27, 1977Kyoei Steel Ltd.Continuous casting method using a ladle bogie
US4124152 *Dec 10, 1976Nov 7, 1978Demag, A.G.Truck for transfer tanks in metal plants, particularly for steel strand casting plants
US4167208 *Jun 12, 1978Sep 11, 1979Erwin BuhrerMethod and apparatus for the production of foundry molds
US4224977 *Feb 6, 1979Sep 30, 1980Concast IncorporatedMold assembly and method for continuous casting
US4444341 *May 4, 1981Apr 24, 1984Sms Schloemann-Siemag A.G.Transportation device for continuously supplying molten metal to a continuous casting plant
US4632173 *Feb 28, 1985Dec 30, 1986Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaLabor saving apparatus for continuous casting facility
US4779670 *Aug 6, 1987Oct 25, 1988Outokumpu OyMethod and apparatus for changing the mould in a casting machine
US5027880 *Dec 20, 1990Jul 2, 1991Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha And Hitachi Zosen CorporationTundish changing apparatus in a continuous casting installation
US6289973Feb 8, 2000Sep 18, 2001Concast Standard AgDevice and method for exchanging a replaceable part of a mould arrangement in a continuous casting installation
US8631853Dec 2, 2011Jan 21, 2014Nucor CorporationStrip casting apparatus for rapid set and change of casting rolls
US8875777Mar 13, 2013Nov 4, 2014Nucor CorporationStrip casting apparatus for rapid set and change of casting rolls
US9120147May 12, 2014Sep 1, 2015Nucor CorporationStrip casting apparatus for rapid set and change of casting rolls
US20090236068 *Mar 19, 2008Sep 24, 2009Nucor CorporationStrip casting apparatus for rapid set and change of casting rolls
EP0645204A2 *Sep 20, 1994Mar 29, 1995Georg Schultheiss ElectronicContinuous casting machine
WO1990001383A1 *Aug 4, 1989Feb 22, 1990Rokop CorporationHot metal supply for continuous casting and the like
WO1999007498A1 *Jul 16, 1998Feb 18, 1999Concast Standard AgDevice and method for replacing an interchangeable part of an ingot arrangement in a continuous casting installation
WO2009054826A1 *Oct 24, 2007Apr 30, 2009Loma Machine, A Division Of Magnum Integrated Technologies Inc.Downender transport table assembly for use in continuous casting plants
Classifications
U.S. Classification164/420, 164/438, 164/337
International ClassificationB22D41/015, B22D41/005, B22D11/10
Cooperative ClassificationB22D11/10, B22D41/015
European ClassificationB22D11/10, B22D41/015