US 3273273 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 20, 1966 F, w. MGLARTY 3,273,273
PENNANT AND STREAMER DISPLAY ASSEMBLIES Filed May 29, 1961 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Sept. 20, 1966 F. w. M LARTY PENNANT AND STREAMER DISPLAY ASSEMBLIES 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 29, 1961 Sept. 20, 1966 F. w. M LARTY PENNANT AND STREAMER DISPLAY ASSEMBLIES 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed May 29, 1961 p 0, 1966 F. w. M LARTY PENNANT AND STREAMER DISPLAY ASSEMBLIES 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed May 29, 1961 J RIVE J JJ HAPP Nfw YflR M RR CHR TMAS M QV E OME a United States Patent 3,273,273 PENNANT AND STREAMER DISPLAY ASSEMBLIES Frank W. McLarty, Tarrant County, Tex. (6767 Church St., Fort Worth 12, Tex.) Filed May 29, 1961, Ser. No. 113,554 8 Claims. (Cl. 40-128) This invention relates to a new and improved method of making streamer displays, some alternative portions of which are mounted on fiagstaffs.
A particular purpose of the invention, which includes several alternative forms thereof, is to provide an improved and cheap means of displaying colored pennants and other streamers at points from which they may be observed most readily. Business experience verifies the statement of psychologists that or attention responds, consciously or unconsciously, to bright colors, contrasting colors, and movements; and pennants and other such streamers, when suspended in a breeze, can have all three actuating stimuli. The present invention is a means of suspending such pennants and streamers in prominent places such as on one or more poles near a street from which they are observable, particularly by those approaching gasoline filling stations, used car lots, etc.
The special purpose of the invention is to afford a means of quickly and easily attaching such a mass display of colors to fiood light poles that already are installed at gasoline filling stations, shopping centers, etc. Corollary to this purpose is the fact that the entire pennant display easily can be detached from such poles quickly to provide special and seasonal displays such as at business openings, Christmas festivities, and other such occasions.
A third purpose is to provide unique forms of such displays in connection with the special colors used by business firms in their advertising to call attention spontaneously to the particular brand of merchandise ofiered by the firm, in order that firms may compete more readily in the quality of their services and merchandise in addition to the prices at which these goods and services are offered.
The means of accomplishing the foregoing and other purposes by means of the invention will be understood from the following specification in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, whose parts bear similar numerals, and of which it will be noted as follows that:
FIG. 1 is a side view of such a pennant and streamer display mounted on a pole.
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the display shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a top plan view in larger scale showing one of multiple brackets in which the flag staffs shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 are mounted around the pole.
FIG. 4 is a vertical cross section of the flag staff bracket through the axes of the flag staif and the pole on which such multiple brackets, illustrated by FIGS. 3, 2, and l, are mounted and shows 'a similar cross section of a bracket segment of a partible and reunitable band beneath the flag stait bracket by which streamer strips shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 are attache-d to the pole.
FIG. 5 is a cross section through a square pole showing from above four brackets mounted around the pole and clamped against the pole by small bolts, thereby suspending the streamer strips of FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a vertical cross section of an alternative embodiment of the flag stafi. bracket shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 and shows beneath the flag staff bracket a vertical cross section of a. cooperating primary pole bracket to which small ropes, ordinarily of pliant material such as jute, but alternatively small cables having wire strands, are
3,273,273 Patented Sept. 20, 1966 attached for suspending pennants in tandem on such ropes or other streamers and banners on the alternative wire cables, even without the flagstafi bracket illustrated in this figure as conjoined.
FIG. 7 is a similar fragmentary cross section through the pole of FIGS. 4 and 6 at a lower level, showing a cross section of a correlative primary bracket, to which the lower ends of the jute ropes or alternative wire cables are attached and thereby suspend a circular hoop around the pole between the upper and lower primary pole brackets.
FIG. 8 is a top plan view of the lower primary pole bracket mentioned in connection with FIGS. 6 and 7 and shows suitable means of attaching the hoop suspending ropes or cables to the primary pole brackets, whether upper or lower.
FIG. 9 is a horizontal fragmentary cross section through a round pole, showing the plan of diagonally disposed integral flange sections of an alternative upper primary pole bracket, to the lower part of which hoopdistended ropes are attached, and which also mounts in the upper part of said bracket one of three flag staffs perhaps equally spaced horizontally around the pole without a separable flag staff bracket.
FIG. 10 is a fragmentary vertical cross section through the axes of the vertical pole and flag staff shown in FIG. 9.
FIG. 11 is a side view of the upper primary bracket shown in FIGS. 9 and 10 at right angles to FIG. 10.
FIG. 12 is an alternative mounting of a flag stafl in the upper non-separable part of an upper primary pole bracket by which hoop-distended pennant ropes are suspended from integral flange segments diagonally disposed between vertical and horizontal.
FIG. 13 is an alternative means of attaching hoopdistended pennant ropes to a circular plate, which perhaps could be mounted horizontally on top of a post but is intended primarily for suspension under tension on a bolt, either vertical or horizontal.
FIG. 14 is an alternative arrangement for attachment of the secured looped ends of ropes of a hoop-distended pennant display assembly suspended from a substantially horizontal rope or wire, either of which can be doubled for either vertical or horizontal suspension alternatively.
FIG. 15 illustrates a means of attaching a small jingle bell to the lower end of a pennant suspended from one of the pennant displays.
FIG. 16 is a top plan view of a hoop suspended from a square cross-section pole by twelve ropes, to which pennants may be attached in tandem as shown in FIG. 1 in a conventional manner of attachment.
FIG. 17 is a side view of a pennant assembly employing two hoops at different levels and attached to twelve ropes distended thereby as shown in FIG. 16.
FIG. 18 is a side view of a pennant assembly employing one hoop around a pole, to which the hoop would be attached by more than two pennant carrying ropes, but only two of which are shown diametrically in this figure.
FIG. 19 is a vertical cross sectional view of a pennant assembly showing two hoops suspended horizontally around a vertical pole by more than two pennant carrying ropes, only two of which are shown diametrically in this figure, which shows that a rope assembly such as shown in FIGS. 16, 17 may be drawn in toward the pole by a horizontal cord around the ropes between the hoops to create an assembly having a different overall appearance from one in which the ropes are vertical between the hoops.
FIG. 20 indicates a bell-shaped pennant assembly formed by attaching more than two pennant-carrying ropes in separate vertical planes to multiple rope-distending hoops, the entire assembly being supported by a horizontal wire cable, which also supports in part a parallel rope to which are sewn multiple conventional pennants.
FIG. 21 is an enlarged cross section of a tubular hoop suspended from a pole as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and shows in detail one of the suspending strips having a free normally vertical segment depending from the diagonally disposed suspending strip adjacent to the hoop.
FIG. 22 is an enlarged cross section of a tubular hoop as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the hoop being suspended from a bracket segment of the upper primary parted band by double diagonally disposed strips of pliant material looped around the hoop at many places, only one of which loops is indicated fragmentarily in this detail figure.
FIG. 23 is a cross section of an alternative bracket segment of a parted band bolted tightly around a vertical pole as 'a means of suspending a horizontal hoop around said vertical pole by means of diagonally disposed plastic impregnated fabric strips of material such as now is in wide use.
FIG. 24 is a cross section of still another kind of parted band clamped around a pole by bolts to suspend a tubular hoop horizontally and equidistantly at all points from the pole by means of pliant fabric strips, having quite limited elasticity.
In the drawings, wherein various parts are designated by corresponding numerals, the numeral 1 designates a vertical standard such as poles used to mount flood lights around gasoline filling stations, in automobile parking lot areas, etc. Such poles sometimes are made of round pipe, but perhaps the majority of such light-mounting poles have a square cross-section segment as an upper portion that is mounted pivotally on top of a larger lower segment in a manner that makes it easy to replace light bulbs at the crest of the upper segment of the pole. However, the primary elements of the present invention are designed for use on any kind of vertical pole, although it is particularly adapted for display of colored pennants and other streamers on such slender poles, where they may be observed most readily from a street or highway. At the present time such display pennants of various colors often are attached to substantially horizontal ropes, that may be suspended between such light-poles and a building such as an automobile filling station; but this practice has the handicaps that the pennants hung on horizontal ropes cannot be made to clear high motor trucks easily and that the pennants in part may not be seen by a motorist on the street, until he is almost even with the filling station, at which he otherwise might have stopped to make a purchase.
The present invention makes it possible easily to mount such streamers or pennants on a pole that is adjacent to the street in a place from which the highly colored streamers or pennants may be observed from far down the street or highway; and the use of distinctive color combinations now employed by the various oil companies in different embodiments of the invention makes it possible for the motorist to know where his favorite brand of gasoline will be sold, long before he reaches a filling station. A distinct feature of the invention is that, without any traffic hazard and even serving to protect the floodlight poles by making them obvious, color displays can be mounted quickly and easily from the sides of poles that already are standing at filling stations, automobile parking lots, etc. Likewise the pennant and streamer displays may be detached from the poles for mounting special displays such as those desired at Christmas and at other seasons.
The invention consists primarily of an easily attachable and detachable means of suspending from the poles one or more substantially circular tubular horizontally disposed hoops, to which the pennants or streamers are attached either directly or indirectly, for spacing the pennants and streamers from the sustaining pole and from each other. It will be appreciated that the hoops might be somewhat oval in shape or even square almost as readily; but the perfectly circular hoops are novel in that they afford a means of distending from the pole streamers of pliant material and ropes, to which pennants are sewn in conventional manner, that are of the same substantially fixed length as all the others suspending the distending hoop. Making the suspending streamers and ropes all the same length facilitates mass production of said parts and the assembly thereof at the factory in suitable jigs. Moreover, making the ropes the same length facilitates the sewing thereto of the pennants in tandem, with the pennants on one rope being staggered from the corresponding positions of those on the adjacent rope, so that, when viewed from. the side of the assembly, the pennants appear to fill the space more compactly. Such a circular tu'b-ular hoop 2 is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. The hoops 2 may be made of plastic tubes even less than one inch in diameter, since the mounting presently to be described reinforces the circular tubular hoops greatly. But aluminum tubing, which is easily formed into circular hoops, may be used alternatively for larger hoops, when desired. It is essential in most cases that the hoops 2 be cloven transversely of the tube in at least one place in order to mount them on high poles, although it would be possible to mount an unpartible hoop on hingeable fioodlight poles such as are used by some filling stations, if one were to employ a step-ladder of sufficient height and provide means of sustaining the hinged portion of the pole above the step-ladder. It will be noted, however, that the hoops 2 themselves need not be rigidly attached to the poles and thus are not injured and cause no injury in case a truck might back into them. For the purpose of shipping, it may be desirable to part the hoops 2 in two diametrically opposed places in order to pack them in smaller boxes; but in FIG. 1 a single parting of the hoop -2 is shown at 3. The two ends of the parted hoop 2 are joined at 3 by inserting a splicing member comparable to the short wooden dowel pins now employed to join the ends of the plastic hula hoops that have been sold as toys in recent years. Small tacks driven through the plastic tips of the tube and intothe dowels are employed before installation of the assembly to keep the wooden dowel pins in place for uniting the hoop after installation around the pole, although it will be seen presently that tension of ropes mounting pennants will tend to draw the ends of the hoop together on the dowel pin as well as to keep the hoop substantially circular in shape around the pole. Such a dowel pin between the two opposing hoop tips at 3 might be designated by the numeral 4, although two such undesignated dowel pins within the segments of hoop 2 in FIG. 2 are indi= cated only by broken lines. All the hoops, therefore, are cloven in at least one place.
By means presently to be described, the circular hoop 2 is suspended from a joined parted band 5 clamped horizontally around the pole at a suitable height as illustrated in FIGS. 5, 9, and 11. The parted bands may be in one, two, three, or more parts. In FIG. 5 is shown a parted band 5 having four bracket-like segments that is well adapted to square cross-section poles and that can be used with poles of various sizes by employing longer threaded joining bolts 31 with nuts 32 to clamp the band ears 5' together as desired. FIG. 5 shows a space between the square pole 1' and the four segments of band 5, this space being for receiving the ends of strips 6 (measured and substantially equally long) of plastic impregnated cloth or other similar pliant material having abruptly limited elasticity that support the usually horizontal and circular hoop 2 of FIGS. 1 and 2 under somewhat equal tension. As also shown in vertical cross section in FIG. 4, these pliant fixed length strips 6 have holes therein near their ends and properly spaced therefrom for receiving small bolts 33 that also extend through corresponding holes in the segments of l and 5, and are held in place thereby with nuts 33 prior to installation on the pole 1. Note in FIG. 1 that the smaller crosssection upper portion of the pole 1 is designated 1 whether the upper portion be hingeable on the lower portion or not. Since clamping bands tightly on the poles to prevent slipping is a problem for tight stretching of the pennant ropes 8 to be mentioned later, unless the bands 5 be made of rather heavy and stiff metal, it sometimes is convenent to let the band 5 come to rest on the top of the lower portion 1 of the pole 1 1. In both FIGS. 4 and 6, however, it is indicated that small pins 34 and 35 (preferably threaded) alternatively may be inserted in holes in the pole 1 to keep the segments of band 5 at the proper height on the pole; and at other times it may be more convenient to use wires to tie the bands 5 to other higher appendages on the pole 1'.
Plastic hoops 2 are on the market in sizes that are 34 inches in diameter; and this makes it convenient to double strips cut from plastic impregnated cloth 36 inches wide for sewing a loop or hem 6 adjacent the double therein to retain the hoop 2 as shown in detail, FIG. 21, particularly if it is desired to let one end 7 of such a strip hang down as a streamer as indicated also by broken lines in FIG. 1. Sewing of such hems or loops 6 preferably is done prior to cutting the material, if scrap material is not utilized. The strips 6 may be spaced at substantially equal intervals around the circular hoop 2 by sewing them to a connecting strip 66, which becomes somewhat circular on assembly, although another means of accomplishing the same purpose may be employed, as will be explained later. In FIG. 2 pins 6i) indicated by broken lines are employed to unite the segments of the strips 60 at the parting joints 3 of the circular hoop 2, after the assembly has been placed around the pole 1'.
FIG. 2 indicates that the spaced strips 6 may be slotted longitudinally of the loops or hems to form paired segments 6' of the strip loops around the hoop 2 for receiving loops 10 of ropes 3 on which are sewn pennants in tandem with spaces between them as indicated in FIG. 1. At present the usual practice is to sew a longitudinally doubled plastic tape around such small ropes in joining the pennants 9 to the rope S; but this is not essential to the present invention, although highly colored plastic tape over the ropes 8 gives more color to the assembly. Secured loops 1ft of the respective ropes 8 extend around the circular hoop 2 between the segments 6' of the strips 6; and suitable metal clamps 11 completely secure the loops 1th at the upper tips of the ropes 8 around the hoop 2. This gives a much neater appearance than simply tieing the ropes 8 around the hoop 2, and there is no tendency to slip as would be the case with knots, particularly if the rope is covered by plastic tape.
Similar clamps 11 (FIG. 7) complete the loops 12 at the lower tips of the ropes 8, where rings 13 (such as are used to ring hog noses and in upholstery work) join the loops 12 to holes in flanges 14 of a lower parted band 16 roughly corresponding to the upper band 5 and having cars 16' with holes therein that employ bolts 17 with suitable nuts 17 (FIG. 8) to clamp tightly around the pole 1. FIG. 8 indicates that the flange segments 14 of the four-parted band 16 may be slit into more narrow flange segments to permit use of the same four-parted band 16 mounted on round poles. Holes 15' in the flange segments 15 are near the edges thereof to permit clamping the hog rings into the holes 15, after the hog rings (prior to final bending) first have been placed in the loops 12 before grasping with special pliers used in installing such hog rings in upholstery work etc. by bending the heavy wire of which they are made. Lighter pig rings often are used to attach horizontal pennant ropes between the attached pennants to horizontal wires that thereby support the pennant ropes; but attachment of pennant ropes at the tips thereof under considerable tension requires the larger stiff hog rings, and it is desirable also that the rings be doubled as shown in FIG. 12 to be explained later, in order to give increased rigidity to the rings 13'. The holes 15 therefore are made large enough to receive both ends of the wires forming the rings 13 and 13' holding the loops 12 at the ends of ropes 8 that mount pennants 9 or other streamers in high winds, which is an entirely different function from that of pig rings attaching parallel pennant ropes to horizontal wires that afford the principal tension in a conventional string pennant practice.
Obviously the combined streamer-strip and rope-pennant display shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 may be turned upside down with the ropes 8 supporting the circular hoop 2 from the joined parted band 16 attached to the pole 1, in which event the parted band 16 would be reduced approximately to the dimensions of parted band 5 shown in FIG. 5, if the dimensions of the pole did not permit sufficient tightening of the connecting bolts 17 at the corners. Such a reversal of the ropes 8 shown in FIG. 1 as attached to a lower joined parted band 16 is illustrated in FIG. 18, which shows such reversed ropes 3' above the circular hoop 2 (in lieu of the streamer strips 6 of FIGS. 1 and 2) and attached to an upper joined parted band 36 as illustrated in vertical cross-section detail FIG. 6.
The foregoing streamer-pennant display in FIG. 1 is combined as an almost essential adjunct with a suitable means of mounting multiple flags 27, having hems 27' or other suitable attachment, on flag staffs 26. Greater detail for such flag staff mountings is shown in FIGS. 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 11, and 12. Small boys and vandals have a tendency to remove such flag staffs from poles at night, even by breaking the wooden staffs; but the pennant display around the pole beneath the flagstaffs makes it most difiicult and almost impossible for boys to molest the flagstaffs by climbing the poles through the pennant display. FIG. 3 is a top plan view of a fragmentary round flag staff 26 mounted in one of four brackets 24 that are clamped together by horizontal bolts around the square pole 1 shown in FIG. 2. Each of the brackets 24 is formed from a sheet of metal, one integral portion of which forms a vertical segment of a parted band 23 united around the pole by nuts 22' on bolts 22 inserted through holes in ears 23' of the segments of band 23. Flag staffs 26, as illustrated by 1 in FIG. 3, are inserted through round holes in the upper inclined faces of the brackets 24, where the staffs are held in place by horizontal bolts 25 (having nuts 25 on their tips) inserted through. corresponding holes in the staffs 26 and in flaps 24' bend down and back almost perpendicularly from the inclined upper faces of the brackets 24. FIG. 6 indicates that a cylindrical sleeve 24 may be provided optionally within the bracket 24, particularly if the bracket segments 24 of parted band 23 be made of plastic material instead of metal. In both FIGS. 4 and 6 the weight of the flag staff 26 at an angle from the vertical tends to put tension on the upper inclined face 24 of the respective bracket segment of joined parted band 23 by means of the diagonally disposed hole in which the staff is inserted, and the flag staff tip preferably is mitered as shown to fit more closely against the pole 1. Such tension on the face plates 24 depending diagonally from parted band 23 joined tightly around pole 1' gives great strength to the diagonal mounting of flagstaff 26 therein so that a flag or pennant and its supporting staff may permit considerable weight and length with minimum thickness and weight for the whole bracket segments 23, 23', 24, 24', and 25, which thus use the rigidity and strength of the bases of staffs 26 rather than relying on stiffness alone of a conventional staff holder, projecting upward parallel to the staff, which would have to be quite heavy and thick.
Note in FIG. 5 as well as in FIG. 4 that rounded gaps have been provided in the tops of bracket segments of band that support the pliant strips 6 of FIGS. 1 and 2. Each of the four segments of band 5 supporting the pennant assembly in FIGS. 4 and 5 has its upper edge turned downward at a suitable angle in order that a sharp metal edge may not tend to cut strips 6 made of plastic impregnated cloth or other suitable strip material. Such streamers and ropes are prone to wear in two, when they vibrate against a sharp surface in the wind. And the gaps 29 in the upper edges 30 of the segments of band 5 tend to stabilize the flag staffs 26 mounted in the brackets 23-24. Complete stability of the staff brackets 23-24 is guaranteed by tightly drawing a wire 28 (FIG. 1) around all the brackets 23-24 immediately below the flag staffs 26 inserted in the holes thereof in segments 24. Obviously wires (not shown) also may be installed above staffs 26 and between the strips 6 of FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 to join the flag staff brackets 23-24 to the bolts 31 joining the segments of streamer assembly parted band 5 below brackets 23-24, but no effort has been made to show the vertical segments of such wires to be wrapped around the several staffs and bolts after assembly on the pole; and the encircling wire 28 shown in FIG. 1 has not been shown in FIGS. 4 and 6. These vertical wires (not shown), looped over all the respective staffs 26 in faces 24 and bolts 31 below (FIGS. 4 and 5) inserted in holes in ears 5 of segments of band 5, hold the staffs 26 in brackets 23-24 in vertical positions in line with pole 1 as well as supporting band 5 by friction of band 23 around the pole 1 above, if the lower segments of band 5 are not kept up at proper level by their own friction around the pole and by support of other means such as pins 34, 35 protruding from the vertical walls of the pole, as indicated in FIGS. 4 and 6.
When, instead of supporting the pennant display by pliant fixed length strips 6 shown in FIGS, 1 and 2, it is desired to make a pennant display whose distending hoop 2 is hung from above by ropes 8 mounting pennants 9' as shown in FIG. 17, 18, or 19, an upper pole girdling parted band 36 such as shown in cross sectional detail in FIG. 6 is used. All such pole girdling upper supporting bands 5, 36 are made to part at points corresponding to the parting places respectively of the hoops 2, whether one or more per pole, in order to permit installation of the entire assembly around the pole on which it is to be mounted without removal of any parts of the assembly other than the nuts on bolts 31, 37, 17, which may be left in their holes. The upper band 36 in detail (FIG. 6) is composed of four segments, each having cars 36' at suitable angles and provided with holes for receiving its respective bolts 37 whereby the joined band 36 is made to fit the pole tightly; and pins 35 (similar to pin 34 in FIG. 4) may be inserted through holes in the segments of band 36 and corresponding holes in the pole, usually metal, as a convenient means of maintaining the position of the band on the pole. The segments of band 36 may have their lower margins 14 flanged outward from the pole 1' for receiving rings 13' formed through suitable holes (corresponding to holes 15' in FIG. 8 showing the lower parted band) near the edges of the margins 14' and through loops 12' held by metal clamps 11" at the upper ends of pennant carrying ropes 8'. Obviously wires may be used with the pennant assembly illustrated in FIG. 6 to join flag staff brackets 23-24 to the segments of upper pole girdling parted band 36 by utilizing the bolts 37 in ears 36 just as with the segments of band 5 of FIGS. 4 and 5 previously described. And of course the flag staff mounting brackets 23-24 may be used independently without the pennant assemblies beneath them, if the place of installation is protected against vandals both night and day, not to mention that on the other hand segments of band 36 may be made as integral parts of the flag staff mounting brackets 23-24 with some difliculty. In FIG. 6 the segment of pole girdling band 36 has been slotted downward slightly at the center of its top edge, in order to 8 bend the resulting flap corners outward for receiving the lower tip of the flag staff 26 between them for obviating side movement of the flag staff by force of wind on its flag 27.
While four flag staffs have been illustrated in connection with the preceding discussion, it will be appreciated that just one or more flag staffs may be mounted in a bracket such as shown in FIGS. 9, 10, and 11, which show a flag staff simply inserted between the ears 23' of the pole girdling band 23, which carries integral and optionally outwardly extending flange segments 14 for receiving hog rings 13 or other suitable connections (such as rings 13' in FIG. 6) with the pennant ropes 8. It hardly seems necessary to say that the flagstalf 26 shown in FIG. 9 could be left out from between polegirdling band tips altogether. In the foregoing three FIGS. 9, 10, and 11, however, the pole girdling band 23 is clamped on a round pole 1'; and, if the lower margin thereof is bent outward previously, to facilitate bending of the clamping band 23, the outward extending integral flange at its bottom has to be slit into segments 14 provided with holes for receiving the rings 13' to which the ropes 8 are connected by suitable means, as indicated in FIGS. 6, 7, and 8.
FIG. 12 also shows in cross-section a segment of a pole girdling band 36 provided with outwardly flanged segments 14 for connection with pennant ropes 8' as previously described; but in this instance the flag staff 26 is inserted in a tubular upward and outward extending bracket 24", which is bent downward vertically and flattened near its lower end for insertion between the pole l and the segment of band 36, to which the tubular bracket 24 is fastened by small stove bolts (shown by broken lines in part and not designated by numeral) extending through corresponding holes in the flattened vertical portion of tube 24" and the segment of band 36. While a single band 36 optionally may be made to mount several such flag staff brackets 24" on a pole of a suitable circumference relative to the size of the band 36, it is desirable in many instances that the band 36 be divided into segments corresponding in number to the number of flag staffs to facilitate spacing of several flags around poles of varying size by adjustment of nuts on the bolts (such as those 22 in FIGS. 4 and 6) that join the pole girdling segments into a single band 23, just as shown for the bracket segments 23-24 in FIGS. 1 and 2. FIG. 12 further illustrates that a single pole-girdling band 36 (which optionally may have several segments and be installed on a round or a polygon cross-section pole) may have one section thereof disposed horizontally around the pole that clamps the pole tightly and thereby creates extreme friction thereon for maintaining the elevation of the band (shown as the vertical mid-section designated by numeral 36), a second integral section (here designated 14') to which the hog-rings 13' connect loops 12' of ropes 8', and a third upper integral section that is slotted for receiving the tubular brackets 24", in which the flag staffs 26 are mounted. FIG. 12 also illustrates particularly that the lower margin of a band segment, in which the holes for insertion of hog rings 13 are punched, does not have to be flanged outward from the mid-section component 36, since the space provided between band 36 and pole 1' by flattened vertical segments of tubular brackets 24" is adequate for accommodation of those rings 13; and, even if the tubular brackets 24" are left out of place entirely, the pole-clamping bolts (corresponding to those indicated by numerals 22, 17, 25, 25', and 331 in other figures) simply would draw the section containing holes 15' more tightly against the pole 1', whether it be wood or steel in contact with the hog-rings 13.
In the preceding descriptions it has been assumed that it was desirable to clamp the pole girdling bands at both the top and bottom of the pennant display assembly tightly around the pole, and the four pole-girdling segments 16 of the band shown in FIG. 8 for the lower band of the assembly are shown right against the large pole segment 1, only the ears of vertical segment 16 being observable there. While this may be preferable in most instances, it alternatively is possible to loosen the nuts 17 on the four bolts 17 to make the band formed by the bracket segments 16 (FIG. 1) move freely up and down the pole 1. And in such circumstances there is the alternative possibility of placing suitable weights, such as small sand bags, within the network formed by the ropes 8 immediately above the flanged segments 15 so that the weight will keep ropes 8 drawn down tightly at all times. And likewise it alternatively is possible to raise the segments of band of FIG. 5 on the pole 1', if bolts 31 be not drawn tightly by screwing them into the nuts 32.
But in any event attachment of outward extending integral flanges, provided with suitable holes for receiving the rings attached to the pennant carrying ropes, to upper horizontally disposed bands (alternatively segmented) that can be clamped around a pole makes it possible to install the pennant display from the side of the pole at any height; and it will be appreciated that other means can be provided for using such outward extending integral flanges in some circumstances. For instance, FIG. 13 illustrates a round flat plate 14 of metal (or alternatively plastic material), whose outer peripheral edge is rounded very slightly to prevent injury by a sharp edge to the tips of four ropes having corresponding loops 12 extending around each of four bolts 13', whose heads press down on their respective washers against the several rope loops 12 secured by metal clamps 11', when the bolts 13' are screwed down into their respective nuts after insertion through holes respectively equally spaced from each other and from the peripheral edge in the outer margin of said flat round plate 14, which thus forms an outward extending integral flange for convenient attachment thereto of loops 12 of more than three ropes 8'. While only four ropes 8' are shown in FIG. 13, there are shown twelve holes equally spaced from each other and from the rounded edge of the round plate 14', in which holes may be inserted corresponding bolts 13 for attachment of 6, 8, or 12 ropes 8' as desired for the pennant display assembly, whose pennant carrying ropes 8, 8' may be distended by hoops 2, 2' as indicated in FIGS. 17, 18, 19.
In the center of round plate 14', to which loops 12 of ropes 8 are attached in FIG. 13, is a larger hole 38, which of course could be installed around a vertical pin or leg screw of suitable diameter to be installed in the top of a mounting pole 1, 1, in which event the threaded pin or leg screw could be tightened down to make round flange plate 14 remain perpendicular to mounting pole 1, 1, although more than three ropes 8', 8 attached thereto and under tension secured to hoops 2, 2 and lower band 16 installed around the pole 1, 1 at lower levels would keep plate 14' and hoops 2, 2 perpendicular to said mounting pole even in high winds anyway. Although installation of such an assembly of pennants at the crest of a pole would be unusual, it may be noted that the hoop 2 or hoops 2, 2' and the lower pole-girdling band 16 can be installed from the side of the pole 1, 1' on which the pennant display assembly is mounted. FIG. 13, however, is intended also to illustrate that two such round plates 14 having suitable holes adjacent their peripheral edges for attachment of pennant-carrying ropes 8, 8' can be employed in horizontally suspending suitable pennant displays (similar to those illustrated in vertical disposition in FIGS. 17, 18, 19) between two mounting standards such as poles spaced apart at considerable distances, in which event corresponding nuts within the assembly and intermediate plates 14' would be screwed on corresponding eyebolts 1", such as indicated in FIG. 14, inserted through the respective central holes 38 of round plates 14 to which loops 12 of ropes 8, 8' are attached. Through the metallic loops of each of the two eyebolts 1 then can be inserted metal wire cables 39 (such as indicated in FIG. 14) of suitable length, one of which would have its tips secured to one of the two mounting standards, and the other one of which would have its tips attached to respective turnbuckles, well known to the art, secured to the other standard at suitable height, whereby the cables 39 and eyebolts I" inserted through holes 38 will draw their respective nuts tightly against plates 14', which thereby will keep suflicient tension in ropes 8, 8 to keep distending hoops 2, 2 disposed somewhat perpendicular to the axis of the two horizontally suspended eyebolts 1".
FIG. 14 illustrates that, in lieu of round plates 14' just described, a pair of cubes 1 (either wood or plastic) around which are inserted spaced eyescre-Ws '14, to which more than three ropes 8, 8 can be attached by corresponding loops 12 secured by metal clip bands 11' may be employed to suspend such pennant display assemblies horizontally on eyebolts 1" drawn apart by tight cables 39. But in FIG. 14 the suspending cable 39 is shown as disposed horizontally through the eye of vertically disposed eyebolt 1" to indicate that such a pennant display assembly also alternatively can be hung vertically from a single horizontal cable 39 stretched tightly between two standards in a manner well known to the art, in which event a small weight such as a brickbat or sandbag installed at the lower tips of ropes 8, 8 of the assembly will serve to keep hoops 2, 2' disposed horizontally.
FIG. 15 illustrates a conventional round and hollow jingle-bell B having an irregular shaped solid piece of metal B within it to make a pleasing sound or tink-le, when the jingle-bell is suspended in a breeze from the tip of a pennant 9, to which it is attached by suitable means such as passing a tip 9" of the pennant 9 through the metallic ear of the jingle-bell B and then passing wire staples through the upper portion of the folded pennant tip 9" and through the pennant 9 in a conventional wireclamping process usually called stapling. Such hollow jingle-bells may be attached to flags 27 on staffs 26 as shown in FIG. 18 or to other pennants in the display. The small bells thus appeal to hearing as another sense to attract attention (particularly at Christmas season) in addition to the bright colors, contrasting colors, and movement usually associated with pennants in a breeze. Small bells of conventional design also may be attached to pennants in the same way; but it is essential that either type have something of a hemispherical surface adjacent to the pennant as shown in FIG. 15, since otherwise the bell will be torn ofl in a high wind by whipping of the pennant. The rounded surface of the bell tends to regulate or stabilize tension in the pennant to prevent whipping in a wind that would sever an object of another shape; and the mass of the solid metal tinkler in the hollow bell contributes to the stabilization, since, in a high wind that would whip on an object having a single solid mass, the tinkler inside the hollow bell sets up an oscillation that is exactly opposite in timing and thus direction to the oscillating motion of the bell in which it is inclosed or to which it is attached, thereby causing the whip of the hollow bell on the tip of the pennant to be ofiset by the mass of the tinkler traveling in the opposite direction.
A round flat plate such as illustrated in FIG. 13 by numeral 14' and an eye-bolt such as indicated in FIG. 14 by numeral 1" are incorporated in FIG. 20 to form a kind of bell configuration by using ropes 8 in vertical planes carrying small pennants 9 and multiple horizontal hoops 2 and 2 in substantially the manner described in connection with FIGS. 1 and 2. In FIG. 20, however, the ropes 8 are wrapped more than once around the several plastic hoops 2 and 2; and small cords are used to replace the spacing strip 60 for holding ropes 8 in position around the hoops. A most convenient arrangement for spacing the ropes 8 from each other as well as for tieing together the rope segments extending from each loop (corresponding roughly to loops It in FIG. 1) is to pass such small spacing cord (undesignated but corresponding to plastic fabric strip 60 of FIG. 2) circumferentially along the hoop 2 or 2 and then wrap the rope 8 around the said hoop and cord, the spacing cord then being tied securely (by means of the loose end, after the first loop is tied) around the loop of the rope adjacent the hoop 2 to hold the ropes 8 at proper spaces around the hoop as well as to maintain the hoop 2 (as well as hoops 2 in FIGS. 17, 1 8, and 19) at proper levels by securely binding together the ropes 8 in the intermediary loops (corresponding roughly but not exactly to loops 10 in FIGS. 1 and 22) encircling the hoops 2 at the desired places. The important feature of these strong cords of only moderate size is that they maintain the level positions of the hoops 2 (by fixing the positions of the intermediary loops between the ends of ropes 8 and 8 in FIGS. 17, 18, and 19 as well as 20) in addition to keeping the same intermediary loops between rope segments 8 and 8' equally spaced around the ravious hoops 2 and 2, not only to facilitate installation on poles already standing (by purchasers who know nothing about creating preserving, or even maintaining the desired symmetry and configuration of the pennant display) but also to maintain the hoops 2 and intermediary loops of ropes 88 in their fixed positions for preserving symmetry of the configuration in high winds that set up vibration in ropes 8-8 by virtue of the fluttering of the multiple pennants 9 attached thereto.
Similar cords but of larger size and greater strength are used for spacing the ropes 8 around the hoops 2 and 2 shown in FIGS. 17, 18, and 19, although for convenience and clarity only two such diametrically spaced ropes 8 are shown in FIGS. 18 and 19, when actually it is contemplated that 4, 8, or 12 ropes would be used as illustrated in FIG. 16. FIG. 17 indicates that pennants 9 may be attached to some of the ropes 8, while banners spelling out desired messages may be attached to the adjacent ropes 8 and to the hoops 2 and 2'. Note that the banners of FIG. 17 spelling out WELCOME and DRIVE IN are attached to one rope each .to act as streamers, while the banners spelling out MERRY CHRISTMAS and HAPPY NEW YEAR are attached to multiple ropes 8. If the banners shown in FIG. 17 are not left free to yield as streamers from single ropes, it will be necessary to make the hoops 2 and 2 of metal, not to mention that the ropes 8 would be replaced by meal wires. In the latter instance the banners would be attached to the wires and hoops 2 and 2' by means of grommets, as indicated, which makes possible change of the banners without necessity of removing the entire assembly from the pole.
It will be appreciated that various modifications may be made in the details of attaching the hoops, ropes, and attached pennants to the parted bands joined around the poles. For instance, FIG. 22 indicates that the strips 6 are simply doubled around the hoop 2 with both ends of the strip 6 being fastened at the top to an integral flange of a bracket band 5 around the pole 1'. FIG. 23 indicates that the upper ends of hoop-supporting strips 6 may be clamped to an upward and out-ward extending integral flange of a bracket segment of the pole-girdling band 5 by means of a metallic screw 39 that passes through a suitable rectangular strap washer and through holes in the flexible strips 6 before being screwed into a smaller hole in the said integral flange of band 5. And FIG. 24 indicates that the several hoop-sustaining strips '6 may be passed entirely around the joined segments respectively of the parted band 5, although these are not considered the best means of attaching the strips '6 to the bands 5. FIG. 19 indicates that conventional bilateral pennants 9 are bisected and the halves 9" are sewn on ropes 8 that suspend the hoop 2 from joined segments of parted band 36. These half-pennants 9" then do not tend to come in conflict with the pole 11, and it is notable that pennants soon will be worn away by striking anything in the wind. The half-pennants 9 also carry small hollow jingle bells illustrated in FIG. 15, and such jingle-bells also may be attached to pliant strips (not shown) other than pennants that give reverse movement to the clappers B in the bells B. FIG 19 indicates the relative position of the base segment 1 and its upper fragmentary segment 1 of a pole Whose detached crest segment is one of two such crest pole segments supporting a horizontal wire (undesignated in FIG. 20 but indicated by the upper one of the two parallel horizontal lines) tightly stretched bet-ween them, on which is threaded an eye-bolt 1 (such as shown inclosing a horizontal cable 39 in detail, FIG. 14) suspending a round horizontal plate "14 to which are attached the upper loops (such as loops 12 shown in FIG. 13) of multiple ropes 8 in the bell-shaped pennant assembly indicated by FIG. 20. To the eye of the same eye-bolt 1 of FIG. 20 is tied (by suitable means such as a short wire) the misection of a horizontal rope 8" (indicated by the lower parallel line) tied to the crests of poles 1 at the same points as the parallel horizontal wire. Multiple pennants 9 were sewn to rope 8" at spaced intervals; but one pennant has been removed at the midpoint of the horizontal rope, where that rope is tied to the eye-bolt 1", the rope 8 thus serving to keep the bell-shaped pennant assembly properly spaced between posts 1' on the slick wire (not designated), which is very tightly drawn and can have no kinks in it. It is conventional practice to attach such pennant carrying ropes 8" of limited tensile strength and some elasticity to a parallel horizontal wire with suitable tension being applied separately to the rope and wire, which have different moduli of elasticity; and pig rings often are used to attach the rope to the wire at intervals between the pennants. But no such pig rings have been indicated in FIG. 20, because the span is very short, because both rope and wire are attached to the eye-bolt 1" at their midpoints, and because the main function of the horizontal rope 8", apart from carrying a few pennants as an example, is to keep the bell-shaped pennant assembly properly spaced between the post crests 1. But FIG. 19 is intended primarily to illustrate the manner in which a cord or rope may be tied around the ropes 8 between the hoops 2 and 2 to form an entirely different configuration from that of a pennant display assembly in which the ropes 8 between the parallel hoops 2 and 2' are vertical, as indicated in FIG. 17. Thus one oil company may use red, white, and green pennants with one of these configuration assemblies to identify its filling stations, while another company can use .the same (or even different) colors with another different configuration assembly to identify its stations'and products and services. And just as the cord or rope 80 draws the pennant carrying ropes 8 inward toward or even against the pole 1 in FIG. 19, so a similar cord 20 in FIG. 20 restricts the vertical ropes 8 to form the configuration of the bell of FIG. 20, of which only two strings of small pennants are shown but which might have 12 strings of such pennants to form a quivering mass of colors. Such a bell of course might have a small bell suspended within its center as a clapper, but such details are not necessary for explanation of the present invention. It is to be understood that the small bolts used to attach the rope loops 12, secured by metal clamps 11', to the round plate 14' in FIG. 13 might be employed similiarly in FIGS. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 to attach ropes 8-8 of those figures to holes 15 in integral flanges 14, 15, 14 that are attached to the segments of their respective pole encircling parted bands 36, 16. And pole girdling band integral fiange segments may be at any suitable angle to the pole-encircling band and pole on which mounted. As illustrated by FIG. 12, the flanges 14' even could be parallel to the vertical wall of pole 1.
Perhaps the most important feature of the present invention is the suspension of horizontally disposed hoops 2 and 2' surrounding a vertical standard or pole 1, 1',
'13 whereby pennant carrying ropes 8, 8 disposed in vertical planes and distended from said pole by said hoops, which are maintained in substantially fixed positions relative to the axis of said pole by means of substantially fixed length strips 6 (FIGS. 1 and 2) of pliant material and alternatively by fixed lengths of pennant carrying ropes 8 (FIGS. 16, 17, 18, and 19) substantially equally spaced radially from each other with their upper tips somewhat rigidly attached to a sustaining pole-girdling band (LFIGS. 4 and 5) or alternatively 36, 23 (FIGS. 6, l1, 12, 17, 18, 19). In all of the figures with the exception of FIG. 24 the pole-girdling bands 5, 1'6, 23, and 36 at both tops and bottoms of the pennant display assemblies are provided with holes therein, whereby the strips 6 or alternative ropes 8' would be kept somewhat equally spaced around the band to which they are attached at their tips by means alternatively of rings 13 (FIG. 1), metal screws 39' (FIG. 24), or small bolts 13 (FIG. 13), because it is considered most desirable that the attachments to the pole-girdling bands, which are not segmented in FIGS. 9, 10, and 11 as in the other figures, be made fixed in order to permit installation on the pole without having to worry the purchaser about equal spacing of the pennant carrying ropes around the pole at time of installation as well as keeping them so spaced later in high winds, even though suitable cords may be installed around loops of the ropes 8' to keep them spaced around the hoops 2 and 2' to sustain said hoops. And, although the flagstafi bracket 23-24 of FIG. 6 might be made of extruded molded plastic material, if it were supported on the pole by suitable means such as the small bolt 35 inserted in the pole 1', it generally has been indicated that the polegirdling bands 5, 16, 23, and 36 are to be made of sheet metal of suitable thickness. But it also is possible to support the hoops 2 and 2' by means of pole-girdling rope bands, to which the upper tips of ropes 8 may be attached by loops 12 and 12' at the upper and lower tips of said ropes as indicated in FIGS. 6, 8, 12, 13, and 14, in which the loops are secured by encircling metal clamps 11, al though the pole-girdling rope bands are not as desirable in that they have no means of locating and thereafter maintaining absolutely positions of the loops 12 and 12 around the pole-girdling rope bands, which pass through all the said loops at the tips of the pennant carrying ropes. Such pole-girdling ropes, which may be cut from cotton window-sash rope to permit easy tieing around the pole, can be formed in the loops 12 and 1 2' at the factory quite easily and inexpensively; and they are quite satisfactory in some circumstances such as in installations on tall light poles having horizontal members of some kind adjacent their crests, to which the upper pole-girdling rope band may be attached by means of a vertical rope attached to the pole-girdling band by means of a suitable bridle arrangement, which also may serve to keep the assembly ropes 8' suitably spaced around the pole to some extent although not perfectly. A long vertical sustaining rope may be attached to the top of the said bridle, which is formed at the factory and may consist of: a short primary rope about two feet in length, at the center of which is formed a loop (secured by metal clamps such as those indicated by the numeral 11 in FIG. 22, in which such clamps secure a similar loop to which the vertical sustaining rope is tied; and a suitably secured similar loop formed at each tip of said primary rope, through each of which loops is inserted a secondary short rope about one foot in length, at each end of which is formed a similar suitably secured loop formed around the pole-girding bands between alternate ropes 8' having their tips formed into similar loops secured around the horizontal pole-gird-ling rope band. The four secured loops at the lower end of the bridle thus will be inserted between the corresponding loops of eight pennant-carrying ropes 8', which usually is a suitable number of ropes for a pennant display assembly in which the hoops 2 and 2', keep said ropes spaced from the vertical pole. And, if the 14 pole-girdling ropes are not tied too tightly around the pole, it is possible to raise and lower the pennant display assembly by means of the long rope passing over the presumed horizontal member adjacent the crest of the pole, the free end of the rope being tied to a sand bag to be inserted around the pole immediately above the lower pole-girdlin'g rope to which the lower tips of said pennant carrying ropes 8' are attached by suitable secured loops 12. Particularly if jingle-bells having some weight (such as illustrated by B in FIG. 15) are attached to the lower tips of the vertical strips 7 of pliant plastic impregnated fabric material illustrated by broken lines in FIG. 1, the distending hoop 2 shown surrounding the vertical pole therein will tend to remain horizontal even in a slight breeze, even though no ropes 8 are employed to join such hoop 2 to a lower pole-girdling band, whether such lowe-r band 16 be made of metal (as indicated and described in connection with FIGS. 1, 7, and 8) or whether the lower pole-girdling band he a short rope (as described immediately above in connection with the upper polegirdling band), which, if desired, optionally could be inserted through loops 12 of such pennant carrying ropes 8 before wrapping and tieing such short rope around the pole. However, if the pennants 9 and ropes 8 stabilizing hoop 2 as illustrated in FIG. 1 are omitted, it may be more convenient even to secure a longer ladder to attach the free end of previously mentioned long vertical rope (having one end attached to the bridle supporting the display from the horizontal member presumed adjacent the crest of the pole) to the upper pole-girdling band, whether that band be made of rope or metal. Such a rope bridle attached in the manner just described to a pennant display and to a long rope suspended from a horizontal attachment adjacent the crest of a vertical pole of course might be attached alternatively to upper horizontally disposed pole-girdling band 36 of FIG. 19 (with or without adjacent pole-girdling band 23 mounting one or more flagstaffs 26 supporting pennants 27 having jingle-bells B), to which ropes 8 are linked to support horizontally disposed distending hoop 2 in suitable loops of the respective multiple ropes 8', which obviously may have vertical free extensions downward slightly for direct attachment to said ropes of similar jingle-bells, just as hells may be attached to the lower tips of strips 7 of FIG. 1. And of course the ropes 8 attached to the lower band 16 of FIG. 18 having pennants 9 attached to those ropes alternatively may be omitted entirely below distending hoop 2, particularly if it is desired to keep the lower limit of the display entirely out of reach of vandals on the ground, who could climb the pole to some extent. Alternatively, if lower band 16, to which lower tips of pennant ropes 8 are attached in FIG. 18, be omitted in such an assembly, several of ropes 8, to which pennants 9 are shown attached below hoop 2, may be strung around the perimeter of hoop 2 horizontally by using hog rings 13 to attach ropes 8 at intervals in their horizontal positions to the other sustaining pennant ropes 8 at the respective points at which the several (more than two) ropes 8 are attached to hoop 2 by the loops of the ropes, thereby making the horizontal rope segments 8 serve to space ropes 8' equally around hoop '2 while simultaneously mounting multiple pennants 9, which then would point downward around hoop 2. Likewise pole-girdling bands 16, whose tips are joined by bolts 17 and nuts 17' as indicated in FIGS. 1, 7, 8, and 17, optionally may be omitted]; and the rope segments 8 mounting pennants 9 below hoops 2 in those figures may be disposed horizontally around said hoop by similar attachment of ropes 8 to respective adjacent rope segments 8' at the respective loops of those ropes around the hoop 2, the rope segments 8 thus serving as spacers for the upper ropes 8' in lieu of the strong cords mentioned previously, which in turn were in lieu of circular strips 60 shown as spacing flexible sustaining strips 6 of fixed length shown in FIG. 2. Or optionally likewise the pennant display assemblies illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 19 may be inverted with the hoops 2 being supported by the pennant-carrying segments of ropes 8 attached to the present horizontally disposed pole-girdling bands 16, which then would be designated by the numeral 36 on being made smaller to suspend the assembly from above on being joined around the smaller segment 1 of the pole having a larger lower segment 1.
In principle it would make little difference whether the substantially fixed-length plant strip members 6 of colored plastic-impregnated material (FIG. 1) and the corresponding pennant-carrying fixed length rope segments 8 of FIGS. 18 and 19 suspending respective hoops 2 are kept equally spaced from each other around their respective distending hoops 2 by means of attaching the pennantcarrying horizontal rope segments 8, as described immediately above, or alternatively by means of attaching pliant colored plastic impregnated fabric strip 60 of FIG. 2, or alternatively by strong pliant cords tied at intervals in connection around the respective loops of suspending ropes 8' in sequence all the way around hoop 2, or alternatively whether some other suitable method may be used for spacing the sustaining pliant fixed-length members 6 and 8' around their respective light slick tubular hoops 2. It is not desirable, however, to secure equal placement of the pliant suspending members 6 and 8' around their respective suspended hoops 2 by penetrating those light tubular hoops for insertion of small bolts or other similar spacing attachments, for, particularly in using inexpensive hoops 2 of tubular plastic material, the distending hoops 2 of pennant-carrying ropes 8, 8' have sufficient strength for such distending only because the circular tubular cylindrical hoops 2 maintain their symmetrical circular shape by virtue of the tension of the equally spaced pliant fixed length strips 6 and alternative pennantcarrying ropes 8', each of which is designed to lend color to the complete assembly while being sufiiciently flexible to permit the hoops surrounding a pole to withstand even a truck backing into the pole without injury to the hoop or to the truck. Any cantilever frame supporting such pennant ropes from such a pole of course would be expensive, dangerous, and easily disrupted. Yet, because the light slick tubular distending hoops 2 and 2' are reinforced in shape by the tension of equally spaced pliant fixed-length members '6, 8, and 8' in the most optimum arrangements illustrated diagrammatically in FIGS. 1, 17, 18, 19, and and in FIGS. 2 and 17, which respectively show more than two such pliant sustaining members 6 and 8 suspending their respective distending hoops 2 and 2' from the respective horizontally disposed upper pole-girdling bands 5, 36, and 23, those light and inexpensive hoops are adequate to keep properly distended from the poles 1, 1' at suitable distances the small and inexpensive ropes 8 and 8, on which are sewn many pennants 9, 9', and 9".
The peripheral spacing fabric strip member 60 (FIG. 2), linking the suspending pliant fixedlength members 6 in sequence around hoop 2, shows diagrammatically such aspacing linkage most easily; but other suitable means of spacing the suspending ropes 8 such as tieing a stout linking cord to said ropes in sequence adjacent the distending hoop would be just as effective and less expensive. And in either instance the peripheral spacing linkage member 60, whether it be a plastic impregnated fabric strip sewn to fabric members 6 or be a strong linking cord tied successively to the spaced ropes 8 adjacent hoop 2, would have its tips joined to each other by suitable means between the same pair of hoop-suspending pliant fixed-length members 6 (or alternatively 8') as are on each side of the place of cleavage 3 (FIG, 2) of the spliced hoop 2 and of a place at which are joined by suitable means the tips of the respective horizontally disposed pole-girdling bands 5, 23, 36, and 16, in order that the entire assembled display easily may be installed from the side of a very tall pole, that already is standing and may not be sufliciently rigid 16 to permit placing a ladder against it almost all the way to the top thereof for placing the assembly over the top of the pole.
In FIG. 2 are shown four bolts 22, which with their corresponding nuts 22' join ears 23 of vertical segments 23 of the four flagstaff-mounting brackets composed of segments 23, 23', 24, 25, and 25' shown in FIG. 3. But, as the bolts 22 are screwed tightly into their respective nuts 22, the adjacent ears 23 of vertical segments 23 made of comparatively light metal are drawn tightly against each other and simultaneously press their respective integral segments 23 tightly against pole 1' thereby creating friction to prevent movement relative to the pole of the vertical bracket segments 23, all of which in conjunction with the nuts on the bolts passing through the vertical ears 23' form a horizontally disposed pole-girdling band as indicated in cross-section in FIGS. 4 and 6. In substantially the same vertical planes as the ears 23' of bracket band vertical segments 23 are the ears 5, 36', 16 of vertical segments 5, 36, and 16 (FIGS. 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8) forming three pole-girdling horizontally disposed bands having tips drawn together respectively by bolts 31, 37, and 17 and their corresponding nuts 31', 37', and 17 in the same manner described immediately above in connection with ears 23 of bracket segments 23 drawn together by the four nuts 22' on respective bolts 22 to form a continuous pole-girdling band. As explained previously, the pole-girdling band 23 shown in FIGS. 9 and 11, which may sustain pennant mounting ropes 8' attached to holes in its integral flange segments 14' by the same means indicated in FIG. 12, may mount two flagstaffs 26 as illustrated in FIG. 19; or band 23 may have only one flagstaff 26 as indicated in FIGS. 9, 11, and 10, in which the vertical cars 23' of horizontally disposed pole-girdling band 23 are drawn together tightly around the pole by multiple bolts 25 and 25 having their respective nuts 25 screwed thereon.
FIGS. 1, 2, 3, and 4 illustrate that a horizontally disposed pole-girdling band 23 may be rigidly mounted on a pole 1' having a square cross-section by utilizing four bolts 22 and their respective nuts 22' to bolt together tightly the eight ears 23' of vertical segments 23 of suitable dimensions of four fiagstaff brackets depending integrally therefrom and made of rather light metal of minimum thickness. And FIG. 11 would indicate that a single bolt 25 having its nut 25 screwed thereon may be employed to join the adjacent ear-tips of a band 23, having one or more segments, tightly around a cylindrical pole 1 and simultaneously to mount a flagstaff 26 in .a bracket formed primarily by the two vertical substantially parallel ear-tips of band 23, although another bolt 25" having a corresponding nut draws said ears of band 23 together more tightly around the pole 1' in drawing the said tips together to modify the shape of the flagstatf bracket simultaneously. Other such bolts of course may be employed to draw the horizontally disposed band 23 more tightly around the vertical pole 1'. Likewise horizontally disposed pole-girdling bands 5 and 36, to which are attached the pliant substantially fixed-length pliant members 6 and 8' by such means as indicated in FIGS. 4 and 6, previously described, to suspend under tension the respective hoops 2 as indicated in FIGS. 1, 2, and 18, each may be joined respectively around square poles by four bolts and nuts as indicated in FIGS. 5 and 8; but, as indicated in FIGS 12, 11, and 9, the hoops 2 likewise respectively may be suspended by more than two such pliant members 6 or 8' from such pole-girdl-ing bands 5, 23, or 36, each of which need have only two tips joined around the pole in only one place, by one bolt and nut or otherwise.
Although horizontal pins 34 and 35 inserted in holes in the respective walls of poles 1 are shown in FIGS. 4 and 6 as an illustrative means of maintaining the desired elevation of hoop-suspending bands 5 and 36, it will be appreciated that other suitable means of maintaining the elevation of such bands may be employed. And it previously has been explained that suitable wires, in part vertical, looped over flagstafis 26, at the points they enter inclined bracket segments 24, may be employed to join said bracket segments 24 attached integrally to segments of pole-girdling band 23, thereby holding brackets and flagstalfs down firmly against the pole 1 and simultaneously supporting the hoop-suspending pole-girdling band or 36 immediately below it in FIGS. 4 and 6. Thus under some circumstances the hoop-suspending polegirdling bands 5 and 36 need not be made of as heavy material as the bands 23 bolted around the pole.
And in some such instances the hoop-supporting polegirdling bands 5 and 36 need not be made of metal or have their tips joined around the pole by means of a bolt, although such metal construction perhaps is most desirable and most easily illustrated with accuracy diagrammatically. For instance, wire 28 in FIG. 1 may be looped around flagstaffs 26 before being extended down- Ward vertically, on each side of the respective fiagstafi mounting brackets 2324, between the respective hoopsupporting pliant members 6, shown as substantially radially disposed in FIG. 2, for attachment around a polegirdling metal band 36 illustrated in cross-section in FIG. 24, which might have its perforated tips joined by a horizontally disposedthreaded bolt and nut for suspending hoop 2 from said band. And likewise wires 28 looped around four fiagstaflis 26 such as illustrated in FIG. 1 may be extended down vertically between the several ropes '8 for their attachment, singly in pairs or all together, to a pole-girdling horizontally disposed band 36 such as indicated in FIG. 6, which need not have more than one joining bolt 37 with its nut 37 under such circumstances, if the pole-girdling band 23 of the fiagstalf brackets above is maintained at a desired level by suitable means. And indeed under such circumstances the metal band 36 may be replaced by a small cotton rope, whose tips can be tied securely around the pole horizontally with a knot too difiicult to illustrate diagrammatically but quite well known, although the cotton rope (such as used conventionally as Window-sash cord) would have been inserted at the factory through the rings 13' attached to the loops 12' (secured by metal bands 11") at the upper tips of the 4, 6, 8, or 12 ropes 8 supporting the horizontally disposed hoop 2. Either four or eight ropes 8' are most conveniently employed, when the pole-girdling horizontal band 36 is made of rope, Whether said rope is supported by wires between the ropes 8' and passed over the intersections of flagstaffs 26 at their points of intersection with bracket segments 24, or Whether the polegirdling rope 36 is supported at a proper level on pole 1' by four loops at the bottom of a bridle attached to a vertical rope, as described previously, when no flagstaffs are employed with the pennant assembly. And, when a pole-girdling band 36 consisting of a horizontal cotton rope is employed, the loops 12 of ropes 8' alternatively may be attached to said rope band 36 directly by inserting rope band 36 through loops 12 of ropes 8' during assembly of the display at the factory, after which the complete pennant display assembly may be installed on the pole 1' from the side thereof by an untrained purchaser, who has only to tie a secure knot in the pole-girdling rope bands 36 and 16 between the same two ropes 8 between which the cloven circular hoop 2 is spliced together on the dowel pin 4 at plane of cleavage 3.
t A cheap and simple pole-girdling band 36 made of rope is not the most desirable band, however, because it does not accurately space the upper tips of members 6 or ropes 8' around pole 1 in the same way that pliant fabric members 6 of substantially fixed length are spaced fixedly around metallic pole-girdling band 5 on assembly at the factory bysmall bolts 33 and nuts 33 (FIGS. 4 and-5) and that hoop sustaining ropes 8 are spaced around metal pole-girdling bands 23, 36, and 16 at the factory by closing rings 13' simultaneously through respective loops 12 (at the tips of said pennant carrying ropes 8) and through equally spaced holes 15' adjacent the margins of flanges 14' and 15 of those pole-girdling bands, which may be made of either light metal or extruded plastic material, when the strain is not too great thereon in clamping them against the poles by means of bolts. In FIG. 8, showing details of a lower pole-girdling band 16, even 12 holes 15' are about equally spaced from each other for attachment thereto at the factory of loops 12 of ropes 8 suspended from hoop 2 of the assembly of FIGS. 1 and 2. But such a complete assembly even with 12 ropes 8 can be installed from the side of a pole 1 at any height even by an inexperienced workman just as quickly as one with only four such ropes 8, which would not fill the space as densely With very small colored pennants.
Whether the pole-girdling bands 23, 5, and 36 be made of metal, plastic, or cotton rope, a most distinguishing feature of all these complete pennant display assemblies, in which pennants 9, 27, and 9', are disposed at c0nsiderable distances from the mounting pole 1, 1', is that the complete assembly can be installed on said pole from the side thereof at any height simply by passing the respective detached tips of pole-girdling bands 23, 36, 5, and 16 and of distending hoops 2 around pole 1, 1', after which placement the pole-girdling bands and hoops of any such assembly may be rejoined at their respective tips around the pole. And yet all of the pennants 9, 27, and 9' are suspended from the mounting vertical pole on the respective pole-girdling bands, secured thereto, from which the pennant displays hang downward, so that there is no danger to the display or to any vehicle backing into it because of any cantilever arm in the display framework that might cause such injury, particularly by the end thereof. And, it the wires 28 looping around flagstatfs 26 before extending down vertically at the sides of bracket segments 24 for attachment to pole-girdling bands 5 or 36 are not made too inordinately strong, even the flagstaffs 26 of FIG. 1 may hinge upward slightly toward pole shaft 1, if a truck should back up against the flagstaff 26. As indicated in FIGS. 3 and 4, the metal sheet forming segments 24, 23, of the fiagstaff bracket may be made of metal light enough to permit slight hingeable flexing along the lines of integral attachment of inclined segments 24 to vertical segments 23, while, by inserting suitable washers on bolts joining the band tips 23, the ears 23' thereof may be made just as stifi as necessary to cause proper tightening of the horizontally disposed band 23 around the tightly girdled pole 1. Note in FIG. 9 showing a round pole that the two almost parallel vertical ears of band 23, joined around .pole 1 by a nut screwed on a bolt 25 extending through a hole in flagstaff 26, are made double strength by installation of such reinforcements of the original thin metal ears 23, through which may be inserted additional bolts as indicated by bolt 25" nearer the pole 1' in FIG. 10. And in all circumstances the fiagstaif brackets 23-24 have been made of metal so thin that the outer margins of cars 23 of polegirdling band 23 indicated in FIGS. 1, 2, and 3 are to be drawn together tightly, long before the last bolt 22 is screwed into its nut 22' sufiiciently to make the spliced band 23 grip its girdled pole 1' tightly enough to create adequate friction for maintaining the brackets 2324 at the desired level on the pole, if no other means suitable (such as the small bolts 34, 35 of FIGS. 4 and 6) are employed to maintain the pennant assemblies on the poles at the desired levels.
It is a decided advantage of the present invention that (because of their unique construction, disposition, and linkages) all the parts thereof, including very light round tubular plastic hoops 2 and 2 disposed substantially perpendicular to the mounting pole around which each is spaced at considerable distance therefrom upon splicing the tips of each respective hoop by means of its dowel pin or pins 4, can be made of very light and inexpensive materials and yet preserve their symmetrical appearance as unique distinctively colored pennant displays even in high winds. Pliant pole-girdling bands 16 (FIGS. 1, 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19), which may be made optionally of materials such as rope, sheet metal, or even cotton fabric, are drawn snugly around the mounting pole from the side thereof at any point intermediate its tips by suitable means such as a secure knot tied in the rope or a bolt and nut joining the perforated tips of a sheet metal band. And to this horizontally disposed band 16 are flexibly attached at somewhat equally spaced intervals at least three ropes 8 having sewn thereon at suitable intervals along each said rope a respective margin of a suitable number of pennants, the several pennant carrying ropes 8 (having optional extensions 8') of substantially equal fixed length being flexibly attached by suitable loops 10 thereof secured by suitable means such as metal clamps to the tubular pole-encircling horizontally disposed hoop 2 (FIGS. 1 and 18) or optionally hoops 2 and 2' suitably spaced from each other (FIGS. 17 and 19), around each of which hoops pennant-carrying ropes 8, 8 are somewhat equally spaced horizontally from each other vby suitable means such as a strong cord tied securely at suitable intervals thereof to each of the pennant-carrying ropes 8, 8' adjacent the respective hoops 2 and 2. Likewise the upper tips of continuous ropes 8, 8' (FIG. 20), which are attached to horizontally disposed hoop 2 by suitably secured loops therein, as explained previously, may be flexibly attached by suitable loops 12' (FIGS. 12, 13, 14) at corresponding equal intervals around pole 1' to a suspending horizontally disposed band 36, which may be made of pliant material such as thin sheet metal or rope likewise joined snugly around the pole from the side of said pole at any desired height by suitable means, such as tieing together securely the tips of the rope or, if the band 36 be made of sheet metal, by splicing together the perforated ears of the said metal band by means of a nut screwed on a threaded bolt, which may have suitable washers thereon. And, regardless of the heights at which the bands 16 and 36 may have been installed around the pole from the side thereof, the entire pennant display assembly may be maintained at any desired level on the mounting pole hy attachment of pole-girdling band 36 to a fiagstaff bracket assembly 23-24 by means of suitable wires, previously described, or to a rope bridle suspended by a vertical rope from a higher horizontal rigid attachment to the pole, such as a horizontal arm already attached to a light pole.
Ropes 8 to which pennants 9 are shown as sewn at intervals in FIG. 1, in which those ropes 8 keep the hoop 2 perpendicular to the mounting pole under all circumstances, of course optionally may be detached from hoop 2 to leave an alternative shorter colorful display made up entirely of the twelve substantially fixed-length hoopsuspending colored strips 6 of fabric material, whose twelve corresponding lower strip segments 7 would be free to flutter in the wind, unless bells B of some weight be attached to their respective lower tips for stabilization and to attract attention by sound of the bells rather than by the fluttering sound of the strips in the wind. And of course the entire pennant display of FIG. 1 may be inverted to suspend hoop 2 from the ropes 8 attached to a slightly smaller pole-girdling band 16 of sheet metal (or alternatively of rope) attached by wires or ropes to the fiagstalf brackets 2324 or alternatively to a rope-suspended bridle made of short ropes, as explained previously, in which instances colored strips 6 may be detached from the present pole-girdling band 5 or alternatively may be detached completely from hoop 2, with band 5 being needed no longer.
But all such alternative possibilities are only incidental to the fact that the most suitable and convenient and economical means of distending pennant displays at considerable distances from a single upright pole consists of my rather small, light, and cheap horizontally disposed cloven circular cylindrical hoop 2, which may be installed around that tall mounting pole from the side thereof at any desired height between the ground and the upper tip thereof by spreading the tips at point of cleavage 3 and then reuniting and splicing them by means of a dowel pin 4 inserted in the tips of the cloven cylindrical tubular hoop 2, which thereafter is suspended in at least three points of attachment to the hoop 2 somewhat equally spaced respectively from each other and from the encircled pole by a corresponding number of pliant members of substantially equal almost fixed length, whose upper tips are attached by suitable means (such as loops 12', rings 13', bolts 13, bolts 33, and nuts 33') without slack, at correspondingly spaced somewhat equal intervals around the pole, to a horizontally disposed pole-girdling band 5 (FIGS. 4 and 5) or alternatively 36 (FIGS. 12, 6) or alternatively 23 (FIGS. 9, 10) installed from the side of the pole 1, around which said band may be joined snugly by tieing securely the tips thereof, it the band he made of a rope, or by splicing the tips by such means as screwing nuts on one or more small bolts inserted through holes in the adjacent tips of the sustaining band placed around the pole 1, said sustaining horizontally disposed band being itself suitably sustained on said pole at a chosen height by suitable means such as bolts 34, 35 inserted horizontally in holes in the pole 1' (FIGS. 4 and 6) or alternatively by suspending the aforesaid sustaining band 36 (or alternatively 5 or 23) by suitable means such as wires from flagstalf mounting brackets or other fixtures attached to the pole at a higher level.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A vertical post standard, at least two bolts and cone sponding threaded nuts wherewith are joined two bands around the post, and a complete pennant display assembly assembled and connected at the factory and subsequently installed on the post of a customer from the side thereof without disassembling the components of the said assembly comprising: a horizontally disposed parted band enveloping a high segment of the post; a second such band enveloping a much lower segment of the post; at least three pliant ropes having rather abruptly limited elasticity, such as those made of jute, each of which is connected at each end to the widely spaced bands at approximately equally spaced intervals around each of the bands, which conform to the dimensions of the post at their respective levels and therefore need not be of exactly the same length; a horizontally disposed and circular tubular hoop, cloven in at least one place and thereby permitting its placement around the post at a horizontal plane intermediate of the parallel bands, where it is disposed between the multiple pliant ropes, which it distends at considerable equal distances from the post, and to which it is attached by suitable means such as a loop in each rope intermediate between the parallel hands, a place of cleavage of the hoop being located between the same two ropes as is a place of parting of each of the two bands, each of which is provided with outward projecting integral flanges at the place of parting with a suitable hole in each of the flanges through which is passed one of the above mentioned bolts, whose respective nut is screwed on the bolt passing through its pair of flanges to contract and hold the proper dimension of each of the bands around the pole; means keeping the said ropes equally disposed relative to each other at points around the circumference of the circular tubular hoop and keeping the hoop horizontally disposed at a chosen level between the two bands, such as a strong cord of material like cotton fiber, sufiiciently pliant to tie in hard immovable knots, tied in such an immovable knot forming a very tight loop in the cord around two strands of each rope loop immediately adjacent the tubular hoop, said knots in the cord being joined to each other by approximately equal segments thereof, which thus keep the ropes somewhat equally spaced around the tubular hoop; a dowel inserted and keyed in one of the cloven tips of the circular tubular hoop and thereafter inserted and keyed into the other tip, after disposition around the pole, thereby forming a splice and creating a complete circular rope-distending frame supported by the ropes attached to the upper band, which ropes also have pennants sewn to them in tandem at intervals, in a conventional manner, between the hoop and the bands at each end of the ropes.
2. A pennant-mounting assembly specified in claim I mounted on a pole as specified in said claim and having two horizontal tubular hoops, widely spaced from each other between the joined parted bands around the pole, that are interposed between the multiple looped pennantcarrying ropes, which thus distend the ropes (and the pennants sewn thereon) to a much greater volume, when viewed from the side, because the pennant-carrying ropes between the two horizontal hoops are substantially parallel.
3. A pennant-mounting assembly specified in claim I mounted on a pole as specified in said claim and having two horizontal tubular hoops widely spaced from each other between the joined parted bands around the pole, that are interposed between the multiple looped pennantcarrying ropes, each of which is drawn in toward the pole midway between the two horizontal tubular hoops by a horizontal pliant cord, of material such as cotton fiber, encircling the multiple pennant ropes, to each of which it is firmly tied by double knots in the cord that are spaced apart equally, the ends of the cord finally being tied together between the same two ropes located on each side of the cloven joints of the two horizontal tubular hoops.
4. A pennant-mounting assembly specified in claim I mounted on a pole as specified in claim 1 in which the pennant-carrying ropes, each of which is disposed substantially in a vertical plane, have loops formed at each end and secured by metal clamping bands around the rope and its respective tip, and in which each of the respective loops is joined to its respective band by a clamp-formed ring such as is used in upholstery and for hog rings, said ring passing through the loop and through one of the same number of holes as the ropes spaced equally from each other in the respective bands, each of which has one margin provided with multiple integral flange segments receiving such holes equally spaced from the respective edge of said margin.
5. A pennant-mounting assembly specified in claim I mounted on a pole as specified in claim 1 in which the pennant-carrying ropes, each of which is disposed substantially in a vertical plane, have loops formed at each end and secured by metal clamping bands around the rope and its respective tip, and in which each of the respective loops is joined to its respective band by a small bolt inserted through one of multiple holes substantially equally spaced around the respective bands and through said secured loop at the end of the rope, a small round metal washer then being placed on the bolt contiguous to the loop before the nut of corresponding threads is screwed onto the outside end of the bolt and thereby draws the loop at the end of the rope tightly against the band, in which the holes are smaller than the bolt heads.
6. A decorative streamer assembly comprising a parted band enveloping a section of an upright standard, means uniting the parted segments of said band in suitable dimension around the standard, means attaching to the parted band multiple flexible strips of pliant material of substantially fixed length spaced about equally around the standard, a parted and spliced hoop united around the standard in spaced relationship thereto at a different level from that of the parted band, loop means attaching the flexible strips of relatively fixed length to the tubular hoop in spaced relationship to each other corresponding in sequence to the relative positions of their attachment to the band with means of preserving the spacing around the hoop of the attachments of the strip, the loop means encircling segments of the spliced parted hoop at somewhat equal intervals and thereby sustaining it horizontally, are split in halves longitudinally of each strip of pliant material forming the loop, thereby creating a slot in each loop around the spliced hoop, a secured loop in each slot formed at the tip of a small rope having abruptly limited elasticity of material such as jute and to which are sewn spaced pennants in tandem in a conventional manner, each of the ropes being of approximately the same length and having a secured loop at its lower tip attached by suitable means such as hog rings through holes equally spaced around the standard in a horizontally disposed lower parted band joined around the standard, a parting of the band and a parting of the cloven hoop being between the same strip, the lower band being joined about the standard between the same two ropes adjacent to the joined place of parting in the upper band sustaining the flexible strips of pliant material, and thus providing the installation of the assembly around the standard as well as removal of the assembly from the side of the standard without detachment of the strips from the band and the hoop, means consisting of friction between the pole and the parted bands caused by tightening the bands around the standard to maintain the bands on said standard.
7. A pennant to whose free end is attacheda small hollow metal bell having an exterior hemispherical surface adjacent the pennant tip to which it is attached and a tinkler of solid metal contained in the said bell, which thus causes the tinkler having high specific gravity to set up a diflerent rhythm of oscillation, in a high wind flapping the pennant tip, from that of the enclosing hollow bell, so that the tinkler tends to serve as a damper on the oscillation of its hollow container bell, which thus is not whipped off the end of the pennant in a high wind in the same manner as would be a solid piece of metal so attached, even if it be round.
8. A pennant display comprising: a cable of metal wire strands kept somewhat horizontally disposed under tension between two standards; an eye-bolt attached to the cable intermediate said standards by suitable flexible means, such as a short wire inserted through the circle of the eye-bolt and thereafter tied in a loop over the wire cable, passing its straight threaded segment vertically through a hole in the center of a normally horizontal flat plate, whose outer edge is turned down slightly all around its circumference thereby making the said plate stiff and the upper face smooth, and which is retained on the vertically suspended shank of the eye-bolt by a threaded nut; multiple holes through the round plate, located substantially equidistant from each other and equidistant from the outer edge of the said plate, through which respectively extend, at equal intervals around the plate, at least four bolts each having on one tip a threaded nut and on the other tip a round washer drawn down tightly by the head of the bolt on the securely looped tip of a small pliant rope, having abruptly limited elasticity such as that of jute, between the washer and the plate, that extends outward over the edge of the plate and thence farther outward and downward equal distances for each rope, whose lower tips are securely looped around a normally horizontally disposed tubular hoop at substantially fixed points, equidistant from each other around the hoop and corresponding to the multiple holes adjacent the edge of the much smaller plate; multiple small pennants sewn in a conventional manner at uniformly spaced intervals in tandem on each of the ropes between the said plate and the said normally horizontal circular tubular hoop suspending in the lower tip loops of said ropes; a second circular tubular hoop, similar to the one at the lower ends of the pennant-carrying ropes but of smaller circumference, disposed parallel to the first said hoop between the several ropes about a third of the way down toward the lower loop from the round plate supported by the eyebolt and maintained in the parallel relationship to the lower hoop by loops in the ropes wrapped around the second hoop prior to attachment of the ropes to the plate, the rope loops around the second hoop being held equidistant from each other and at the desired height above the lower hoop by means such as equally spaced knots tightly drawn in a small and pliant but very strong cord, which at the desired intervals in the cord is tied inside the second hoop around the multiple stnands of rope forming each of the loops in the respective ropes around the said second hoop; a third similar hoop of still smaller circumference installed correspondingly between the pennant-carrying ropes and maintained parallel to the lower hoop at a level midway between the second hoop and the round supporting plate by loops in said ropes tied by knots in a corresponding pliant cord at points equally spaced from each other and from the second hoop and outer edge of the said plate, all the loops in any one rope around the three hoops respectively being maintained substantially in one plane passing through the centers of the sevenal circular hoops and the circular plate; and a similar pliant cord but slightly larger and stronger disposed in a plane parallel to the several hoops and tied to each of the ropes immediately above the lowermost pennant thereon at distances between the cord knots just sufficient to draw in the pennant-carrying ropes at those points and thereby make the ropes parallel to each other from those points to the second hoop to form the general con- 24 figuration of a bell composed for the most part of the small pennants sewn on the ropes normally distended in vertical planes extending radially of the several hoops, all of which remain perpendicular to the axis of the normally vertical shank of the eye-bolt suspending the round sustaining plate.
References Cited by the Examiner OTHER REFERENCES Popular Mechanics, May 1949, page 232; classified in Class 40, Subclass 128, copy in Division 11.
EUGENE R. CAPOZIO, Primary Examiner.
E. V. BENHAM, JEROME SCHNALL, Examiners.
WENCELSO I. CONTRERAS, Assistant Examiner.