|Publication number||US3273705 A|
|Publication date||Sep 20, 1966|
|Filing date||Jul 22, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3273705 A, US 3273705A, US-A-3273705, US3273705 A, US3273705A|
|Inventors||Frederic L. Rieger|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (23), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 20, 1966 RlEGER ETAL FASTENER Filed July 22, 1965 INVENTORS.
W flwd/ United States Patent 3,273,705 FASTENER Frederic L. Rieger, Dayton, and Paul H. Hamisch, Jr.,
Xenia, Ohio, assignors to The Monarch Marking System Company, Dayton, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Filed July 22, 1963, Ser. No. 296,664 3 Claims. (Cl. 20656) This invention relates to fasteners and more particularly the invention is directed to a flexible strand having cooperating fastening means on each end.
The object of a fastener of the type to which the present invention is directed is to secure a hang tag to an article of merchandise, the operation being performed by the merchant prior to displaying his goods for sale. In this environment there are two dominant desirable features to be attained. The first is that the fastener should be easily applied and the second is that the fastener should securely retain the hang tag to the merchandise so that it cannot be inadvertently dislodged and further so as to make it difficult for the hang tag to be surreptitiously shifted from one article to another.
It has been an objective of the invention to provide an integral molded plastic fastener comprising a needle, a flexible strand secured at one end intermediate the ends of the needle and an eyelet secured to the other end of the strand. The flexible strand and needle combine to form what is effectively a barbed needle which is easily applied but thereafter dislodged only with difficulty. One manner Oif using the fastener is to pass the needle through the hang tag and object of merchandise and then to pass the needle through the eyelet. To facilitate this operation the invention provides for an orientation of the needle and eyelet such that their axes lie in the same plane whereby no twisting of the strand is required in order to bring the needle into alignment with the hole in the eyelet. Another manner of using the fastener is to project the needle directly into a fabric, the barb retaining the needle in the fabric and the eyelet retaining a hang tag on the strand.
It has been another objective of the invention to provide a fastener of the type described which can be mounted in an applicator, or more specifically, a gun, by which a plurality of fasteners be rapidly ejected into the articles of merchandise. To this end there is provided a belt of fasteners comprising a plurality of spaced, parallel needles each having a strand and eyelet attached thereto, the needles being interconnected by a thin easily severed filamen't. For reasons of the desired compactness of the belt and gun into which the belt is fed, it is preferred to have the needles as close as possible. Further for the reasons discussed above it is desirable to orient the axes of the eyelets in the same plane as the needle. T0 attain both these objectives it is a feature of the invention to provide a belt in which alternate strands are shorter than the adjacent strands so that the eyelets have a staggered relationship to one another. This permits the integral molding of the belt with the needles quite close to one another and with a staggering of the eyelets so that they do not interfere with one another.
These and other objectives of the invention will become more readily apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is an elevational view showing the fastener applying hang tag to an object,
FIGS. 2 and 3 are elevational views of the fastener illustrating one form of securing the ends of the fastening strand,
FIG. 4 is an elevational View of the needle and a portion of the strand,
3,273,705 Patented Sept. 20, 1966 FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a belt formed in accord ance with the invention,
FIG. 6 is a rear elevational View of the belt, and
FIG. 7 is a side elevational view of the belt.
Referring to FIG. 1 the fastener indicated at '10 is shown attaching a hang tag 11 to an article 12. The fastener comprises a needle 13 having one end 14 tapered to a point and having a recess 15 (FIG. 4) in the other end. A strand 16 is integrally connected to the needle 13 intermediate its ends and forms an acute angle with the recessed end portion of the needle. The other end of the strand 16 has an eyelet 17 attached to it the eyelet 17 having opening 18 of sufiicient diameter to permit the passage of the combined needle and strand through it as illustrated in FIG. 2. Preferably the fastener is made of nylon or other plastic having the propcity and resilience and flexibility. The strand should be flexible enough so that the eyelet can easily be swung into position and receive the needle 13. On the other hand the strand should be suitably resilient or stiff to maintain the axis 19 of eyelet 17 in the same plane as the needle 13 so that it is always in position to receive the needle without requiring any twisting of the strand.
There are two principal modes of attaching the fastener to an article. In the case of fabrics such as clothing or the like, the needle is driven completely through the fabric. After it passes through the fabric the resilience of the fastener material causes the recessed end portion of the needle to spring away from the strand thereby blocking withdrawal of the fastener. Alternatively, the fasteners may be applied as illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 3 wherein the strand is formed as a loop around the members to be joined, the loop being formed by threading the needle through the eyelet 17. Again, the resilience of the fastener material causes the recessed end portion of the needle to spring away from the strand thereby blocking inadvertent withdrawal of the needle from the eyelet.
A belt of fasteners is illustrated in FIGS. 5 to 7 and is suitable for use in an applicator gun of the type described in co-pending application Fastener Gun filed January 30, 1963. The belt comprises a series of fasteners of the type described above the fasteners being interconnected by a filament 20 which is joined to the needles at approximately their centers. As described in the copending application referred to above the filament are easily severed from the needles as the needles are projected out of the gun into which the belt is fed. As best seen in FIG. 6, alternate strands indicated at 21 are shorter at their adjacent strands indicated at 2'2 and as a consequence the eyelets 17 have a staggered relationship to one another. It can also be seen that the distance between alternate eyelets is approximately one-half the width of an eyelet so that without the staggered relationship it would not be possible to mold a belt having parallel strands with eyelets at their ends .and with a spacing of the needles by distance less than the width of the eyelets. It should also be noted that the eyelets lie in the plane of the parallel strands or, stated another way, the axes of the eyelets lie in the same plane as the needles so that the eyelets can be conveniently positioned to receive the needles Without requiring the twisting of the strands.
The recess 15 in the end of the needle receives a plunger in the applicator gun, the recesses and plunger cooperating to maintain a proper engagement one with the other until the needle has left the gun and has been projected either into a fabric or through the eyelet.
1. A belt of fastening devices comprising,
a plurality of uniformly spaced parallel needles interconnected by a severable filament,
' said needles each tapering to a point at one end and having a recess in the other end,
a plurality of spaced parallel flexible strands each having one end integrally connected to a respective needle intermediate the ends thereof and forming an acute angle with the recessed end portion of said needle,
an eyelet integral with the other end of each said strand and lying in the plane defined by said strands,
the alternate strands being shorter than the adjacent strands to provide a staggered relationship of eyelets to each other, and
said needles being spaced apart a distance less than the width of an eyelet.
2. A belt of fastening devices comprising,
a plurality of uniformly spaced parallel needles interconnected by a severable filament,
said needles each tapering to a point at one end and having a recess in the other end,
a plurality of spaced parallel flexible strands each having one end integrally connected to a respective needle intermediate the ends thereof and forming an acute angle with the recessed end portion of said needle, and
an eyelet integral with the other end of each said strand and lying in the plane defined by said strands.
3. A fastening device comprising,
a needle tapering to a point at one end and having a recess at the other end,
a flexible strand having one end integrally connected to said needle intermediate its ends and forming an acute angle with the reeessed end portion of said needle, and
an eyelet integral with the other end of said strand and having its axis lying in a plane common to said needle, said strand having sulficient resilience to maintain the defined orientation of the eyelet and needle.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,517,376 8/1950 Artzt et a1. 40-20 2,669,795 2/ 1954 Spaulding et a1 4020 2,915,177 12/1959 Flood 206-56 3,048,906 8/1962 Patterson 24-16 LOUIS G. MANCENE, Primary Examiner.
JEROME SCHNALL, Examiner.
25 W. J. CONTRERAS, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US2669795 *||Feb 21, 1951||Feb 23, 1954||Gladstone Jr William E||Tag attachment device|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US3906611 *||Jul 8, 1974||Sep 23, 1975||Dennison Mfg Co||Method of attaching to at least one object one of a plurality of attachments|
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|DE3119072A1 *||May 14, 1981||Apr 15, 1982||Toska Co Ltd||Etikettenhalteraufbau nach art eines gebindes|
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|DE3515854C2 *||May 2, 1985||Feb 11, 1999||Toska Co Ltd||Befestigungselementaufbau|
|EP0625317A1 *||Mar 22, 1994||Nov 23, 1994||John S. Doyel||Attaching articles to sheet material with flexible ties|
|WO1984002095A1 *||Nov 18, 1983||Jun 7, 1984||Panduit Corp||Cable tie ribbon installation tool and ribbon therefor|
|WO1987001015A1 *||Aug 12, 1985||Feb 26, 1987||Nypro Inc||Manufacture and use of closely spaced attachments|
|WO1994009665A1 *||Oct 28, 1993||May 11, 1994||Avery Dennison Corporation||Fastener and fastener system for shoe-lasting applications|
|U.S. Classification||206/343, 24/709.6, 24/711.1, 40/662|
|International Classification||G09F3/14, G09F3/08|