US 3275343 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 27, 1966 P. T. HQL'M 3,275,343
CALENDAR DEVI CE Filed June 4, 1964 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 m Q j 2a r; I96
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CALENDAR DEVICE Filed June 4, 1964 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 United States Patent 3,275,343 CALENDAR DEVICE Per Tore Holm, Granvagen 5, Skoghall, Sweden Filed June 4, 1964, Ser. No. 372,603 Claims priority, application Sweden, June 5, 1963, 6,202/ 63 6 Claims. (Cl. 28117) This invention relates to a method'and a system of establishing reference between books and/ or loose leaves to be used substantially within the fields of time plannmg.
The invention is substantially characterized by the fact that the units particularly intended for the system and inserted in a common attachment means keeping them in a definite relationship, provide the prerequisite conditions for indexes applied to the units and the parts thereof to function as a position related reference system between the units and to give thedouble-page combinations specific to the respective uses, permitting a simultaneous survey of corresponding sections on the double page.
The particular arrangement and lay-out of the system units and the programmation of double-page combinations and series thereof between the units provide the effect that a double-page combination gives a simultaneous view of several corresponding sections and that the informative and memoranda value of this survey is greater than the sums of the pieces of information given by the individual sections when collected separately from ordinary units, whereby one obtains a better grasp of informative material which is difficult to keep together.
Analogously, the system can be made selective in that said arrangement, lay-out and programmation is performed in such a way that for example the exchange of one or more units in the cover changes the character of the double-page combinations and increases or reduces the extent of the corresponding material.
The system according to the invention is applicable to several uses, such as the planning, education, office and advertising fields, and within these fields for example to calendars, diaries, time-planning aids, text-books, handbooks, bookkeeping systems, tabular compilation manuals and stationery for manual operations within the respective fields.
For better elucidation the invention will be described more in detail in the following, reference being made to an embodiment selected by way of example from the uses outlined above, more particularly a calendar and associated diary.
A great many types of calendars of varying functions and design are available on the market. A representative selection appears for example from German Patent 893,639 and Swedish Patent 170,964.
The system according to the invention as applied to calendars is adapted to satisfy the aforesaid requirements, and in one embodiment the system is designed in a manner to be described hereinafter and as shown in the accompanying drawings, FIGS. 1-12, where FIGS. 12 for better elucidation have been drawn as a disproportionate diagrammatic sketch representing an end view of the calendar without covers, and where a circle symbolizes the back binding of the blocks, a shaded rectangle the cardboard backing thereof, a single line for each of one or more leaves, a broken line attachment means and cross signs above the position of indexes.
In the figures: FIG. 1 is an end view of the calendar with covers closed; FIG. 2 is an end view as in FIG. 1 but with the covers opened; FIG. 3 is a plan view with the calendar opened in a fiat position; FIG. 4 is a further view as in FIG. 3 with further opening of the leaves; and FIGS. 512 are enlarged diagrammatic sketches representing end views of the calendar without covers.
Three corresponding calendar units 1, 2, 3 have been placed in a common attachment means 4 attached to a cover 5.
The units comprise two coil wire bound pads or blocks 1, 2 the leaves of which can be swung 360 about the respective block backs 6, 7, and a loose leaf 6.
The common attachment means 4 consists of a case which is open at both ends and which is secured along its median line transversely of the opening direction with its underside 8 to the back of the cover 5. The attachment means is a case made of transparent flexible thermoplastic material.
The blocks 1, 2 have their cardboard backings 9, 10 V inserted in the respective openings of the case 4 so that the Wire coils 6, 7 of the blocks engage the edges of the case openings, and the loose leaf 3 is placed beneath the blocks 1, 2 with its ends applied against the wire coils '6, 7 and is attached by way of four slots 11 provided in the upper side 12 of the case. Because of this positioning and a snug fit in the case the three units will be located in a. determined relative position at the same time as they are separately exchangeable.
The two pads or blocks 1, 2 are placed in the cover 5 with their backs 6, 7 turned outwardly, and this will permit opening the book only in one way, viz. between the backs, which without turning leaves will give a direct spread of the two preset pages of the two blocks simultaneously as part of the loose leaf 3 will become visible in the gap 13 between the blocks. The location of the blocks replaces in itself all marking methods for book double-page spreads. After forward or backward turning of the leaves in the pads or blocks the presetting will automatically be restored when the book is closed.
One block 2 is a calendar with a diary in which the space of an entire page is available for making memoranda and rough-notes. The date and the day of the week are indicated on an index '14 at the leaf edge adjacent the back of the cover and moves one step downwards for each leaf, the position of said index agreeing with the corresponding index 15 in the index column of the other. block 1.
The other block 1 likewise is a calendar with diary, but in this calendar the space of each page covers a whole week and is divided into fields 16 one for each day, and into a field 17 for each week for permitting more definite notes to be made regarding the respective periods of time. The number of the week is given in an index 18 at the leaf edge adjacent the'back of the cover and moves one step downwards for each leaf, the position of said index agreeing with the corresponding index in the calendar 19 of the subjacent loose leaf 3 showing the plan of the entire year. In order that the correspondence with the leaf 3 for the plan of the year may not be broken when the week indicating block 1 is swung aside, the day indicating block 2 has been supplemented with a week index 20 which in this instance thus changes its position only for every seventh leaf.
The loose leaf 3 is a year planning leaf with a calendar 19 of weeks, months and yearly quarters that fits into the sight gap 13 between the blocks 1, 2 and divides the sheet into two fields 21 having a time/project grid for planning with text, columns, curves or other markings of large projects. It will appear from FIG. 5 that the four slots 11 of the attachment means 4 are so placed that the two writing-fields 21 of the year planning leaf 3 are free to receive notes in spite of the leaf being passed through the slots 11.
The intention is to destroy the day calendar 2 at the end of the year after important notes have been transferred to the week calendar 1 which then constitutes a diary of selected items to be placed in a file. Furthermore the day calendar 2 for thickness reasons is printed (22) on both sides and consequently should be turned when half the year has passed. Disturbing penetration of the indexes'through the pages has been avoided in that the dates have been so arranged as to lie in superposed relation. The rear faces 23 of the week calendar 1 are reserved for advertising etc. a
The opening of the bookat the backs of the pads or blocks 1, 2, the presetting of the day and week calendars, the collection of the corresponding indexes of the'three calendars adjacent the back of the cover and consequently within the diameter of normal range of vision, thedoubling of the week indexeslS, 20 and the modulus type division of the leaves, together provide, both 'when'spread ing the book open and when leafing' through it, the effect j of a direct and reliable orientation in time as well as a broad and simultaneous survey, in stepwise increasing. time increments, of the calendar and notes concerning minutiae of the day, important matters of the week and the large" projects of the month, quarter and year.
The cover faces are made of transparent flexible thermoplastic :material and formed as pockets in which have been placed-so as to be visible from outside.advertising prints andso as to be visible from insidein one pocket a calendar of the present year and in the other pocket a calendar covering respectively the next preceding and the next following half-year of the year passed and the year to come. These calendars are drafted according to the grid principle with the weekdays in the vertical and the weeks in thehorizontal columns, which is considerably more efficient than the ordinary arrangement in vvertical columns only. In the present instance the effect has been further stressed in'that the holidays have been extracted to form a particular column, said calendars have been supplemented with a column for dars the columns are divided into 5 and 7 increments. As for the year planning leaf one half thereof can be divided into 5 x 7 columns and the other half into 7 x 5 columns; The day calendar 2 may be supplemented with an hour graduation placed for example in the column reserved fo the moving date index 14.
Withretained book form, the calendar described may be modified for example as to the number, composition, function and location of the units, the location of the indexes as well as the wire coil binding and the attachment means. Some such modifications are shown in FIGS. 6- 12. The modificationsare'that: In FIG. 6 the loose leaf 3 has been replaced by leaves extending from one of the blocks 1, 2;
In FIG. -7 the loose leaf 3 .is supplemented with one or more blocks 26, 27 extending from the base blocks 1, 2 or secured in the attachment means 4 and adapted'for a more advanced time planning;
In FIG; '8 the attachment means is a cardboard backing 28 common to both blocks 1, 2 and having crease lines for permitting the back to bend or consisting entirely of flexiblematerial;
In FIG. 9 the leaves of the day and week calendars are. inserted in one and the same block which can beplaced singly or together with other units in a cover or attachment means. The .nnfolded leaves 29 and the portion 30 of the folded leaves adjacent to the wire coil are marked.
4 outer portion. The embodiment having folded leaves. can be followed up in that the leaves of e.g. the day calendar, are zig-zag folded into seven portions comprising one day per portion, thus permitting extraction for the. survey of the Week;
In FIG, 10 the leaves are designed in the same way as in FIG. 9 but the leaves of the 'week calendar have been collected as the last part of the-block and are folded they are used;
I In FIGS. 11 and 12 the: design shown in Swedish Patent 7 17,964 which discloses a week: calendar,32 'havinga movable index for ,date marking, is supplemented with blocks and a loose leaf and is made up in accordance with the present invention.
In a modification specific to the calendar field lying within the scope of the invention and applicable to the preceding description of the calendar and its modifica--;
tions, the week and day calendars which are insertedlin a common attachment means andadapted to agree with one another and with the respective indexes. of the ,day
calendar; do not correspond as to their positions withthe indexes of the week calendar. I
a In some other modifications the location of the; units in opposite relationship in the attachment means issupplemented with or altogether realized by a positioning ofv the units in the manner of a slip. block" (telephone block) which in that case gives a vertical correspondence; or a unit can be used in several given positions by controlled displacement thereof.
Leaving the book form out of account, several'of the.
' scope of the. invention, :and therefore the invention is not limited to what is shown in, the drawings. and described- In a variant of the coordi- 'nated ruling on the annotation surfaces of all three calenof the appended claims.
What I claim and desire to secureby Letters Patent is: 1. A calendar system including a first calendar comprising at least one leaf, several, markings. on saidleaf each corresponding to one of several equal parts 'of a definite time period and. arranged along one side edge of said .leaf, a second calendar comprising a multi-leaf. calendar pad, means mounting said first and second calendars with one side edge of said multi-leaf pad extending along said one side edge of the leafof-said first calendar, a marking on each of the leaves'of said'sec'ond calendarsaid latter markings each corresponding .to one of said equal parts of said definite time period and being distributed alongsaid one side edge of said calendar pad opposite the respective ones of the markings of said first calendar.
2.A calendar system including a first calendar comprising at least one leaf, several markings: on said leaf each corresponding to, one, of several equal'parts offa definite time period and .arranged along one side'edge of said leaf, a second calendar comprising a multi-leafcalem dar pad, a cover having two hinged portions foldable against each other'from a common plane and each mount ing one of said first and second calendars, said multi-leaf pad having one side edge extending along'said one side edge of the leaf of said first calendar when said portions arein said common plane, a marking on eachofthe leaves of said second calendar said lattermarkings each corresponding to one of said equal parts of said definite time period and being distributed along said .one side edge of said calendar pad opposite therespective ones of the markings of said first calendar.
said latter markings corresponding to one day of a week.
4. A calendar system as claimed in claim 3 further including a third calendar comprising at least one leaf with several markings each corresponding to one week of a multiple week period of a year, said markings being distributed along one side edge of said leaf which is substantially parallel to said one side edges of said first and second calendars and is arranged adjacent the multi-leaf calendar pad of said first calendar on one side thereof, and a further marking on each of said leaves of the multileaf pad of said first calendar corresponding to one of the week markings on said leaf of said third calendar, each of said further markings of said first calendar being arranged on consecutive leaves of the pad of said first calendar in the same order as that in which the markings of said third calendar are arranged along said one side edge of the pad of said third calendar, opposite the respective ones of the week markings of said third calendar.
5. A calendar system including a first calendar comprising at least one leaf, several markings on said leaf each corresponding to one of several parts of a definite time period and arranged in a row along one side edge of said leaf, a second calendar comprising a multi-leaf calendar pad, a common atachment means attached to said first calendar and said second calendar and allowing leaves of said first and second calendars to lie side by side in substantially parallel planes, said multi-leaf pad having one side edge parallel to said one side edge of the leaf of said first calendar when said first and second calendar leaves are in said planes, a marking on each of the leaves of said second calendar, said latter markings each being related to one of said parts of said definite time period and being distributed along said row of markings on said first calendar opposite the respective ones of the markings of said calendar,
6. A calendar system as claimed in claim 5, further characterized by said markings corresponding to one of several equal parts of a definite time period being markings each corresponding to one of the days of a week and each of said latter markings corresponding to one day of a Week, and further including a third calendar comprising at least one leaf with several markings each corresponding to one week of a multiple week period of a year, said markings being distributed along one side edge of said leaf which is substantially parallel to said one side edges of said first and second calendars and is arranged adjacent the multi-leaf calendar pad of said first calendar on one side thereof, and a further marking on each of said leaves of the multi-leaf pad of said first calendar corresponding to one of the weak markings on said leaf of said third calendar, each of said further markings of said first calendar being arranged on consecutive leaves of the pad of said first calendar in the same order as that in which the markings of said third calendar are arranged along said one side edge of the pad of said third calendar, opposite the respective ones of the week markings of said third calendar.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,656,217 1/1928 Miller et a1. 28117 2,301,449 11/1942 Penny 28117 2,354,782 8/1944 Stradling et a1. 28116 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,127,585 8/ 1956 France.
320,349 3/ 1957 Switzerland.
CHARLES, Primary Examiner