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Publication numberUS3276296 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 4, 1966
Filing dateSep 28, 1964
Priority dateSep 28, 1964
Publication numberUS 3276296 A, US 3276296A, US-A-3276296, US3276296 A, US3276296A
InventorsGlen Woods Robert
Original AssigneeGlen Woods Robert
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Torque wrench
US 3276296 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 4, 1966 R. G` WOODS 3,276,296

TORQUE WRENCH Filed Sept, 28, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet l @Pene A70/e I NV ENTOR FI G 5 A905997 GMW l/l/oaas jwo, {Q1/222m,

4 7 fog/Vf ys Oct. 4, 1966 R. G. WOODS 3,276,296

:PORQUE WRENCH Filed Sept. 28, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 T//UMB INVENTOR. 05597 6 5^/ l/Vods QM, pld/mno 65e@ Q! @wat W Arrow/ys United States Patent O 3,276,296 TORQUE WRENCH Robert Glen Woods, 3102 Grand Ave., Huntington Park, Calif. Filed Sept. 28, 1964, Ser. No. 399,497 8 Claims. (Cl. til-52.4)

The present invention relates generally to wrenches and more particularly to a new and novel torque Wrench.

Torque-limiting wrenches have found wide applications in many industries. Generally, these torque-limiting wrenches include a load-engaging member and a spring which resists the movement of the load-engaging member until the desired limited amount of torque is applied to the load thereby. The application of such limited amount of torque to the load through the load-engaging of the wrench to undergo movement from its original position against the force an indication that the desired limited amount of torque `has been applied to the load. It is a major object of the present invention to provide a torque wrench which is particularly adapted for` inaccuracy of this nature can only be applied by the These and appended drawings wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective View of a preferred form of torque wrench embodying the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a side elevational View in reduced scale showing the wrench of FIGURE l, together with a workengaging attachment;

FIGURE 3 is a vertical sectional view .taken in enlarged scale along line 3-3 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a vertical sectional View taken on line 4-4 of FIGURE 3;

FIGURE 5 is a top engaging attachment;

FIGURE 6 is a vertical sectional view taken in enlarged s'cale along line 6-6 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 7 is a vertical sectional view taken on line 7-7 of FIGURE 6;

FIGURE 8 is a vertical sectional 8-8 of FIGURE 6; and

FIGURE 9 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view similar to FIGURE 6 showing the mode of operation of said wrench.

Referring te the drawings, a preferred form of torque wrench embodying the present invention broadly cemprises a head, generally designated 10, a tubular body, generally designated 12, extending away from the rear of the head, a tubular handheld, generally designated 14, en the rear portion of the tubular body, a plunger 16 longitudinally slidably disposed within the front portion plan View of said wrench and Work- View ltaken on line of the body 12, a spring 18 that constantly biases the plunger i6 forwardly, a push red 20' transversely slidably carried within the heal 10, .and a pivot 22 interposed between the rear of the push rod 20 and the front of the plunger 16. The front portion of the head 10 is formed with ya load-engaging member 24. Torque is applied to the load-engaging member 24 by moving the body 12 in either a clockwise or a counter-clockwise direction from its position of FIGURES 1 and 6.

More particularly, the head 10 is integrally formed on the front of the body 12. The interior of the head 1t) includes a longitudinal or axial passage 26 which forms a forward continuation of the passage 27 of the tubular body 12, as indicated particularly in FIGURE 6. The head 10 is also formed with a transverse, horizontally extending passage 28 that intersects the front end of the axial passage 26. The load-engaging member 24 is integral with the forward portion of the head 10 and takes the form of .a rectangular boss of square cross-section tion 'of the interior yof the body 12 is formed with internal threads 32. The threads 32 are engaged with complementary external threads 36 formed on an axially extending handhold support 3S. The handheld support 38 includes a cylindrical boss 40 whereon `are formed the external threads 36 and a rearwardly extending pest 42. The rear portion of the post 42 is keyed te the handheld 14 by means of a set screw 44 carried by the rear wall `45 of the handheld. The handheld 14 includes a ferwardly extending barrel 416 that overlies the rear portion of the body 12, the front end of the handheld being open.

The plunger 16 is axially slidably disposed within the front porti-on of the body passage 18 is of spiral a dish-like spacer handheld boss 40. 16 is formed with a uration with its longitudinal axis normal to that of the rod 20 is formed at its rear-center portion with a forwardly extending `depression 52 com- 53 wherein are disposed a pair of like rollers mid-portion of the push rod aperture a forwardly extending rib 56 that maintalns rollers 54 54. The

scaler markings 58 formed on the body 12, as shown in FIGURE l. These markings 57 and 58 may constitute Vernier graduations reading in inch-ounces.

Referring new to FIGURES 2, 3 and 4, the load engaging boss 24 of the aferedescribed wrench is adapted work-engaging attachments. A typical work-engaging designated 60 in FIGURE 24. Forwardly of the socket 64 the adapter 62 is formed with an axial passage 68 wherein is positioned the rear portion of a drive 70. The downwardly extending front end 72 of the drive 70 is disposable within a complementary socket formed on a member (not shown) that is to be rotated with a predetermined amount of torque. The drive 70 is removably secured to adapter 62 by a suitable spring element 74.

In operation of the aforedescribed torque wrench, a suitable work-engaging attachment such as that designated 611 in FIGURE 2 is applied to the load-engaging boss 24 formed at the front of the head 10. Next the handhold 14 is rotated upon the rear portion of the body 12 until the desired reading is obtained on the markings 57 and 58. The drive 70 of work-engaging attachment 60 is then engaged with the work to be rotated. The operator then places the opposite sides of the push rod Z between his index linger and thumb, as indicated in FIGURE 5. Next, assuming the work is to be rotated clockwise relative to FIGURES 5, 6 and 9, the operator urges the entire asembly in such direction by means of the push rod 20. During such movement the push rod 20 will be restrained from transverse movement in the direction of wrench movement by the spring 18 acting through plunger 16 and pivot 22. When, however, the torque being applied by the wrench through attachment 60 reaches the selected predetermined magnitude the push rod 20 will break in the direction of wrench movement, as shown in FIGURE 9, the pivot 22 pivoting within depressions 50 and 52 as the plunger 16 compresses spring 18. It should be noted that the provision of rollers 54 minimizes the friction developed between push rod 20 and head thereby affording great accuracy. It should also be noted that the aforedescribed wrench may be utilized to apply torque in a counter-clockwise direction.

Various modifications and changes may be made with respect to the aforedescribed preferred embodiment without departing from the spirit of the present invention or the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. A torque wrench for applying a predetermined magnitude of torque to a load, comprising:

a body having a head at its front portion, said head being formed with a load-engaging member;

a push rod transversely slidably carried by said head, said push rod being employed to rotate said body and thereby apply torque to said load;

a plunger axially slidably carried by said body rearwardly of said head;

resilient means interposed between said body and said plunger for constantly urging the latter forwardly relative to said body;

and a pivot element interposed between the rear of said push rod and the front of said plunger, said pivot normally restraining transverse movement of said push rod relative to said head as said body is caused to rotate until a predetermined magnitude of torque is applied to said load, with said push rod then undergoing transverse movement relative to said head.

2. A torque wrench as set forth in claim 1 wherein the rear of said push rod and the front of said plunger are formed with complementary depressions wherein are disposed the front and rear ends, respectively, of said pivot element.

3. A torque wrench as set forth in claim 1 wherein said resilient means is a spring, with said body having means for adjusting the effective force of said spring.

4. A torque wrench as set forth in claim 1 wherein roller means are interposed between said push rod and said head.

5. A torque wrench for applying a predetermined magnitude of torque to a load, comprising:

an elongated body formed with an axial passage;

a head on the front portion of said body, said head being formed with an axial passage connected with the axial passage of said body and with a transverse passage intersecting the axial passage of said head;

a push rod transversely slidably carried by the transverse passage of said head, said push r-od being ernployed to rotate said body and thereby apply torque to said head;

a load-engaging member on said head;

a plunger axially slidably carried within the axial pas* sage of said body rearwardly of said head;

resilient means interposed between the rear portion of said body and said plunger for constantly urging the latter forwardly relative to said body, said resilient means being disposed within the axial pas sage of said body;

and a pivot element interposed between the rear of said push rod and the front of said plunger, said pivot normally restraining transverse movement of said push rod relative to said head as said body is caused to rotate until a predetermined magnitude of torque is applied to said load, with said push rod then undergoing transverse movement relative to said head.

6. A torque wrench as set forth in claim 5 wherein said resilient means .is a spring and the rear portion of said body is provided with handhold means which is movable relative to said body to adjust the effective force of said spring.

7. A torque wrench as set forth in claim 5 wherein roller means are interposed between said push rod and said head.

8. A torque wrench as set forth in claim 5 wherein the rear of said push rod and the front of said plunger are formed with complementary depressions wherein are disposed the front and rear ends, respectively, of said pivot element.

References Cited by the Examiner WILLIAM FELDMAN, Primary Examiner. G. WEIDENFELD, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2172561 *Jun 14, 1937Sep 12, 1939 Wrench
US2820381 *Apr 4, 1956Jan 21, 1958Kent Moore Organization IncReversible, torque-limiting wrench
US3016773 *Dec 12, 1958Jan 16, 1962Glen Woods RobertPredetermined torque release wrench
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3640141 *Dec 19, 1969Feb 8, 1972Hollingsead Pryor EnterprisesExtractor holddown apparatus
US4248107 *Aug 17, 1979Feb 3, 1981Dresser Industries, Inc.Adjusting torque wrench
US4535659 *Nov 2, 1983Aug 20, 1985Yang Tai HerTorque limiting wrench with an audio alarm
US5435190 *Aug 18, 1993Jul 25, 1995Sandvik AbTool with moment indication
US5546816 *Aug 19, 1993Aug 20, 1996Sandvick AbLockable spring tightening device
US6463834Oct 5, 2001Oct 15, 2002The Stanley WorksTorque wrench
US7117772 *Apr 8, 2005Oct 10, 2006Chuck ChangWrench having a safety device
US20040020337 *Jul 5, 2003Feb 5, 2004Chuck ChangWrench having a safety device
US20050172763 *Apr 8, 2005Aug 11, 2005Chuck ChangWrench having a safety device
US20070039432 *Aug 17, 2006Feb 22, 2007Cutler Brian JTorque-Indicating Driver and Method
US20120174379 *Mar 19, 2012Jul 12, 2012Teper Boris RMethod and apparatus for applying preset torque values to fasteners
WO1994004321A1 *Aug 18, 1993Mar 3, 1994Sandvik AbTool with moment indication
WO1994005463A1 *Aug 19, 1993Mar 17, 1994Sandvik AbLockable spring tightening device
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/467, D08/24
International ClassificationB25B23/143, B25B23/142, B25B23/14
Cooperative ClassificationB25B23/1427
European ClassificationB25B23/142B2
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 29, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: BANCBOSTON FINANCIAL COMPANY, 100 FEDERAL STREET,
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF BOSTON THE, 100 FEDERAL STR
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:EASCO HAND TOOLS, INC. A MA CORP;REEL/FRAME:004641/0855
Effective date: 19860812
Owner name: BANCBOSTON FINANCIAL COMPANY,MASSACHUSETTS
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF BOSTON THE,MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:EASCO HAND TOOLS, INC. A MA CORP;REEL/FRAME:4641/855
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF BOSTON THE, MASSACHUSETTS
Owner name: BANCBOSTON FINANCIAL COMPANY, MASSACHUSETTS
Jul 2, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF BOSTON
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:EASCO CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004572/0975
Effective date: 19860626
Jul 15, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: K-D MANUFACTURING COMPANY,
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNORS:HAMILTON BANK;MORGAN GUARANTY TRUST COMPANY OF NEW YORK;COMMONWEALTH NATIONAL BANK, THE;REEL/FRAME:004059/0136
Effective date: 19820128
Owner name: K-D MANUFACTURING COMPANY, PENNSYLVANIA
Jan 13, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: K-D MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 3575 HEMPLAND ROAD, LAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:K-D TOOLS OF CALIFORNIA, INC. A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:003945/0701
Effective date: 19820108
Aug 3, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: COMMONWEALTH NATIONAL BANK, P.O. BOX 1010, HARRISB
Free format text: CONDITIONAL ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:K-D MANUFACTURING COMPANY, A PA CORP.;REEL/FRAME:003885/0768
Effective date: 19810407
Owner name: HAMILTON BANK, MORGAN GUARANTY TRUST COMPANY OF NE
Jul 6, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: K-D MANUFACTURING COMPANY, A CORP. OF PA.
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:K-D TOOLS OF CALIFORNIA, INC.;REEL/FRAME:003869/0644
Effective date: 19810625