|Publication number||US3277761 A|
|Publication date||Oct 11, 1966|
|Filing date||Aug 27, 1963|
|Priority date||Aug 27, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3277761 A, US 3277761A, US-A-3277761, US3277761 A, US3277761A|
|Inventors||Dreher Donald F|
|Original Assignee||Dreher Donald F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (12), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 11, 1966 D. F. DREHER WEB SEVERING APPARATUS 2 Sheets-$heet 1 Filed Aug. 27, 1963 D WF 5 A N O D 1966 D. F. DREHER WEB SEVERING APPARATUS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 27, 1963 INVENTOR. DONALD FT DRELHER.
United States Patent 3,277,761 WEB SEVERING APPARATUS Donald F. Dreher, P.O. Box 56, East Brookfield, Mass. Filed Aug. 27, 1963, Ser. No. 304,920 3 Claims. (Cl. 83-614) This invention relates to means for severing a continuous web of paper, film or the like, which may be traveling at a relatively high speed. More particularly its primary application is as an essential component in high speed paster or web splicing apparatus in which the leading end of a new roll of paper or the like is attached to a running or expiring web in order to achieve web continuity and to permit uninterrupted operation. Its specific function in connection therewith is to sever the expiring web, ideally being timed so as to minimize the length of the web which trails behind the splice.
This function usually is accomplished by a jagged-edged guillotine which is designed to jab into the expiring web, thus causing rupture and web break. Such guillotines tend to be massive and complicated in structure, awkwardly space-consuming and often difficult to incorporate into deign without compromise. As a consequence of mass and the speed at which they must function, the amount of energy required for activation is sizable which further compounds the massiveness of the supporting structure. As running web speeds increase, the lag inherent in such mechanisms introduces additional timing problems with respect to lead time of triggering, especially if the free trailing segment is to be kept minimal in length at diiferent running speeds. Additionally in some very high speed paster installations, abrupt insertion of the guillotine may upset web tension and result in failure of the paster to bond the two webs securely together.
In order more facilely to accomplish the severing of such a traveling web in a direct and simple manner I position a dart-like assembly at one end of a slotted tubular web-spanning enclosure, the dart-like assembly carrying a web-severing blade which protrudes through the lengthwise slot of the tubing. The slotted tube is positioned in web-deflecting contact with the expiring web. At the desired instant the blade-carrying dart is fired to the opposite end of the tubing Where it is cushioned to a stop and retained, having slit the web cleanly from edge to edge in its bullet-like traverse. This web serving method may aptly be designated, The Flying Blade.
Thus the basic object of the instant invention is to pro vide simple and foolproof means for cleanly severing a traveling web.
Another object is to reduce the space occupied by the web severing device.
Still another object is to simplify overall design, permitting optimal placement with minimal mechanical conflict and functional compromise.
A further object is to minimize the time-lag factor and to approach instantaneousness in web cut-off, permitting greater precision and closer timing.
A still further object is to eliminate tension upset 0ccasioned by operation of the web severing device.
Still another object is to minimize the necessity for high tension in accomplishing web severance.
These and other objects of the subject invention may best be understood by referring to the accompanying drawings in which FIGURE 1 is a perspective view showing a running web of paper in defiective contact with, and being severed by, the device described herein.
FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of one end of the slotted tube or barrel, partially cut away, exposing the dart assembly and spring drive.
FIGURE 3 is .a sectional view of the central or body portion of the blade-carrying dart assembly.
FIGURE 4 is a part section view of the powered end of the tubular housing showing a pneumatic cylinder with its piston bearing against the central shaft of the dart assembly.
FIGURE 5 is a similar view showing an explosive I cartridge in thrusting position against the trailing end of the darts central shaft.
FIGURE 6 is a similar view showing a high pressure air tank inserted into the trailing end of the darts central shaft in such manner as to provide rapid initial acceleration and continuing jet thrust behind the motionable assembly as it traverses the full width of the traveling web.
Referring to FIGURE 1, the upwardly traveling web 1 is deflectively in contact with the tubularweb-spanning element 2 which may be either rigidly or cushionably supported in whatever manner best suits its function in any particular application. In transverse motion through the web-spanning barrel 2 and protruding from the lengthwise slot, 3 is. the severing blade 4, shown slitting the traveling web 1 whose leading free end 5 is starting to fall away as it is severed.
FIGURE 2 shows one end of the web-spanning barrel 2 which is partially cut away showing the dart assembly 6 at rest inside the tubular enclosure 2. The dart assembly 6 comprises a central shaft 7, axially positioned within the barrel-like enclosure 2 by a webbed body 8 to which is affixed the severing blade 4. The tube-contacting faces 9 of the darts webbed body 8 are adequately clearanced so as to permit free flight through the barrel enclosure 2 and suitably dimensioned for axial stability and bearing surface area. Ideally the dart assembly 6 should be aerodynamically contoured and its webbed body 8 sparingly cross-sectioned so as to minimize air resistance to its ,bullet-like flight.
FIGURE 3 details one form of the dart assembly. Its body section 8 comprises three degree segments between two of which the severing blade 4 is inserted. These several pieces are fastened together with machine screws 19, clamping the body section 8 solidly against the matchacme-type groove 13 recessed 14 at spaced intervals to simplify step-loading and hold the plunger 11 at any given setting under load. The inboard end of the compression spring 10 through its dimpled thrust disc 21, bears against the trailing end of the dart assemblys central shaft 7 which is axially bearinged in a supporting guide 15 and releasably held by a pivoted pawl 16 latched into the rec'ess 17 in the central shaft 7. For convenience in fabrication and maintenance, the thrust motor assembly may be enclosed within a cylindrical sleeve 22 in the manner .illustrated.
Pneumatic propulsion may be achieved by means of pressurized air cylinder or bellows with quick release mechanism, or by ultra high pressure air meterably injected, utilizing techniques developed for use in air pistols and dart guns. FIGURE 4 illustrates a pneumatic thrusting arrangement in which figure, as in all the drawings, equivalent parts are similarly referenced, showing a rolling gland type of air motor including a cylinder 22, rolling gland 23 and piston 21a bearing against the trailing end .and an inverse function of its velocity.
of the darts central shaft 7 which rests coaxially in the supporting .guide 15a. This guide is webbed 24 or vented so that the piston 21a may travel forward as indicated to its phantomed position unrestricted by air cushioning. The several laterally motionable parts 7, 21a, 23 are held releasably in their respective positions by the latching mechanism 16, 17 which functions identically as hereinbefore described. This mechanism permits preloading the air motor with pressurized air 25 and the storage therein of potential energy identical in effect to cooking or preloading the compression spring 1-0. In both examples it will be apparent that preloading the motor element permits instantaneous application of peak thrust against the dart assembly at its point of repose, or that from which its mass must be accelerated within milliseconds into a kinetically energized projectile capable of accomplishing its specified purpose. In order that the initial thrust be maximized, it isadvantageous that the forward motion of the piston 21a be as unrestricted as possible, including the minimizing of its mass, wall friction and frontal air resistance. With respect to mass and friction, the order of preference among the several common types of air motors likely would be: metallic of Syl-phon bellows, rolling gland (FIG. 4), standard air cylinder with sealed piston.
Although precluded from many applications due to potential fire hazard, explosive means for controlled-thrust propulsion would appear to be practical, one of the simpler forms being illustrated in FIGURE in which a loaded cartridge 26 is chambered 22a, 11b at the outboard end of the web-spanning barrel 2 and positioned so as to deliver its explosive thrust to the central shaft 7a of the dart assembly when triggered by the firing pin 27.
In the preferred form of the instant invention, thrust is applied to the central shaft 7 in which is concentrated the mass necessary to carry the dart assembly 6, once kinetically energized, reliably to the opposite end of the slotted barrel 2. The necessary mass thus becomes a direct function of the amount of work to be performed in its crossweb transit including frictional losses and web severance, In practical applications involving films and lightweight papers, espe cially at higher web speeds, the velocity of the dart assembly is the primary consideration. When applied to heavier-weight paper and board stocks both the mass of the dart assembly and the propulsion force must be increased.
Jet propulsion may also be used, with the power source carried within the dart assembly itself, e.g., by insertion of a high pressure cartridge. In such a jet-propelled system the mass of the flying dart assembly may be minimized since propulsion force continues throughout its crossweb flight, thus facilitating initial acceleration and high velocity transit. Acceleration may be aided further by cylindrical confinement of the initial gaseous expansion with the developing pressure exerting direct piston thrust which may be maximized by momentarily delaying release of the dart assembly.
The last described combination is illustrated in FIG- URE 6 in which a high pressure cartridge 28 has been inserted into the hollow trailing end 29 of the darts central shaft 7b, the assembly occupying a chamber 22b which may be glanded 30 near its inboard terminus. Inside the neck of the cartridge 28 is provided a membrane 31 which is pierced and orificed by the plunger 32 mounted in the end cap 11b. The plunger 32 may be designed to bleed a metered flow of air into the thrust pocket 25 when jabbed through the membrane 31, or itmay seal the pierced orifice in its forward stroke and permit escape of pressurized gas only when Withdrawn. Once activated, the developing pressurization within the pocket 25 exerts positive thrust against the piston-like assembly 7b, 28 which may be restrained momentarily if desired by delayed release of the dart assembly, the use of the latching mechanism 15, 16, 17 being optional and its design subject to modification, including automatic release as a function. of thrust exerted against it.
It will be apparent that this type of arrangement provides numerous alternatives by which each of the several factors affecting thrust may be adjusted so as to maximize performance with the least expenditure of energy. In practical terms, since the cost of compressed air per se is of little consequence, the net gain is to increase the range of utility of such an apparatus with respect to severing Wider and more resistant webs, either or both being run at higher speed, and to perform with greater reliability.
Transit of the flying assembly should terminate cushionably, which may be accomplished by any one of several techniques known to and established in the art. The assembly may he held in the opposite end of the tubular enclosure or permitted to rebound back to its starting point and there retained.
Since a flying blade of the character herein described is a highly efficient severing instrument, and tragically so if ones hand were grasping the tubular enclosure when the blade was energized, it is advisable that the protruding edge of the blade be minimally exposed. Nor is greater protruding height advantageous in performing its function, assuming that the Web is in physical contact with the severing device. The blade need not necessarily be sharp-edged except in certain critical applications, since its high velocity renders significant an otherwise insignificant mass such as that of a web of paper. Although under such light duty conditions the actual shaping of the severing blade 4 may not be critical, the profile 18 indicated in FIGURE 2 theoretically maximizes shear by its abruptness at its point of contact with the web, whereas a shallowly inclined slicing profile could negate the opposing shear force of the paper mass by inverting the blades sinal advantage, thus demanding that web tension provide the necessary opposing force. Additionally when considering the effect of web flow at higher operating speeds and especially when thicker webs are being run, a gradually inclined profile would tend to scuff unless it were pitched slightly so that its deeper cutting sections followed precisely the cutting track. It should also be noted in connection with higher web speeds that the physical length of blade insertion and the consequent time interval during which it will tend to obstruct web flow gives further support to the abrupt profile, since its shortening reduces friction between the blade 4 and the slot 3 which develops as a function of traveling web force.
Although the slotted tubular form of the basic webspanning element is preferred, the teachings herein con-- tained are applicable to other forms of crossweb carriage for guidance and support of the flying blade assembly. It is conceivable that in certain applications a high-velocitied missile could be aimed precisely and fired transversely immediately adjacent the webs surface, performing its intended function by means of one or more severing fins without need for structural guidance in its crossweb transit. In fact, a bullet aimed dead center in the plane of web travel would surely accomplish web severance with minimal structural involvement. Although indisputably eifective, the hazards inherent in on-guided and/or unshielded high velocity missiles preclude their being given serious consideration for most industrial applications. A cable-towed and mechanically supported slashing blade also may be used, driven either by high-speed winch or by parallel pneumatic cylinder oppositely directed, the latter permitting use of a complete bi-directional cable loop. This form of the device could be advantageous particularly in handling heavier paperboard since it is positively-powered throughout its crosswe'b'transit without reliance'upon kinetic energy or jet thrust.
To those skilled in the art it will be apparent that the methods herein outlined need not be restricted to tail cutting of an expiring web in connection with automatic paster or web splicing apparatus, nor necessarily to web severance exclusively, howbeit originally so purposed.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. In an apparatus of the character described for severing a continuous web while it is traveling at high speed, in combination with a transversely-motionable severing blade assembly and support means for its guidance crossweb,
a thrust motor forming a part of said apparatus, said motor having -a motionable portion engaging said blade assembly, and
means to hold said assembly motionless in a starting,
rest position while the motor is energized, and thereafter to release said assembly, allowing it to be thrust lengthwise of said support, said assembly being so contoured relative to said support means as to be minimally opposed by frontal air impaction in its crossweb traverse.
2. A device for severing a continuous web of paper traveling at high speed, comprising (a) a transversely-motionable severing blade assembly,
(b) a support element providing guidance for crossweb transport of said assembly adjacent said web,
(0) means for storing latent, explosively activatable energy within said device, and
(d) means for explosively activating said energy into thrust suflicient to propel said assembly into highvelocities traverse of said Web.
3. A device for severing a continuous web of paper traveling at high speed, comprising (a) a transversely-motionable severing blade assemcient to propel said assembly into high-velocitied jetpowered traverse of said web.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Engberg 83614 X Tacka-berry 83614 Surfus 83614 X Perry 83614 X Jefirey 83-614 X Subklew.
WILLIAM S. LAWSON, Primary Examiner.
WILLIAM W. DYER, ]R., Examiner.
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|International Classification||B26D1/01, B26D5/08, B26D1/04, B26D5/12|
|Cooperative Classification||B26D1/045, B65H2301/51531, B26D5/12|
|European Classification||B26D5/12, B26D1/04B|