US 3279465 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 18, 1966 v. cHERlo ETAL 3,279,465
BANDAGING MEANS FOR THE PROTECTION mmm 0 ssssssss:
Avmvnmvxvm UnitedStates Patent O l 3,279,465 BANDAGENG MEANS FR THE PRUTECTEN AND THE RESTRANT OF DRESSENGS Vittoria Cherie and Giuseppe Mignone, both of' Valle San Matteo, Cisterna dAsti, Italy Filed May 14, 1963, Ser. No. 280,240 2 Claims. (Cl. 12S-171) This invention relates to bandaging meansV having the purpose of holding in place firmly the dressings applied on wounds, on surgical incisions, on skin diseases in general, and more generally for any injury requiring a bandage on the surface dressing.
In general, as it is known, to protect and to hold in place the dressings, a common practice is `to make use of bands, which, however, are to be applied by experienced personnel carefully and in such a way as not to hinder the normal blood circulation and at the same ytime to ensure a firm restraint of the means being used for dressing.
Besides, especially in the case of widespread dressings, the bands commonly used are likely to impede the patients movements and to hinder the normal perspiration, thus resulting in a tiresome arrangement, and frequently causing harmful lesions on the epidermis which could require a long time for healing.
A first important purpose of this invention is to provide special bandaging means in the place of the usual bandages, such means being easily and rapidly applicable even by unskilled persons.
Another purpose of the invention is to provide suitable bandaging means for the restraint of the dressing gauzes to hold them in place, yet allowing the free blood circulation in the dressed parts of the body.
A third purpose of the invention is to provide suitable bandaging means so designed as not to hinder the patients movements, and of such a consistency as to let perspiration take place freely, thus facilitating a more rapid healing of the diseased parts of the body.
A further purpose of the invention is to provide suitable bandaging means for those parts of the body, like the trunk and -the abdomen, which cannot be properly protected by the use of ordinary tubular bandages.
The purposes of the invention, and others as well, are explained in the following detailed description making reference to the attached drawings in which:
FIG. l shows in particular a preferred type of looped fabric for bandages according to the invention;
FIG. 2 shows said type -of bandage manufactured in such a form as to be suitable for the upper part of the trunk.
A suitable bandage according to the invention to be used in the place of the common bands consists of a substantially tubular portion of netted fabric 10. The fabric is made of elastic, supple, extensible material, to be worn on limbs or on other parts of the body, with the advantage of assuming the shape of the dressed part of the body requiring a suitable protection.
The elastic material can be obtained from an elastic substance like rubber or plastic material having a spongy cellular structure; however, it can be preferably a supple looped fabric made of elastic weft yarns 11 and of nonelastic or inelastic warp yarns 12 in net-like formation, which can stretch at a variable degree of elasticity so as to restrain firmly in place the dressing gauze by close touch.
According to the invention, the netted fabric is made in simple tubular form so as to be suitably worn on limbs, legs and arms, and in the form of a sort of garment to be worn on the trunk and/or on the abdomen.
An example is given making reference to FIG. 2 for 3,279,465 Fatented @et 18, 1966 the protection and the restraint of dressings on the upper part of the trunk, on the chest and -on the shoulders by means of an elastic bandage according to the invention, said bandage having the form of a vest with two short sleeves lf3-14 and a central part 15 covering the upper part -of the torso. The vest may be provided with a band on the sleeve as shown only on one sleeve at 16.
Similarly, to cover the lower portion of the trunk, belly and abdomen, the fabric is substantially made in the form of adhering shorts or slips.
The bandage means is adaptable to the anatomical structure of the body, according to the purposes of the invention, and offer the advantage of ensuring the required protection of those parts of the body which otherwise couldnt be properly covered by the use of a simple tubular fabric.
The vest type bandage means as shown in FIG. 2 ensures the required protection and the restraint of dressings 1t) on shoulders and/or on axillary areas marked A in the drawing, yet allowing free movements of the patients arms and trunk.
The ready-made bandage is made of a single piece of fabric, seamless, free from vacant spaces or gaps, evenly soft in the whole of its composition.
Moreover, the net-like construction of the fabric, or more generally the spongy cellular formation of the material allow for a normal perspiration of the bandaged skin, thus preventing the occurrence of troubles on the epidermis and easing a more rapid recovery.
Of course, the field of application of the invention is not restricted within the limits of the exemplifications as given above, and variations can be developed on the basis of the given descriptions and of the following claims.
1. A tubular bandage means for binding dressing gauzes and the like consisting of a netted tubular fabric comprising alike courses axially spaced comprising substantially inelastic yarns extending in a circumferential direction on said tubular fabric each defining the axial extent of respective ones of said courses and elastic yarns arranged in a zig-zag configuration looped around successive ones of said inelastic yarns in open triangular loops defining triangular spaces alternately inverted relative to each other and the triangular loops of the successive courses having their apices aligned in an axial direction and each apex substantially bisecting a base of a triangular `loop in a next successive course.
2. A tubular bandage means according to claim l, in which said tubular fabric is wearable on the body of a wearer and is configured and di-mensioned to conform to the shape of a part of the body on which it is worn.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,041,664 5/1936 Mendel et al. 66-195 2,114,004 4/1938 Reinthal 66-195 2,144,667 l/1939 Stein 66-202 2,173,214 9/1939 Petersen 87-2 2,188,640 1/1940 Bloch et al 87-2 2,289,302 7/1942 Bradshaw 66-195 2,672,139 3/1954 Caspar 128-165' 2,810,184 l0/l957 Sherman 12S-155 X 3,097,644 7/1964 Parker 128-157 FOREIGN PATENTS 840,523 7/ 1960 Great Britain.
RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner. C. F. ROSENBAUM, Assistant Examiner.