|Publication number||US3280783 A|
|Publication date||Oct 25, 1966|
|Filing date||Oct 23, 1964|
|Priority date||Oct 23, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3280783 A, US 3280783A, US-A-3280783, US3280783 A, US3280783A|
|Inventors||Menning Walter A|
|Original Assignee||Menning Walter A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (7), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 25, 1966 w. A. MENNING 3,280,783
ANCHOR KIT Filed Oct. 23, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. WALTER A. MENNING ATTORNEY Oct. 25, 1966 w. A. MENNING 3,280,783
ANCHOR KIT Filed Oct 23, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. WALTER A. MENNING ATTORNEY 3,280,783 ANt'lI-IOR KIT Walter A. Menning, 122 Harvard, Youngstown, Ohio Filed st. 23, 1964, Ser. No. 406,063 2 Claims. (Cl. 114-408) This invention relates to an anchor and more particularly to an anchor which may be sold and carried on a boat in kit form and assembled for use, used and disassembled thereafter for compact storage.
The principal object of the invention is the provision of an improved anchor which may be carried in kit form or disassembled relation and assembled to form an efficient anchor for boats, ships and the like.
A further object of the invention is the provision of an anchor which may be simply and inexpensively formed of stamped metal sections.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of an anchor which is light in weight, relatively large in size as compared with its Weight and conventional anchors, and capable of withstanding the strain incidental to anchoring a ship or a boat or the like.
A till further object of the invention is the provision of an anchor which may be carried as a kit or knockeddown disassembled form as a spare anchor in a minimum amount of space.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of an anchor having an elongated shank, a loosely positioned transverse stock, fiukes secured to said stock and crown positioned on the outer ends of the stock in spaced relation to the shank and fiukes of the anchor, whereby said crowns provide stabilizing means desirably positioning the anchor with respect to the entry of the anchor fiukes into the bottom.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of an anchor kit of small, light weight construction of efiicient size and strength that may be quickly assembled and efiiciently used for the purpose and then retrieved and disassembled and stored in a relatively small place.
The anchor kit disclosed herein relates to an improvement in anchors of the general type including an elongated shank with a transversely positioned stock and fiukes on said stock arranged at an angle to the shank and generally known as a stock stabilized pivoting fluke anchor, and sometimes referred to as a light-weight type anchor.
Such light-weight type anchors are generally capable of resisting wind drag, current drag and wave action load when they are of a suflicient size to insure proper engagement of the fiukes thereof in the bottom to which the anchoring is made. In order to improve the performance of so-called light-weight type anchors, the present invention proposes to form a light-weight anchor complete with shank, stock, fiukes and crown on the extreme ends of the stock wherein the several parts may be and preferably are formed of metal stampings and capable of being quickly and easily assembled and secured so that most of the time the anchor may be carried in a compact, disassembled kit form in a minimum of space.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being the intention to cover all changes and modifications of the example of the invention herein chosen for purposes of the disclosure, which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein:
rates Paten 0 FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the improved lightweight anchor.
FIGURE 2 is an exploded view of the light-weight anchor.
FIGURE 3 is a vertical section on line 3-3 of FIG- URE 1 with parts broken away and on an enlarged scale relative to FIGURE 1.
By referring to the drawings and FIGURE 1 in particular, it will be seen that the anchor is shown in assembled condition, ready for use, and in which the shank 10 is shown with an opening 11 in its uppermost end arranged for the reception of a fastening rode or line. The lower end of the shank 10 has an opening therethrough inwardly from the lower end thereof a best seen in FIGURES 2 and 3 of the drawings and wherein the opening is indicated by the numeral 12. It will be observed that the sides of the opening 12 are formed by angular surfaces 13 and 14, respectively, and that the bottom of the opening 12 is arcuate as at 15. As seen in FIGURE 1 of the drawings, a cross sectionally U-shaped stock 16 is positioned through the opening 12 with the rounded base 17 of the cross sectionally U-shaped stock 16 resting on the arcuate lower surface 15 of the opening 12 and with one side of the stock 16 in substantial alignment with the angular side 13 of the opening 12, as may also be seen by referring to FIGURE 3 of the drawings.
It will be observed that the opening 12 is of a size and shape that will permit the shank 18 to move from the position seen in FIGURE 1 of the drawings where it lies to the left of a pair of substantially vertically positioned fiukes 18, 18 to a position to the right thereof.
It will be observed that the fiukes 18, 18 are angularly shaped sections of fiat material with pointed ends 19, 19 and with their opposite or base portions 20, 20 disposed in a channel 21 formed by the U-shaped stock 16. The outer ends of the cross sectionally U-shaped stock 16 receive square crowns 22, 22, each of which are apertured so that the outermost ends of the stock 16 may be extended therethrough. The crowns 22, 22 are square pieces of metal positioned on the ends of the stock 16 so that when the anchor in assembled form, as seen in FIGURE 1 of the drawings, is moved along the bottom with the stock 16 parallel with the bottom, the sharp corners of the crowns 22, 22 will turn the stock 16 on its longitudinal axis and cause the pointed ends 19, 19 of the fiuked 18 to be positioned downwardly at an angle so that they will suitably engage the bottom to form a satisfactory anchorage.
The several parts of the anchor hereinbefore described are provided with a plurality of openings and removable fasteners, such as cotter pins 23, 23 or other suitable fastening means as will occur to those skilled in the art, may be positioned therethrough to secure the parts of the anchor kit in assembled relation as seen in FIGURES 1 and 3 of the drawings.
Specifically, there are openings 24, 24 in the base portions 20, 20 of the fiukes 18, 18 and openings 25, 25 in the cross sectionally U-shaped stock 16 so that the fiukes 18 may be positioned in the channel 21 defined by the stock 16 and secured as by the cotter pins registering with the openings 24 and 25 as just described. There are parts of openings 26, 26 in the outer ends of the stock 16 and positioned transversely thereof so that when the crowns 22, 22 have been assembled thereon a seen in FIGURES 1 and 3 of the drawings, the fasteners may be positioned one on either side of each of the crowns 22, 22 so that they are secured in desirable relation thereto, as hereinbefore described.
It will be observed that prior to the positioning of the fiukes 18 and the crowns 22, the stock 16 is positioned through the opening 12 in the shank 10 and it will thus be seen that a light-weight improved anchor results from the anchor kit disclosed herein when properly assembled and fastened and that after use the fasteners may be removed and the several parts disassembled and the anchor again stored in compact kit form.
It will occur to those skilled in the art that the entire anchor can be quickly and easily assembled and disassembled and that in disassembled form it occupies a minimum of space. It will further occur to those skilled in the art that the several parts of the anchor kit may be quickly and inexpensively formed of stamped flat metal stock so that a low-cost anchor kit results. It will also be seen that the novel provision and arrangement of the widely spaced crowns insures the proper angularity of the flukes relative to the bottom when the anchor is used.
It will thus be seen that an improved anchor kit from which a practical and efficient and improved anchor can be readily assembled has been disclosed and which anchor kit therefore meets the several objects of the invention, 20
and having thus described my invention what I claim is:
1. An anchor kit comprising an elongated shank having openings adjacent its opposite ends, an elongated cross sectionally U-shaped stock of a size enabling it to be loosely positioned transversely of said shank through one of said openings, a pair of similarly formed oppositely disposed flat pointed flukes of a size enabling them to be partially positioned in the channel defined by the cross sectionally U-shap'ed stock and a pair of flat square shaped centrally opertured crowns wherein the apertures are of a size sufficient to receive the ends of said stock and means for detachably securing said flukes to said stock and said crowns to said stock with said stock positioned through said shank between said flukes.
2. The anchor kit set forth in claim 1 and wherein the opening in one end of said shank i relatively larger than the opening in the other end and wherein it is relatively larger than the cross sectional area of said stock so as to permit said stock to move about its longitudinal axis when in said relatively larger opening in said shank.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 957,621 5/1910 Neal 114-208 1,562,746 11/1925 Eells 114208 3,026,840 3/1962 Bevers 114208 OTHER REFERENCES Popular Science Publication, August 1937, page 100.
MILTON BUCHLER, Primary Examiner.
25 T. M. BLIX, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US957621 *||Jun 24, 1909||May 10, 1910||John Walker Neal||Anchor.|
|US1562746 *||Dec 4, 1923||Nov 24, 1925||American Locomotive Co||Stockless anchor|
|US3026840 *||Nov 24, 1959||Mar 27, 1962||Bevers Anchor Inc||Anchor|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3430596 *||Nov 6, 1967||Mar 4, 1969||Hysaw James H||Anchor|
|US4469042 *||Jun 11, 1982||Sep 4, 1984||Alpha Ocean Systems, Inc.||Shank for an anchor structure|
|US4559893 *||Aug 20, 1984||Dec 24, 1985||Alpha Ocean Systems, Inc.||Shank for an anchor structure|
|US4798159 *||Jan 25, 1988||Jan 17, 1989||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy||Anchor with folding self-deploying stabilizers|
|US6038996 *||Nov 24, 1998||Mar 21, 2000||Giles; Richard||Modular boat anchor and kit|
|US6119618 *||Dec 30, 1998||Sep 19, 2000||Giles; Richard||Spring biased modular boat anchor and kit|
|WO2000038973A1 *||Dec 30, 1999||Jul 6, 2000||Richard Giles||Spring biased, modular boat anchor and kit|
|U.S. Classification||114/303, 114/309|