|Publication number||US3281172 A|
|Publication date||Oct 25, 1966|
|Filing date||Oct 2, 1964|
|Priority date||May 4, 1960|
|Publication number||US 3281172 A, US 3281172A, US-A-3281172, US3281172 A, US3281172A|
|Inventors||Kuehl Thomas J|
|Original Assignee||American Cyanamid Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (17), Classifications (8), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 25, 1966 T. J. KUEHL WATERPROOF JOINT FOR ADJACENT WALL MEMBERS Original Filed May 4. 1960 INVENTOR 177mm J l z M/ ATTORNEYS United States Patent 01 3,281,172 WATERPROOF JOINT FOR ADJACENT WALL MEMBERS Thomas J. Kuehl, Huntington, N.Y., assignor, by mesne assignments, to American Cyanamid Company, Wayne, N.J., a corporation of Maine Original application May 4, 1960, Ser. No. 26,823, new Patent No. 3,182,767, dated May 11, 1965. Divided and this application Oct. 2, 1964, Ser. No. 408,450 1 Claim. (Cl. 287-18936) This is a division of copending application Serial No. 26,823, filed May 4, 1960, now Patent No. 3,182,767, issued May 11, 1965.
This invention relates to shower cabinet construction, and contemplates a shower cabinet of high quality made with prefabricated members adapted for quick and easy assembly.
Prior shower cabinets of high quality have not been constructed with prefabricated members. Usually only the floor member has been prefabricated, and the walls and ceiling have been constructed on the site by members of at least four different trades, namely, carpenters, plasterers, tile-setters and plumbers. Such shower cabinets, while generally satisfactory, require excessive time and expense to construct, and accordingly are not widely used.
One object of the invention is to provide a shower cabinet of high quality constructed entirely from prefabricated members which can be manufactured under ideal conditions.
Another object is to provide a shower cabinet of this type which can be assembled and installed by a member of only a single trade, namely, a plumber.
Another object is to provide a shower cabinet which can be assembled and installed in an extremely short time and with little or no opportunity for error.
Still another object is to provide such a shower cabinet wherein the major component members (floor, ceiling and walls) are assembled in waterproof manner without the use of caulking materials. The waterproof joints of the cabinet are such that they meet the requirements of all known building codes pertaining to the subject.
This divisional application concerns itself with a waterproof joint structure for two adjacent prefabricated walls of a shower cabinet. The waterproof joint illustrated and described herein between the walls and floor of the shower cabinet is claimed in the said copending application Serial No. 26,823.
Other objects, advantages and details of the invention will be apparent as the description proceeds, reference being had to the accompanying drawing wherein preferred forms of the invention are shown. It is to be understood that the description and drawing are illustrative only, and that the scope of the invention is to be measured by the appended claims.
In the drawing:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a shower cabinet, exeluding door wall and ceiling members, constructed in accordance with the invention.
FIG. 2 is an exploded enlarged sectional view on line 22 of FIG. 1 showing details of the waterproof joint between the floor member and a wall member.
FIG. 3 is an exploded enlarged sectional view on line 33 of FIG. 1 showing details of the waterproof joint ber comprising cast cementitious material. A terazzo floor with polished marble chips is particularly suitable and in line with the high quality and character of the present shower cabinet.
The upper surface of floor member 10 is recessed, and the recessed portion slopes gently toward central drain 11. Marginal portions 12 of floor member 10 are provided with molding structure, as will be seen, which cooperates to establish waterproof joints with the associated wall members of the cabinet.
The illustrated shower cabinet also includes a back wall member 15 and side wall members 16 and 17. In preferred form these wall members are of laminated or sandwich construction with a comparatively thick central layer of filler material 20 (FIG. 2), such as Styrofoam, secured to and lying between inner plate 21 and outer plate 22 of metallic sheet material.
Inner plate 21 of a wall member desirably is covered throughout with a finishing material 23 (FIG. 2) such as the well known plastic material identified by the trade mark Formica.
Wall members constructed as shown and described are light in weight, yet rigid and solid sounding, and possess a desirable sound deadening characteristic, all of which are requisite to shower cabinets of high quality.
Referring to FIG. 2, the caulk-free, waterproof joint between floor member 10 and one of the wall members, namely member 16, now will be described.
A downwardly facing channel 25 is associated with the lower edge of wall member 16 in waterproof manner. As shown in FIG. 2, channel 25 may consist simply of the lower margins 27 and 28 of wall member plates 21 and 22. In other words, filler material 20 terminates somewhat short of the lower edges of the two plates. This downwardly facing channel 25 forms one part of the caulk-free, waterproof joint between the wall and floor members.
The other part of the caulk-free, waterproof joint between the wall and floor members is an elongated molding 30 which is mounted on marginal portion 12 of floor member 10. Similar moldings 30, of course, are mounted on the other marginal portions of floor member 10 which receive a wall member.
For convenience of description, molding 30 includes an outer portion 31, an intermeditae portion 32 and an inner portion 33. The entire molding 30 may consist of a single extruded piece, or it may be formed from a plurality of individual elements suitably secured together. The forms shown in FIGS. 2 and 4 comprise individual elements.
One portion of molding 30, preferably outer portion 31, is secured to floor member 10 in waterproof manner. As shown, outer portion 31 has a pair of spaced flanges 35 and 36 which are embedded in marginal portion 12 of floor member 10 when the latter is cast. An upper marginal part 37 of outer portion 31 extends somewhat above the adjacent top of floor member 10.
Inner portion 33 of molding 30 is a downwardly facing channel 40 which nests snugly within downwardly facing channel 25 of wall member 16 when the latter is assembled on floor member 10. Channel 40 encloses a space of substantial volume per unit length. This relatively large space cooperates to prevent a buildup of water pressure within the joint and contributes materially to the waterproof character of the joint.
Channel 40 of molding 30 includes inner leg 41 and outer leg 42. Inner leg 41 has its free, lower edge 43 in generally parallel relation with the top of marginal portion 12 of floor member 10. It is contemplated that water will be free to enter the interior of channel 40 through spaces between lower edge 43 and the top of floor member marginal portion 12. However, because the space within channel is of relatively large volume, no pressure buildup occurs, and the water is free to exit from the interior of channel 4-0 the same way it entered. Outer leg 42 of inner portion 33 of the molding constitutes an inner wall of intermediate portion 32 of the molding.
Intermediate portion 32 of molding 30 also includes an outer leg 45, which is secured to outer portion 31 of the molding, and a bottom leg 46 interconnecting legs 42 and 45. This bottom leg, as shown, rests on the top of marginal portion 12 of floor member 10. Intermediate portion 32 of molding 30 also includes a top leg 47 which extends from the top of leg into engagement with downwardly facing channel 25 of wall member 16 when the two parts of the joint are assembled.
The easily assembled, caulk-free joint described above provides an extremely tortuous path for water tending to move from the interior to the exterior of the joint. This tortuous path, together with the comparatively large space within downwardly facing channel 40, effectively prevents all water leakage. This joint has been subjectedto extreme tests and has been found to comply fully with building codes pertaining to waterproof joints in shower cabinets and stalls.
Referring to FIG. 3, the waterproof joint between a pair of adjacent wall members likewise involves interfitting parts, one of which is a molding. This joint now will be described, it being noted that the adjacent wall members have abutting portions 50 and 51 lying in a common plane. As seen in FIG. 1, one of the prefabricated wall members, namely back wall member 15, has integral corners so that its respective abutting portions each may lie in the same plane as an adjacent side wall member.
Abutting portion 51 (FIG. 3) of side wall member 16 comprises a channel 53. As shown, legs 54 and 55 of channel 53 may be formed by the margins of the plates 21 and 22 of wall member 16. As in the case of the bottom edge, filler material 20 terminates short of the free edges of the two plates.
A molding is mounted in Waterproof manner on the vertical edge of abutting portion 50 of back wall member 15. Molding 60 includes spaced pairs of spaced legs which extend toward legs 54 and 55 of channel 53. Inner legs 61 and 62 constitute one pair of legs of molding 60, and outer legs 63 and 64constitute the other pair. The spacing between the legs of each pair is such that legs 54 and 55 of channel 53 are received snugly between the legs of the respective pairs.
To facilitate assembly of abutting wall portions, one or more of the interfitting legs is made shorter in cross sectional length than other of the legs. Thus, as illustrated in FIG. 3, legs 61 and 62 on molding 60 are shorter than legs 63 and 64. This permits leg 55 of channel 53 to enter the space between legs 63 and 64 before engagement of leg 54 with the other pair of legs. Thus, the initial engagement between respective legs of the two abutting portions serves to guide the other legs into proper engagement.
To further facilitate assembly, at least some of the legs are provoided with a beveled free edge. As shown in FIG. 3, the edges of legs 61, 63 and 64 are beveled to provide an entrance throat leading to the space between the legs of each pair.
The central space between legs 61 and 63 of molding 60 is comparatively large, and as a result there is no damaging buildup of Water pressure in the joint. Any water which may enter the space simply drains from the bottom into the recessed portion of fioor member 10 and thence to drain 11.
FIG. 4 is a sectional view showing a modified form of caulk-free, waterproof joint between a floor member and an associated wall member 71.
As in the case of wall member 16, wall member 71 includes filler material 72 sandwiched between inner plate 73 and outer plate 74. Outer plate 74 extends beyond the edge of filler material 72, as shown at '75. The extended edge is turned back on itself, as shown at 76, and the terminal margin thereof is bent at right angels to form horizontal leg 77 which is generally parallel to the edge of filler material 72, and spaced therefrom. The free edge of inner plate 73 is bent at right angles to form horizontal leg 78 which lies between leg 77 and the edge of filler material 72.
An edging member 80 includes a channel 81 which fits over leg 78 and has a right angle flange 82 lying in the plane of plate 73. Leg 77, edging member channel 81 and leg 78 are secured together as shown by suitable fastening means 83. Finishing material 85 secured to plate 73 also overlies and is secured to flange 82, as shown in FIG. 4.
Edging member 80, or equivalent, is of particular importance in cases where plate 73 is of steel or other material subject to water attack. Member 80 desirably is formed of water resistant material such as sheet alluminum. Such material has a further advantage that the free edge thereof easily can be trimmed after lamination thereof with the finishing material 85, and the raw, trimmed edge will not be sensitive to water attack.
Molding on floor member 70 is generally the same as that illustrated in FIG. 2 with the exception that more separate elements are used, and there is some variation in the details of the respective elements. Thus, outer portion 91 is a plate having lower flange 92 embedded in floor member 70. The upper margin of outer portion 91 is bent back on itself to provide a flange 93 which also is embedded in the floor member.
Intermediate portion 95 is made up of two elements. One is a downwardly facing channel 96 having a long leg 97 secured by means 98 to outer portion 90. Web 99 of channel 96 is of such length that associated short leg 100 is in engagement with the plate 74 of the assembled wall member 71.
The other element of intermediate portion 95 is an upwardly facing channel 102 having an outer leg 103 secured to leg 97 in any suitable manner as by screw means 98. Web 104 of channel 102 rests on floor member 70 and other leg 105 of the channel is disposed on the inside of leg 76 of wall member 71.
Leg 105 also constitutes a part of inner portion 107 of molding 90. This inner portion also includes a horizontal web 108 which terminates with a right angle flange 109 in engagement with flange 82. The free edge 110 of flange 109 is in spaced relation from the top of floor member 70 to minimize the possibility of water flow between fiange 109 and flange 82. Again, the space bounded by flange 82, flange 109, web 108, leg 105 and the top of floor member 70 is comparatively large in volume per unit length. Such a space prevents the buildup of water pressure at this critical part of the joint. Overall, a tortuous path is provided through the joint through which the passage of water is impossible.
As previously mentioned the present shower cabinet is quickly and easily assembled and installed with the services of a plumber only. The caulk-free joints between wall members and floor member are fully waterproof, as are the joints between respective wall members. The shower cabinet possesses all the appearance and functional characteristics of the highest quality show er cabinets which heretofore have been built on the job at considerable time and expense by carpenters, plasterers, tile setters and plumbers.
From the above description it is thought that the construction and advantages of this invention will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. Various changes in detail may be made without departing from the spirit or losing the advantages of the invention.
Having thus described the invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
A waterproof joint structure for two adjacent prefabricated wall members of a shower cabinet, said wall mem bers having abutting portions lying in a common plane and including interfitting parts associated with the respective Wall members in waterproof manner, said interfitting parts of one of said wall members comprising spaced first legs extending toward said other Wall member, and said interfitting parts of said other wall member comprising a molding having spaced pairs of spaced second legs extending toward said one wall member, each of said first legs snugly received between a pair of said second legs, the free edges of at least some of said second legs being beveled and the cross section of said second legs in one of said pairs being longer than that of the legs in the other of said pairs to facilitate entrance of said first legs.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,133,497 10/1938 Winston 52264 2,282,362 5/1942 Johnson 52-220 2,482,592 9/1949 Miller et al. 52627 FRANK L. ABBOTT, Primary Examiner.
R. S. VERMUT, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2133497 *||Dec 27, 1937||Oct 18, 1938||Shower Sales Corp||Metallic shower-bath cabinet|
|US2282362 *||Dec 16, 1939||May 12, 1942||Jamestown Steel Partitions Inc||Shower cabinet|
|US2482592 *||Sep 16, 1944||Sep 20, 1949||Diebold Inc||Metal door construction|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3393484 *||Jun 30, 1965||Jul 23, 1968||Weyerhaeuser Co||Fillet trim means in a panel baseboard assembly|
|US3631644 *||Dec 30, 1969||Jan 4, 1972||Zanussi A Spa Industrie||Sectional frame for refrigerators|
|US3838548 *||Nov 24, 1971||Oct 1, 1974||Southestern Aluminum Prod Inc||Panel edging member and assembly|
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|US4299064 *||Jun 25, 1979||Nov 10, 1981||Daniels Phillip D||Tub surround kit and method of assembly|
|US4819306 *||Jul 15, 1988||Apr 11, 1989||Yoshida Kogyo K. K.||Swivel joint|
|US8037556||Jun 24, 2005||Oct 18, 2011||Dlp Limited||Shower cubicles|
|US8201287 *||Jun 19, 2012||Bill Oetting||Moisture barrier|
|US8596021||Oct 19, 2012||Dec 3, 2013||Best Bath Systems, Inc.||Modular bathroom wall and floor systems having a plurality of room corner spring clips|
|US9084516 *||Mar 17, 2008||Jul 21, 2015||Taplanes Limited||Joint system for the manufacturing of a shower cubicle|
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|US20080250558 *||Apr 13, 2007||Oct 16, 2008||Torres Raymond C||Multi-piece shower wall system and method of installation|
|US20110056014 *||Mar 17, 2008||Mar 10, 2011||Taplanes Limited||Joint System For The Manufacturing Of A Shower Cubicle|
|US20110258954 *||Apr 23, 2010||Oct 27, 2011||Bill Oetting||Moisture barrier|
|EP2491837A1 *||Feb 16, 2012||Aug 29, 2012||Aurlane||Shower cubicle with panels assembled by fitting|
|WO2006000783A1 *||Jun 24, 2005||Jan 5, 2006||Dlp Limited||Improvements in and relating to shower cubicles|
|WO2013021031A1||Aug 9, 2012||Feb 14, 2013||Gatma International As||System and method for assembling|
|U.S. Classification||52/592.1, 52/800.16|
|International Classification||A47K3/28, A47K3/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A47K3/008, A47K3/284|
|European Classification||A47K3/28C1, A47K3/00E|
|Mar 14, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF CHICAGO THE
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CR/PL, INC., A CORP OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004531/0192
Effective date: 19850516
|Apr 30, 1984||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: IRVING TRUST COMPANY, 201 EAST 42 STREET, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:FIAT ASTER PRODUCTS, INC. A CORP OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004254/0562
Effective date: 19820623
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FIAT ASTER PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004254/0562
Owner name: IRVING TRUST COMPANY, NEW YORK
|Nov 3, 1982||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FIAT PRODUCTS INC., EVANSTON, ILL. A CORP. OF DE.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:FIAT PRODUCTS INC., & SUBSIDIARIES (SEE ASSIGNOR);REEL/FRAME:004063/0928
Effective date: 19820623