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Publication numberUS3281747 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 25, 1966
Filing dateFeb 25, 1963
Priority dateFeb 25, 1963
Publication numberUS 3281747 A, US 3281747A, US-A-3281747, US3281747 A, US3281747A
InventorsWinsand Amos O
Original AssigneeDollar Electric Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multi-tap plug
US 3281747 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 25, 1966 A. o. WINSAND MULTI-TAP PLUG Filed Feb. 25, 1963 4 Sh'ets-Sheet l INVENTOR.

-AMO$ O. l w/van/vo LLM fQ/Af Oct. 25, 1966 A. o. WINSAND 3,281,747

MULTI-TAP PLUG Filed Feb. 25, 1963 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEN TOR.

A M o s a. W/A/Jfl/VO MULTI-TAP PLUG Filed Feb. 25, 1963 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 lull! IN VEN TOR 14/1406 0. rw/vsn/vo mizlmmfl M ATTORNEYS Oct. 25, 1966 A. o. WINSAND v 3,231,747

MULTI-TAP PLUG Filed Feb. 25, 1963 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 wil Mr INVENTOR.

A M o s o. wx/vsnlvo United States Patent 3,281,747 MULTI-TAP PLUG Amos 0. Winsand, Birmingham, Mich., assignor to Dollar Electric Company, Madison Heights, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Filed Feb. 25, 1963, Ser. No. 260,621 Claims. (Cl. 336-137) This invention relates generally to transformers and refers more particularly to resistance welding transformers.

An essential object of the invention is to provide a transformer having a plug for carrying current to the transformer which also serves as a tap switch.

Another object of the invention is to provide a transformer having primary tap terminals so arranged and constructed that the plug which carries current to the primary can be plugged directly into different pairs of the tap terminals.

Another object is to provide a transformer having a plurality of terminals electrically connected to the primary, and a primary disconnect plug having spaced terminals, the spacing between the tap terminals being such that the plug can be connected to the primary by having its terminals simultaneously in contact with different pairs of tap terminals.

Another object is to provide a transformer wherein one of the tap terminals is spaced from two others a distance equal to the spacing between the plug terminals so that the plug can be connected to the primary by having its terminals simultaneously in contact with the one tap terminal and either of the other two.

Another object is to provide a transformer wherein one of the tap terminals is centrally located and the other tap terminals are arranged in a circle around the central tap terminal.

Another object is to provide a transformer wherein the tap terminals are arranged in two parallel rows with the middle terminal in each row spaced the same distance from both of the other terminals in the same row, and with both middle terminals connected to the same primary tap.

Another object is to provide an opening in the transformer housing through which the primary disconnect plug can be inserted, and a cover plate for the plug adapted tooverlie and fully close the opening.

Other objects and features of the invention will become apparent as the description proceeds, especially when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a sectional view of a transformer constructed in accordance with the invention, and taken on the line 11 of FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 2 is a front elevation of the transformer.

FIGURE 3 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 but with the primary disconnect plug removed.

FIGURE 4 is a Wiring diagram of the transformer.

FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary sectional view, taken on the line 5-5 of FIGURE 6, showing a modification.

FIGURE 6 is a front elevation of the transformer shown in FIGURE 5.

FIGURE 7 is similar to FIGURE 6 but shows the primary disconnect plug in another position.

FIGURE 8 is a front elevation of the transformer shown in FIGURES 5-7, with the primary disconnect plug removed.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, and especially to FIGURES 1-4, the transformer comprises a housing 10 which includes a casing or enclosure 12 and a cover 14. The cover is removably secured over the open front end 16 of the housing by fasteners 18. The transformer primary 20 and secondary 22 are housed 3,281,747 Patented Oct. 25, 1966 ice within casing 12. Electrodes 23 are connected to the secondary and may be employed to effect a weld, as shown in FIGURE 4.

The primary taps 24, 26, 28, 30 and 32 are electrically connected to the coils of the primary at spaced intervals, and are in the form of electrically conductive strips which extend to the terminal support or base 34. The base 34 is formed of insulating material and is connected to the front wall 36 of the cover 14 by posts 38 and fasteners 40. The cylindrical tap terminals 42, 44, 46, 48 and 50 are secured to the base 34 in parallel relation. The ends of the taps 24-32 extend across the front surface of the base '34 and are in electrical con-tact with terminals 42-50. The taps may have holes in their ends to clear the terminals, and nuts 52 on the terminals clamp the taps securely in place. Arc barriers 53 are secured to the front surface of the base.

The arrangement of tap terminals 42-50 is such that the terminal 42 is centrally located and the others are arranged in a circle around the central terminal. The space between terminal 42 and each of the others is the same.

The primary disconnect plug 54 also serves as a tap switch and comprises an elongated body 55 of electrically insulating material secured to the rear face of a circular cover plate 56 by fasteners 58. The plug body 55 extends through a circular opening 59 in the cover 14 and is formed With parallel passages 60. Tubular socket terminals 62 and 63 are secured in passages 60. The socket terminals 62 and 63 have an inside diameter approximating the diameter of the tap terminals 42-50 so that they can receive the tap terminals with a close friction fit. The tubular socket terminals 62 and 63 are arranged so that their cylindrical passages are parallel and spaced apart a distance equal to the spacing between the central tap terminal 42 and each one of the remaining tap terminals 44-50.

The plug body 55 has a recess 64 in its front face which opens into both passages 60 so that the leads 66 of the primary current conductor 68 can be connected to the laterally offset portions 70 of the socket terminals. The cover plate 56 is formed with an opening 72 which registers with the recess 64 in the plug body to clear the primary current conductor. The rear .face of the plug body has a slot 74 to clear the arc barriers 53.

The cover plate 56 is somewhat larger in diameter than the opening 59 in the cover 14 and is removably secured to the cover by fasteners 65. A gasket 76 may, if desired, be provided across the rear face of the cover plate to seal the opening.

In use, the plug body 55 is inserted into the cover 14 through the opening 59 and is electrically connected to the primary by having its socket terminal 62 extend over the tap terminal 42 and its socket terminal 63 extend over one of the other tap terminals 44-50. By reason of the fact that the space between tap terminal 42 and any one of the other tap terminals is the same as the spacing between the plug socket terminals 62 and 63, the primary current conductor can be electrically connected to the primary across the tap terminals 42, 44 or 42, 46 or 42, 48 or 42, 50. Hence the primary disconnect plug 54 also serves the purpose of a tap switch. The friction engagement between the plug and tap terminals may be enough to hold the plug in assembly. However, preferably the fasteners 65 are employed.

The socket terminal 62 of the disconnect plug is disposed at the center of the circular cover plate 56 so that the cover plate merely rotates on its axis, and does not bodily shift, when moving the primary disconnect plug from one pair of tap terminals to another. This can be readily accomplished by removing fasteners 65, pulling out the disconnect plug, rotating it, and pushing it back in with its socket terminals engaging tap terminal 42 and any of the other surrounding tap terminals. The fasteners of course are re-inserted.

FIGURE 2 shows the primary disconnect plug 54 connected across terminals 42 and 50, and the arrow 82 on the front face of plate 56 indicates the'plug is in the number four position. The arrow thus indicates the amount of the primary that is connected into the circuit. When the arrow 82 extends down in the OFF position, the plug terminal 62 engages tap terminal 42, but the plug terminal 63 does not engage a tap terminal.

FIGURES -8 show a modified transformer which comprises a housing 110 having a casing or enclosure 112 and a cover 114. The cover is removably secured over the open end 116 of the housing by fasteners 118. The transformer primary and secondary are housed within casing 112. The primary is designated 120 and the secondary, although not shown, may be the same as the secondary shown in FIGURE 1.

The primary taps 124, 126, 128, 130 and 132 are electrically connected to the coils of the primary at spaced intervals, and are in the form of electrically conductive strips which extend to the terminal support or base 134. The base 134 is formed of insulating material and is connected to the front wall 136 of the cover 114 by posts 138 and fasteners 140. The ends of the taps 124-132 extend across the front face of the base 134 and are secured thereto by fasteners 141. The tap terminals 142 and 143 are secured to the tap 124, tap terminal 144 is secured to tap 128, terminal 146 is secured to tap 130, terminal 148 is secured to tap 132, and terminal 150 is secured to tap 126. The tap terminals are in the form of elongated flat blades which may be secured to the taps in any suitable manner, as by welding, and project in a forward direction.

The terminals 143, 144 and 146 extend in a row, are uniformly spaced apart, parallel to one another and lie in a common plane. The terminals 142, 148 and 150 likewise extend in a row, and are uniformly spaced apart, being parallel and disposed in a common plane. The two rows of terminals are parallel and the terminals in the two rows are respectively opposite one another. The spacing between the terminals in one row is the same as the spacing of the terminals in the other row.

Arc barriers 153 are mounted on the base 134.

The primary disconnect plug 154 comprises an elongated body 155 of electrically insulating material secured to the rear face of a rectangular cover plate 156 by fasteners 158. The plug body 155 extends through a rectangular opening 159 in the cover 114 and is formed .with parallel passages 160. Socket terminals 162 and 163 are secured in the passages 160. The socket terminals have narrow slots open at the rear ends so that the tap terminals can be pressed in with a friction fit. The plug terminal slots are parallel and are spaced apart a distance equal to the spacing between the tap terminals in either row. The plug body 155 has a recess 164 in its front face which opens into both passages 160 so that the leads 166 of the primary current conductor 168 can be connected to the laterally offset portions 170 of the plug terminals. The cover plate 156 is formed with an opening 172 which registers with the recess 164 in the plug body to clear the primary current conductor. The rear face of the plug body has a slot 174 to clear the arc barriers 153.

The cover plate 156 is somewhat larger in length and width than the opening 159 in the cover 114, and is removably secured to the cover by fasteners 165. A gasket 176 may, if desired, be provided across the rear face of the cover plate to seal the opening.

In use, the plug body 155 is inserted into the cover 114 through the opening 159 and is electrically connected to the primary by having its slotted terminal 162 receive either the tap terminal 142 or 143. If it receives tap terminal 142, the other slotted terminal 163 of the plug will engage either tap terminal 148 or in the same row. Likewise, if the slotted plug terminal 162 engages tap terminal 143, the other plug terminal 163 will engage either tap terminal 144 or 146 in the same row. While there is substantial friction engagement between the plug and tap terminals, the fasteners are preferably employed to removably secure the disconnect plug to the cover.

The cover plate 156 is enough larger than the opening 159 to always cover the opening no matter what position it is in. It is capable of four different positions, as will be apparent from a consideration of Figures 6-8. The arrow on the cover indicates its position.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. A transformer including a primary and a secondary, a plurality of taps connected at spaced points to said primary, said taps respectively having spaced tap terminals insulated from one another, a primary disconnect plug having a pair of spaced plug terminals and having leads from a voltage, source connected to said plug terminals, a first pair of said tap terminals being spaced apart the same distance as said plug terminals and a second pair of said tap terminals being spaced apart the same distance as said plug terminals, neither terminal of said first pair being a terminal of said second pair, said plug being connected to said primary by having said plug terminals simultaneously in removable contact with the tap terminals of the first pair, said plug terminals also being adapted to be removed from contact with said tap terminals of the first pair and to be placed simultaneously in removable contact with the tap terminals of said second pair, said primary disconnect plug thereby serving also as a tap switch.

2. A transformer including a primary and a secondary, a plurality of taps connected at spaced points to said primary, said taps respectively having spaced tap terminals insulated from one another, a primary disconnect plug having a pair of spaced plug terminals and having leads from a voltage source connected to said plug terminals, one of said tap terminals being the center tap terminal and the other tap terminals numbering at least three and being arranged in a circle around said center tap terminal, said center tap terminal being spaced from each of the circle of tap terminals a distance equal to the spacing between said plug terminals, said plug being connected to said primary by having its terminals simultaneously in removable contact with said center tap terminal and one of said circle of tap terminals, said plug terminals also being adapted to be removed from contact with said center tap terminal and said one of the circle of tap terminals and to be placed simultaneously in removable contact with said center tap terminal and any of the others of said circle of tap terminals, said primary disconnect plug thereby serving also as a tap switch.

3. A transformer including a primary and a secondary, a plurality of taps connected at spaced points to said primary, a plurality of spaced tap terminals, a primary disconnect plug having a pair of spaced plug terminals and having leads from a voltage source connected to said plug terminals, said tap terminals including a first row of three arranged in a straight line and a second row of three arranged in a straight line with the tap terminals of one row respectively opposite those of the other row, the middle tap terminals in both rows being connected to the same tap and the other two tap terminals in both rows each being connected to a different tap, the tap terminals in each row being insulated from one another, the middle tap terminal of each row being spaced from the other two tap terminals in the same row a distance equal to the spacing between said plug terminals, said plug being connected to said primary by having its terminals simultaneously in removable contact with the middle terminal and one of the other two in said first row, said plug terminals also being adapted to be removed from contact with said middle terminal and said one of the other two terminals in said first row and to be placed in removable contact with said middle terminal and the other of the other two terminals in said first row, or with the middle terminal and either of the other two terminals in said second row, said primary disconnect plug thereby serving also as a tap switch.

4-. A transformer including a housing, a primary and a secondary Within said housing, a plurality of taps connected at spaced points to said primary, said tap respectively having spaced tap terminals within said housing insulated from one another, one of said tap terminals being the center tap terminal and the others numbering at least three and being arranged in a circle around the center terminal, the distance from the center terminal to each of the circle of tap terminals being the same, a circular opening in said housing opposite said terminals and concentric with said center tap terminal, a primary disconnect plug insertable within said housing through said opening and having a pair of plug terminals spaced apart a distance equal to the spacing between the center tap terminal and each of the circle of tap terminals, said primary disconnect plug having leads from a voltage source connected to said plug terminals, said plug being connected to said primary by having said plug terminals simultaneously in removable contact with said center tap terminal and one of said circle of tap terminals, said plug terminals also being adapted to be removed from contact with said center tap terminal and said one of the circle of tap terminals and to be placed simultaneously in removable contact with said center tap terminal and any of the others of said circle of tap terminals, said primary disconnect plug thereby serving also as a tap switch, a circular cover plate secured to said plug and adapted to overlie and completely close said opening in the housing in any of the aforesaid positions of said plug, and means for removably securing said cover plate to said housing.

5. A transformer including a housing, a primary and a secondary within said housing, a plurality of taps connected at spaced points to said primary, a plurality of spaced tap terminals within said housing, said tap terminals including a first row of three spaced apart uniformly in a straight line and a second row of three spaced apart uniformly in a straight line with the tap terminals of one row respective-1y opposite those of the other row,

the spacing between the terminals of one row being the same as in the other row, the middle tap terminals in both rows being connected to the same tap and the other two tap terminals in both rows each being connected to a different tap, the terminals in each row being insulated from one another, said housing having a rectangular opening opposite said tap terminals, a primary disconnect plug insertable into said housing through said opening and having a pair of plug terminals spaced apart the same distance as said tap terminals in each row, saidprimary disconnect plug having leads from a voltage source connected to said plug terminals, said plug being connected to said primary by having said plug terminals simultaneously in removable contact with the middle tap terminal and one of the other two in said first row, said plug terminals also being adapted to be removed from contact with the middle tap terminal and said one of the other two in said first row and to be placed simul aneously in removable contact with said middle tap terminal and the other of the other two in said first row, or with the middle tap terminal and one or the other of the other two in said second row, said primary disconnect plug thereby serving also as a tap switch, a rectangular cover plate secured to said plug and adapted to overlie and fully close said opening in said housing in any of the aforesaid positions of said plug, and means for removaoly securing said cover plate to said housing.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Re. 24,838 6/1960 Girton 336107 X 1,337,080 4/1920 Krone 336l07 X 2,792,559 5/1957 Maberry 33932 FOREIGN PATENTS 603,326 3/1960 Italy.

OTHER REFERENCES ltrablitz Flash-Unit Instruction Book (unit purchased January 1961 from the Sommers Camera Exchange), pages 6, 7, 8 and 16 relied on.

LEWIS H. MYERS, Primary Examiner.

JOHN F. BURNS, LARAMIE E. ASKIN, Examiners.

W. M. ASBURY, D. J. BADER, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1337080 *Jun 16, 1919Apr 13, 1920 Multiconducting leads
US2792559 *Mar 2, 1953May 14, 1957Maberry Garland APlug connector reversing switch
USRE24838 *Aug 13, 1953Jun 14, 1960Kirkgirton
IT603326B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3932824 *Oct 17, 1974Jan 13, 1976Wycoff Keith HSignal selective circuit
US4232260 *Apr 19, 1978Nov 4, 1980Lambkin Fred MUniversal battery charger/adapter unit
US6643158Dec 3, 2001Nov 4, 2003Mobility Electronics, Inc.Dual input AC/DC to programmable DC output converter
US6650560Aug 22, 2002Nov 18, 2003Mobility Electronics, Inc.Dual input AC and DC power supply having a programmable DC output utilizing single-loop optical feedback
US6700808Feb 8, 2002Mar 2, 2004Mobility Electronics, Inc.Dual input AC and DC power supply having a programmable DC output utilizing a secondary buck converter
US6751109May 31, 2002Jun 15, 2004Mobility Electronics, Inc.Dual input AC/DC/ battery operated power supply
US6775163Sep 12, 2003Aug 10, 2004Mobility Electronics Inc.Dual input AC/DC to programmable DC output converter
US6791853Mar 7, 2003Sep 14, 2004Mobility Electronics, Inc.Dual input AC/DC power converter having a programmable peripheral power hub module
US6903950Jul 18, 2003Jun 7, 2005Mobility Electronics, Inc.Programmable power converter
US6937490Mar 1, 2004Aug 30, 2005Mobility Electronics, Inc.Dual input AC and DC power supply having a programmable DC output utilizing a modular programmable feedback loop
US7646620Aug 26, 2005Jan 12, 2010Igo, Inc.AC/DC power converter
US8213204Apr 1, 2009Jul 3, 2012Comarco Wireless Technologies, Inc.Modular power adapter
US8354760Oct 28, 2009Jan 15, 2013Comarco Wireless Technologies, Inc.Power supply equipment to simultaneously power multiple electronic device
Classifications
U.S. Classification336/137, 336/107, 336/150
International ClassificationH01F27/00, H01R29/00, H01F27/40
Cooperative ClassificationH01F27/40, H01R29/00
European ClassificationH01R29/00, H01F27/40