John bassemir and gust ay htjmel
US 328276 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. BASSEMIR 8a G.`HUMEL.
Patented Oct. 13, 1885.
o O o o o o o o o i UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICEo JOHN BASSEMIR AND GUSTAV HUMEL, OF BROOKLYN, NEV YORK; SAID HUMEL ASSIGNOR TO SAID BASSEMIR.
SPBCIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 328,276, dated October 13, 1885.
Application filcd February 11, 1885. Serial No. 155,580. (No model.)
.T0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, JOHN BiissEMIR and GUsrAv HUMEL, both of Brooklyn, in Kings county, and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Lamps, of which the following is a specification.
We Will describe a lamp embodying our improvement, and then point out the novel features in claims.
In the aceompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side view of a lamp emloodying our improvement, a certain portion being broken away to exhibit parts which would otherwise be concealed. Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation of a wick-carrier, and Figs. 3 and 4 are views of certain parts of the wick-carrier detached.
Similar letters of reference designate corresponding parts in all the figures.
A designates the reservoir of the lamp. As here shown it is bowl-shaped, and has near the bottom a contraeted portion or neck, a. It is supported upon a base, B. The base B has near its top a contracted or neck-like portion, b, adapted to fit upon the portion a of the reservoir A, and be secured thereto by solder or otherwise. N ear its bottom the base B is provided with apertures a', through which air is supplied to the interior of an annular Wiek-tube, O.
The wick-tube O is composed of an inner wall, D, and an outer wall, E, united at their lower ends by a ring of metal, c, secured thereto by solder. This wiek-tube extends through the reservoir, and is secured near its lower end to the portion a of the reservoir by solder or otherwise in such manner as to be oil-tight. Holes d in the outer wall of the wiek-tube admit oil to a tubular wiek, F. I have shown the wiek F detached'from the wiek-tube and secured to a wick-carrier, G. This carrier is adapted to be moved up and down within the wiek-tube. It consists of a ring of metal, f, having serrations or teeth e, extending inwardly and circumferentially about the same. To the ring f is rigidly affixed a rack-bar, g.
H is a tube adapted to fit within the tubular wiek F. Near one end it is provided with a circumferential groove, h. The ring f having been placed about the wiek, the tube H is inserted within the wiek. lVhen the groove h is opposite the teeth c on the ring, the teeth enter the same or force the portions of the wiek with which they are in contact therein, ,and thus secure the wiek by a strong grip to the tube H. By this means the wiek may be raised eveuly, and all canting to one side, which is usual in tubular lamp wicks, is avoided.
I is a star-wheel of ordinary construction, adapted to engage with the rack-bar g of the wick-carrier G, through a slot, i, in the outer wall of the wiek-tube. This star-wheel is mounted upon a shaft, J, near one end thereof. The shaft J is journaled at one end in a bearing, j, upon the Wick'tube, and near the other in a bearing consistiug of a stufiing-box, K. The shaft preferably passes through a tube, L, secured at one end to the inner end of the stuffing-box K, and at the other to the Wicktube by solder or otherwise. Upon its outer end the shaft has upon it a hand-wheel, 7a. The stuffing-box K extends through an aperture in the shell of the reservoir, and is secured therein by solder or otherwise. It may be stuffed with any suitable material. It is provided with a screw-cap, as usual. The stuffing-box prevents the oil from escaping from the reservoir about the shaft J.
The wiek-tube passes through a suitable aperture in the top of the reservoir and extends for a considerable distance above the same.
M is an air-distributer, fitted about the wiektube in the usual or any suitable manner. It has upon it a chimney-gallery, Z. An annular defiector, N, also extends about the wiek-tube within the distributer. f';
O is a button or spreader provided with a shank, m, adapted to fit within the 'upper end of the tube P, which passes npward Within the inner wall of the wiek-tube. Spider-like devices o, arranged about the tube P, and having the ends thereof secured to the inner wall of the wiek-tube, maintain the tube P in a Vertical position. The bottom of the shank m of the button or spreader is open, and permits air to pass upward through the button or spreader. The air escapes through perforations 1' into the fiame.
The reservoir A may be filled with oil IOO 2. In a lamp, the combination, with the Wiek-tube O, of the wiek F, the ring f, having serrations or teeth e, the rack-bar g, and the 15 Vtube H, provided With the groove h, substantially as specified.
JOHN BASSEMIR. GUSTAV HUMEL.
I E. T. ROOHE,
WM. G. LIPsEY.