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Publication numberUS3283546 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 8, 1966
Filing dateSep 21, 1964
Priority dateSep 21, 1964
Publication numberUS 3283546 A, US 3283546A, US-A-3283546, US3283546 A, US3283546A
InventorsGoichi Matsui
Original AssigneeGoichi Matsui
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Candle impregnated with flamecolouring agents
US 3283546 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 8, 1966 3,283,546


ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,283,546 CANDLE HVIPREGNATED WITH FLAME- COLOURING AGENTS Goichi Matsui, 10891 Nagasawa, Reiho Village, Suzuka County, Mie Prefecture, Japan Filed Sept. 21, 1964, Ser. No. 397,897 5 Claims. (Cl. 67-22.5)

This invention relates to candles, and more especially to ornamental candles including flame-colouring agents such as strontium, copper, barium, lithium, sodium, potassium and their compounds like cupric nitrate, barium chlorate, sodium chloride, nickel chloride and strontium carbonate.

Conventional candles impregnated with flame-colouring agents have not broadened the diameter of the candle body, the maximum being mm. under the reasons described below.

(a) As the diameter of the candle body gets broadened and, accordingly so does the diameter of the wick, drawing-up of molten. wax is done without a hitch, but in consequence, this leads to an enlargement of flame and a remarkable lowering of flame-colouring effect of flamecolouring agents affected by the brightness of yellowcolour which is the flame-colour of carbon present in the parafiin that constitutes the fundamental candle material.

(b) As the diameter of the candle body gets broadened leaving the wick diameter as it is, the amount of molten wax increases as compared with the drawing-off amount of wax by the wick for a given time so that as shown in FIG. 5 there creates a pool 11 of molten wax on the top of the candle body 10, and with the difference of gravity, the flame-colouring agents 12 sink to stay at the bottom of the pool 11 and the wick 13 draws up only the upper-laid molten wax so that the flame 14 doesnt only accompany almost any colouring effect of the flame-colouring agents 12 but also the said flame-colouring agents 12 cling to the wick 13 to make the flame 14 unstable.

Under the reasons given above, the conventional candle impregnated with flame-colouring agents is generally narrow and looks meager and therefore to promote the colouring effect by merely adding plenty of flame-colouring agents is far to be materialized.

This invention has been devised to overcome the aforesaid disadvantages. The primary object is to provide a candle enabling it to remove automatically excess wax, incombustible and difficultly combustible materials by means of guttering while burning.

Another object of this invention is to provide a candle making the flame stabilized by means of the said guttering and increasing the flame-colouring effect.

One of the other objects of this invention is to provide a big-sized and good looking candle.

One of the other objects is to provide a candle that may give a highly artistic sense likely to add brilliancy to the candle body while burning by incorporating brilliant colour with the said guttering.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists of certain novel features of construction as will be more fully described and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings:

FIG. 1 is a front view, partly in vertical section, of a candle incorporated with this invention.

FIG. 2 is a vertical section of line 22 in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a front view that has been removed the portion of outer wax.

FIG. 4 is a front view, partly in vertical section, of a lighted candle.

FIG. 5 is a front view, partly in vertical section, of a conventional candle impregnated with flame-colouring Patented Nov. 8, 1966 ice agents when the candle body has been enlarged as compared with the wick as described above.

20 is the portion of outer wax (preferably white colour); it consists of about parafiin wax, about 10% stearine and other substances and has a good number of concaves 23 and convexes 24 in an irregular form. Inner this portion of outer wax is the portion of stem wax 21 (preferably white colour) with its lower end being exposed. This portion of stem wax 21 consists of about 77% paraffin wax, about 8% stearine wax and, as a flamecolouring agent 15% cupric nitrate and other substances.

Between the portion of outer wax 20 and the portion of stem wax 21 lies a colouring substance 22 (for instance, coloured wax, or colours and dyes themselves or the mixture of those and oil) (hereinafter simply called colouring substance). Explaining more particularly, the colouring substance 22, as shown in FIG. 3, lies on the surface of the portion of stem wax 21 at a proper spacing. The colours of the colouring substance 22 are different from that of the outer wax 20 and stem wax 21 with the colours being red, blue, green, yellow, purple and etc. in order. At the center of the stem wax 21 is a wick 25 which consists of an ordinary candle jointly with the stem wax 21. Therefore the candle that contains excess colouring 22 and outer wax 20 as shown in FIG. 1 may naturally result in having a slender wick as compared with the size of candle body which consists of the outer wax 20, stem wax 21 and colouring substance 22.

As the candle shown in FIG. 1 is lit for combustion, the combustion will be kept on in a state shown in FIG. 4. Under this state, as the wax content of the candle body is excess as compared with the slender wick 25, the molten wax that remains unabsorbed will remarkably increase and tend to form a pool 27 of molten wax at the upper part but will drop down in the form of guttering 26 from the good many concaves 23 on the outer wax 20 so that there creates merely a shallow and small pool 27 of molten wax. As the guttering 26 contains excess wax and incombustible substances, the flame 28 is stabilized and the flame-colouring reaction by the flame-colouring agent is effectively done. The colouring substance 22 in variety grow differently-coloured gutterings 26 periodically; as these gutterings drop down along the white surface of outer wax 20, it will certainly give a splendid colour.

The flame-colouring agent may be impregnated in the wick body and/ or the candle body.

In order to make the outer wax uneven, groove-like concaves and convexes may also be arranged or, alternatively, round hole shaped concaves and convexes may also be arranged systematically.

Although one specific example of the inventive concept has been described the same should not be construed as limited thereby to the specific features mentioned therein but to include various other equivalent features as set forth in the claims appended hereto. It is understood that any suitable changes, modifications and variations may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A candle comprising: a wick defining a candle axis; a first wax body surrounding said wick; a second wax body surrounding said first wax body in substantially coaxial relationship therewith; and a plurality of bodies of colouring substance disposed between said first and second wax bodies and substantially surrounding said first wax body, said bodies of colouring substance being of different hues and said bodies of colouring substance being disposed in longitudinally spaced sequence along said candle axis, whereby to prevent merging of the different hues and whereby to produce a superposed colour effect on the candle upon its use.

3 4 2. A candle according to claim 1 wherein said first wax 5. A candle according to claim 1 wherein said bodies body includes a flame-colouring agent. of colouring substance are annular in crosssection.

3. A candle according to claim 1 wherein the other surface of said second wax body is cratered with a plu- References Cited by the Examiner rality of cavities to promote rapid dripping of molten wax 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS from the region of the ignited wick. 2,184,666 12/ 1939 Fredericks 6722 4. A candle according to claim 1 wherein said first and 2,845,785 8/1958 Weglin 6722.5

second wax bodies are generally white in colour. CHARLES L MYHRE Primary Examiner.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,283,546 November 8, 1966 Goichi Matsui It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.

Column 3, line 3, for "other" read outer Signed and sealed this 12th day of September 1967.

(SEAL) Arrest:

ERNEST W. SWIDEB Attesting Officer EDWARD J. BRENNER Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2184666 *Sep 28, 1936Dec 26, 1939Fredericks William MColored flame candle
US2845785 *Aug 10, 1956Aug 5, 1958Walter WeglinCandle and method of making
Referenced by
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US3466135 *Apr 26, 1968Sep 9, 1969Summers James RCandle maintaining devices
US3614279 *Jan 8, 1970Oct 19, 1971Schenke Reynold ELifetime candle including fuel supply indicating means therefor
US3947232 *Jul 18, 1974Mar 30, 1976Donald FosterDecorative candle and method of manufacture therefor
US4028045 *Apr 4, 1975Jun 7, 1977Reiher Wilfred LSpecialized candle
US4419070 *Apr 2, 1981Dec 6, 1983Chicago Digital IncorporatedDecorative molten wax display
US5127922 *Sep 15, 1989Jul 7, 1992Bension Rouvain MCandles with colored flames
US5256059 *Mar 20, 1992Oct 26, 1993Constrade AktiengesellschaftTorch or candle
US6200129Feb 23, 1999Mar 13, 2001Michael R. SullivanThermochromic candle
US6276925 *Aug 11, 2000Aug 21, 2001Charles L. VargaCandle and method of making the same
US6551099Sep 28, 2001Apr 22, 2003Sophia KapinskiMultiple layered and scented candle
US7798808 *Nov 10, 2006Sep 21, 2010Robert Bruce KleveSectional candle apparatus
US8882496 *Apr 21, 2011Nov 11, 2014S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Container candle, insert therefor and method of making
US20060110696 *Nov 21, 2005May 25, 2006Takeo NishiCombustion body which produces a multi-colored flame
US20070020571 *Jul 22, 2005Jan 25, 2007Burkhamer Ronald EMulti-region compressed wax article and method for making same
US20080113308 *Nov 10, 2006May 15, 2008Robert Bruce KleveSectional candle apparatus
US20080268391 *Apr 18, 2008Oct 30, 2008Mcshane John BernardSafety candle
US20120270164 *Apr 21, 2011Oct 25, 2012Dickmann Bradley JContainer candle, insert therefor and method of making
U.S. Classification431/126, 431/288
International ClassificationC11C5/00
Cooperative ClassificationC11C5/004
European ClassificationC11C5/00B4