|Publication number||US3284952 A|
|Publication date||Nov 15, 1966|
|Filing date||Nov 27, 1964|
|Priority date||Mar 22, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3284952 A, US 3284952A, US-A-3284952, US3284952 A, US3284952A|
|Inventors||Edward E Lodge|
|Original Assignee||Edward E Lodge|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (4), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 15, 1966 E. E. LODGE 3,284,952
AUTOMATIC DOOR OPERATOR Original Filed March 22, 1962 4 hee s-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. EDWARD E. LODGE ATTOR NEY Nov. 15, 1966 E. E. LODGE AUTDMATIC DOOR OPERATOR 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Original Filed March 22, 1962 INVENTOR. EDWARD E. LODGE ATTO NEY Nov. 15, 1966 E. E. LODGE 3,284,952
AUTOMATIC DOOR OPERATOR Original Filed March 22, 1962 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. EDWARD E. LODGE ATTO E Nov. 15, 1966 E. E. LODGE 3,284,952
AUTOMATIC DOOR OPERATOR Original Filed March 22, 1962 4 heets-Sheet 4 INVENHm. EDWARD E. LODGE BY va/l/ ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,284,952 AUTOMATIQ DOOR OPERATOR Edward E. Lodge, 2881 Plymouth Road, Cleveland, Ohio Original application Mar. 22, 1962, Ser. No. 181,647, now Patent No. 3,202,415, dated Aug. 24, 1965. Divided and this application Nov. 27, 1964, Ser. No. 414,115 7 Claims. (Cl. 49-360) This is a division of application Serial No. 181,647 filed March 22, 1962, now Patent No. 3,202,415. This invention pertains to a door operating mechanism for opening and closing vertically movable doors such as garage doors.
This invention is a further development of the device shown, described and claimed in United States Patent 2,925,267, issued February 16, 1960; to Matt A. Volf. In the Volt patent a motor and drive device is connected to one of the upper corners of the door and is coupled to one of the two side rails on which the door travels by a rubber drive roller and a pinch roller.
In the parent application the claims are directed to the U-shaped rigid connector between the door and the motor unit. In the present application the claims are directed to a toggle mechanism for clamping the pinch rollers to a track.
It has been found by experience that certain types of garage doors tend to cock and bind in their two spacedapart tracks or side rails when driving power is applied only to one corner of the door. This can be especially noticeable in 16-foot or double doors where the span between the tracks is quite wide.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a toggle clamping device for quickly and easily clamping pinch rollers to a rail, and wherein a simple, inexpensive and easily operated adjustment permits adjustment of the coupling pressure exerted by the pinch rollers on the rail.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a door operator which is resiliently clamped to the regular door rail or to an auxiliary rail, and wherein the clamping mechanism is reversible so it can be used on either the right-hand or the left-hand rail; the clamping mechanism being adjustable to establish the proper coupling between drive and pinch rollers, and being releasable in the event of power failure, and which above all does not unduly load the gears and bearings of the motor device.
For a better understanding of the present invention, together with other and further objects thereof, reference is had to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, and its scope will be pointed out in the appended claims.
An aspect of the invention lies in the provision of a toggle device for pinching together on either side of a rail a pinch roller and a drive roller. The toggle device is located between the motor unit and the rollers and engages the axle of at least one of the rollers. The operating arm of the toggle device has two positions: one in which no pinching bias is established between the two rollers and the second in which the arm is in an overcenter, stable, position and a strong bias is exerted forcing the rollers together on either side of a rail. Simple adjustment means are provided so that by merely turning the operating arm the magnitude of the bias can be changed.
With reference to the drawings there is shown in FIG- URE l a section of a garage and a garage door, showing a regular door track and the unit of the present invention mounted between the regular track and the door.
FIGURE 2 is a side view of the mounted operator showing the door in its up position.
FIGURE 3 is an end view of the mounted operator showing the toggle clamp.
FIGURE 4 is a side view of the toggle clamp.
FIGURE 5 is a sectional view taken through the portion of the device which connects the operator to the door.
With reference :to FIGURE 1 the reference character indicates a garage wall and the door is indicated by reference character 11. A pair of regular tracks or rails 12 (only one of which is shown) are connected to the garage 10 in any suitable manner and constitutes the two spaced apart rails on which the door 11 runs. The motor unit 14 of the present invention is connected to the door by hardware means 15 and to the rail 12 on which the door runs by means of pinch roller means 16, 17. Thus the standard door rail, without modifications, is used by the operator, and it is not necessary to add a special center rail for the operator. Further, it is not necessary, as it has been in the past where the operator runs on one of the regular door rails, to have a drive roller on the far rail with a power connection from the motor unit to the far drive roller to prevent cocking and binding of the door.
The operator or motor unit comprises four major components; the first of which is the rotor 14 and the gear box 21 which through shaft drives the rubber belt drive roller 16; the second of which is a U-shaped connector which is connected between the motor and gear box units 14, 21 and the door; the third of which is the connector means for connecting the U-shaped connector to the regular door hardware; and the fourth of which is a toggle clamp 50 for clamping the two drive rollers 16, 17 together on opposite sides of the door rail 12.
The details of the motor unit 14 and of the gear box 21 are not shown in great detail, but they comprise a series wound motor which drives a worm gear 22 which in turn drives a gear 23 in the gear box 21. Gear 23 drives the rubber drive roller 16 which is tightly couple to the underneath side of the track 12.
As shown in FIGURE 3, the rubber roller 16 is grooved to accommodate the underneath side of track 12. The shaft 19 of the coupling roller 17 is pivotally mounted by pivot means 18 to the top of the gear box 21 and extends across the gear box toward the track 12, carrying with it the rotatable coupling wheel 17 at its outer end. A U- shaped locating device 24 mounted on the top of the gear box 21 receives a portion of the shaft 19 to prevent it from moving sideways, as shown in FIGURE 2.
The motor and gear box unit 14, 21 carry two mounting brackets 25, 26 (FIGURE 2) to only one of which the U shaped connector 30 is rigidly bolted by two spaced-apart bolts 27 (only one of which is shown in FIGURE 1) for right-hand rail mounting and to the other of which brackets it may be bolted for left-hand rail mounting.
The U-shaped connector 30 is shown in detail in FIG- URE 2. It preferably is made of hot rolled steel rather than spring steel in order to reduce costs, though of course spring steel may be used. It is comprised of two legs 31, 32 which are substantially parallel with an interconnecting arcuate portion 33 connected to the two legs and forming a closed end. The other end is open and at the open end the leg 31 has an outwardly extending mounting bracket 34 which is connected to the motor and gear box unit 14, 21 by means of the two bolts 27. Leg 32 of the U-shaped connector has connected to it by bolts 36 two spacedaapart L-shaped connectors 35, one leg of each of which has a hole through it through which the axle of a regular door roller 39 extends to establish a pivot about which pivotal motion takes place between the door and the motor unit as the door opens and closes. Between the 3 spaced-apart L-shaped connectors 35 (FIGURE 1) and mounted around the axle 40 of the door roller 39 is the upper door bushing 41 which forms part of the regular door hardware and which is tightly connected to the door 11 by flat plate 42 screwed to the face of the door.
It is very important that the L-shaped connectors 35 be bolted tightly to the broad U-shaped connector 30 and that they bear against the edges of the door bushing 41 so that there is no lateral play of the bushing 41 between the L-shaped connectors 35. Since the width of the door bushings 41 can vary from door to door, the legs of the connectors 35 which are bolted to the U-shaped connector 30 each should have a transverse slot 37 (FIGURE to accommodate bolts 36. Thus upon mounting the door operator to the door, using only the unmodified regular door hardware which is found at the top door roller 39, the two L-shaped connectors 35 are pushed in as close to each other as possible, the regular door bushing 41 holding them apart. The bolts 36 are then tightened. This, together with the broad U-shaped connector 30, provides the highly important stability at the location where the operator is connected to the door. This stability is essential. Otherwise the corner of the door has some lateral freedom and the door will cock and bind. Thus it will be seen that one of the important functions of the U- shaped connector is to permit pivoting action about axle 40 with respect to the bushing 41 with an absolute minimum of any other motion, thus constraining the corner of the door and the door operator to move up and down as a unit.
At the other side of the motor unit, opposite from the U-shaped connector, the rubber drive roller 16 and the coupling roller 17 are closely coupled to the track 12, and since the coupling roller is within the groove of the track and the rubber roller is outside and is shaped to conform to the bottom of the track, the motor unit is constrained to -move parallel to the plane of the track. This forces the upper corner of the door to which the motor unit is connected to move in a plane parallel to the track, and prevents cocking and binding of the door in its tracks.
The device of the present invention is the first door operator which can run on only one of the two regular door tracks, without a driving connection across to the opposite door track, and operate the door without binding,
even through it may be a loose fitting 16-foot wide door.
The U-shaped connector 30 has a second major function. In conjunction with a micro-switch 45 mounted on one of its legs and electrically connected into the motor circuit, it serves as a safety device.
When the door is moving down and hits an obstruction, the legs 31, 32 of the U-shaped connector while having controlled rigidity in a transverse direction can move toward each other, the arcuate portion 33 bending slightly, and the micro-switch 45 is actuated by switch arm 47 connected to leg 32 to break the electrical circuit to the motor. As shown, micro-switch 45 is carried by the bracket 46 connected to the connector legs 31 and it extends toward the other connector leg 32 on which is mounted the adjustable switch actuating blade 47. The blade 47 is a spring member which is held in position by an adjustable screw-threaded device 48- which is threaded through the leg 32 into engagement with the blade 47 to adjust the permitted amount of bending of the U-shaped connector 30 before the micro-switch 45 operates, thus to adjust the amount of force the downwardly moving door will exert be fFre the micro-switch is actuated to shut off the motor.
Since the U-shaped connector 30 is made of hot rolled steel rather than spring steel it is essential that it not be over-bent. To prevent this the bracket 46 serves another purpose. A stop device 55 is connected between the bracket 46 and the opposite leg 32 of the U-shaped connector 30. This stop device, after the connector bends enough to close switch 45, exerts a positive stopping action between the legs 31, 32 at the open end thereof, which prevents over bending of the connector, especially in the portion 33.
Another important feature of the door operator lies in the motor unit which comprises the series wound electric motor, the gears to the rubber drive roller and the drive roller. Because a large gear 33 is driven by worm 22 and a small rubber coupling roller 16 is used, it is possible to use an inexpensive series wound motor. Preferably the diameter of the rubber drive roller 16 should be not greater than the diameter of the coupling wheel 17, and the diameter of the gear 23 should be about twice the diameter of the drive roller. This permits the use of the series wound motor with its advantage of maximum torque at zero speed.
An important feature of the invention claimed in this application is the toggle clamp 50 which tightly clamps together the two pinch rollers 16, 17 on opposite sides of the track 12.
The toggle clamp 50 comprises a bushing 51 which surrounds the axle 20 at a location between the rubber roller 16 and the gear box 21. It is important that the toggle be just as close as possible to the rubber roller and the pinch roller. Otherwise the lever arms and the forces involved work to a disadvantage. A broad collar 52 bears against the bushing 51 and is connected to a long handle 53. A ball and socket joint is formed between the partial ball 54 and a socket formed through the arm 56. Arm 56 is welded to the pair of hook arms 57 which extend up over and are hooked around the shaft 19 of the pinch roller 17. FIGURE 4 shows the toggle clamp in two different positions; the solid line drawing showing the position wherein the toggle is in its clamping position and the dotted line drawing showing the position wherein-the toggle is in its relaxed, or unclamped, position. In this second position the clamp can be taken off, completely releasing the two rollers from each other. A chain or rope may be connected through hole 58 and extend downwardly so that a person can readily move the handle 56 from the clamped position to the other in the event of failure of the electric power so that the door can be operated by hand. The handle portion 53 is in threaded engagement with the stem portion 59 which is connected to the collar 52. If there is wear on the rubber pinch roller 16 tending to reduce the coupling between rollers 16 and 17, rotation of the handle 53 in the proper direction will re-establish the proper coupling force. Rotation of handle 53 in a counterclockwise direction causes the stem portion 59 to be thrust out toward the bushing 51. This operation is best performed while the toggle is in its relaxed position shown in dotted lines. Thereafter when the toggle is thrown into its over-the-center, stable position, an increased biasing force will be exerted between the two rollers.
While there have been described what are at present considered to be the preferred embodiments of this invention, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the invention, and it is, therefore, aimed in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.
The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
1. In a door operating device for use with a motor operated vertically slidable door mounted on track means and wherein the motor means is connected to the door; a pair of rollers mounted on spaced apart axle means one a pinch roller and the other a drive roller, at least one of which is made of resilient rubber-like material and at least one of which is driven by said motor means, one of said rollers engaging one side of said track means and the other engaging the opposite side of said track means at a location opposite said first roller; toggle action pinching means located between said motor and said rollers for squeezing said rollers together on opposite sides of said track including a hook engaging one of said axles and bushing means engaging the other axle; pivot means for connecting the motor to the door for pivoting motion about an axis parallel to the axes of said pinch rollers and rigid against other motions; and a connector rigidly connected to said pivot means and rigidly connected to said motor means; said pivot means, said connector and said pinch rollers in said track forming a, rigid connection, except for said pivoting motion, which holds the door against cocking motion in respect to the track means.
2. A door operating device as set forth in claim 1, further characterized by said pinc'h roller axle means having its roller mounted at one end thereof, means pivotally connecting the other end of said axle means to said motor means whereby said pinch roller can be raised and lowered in respect to said drive roller, and by said toggle action pinching means located between said pinch roller and said motor means exerting a clamping action through said hook and bushing on said axle means pulling said pinch roller toward said drive roller.
3. A door operating device as set forth in claim 2, further characterized by said toggle action means being mounted on said bushing around said pinch roller axle extending from said motor means to said drive roller, and having said hook portion of said toggle device connected over said pinch roller axle.
4. A door operating device as set forth in claim 3, further characterized by said toggle action means including adjustment means for adjusting the pressure exerted by the toggle means between the pinch rollers thereby to adjust the degree of clamping action obtained between the drive and pinch rollers to compensate for wear and loosening of parts thereof.
5. A door operating device as set forth in claim 4, further characterized by a manually operable lever connected to said toggle means whereby manual release of the coupling action between said drive and pinch rollers can be obtained by moving said lever.
6. In a door operating device for use with a motor operated vertically slidable door mounted on track means and wherein the motor means is connected to the door; a pair of rollers mounted on spaced apart axle means, one a pinch roller and the other a drive roller, at least one of which is made of resilient rubber-like material and at least one of which is driven by said motor means, one of said rollers engaging one side of said track means and the other engaging the opposite side of said track means at a location opposite said first roller, said pinch roller axle means having its roller mounted at one end thereof,
and means pivotally connecting the other end of said pinch roller axle means to said motor means whereby said pinch roller can be raised and lowered in respect to said drive roller; toggle action pinching means located between said motor and said rollers on opposite sides of said track, said toggle action means including a hook engaging one of said axles and bushing means engaging the other axle means for exerting a clamping action through said hook and bushing on said axle means pulling said pinch roller toward said drive roller, at least the said hook portion being reversible whereby said door operating device can be attached to either the right hand or left hand rail of a door; said toggle action means including adjustment means for adjusting the pressure exerted by the toggle means between the pinch rollers thereby to adjust the degree of clamping action obtained between the drive and pinch rollers to compensate for wear and loosening of parts; pivot means for connecting the motor to the door for pivoting motion about an axis parallel to the axes of said pinch rollers and rigid against other motions; and a connector rigidly connected to said pivot means and rigidly connected to said motor means; said pivot means, said connector and said pinch rollers on said track forming a rigid connection except for said pivoting motion which holds the door against cocking motion in respect to said track means.
7. A door operating device as set forth in claim 6, further characterized by said bushing portion of said clamping means being permanently connected to said motor shaft and by said bushing portion including threaded means, complementary means for threaded engagement with said permanently mounted threaded means and in engagement with an arm which hooks over the shaft of the pinch roller, said threaded complementary means providing pressure adjustment and being separable from the permanently mounted threaded means for reversal of said hook arm.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 6/1956 Richmond et a1. 26874 2/1960 Volf 268-59
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2752150 *||Nov 28, 1952||Jun 26, 1956||Richard D Holmes||Garage door operator|
|US2925267 *||Aug 1, 1956||Feb 16, 1960||Matt A Volf||Door opening mechanism|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3797171 *||Aug 25, 1972||Mar 19, 1974||R Farmer||Garage door opener|
|US4104826 *||Mar 28, 1977||Aug 8, 1978||Wadford Thomas R||Door actuating system|
|US4750294 *||Jul 14, 1987||Jun 14, 1988||Lucien Lafontaine||Safety mechanism for power operated door|
|EP1325997A2 *||Aug 23, 2002||Jul 9, 2003||Rademacher Geräte-Elektronik GmbH & Co. KG||Overhead door, in particular garage door, and electric driving means for an overhead door|
|Cooperative Classification||E05F15/163, E05Y2600/46, E05Y2201/434, E05Y2900/106|