|Publication number||US3285615 A|
|Publication date||Nov 15, 1966|
|Filing date||Sep 20, 1963|
|Priority date||Sep 20, 1963|
|Also published as||DE1450433A1|
|Publication number||US 3285615 A, US 3285615A, US-A-3285615, US3285615 A, US3285615A|
|Inventors||Trbovich Nicholas D|
|Original Assignee||Trbovich Nicholas D|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (39), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 15, 1966 N. D. TRBOVICH SEAL Filed Sept. 20, 1965 United States Patent 3,285,615 SEAL Nicholas D. Trbovich, 59 Fieldcrest Court, West Seneca, N.Y. Filed Sept. 20, 1963, Ser. N0. 310,223 5 Cl aimS. (Cl. 277180) This invention relates generally to the seal art, and more specifically to a new and useful seal of a type particularly adapted for use in place of rubber O-rings.
Metal seals possess certain advantages over rubber 0- rings, but also present a problem in providing the requisite strength and rigidity within the limitations imposed by existing cavity diameters and permissible flange loading. These limitations must be observed, if true interchangeability with rubber O-rings is desired.
Accordingly, the primary object of my invention is to provide a metallic seal of increased strength and rigidity, which seal is interchangeable with rubber O-rings without requiring any increase in cavity diameters and while maintaining a minimum in the compression force required for sealing.
Another object of my invention is to provide a metallic seal having the aforesaid characteristics, and having improved fatigue life and pressure capability.
Still another object of my invention is to provide the foregoing in a seal characterized by ease of manufacture.
In one aspect thereof, a seal constructed in accordance with my invention is characterized by the provision of a member of generally U-shaped transverse section having a base, side walls extending from the base, and laterally outwardly projecting flanges adjacent the outer ends of the side walls, the side walls tapering toward the flanges and the flanges projecting from the outer ends of the side walls a distance greater than the thickness of the side walls adjacent the flanges, the outer ends of the flanges being flat and providing surface engaging sea-ling areas.
In another aspect thereof, a seal constructed in accordance with my invention is characterized by the provision of a member of generally U-shaped transverse section having a base, side walls extending from the base, and laterally projecting flanges adjacent the outer ends of the side walls, the side walls tapering toward the flanges, and the flanges having flat surface engaging outer end portions which are substantially parallel when the member is unstressed.
In still another aspect thereof, a seal constructed in accordance with my invention is characterized by the provision of a member of generally U-shaped transverse section having a base, side walls extending from the base, and laterally projecting flanges adjacent the outer ends of the side walls, the inner surfaces of the side walls being substantially parallel when the member is unstressed, and the outer surfaces of the side walls converging toward the flanges.
The foregoing and other objects, advantages and characterizing features of my invention will becomeclearly apparent from the ensuing detailed description of an illustrative embodiment thereof, considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawing depicting the same, wherein like reference numerals denote like parts throughout and wherein:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary, longitudinal sectional view of a joint incorporating a seal of my invention; and
FIG. 2 is a view, on an enlarged scale, showing the transverse sectional configuration of the seal.
Referring now in detail to the illustrative embodiment depicted in the accompanying drawing, there is shown a seal of my invention, generally designated 1, positioned in the cavity 2 of a tubular member 3, to which an end flange 4 is secured, as by bolts 5. Seal 1 is shown in its installed, stressed condition in FIG. 1, while FIG. 2 shows the transverse sectional configuration thereof in its unstressed condition.
Seal 1 is of generally U-shaped transverse section, having a base 6 and side Walls 7 extending from one side of the base. Side walls 7 terminate, at their outer ends, in laterally outwardly projecting flanges 8 having flat outer ends 9 comprising the surface engaging sealing portions of the seal. That is, end surfaces 9 and particularly edges 9A thereof are in sealing engagement with the adjacent surfaces of members 3 and end flange 4. The sealing surfaces 9 and 9A are usually coated or plated with a ductile material 9B which will cold flow when the seal is compressed. This further enhances the sealing ability of the seal.
The opposite ends of base 6 are flat, as shown at 10, from the outer side 11 of base 6 to a point short of the inner side 12 thereof. End surfaces 10 are parallel, and act as mechanical stops preventing overcompression of seal 1, as clearly illustrated in FIG. 1.
In the unstressed condition of the seal, the inner surfaces 13 of side walls 7 are substantially parallel. The outer side surfaces 14 thereof are flat, like inner surfaces 13, but converge from the base end portions 10 to flanges 8. This provides side walls 7 of tapered form, the degree of taper being such that the thickness of side walls 7 adjacent flanges 8 at the outer ends of the side walls is less than half the thickness of the side walls adjacent base 6.
This tapered side wall configuration tends to equalize stress distribution throughout the seal, and avoids stress concentrations to provide better fatigue life and pressure capability. Further, the material of the seal member is concentrated at the base 6, producing a stronger seal without increasing cavity size such as would be required if an attempt were made to strengthen the seal by increasing its size throughout. This design also provides a seal of increased rigidity, without a corresponding increase in the compression force required to effect the seal.
The provision of initially substantially parallel inner wall surfaces 13 facilitates the manufacture of a tapered wall seal, with its advantages, by avoiding the problems introduced by the critical nature of an internal taper. It also facilitates varying the thickness of base 6, and consequently the hoop strength of the seal, without affecting either the taper or the outer end wall form of the seal.
Flanges 8 project outwardly beyond the base end portions 10, in the unstressed condition of the seal, as clearly shown in FIG. 2. The flanges project beyond the side walls 7, at their outer ends, a distance substantially twice the thickness of the side walls 7 at the outer ends thereof. Further, flanges 9 are of substantially square transverse section, in the portion thereof projecting beyond the outer ends of side walls 7, thereby providing a sealing surface 9 of substantial area, for increased sealing effect as contrasted with the situation which would prevail if flange 8 made substantially only point contact with member 3 and end flange 4. The initially substantially parallel ends 9 are important, because as the edges 9A are compressed the material 9B is caused to cold flow across ends 9 and into the irregularities of the sealing surfaces on members 3 and 4, as indicated in FIG. 1, to provide a greater area of sealing contact and enhanced sealing effect. If the ends 9 were initially tapered, the ductile material cold flowing away from edges 9A would not be retained in sealing contact with members 3 and 4, and its sealing elfect would tend to be lost, leaving substantially only knife edge contacts between the base metal of seal 1 and members 3 and 4. It is contemplated that at least end portions 9, if not the entire seal, will have a coating 9B of malleable material such as silver, gold, nickel, copper or Teflon, for example, which will deform and cold flow under the pressures involved into surface irregularities in members 3 and 4, to increase the sealing action.
The corners between the meeting surfaces are rounded, as clearly shown in FIG. 2, except at the sealing end portions 9 of flanges 8. Also, it will be noted that the concentration of material at base 6 is such that, not only are the walls 7 much thicker adjacent base 6 than they are adjacent flanges 8, but base 6 itself is much thicker than wall members 7 at any point therealong. This provides maximum hoop strength for a given diameter.
Accordingly, it is seen that my invention fully accomplishes its intended objects. While I have disclosed and described in detail only one embodiment of my invention, that has been done by way of illustration, it being my intention that the scope of my invention be defined by the appended claims.
Having fully disclosed and completely described my invention, and its mode of operation, what I claim as new is:
1. A seal comprising an annular unitary metallic member of generally U-shaped, radially facing transverse section having a base and opposite side walls extending from one side thereof, said side Walls terminating at their outer ends in laterally outwardly projecting flanges, the opposite ends of said base comprising stops against overcompression of said seal, the inner surfaces of said side Walls being flat and substantially parallel when said member is unstressed, and the outer surfaces of said walls converging toward said outer ends thereof from said base, the thickness of said side walls adjacent said outer ends thereof being no more than substantially one-half the thickness thereof adjacent said base, said base being thicker than said side walls atany point therealong, said flanges projecting beyond said opposite ends of said base and terminating in flat surface engaging sealing end portions, said surface engaging end portions being substantially parallel when said member is unstressed and having a coating of ductile material which will cold flow into irregularities of the surfaces being sealed.
2. A seal as set forth in claim 1, wherein said coating comprises a malleable metal.
3. A seal as set forth in claim 1, wherein said coating comprises a malleable non-metallic material.
4. A seal as set forth in claim 1, said opposite ends of said base being flat and substantially parallel from the other side of said base to a point substantially short of said one side thereof to comprise said stops against overcompression of said seal.
5. A seal as set forth in claim 1, said opposite ends of said base being flat and substantially parallel to comprise said stops against overcompression of said seal, the outer surfaces of said walls being flat and converging toward said outer ends thereof from said flat ends of said base to said flanges when said member is unstressed, the outwardly projecting portions of said flanges being of substantially rectangular transverse section, and the corners between said other side of said base and said opposite ends thereof and between said inner Wall surfaces and said flanges being rounded.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES Machine Design The Seals Book, The Pentaton Publishing Co, Jan. 19, 1961 (Copy in Div. 360 (T1 246 M3) SAMUEL ROTHBERG, Primary Examiner.
EDWARD V. BENHAM, LAVERNE D. GEIGER,
Examiners. J. S. MEDNICK, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2547185 *||May 27, 1947||Apr 3, 1951||Yuba Mfg Company||Shaft seal|
|US3083023 *||Mar 2, 1959||Mar 26, 1963||North American Aviation Inc||Spring seal|
|DE614140C *||Oct 3, 1931||Jun 3, 1935||Luc Leon Basile Denis||Elastische Verbindung fuer Rohrleitungen mit einem U-foermigen Zwischenstueck, das mit seiner Hoehlung dem Rohrinnern zugekehrt ist und aus haerterem Material als die zu ereinigenden Rohrenden besteht|
|GB926789A *||Title not available|
|IT321378B *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3448986 *||Aug 4, 1966||Jun 10, 1969||Parker Hannifin Corp||Gasket and joint for cylinder heads|
|US3501158 *||Jul 3, 1967||Mar 17, 1970||Precision Eng Inc||Tubular seal|
|US3561793 *||Sep 3, 1969||Feb 9, 1971||Temper Corp||Seal element and spacer member for use therewith|
|US3643965 *||Aug 1, 1969||Feb 22, 1972||Corrugated Packing Sheet Metal||Sealing means|
|US4125929 *||Sep 30, 1977||Nov 21, 1978||Temper Corporation||Deformable metallic element|
|US4477091 *||Feb 24, 1983||Oct 16, 1984||Gray Tool Company||Fire resistant connections and U-like sealing means therefor|
|US4741541 *||Sep 14, 1987||May 3, 1988||Single Buoy Moorings Inc.||Seal for a rotatable pipe coupling|
|US4998740 *||Sep 29, 1989||Mar 12, 1991||Rockwell International Corporation||Face seal assembly|
|US5058906 *||Jan 19, 1989||Oct 22, 1991||Vetco Gray Inc.||Integrally redundant seal|
|US5076594 *||Sep 21, 1989||Dec 31, 1991||Baugh Hollis A||Sealing connection between tubular members|
|US5076617 *||Aug 10, 1990||Dec 31, 1991||Bronnert Herve X||Seal for aseptic fitting assembly|
|US5669612 *||Oct 7, 1996||Sep 23, 1997||Specialist Sealing Limited||Metallic seal rings|
|US5797604 *||Dec 16, 1996||Aug 25, 1998||Ckd Corporation||Metal gasket|
|US5958160 *||Feb 20, 1997||Sep 28, 1999||Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin - Michelin & Cie||Valve with elliptical base|
|US6056291 *||May 26, 1998||May 2, 2000||Ckd Corporation||Metal gasket|
|US6203025 *||Mar 15, 1999||Mar 20, 2001||Rolls-Royce Plc||Seal|
|US7032905 *||Sep 22, 2004||Apr 25, 2006||Mullally Michael J||Leak resistant seal|
|US7372933 *||Jul 8, 2004||May 13, 2008||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.||Radioactive-material container, metal gasket for sealing the radioactive-material container, and method of manufacturing the metal gasket|
|US8393400||Nov 25, 2009||Mar 12, 2013||Vetco Gray Inc.||Metal-to-metal seal with wiper element and wellhead system incorporating same|
|US8596484||May 22, 2012||Dec 3, 2013||Sypris Technologies, Inc.||Tool-less closure|
|US8622142||Jan 27, 2010||Jan 7, 2014||Vetco Gray Inc.||Sealing wellhead members with bi-metallic annular seal|
|US9056701||Mar 13, 2013||Jun 16, 2015||Sypris Technologies, Inc.||Tool-less closure|
|US9097346||Mar 15, 2013||Aug 4, 2015||Sypris Technologies, Inc.||Closure lip seal relief|
|US9151133 *||Oct 14, 2010||Oct 6, 2015||Aker Subsea As||Metal seal|
|US9470313 *||Aug 26, 2010||Oct 18, 2016||Satoru Koyanagi||Metal seal ring|
|US20060061047 *||Sep 22, 2004||Mar 23, 2006||Mullally Michael J||Leak resistant seal|
|US20080075223 *||Jul 8, 2004||Mar 27, 2008||Katsunari Ohsono||Radioactive-material container, metal gasket for sealing the radioactive-material container, and method of manufacturing the metal gasket|
|US20110120697 *||Nov 25, 2009||May 26, 2011||Vetco Gray Inc.||Metal-to-metal seal with wiper element and wellhead system incorporating same|
|US20110180275 *||Jan 27, 2010||Jul 28, 2011||Vetco Gray Inc.||Bi-Metallic Annular Seal and Wellhead System Incorporating Same|
|US20120139235 *||Aug 26, 2010||Jun 7, 2012||Satoru Koyanagi||Metal seal ring and duct apparatus using the metal seal ring|
|US20120169013 *||Oct 14, 2010||Jul 5, 2012||Smith Andre M||Metal seal|
|US20130207349 *||Feb 9, 2012||Aug 15, 2013||Cameron International Corporation||Lip Seal|
|CN103244679A *||May 21, 2013||Aug 14, 2013||昆山健博密封件科技有限公司||Orifice sealing element|
|CN103968074A *||Apr 22, 2014||Aug 6, 2014||章华||Middle flange sealing structure of high-pressure valve|
|EP0029101A1 *||Sep 25, 1980||May 27, 1981||International Business Machines Corporation||A hermetic seal|
|EP0117417A1 *||Jan 21, 1984||Sep 5, 1984||Vetco Gray Inc.||Fire resistant connections and T-like sealing means therefor|
|EP0117418A1 *||Jan 21, 1984||Sep 5, 1984||Gray Tool Company||Fire resistant connections and dovetail-like sealing means therefor|
|EP0117453A1 *||Feb 1, 1984||Sep 5, 1984||Vetco Gray Inc.||Fire resistant connections and U-like sealing means therefor|
|EP0118018A1 *||Jan 31, 1984||Sep 12, 1984||Gray Tool Company||Fire resistant connections and double ribbed sealing means therefor|
|U.S. Classification||277/639, 285/111, 277/644|
|International Classification||F16J15/02, F16J15/08|
|Cooperative Classification||F16J15/025, F16J15/0887|
|European Classification||F16J15/08E, F16J15/02B2B2|