|Publication number||US3286022 A|
|Publication date||Nov 15, 1966|
|Filing date||Feb 6, 1964|
|Priority date||Feb 6, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3286022 A, US 3286022A, US-A-3286022, US3286022 A, US3286022A|
|Inventors||Hvizd Jr Andrew|
|Original Assignee||Kerite Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (5), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 15, 1966 A. HvlzD, JR
INSULATED X-RAY CABLES Filed Feb. 6, 1964 United States Patent O 3,286,022 i INSULATED X-RAY CABLE Andrew Hvizd, Jr., Derby, Conn., assignor to The Kerite Company, Seymour, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Filed Feb. 6, 1964. Ser. No. 342,945 4 Claims. (Cl. 174-105) This application is a continuation-in-part of application Serial No. 117,148, tiled June 14, 1961, and now abandoned.
This invention relates to electrical conductors and aims to provide an improved insulated cable.
It is a particular object of my inventi-on t-o provide an insulated cable that is adapted for use in connecting equipment such as X-ray apparatus with the electric power source therefor. Cables of that type include a plurality of insulated electrical conductors, each of which must be capable of conducting electricity of high voltage with respect to ground although the voltage differentials in the respective conductors of the cable are ordinarily quite low. Thus, in a three-conductor X-ray cable for instance, each of the conductors may be required to conduct peak voltages with respect to ground of the lorder of 75 kilovolts or above, whereas the voltage differences in the respective conductors of the cable may be of .the low order of about 40 volts. The consequence is that, while the respective conductors of an X-ray cable may be lightly insulated with respect to each other, it is neces-sary that they be heavily insulated with respect to ground. It is a further requisite of X-ray cable that it be very flexible in order that the operator of the X-ray equipment to which it is connected be able to move such equipment without excessive efiort, and the equipment must remain in the posiltion in which it is placed by the operator without liability of displacement because the cable to which it is connected is excessively stiff and inflexible.
Past X-ray cables which have included three separate conductors, for instance, have been made by covering each member of a pair of those conductors with insulation. Those insulated conductors were twisted about each other and then the third conductor was wrapped around the twisted insulated pair. This assembly was then provided With a heavy layer of insulation which in turn was covered with a coating that included a conductive shield. In such cables the assembled conductors to be insulated are so thick and the quantity of insulation .that is required therefor is so great that the cable is large and lacking in the flexibility needed for the ready bending of the ca'ble that will permit easy manipulation of the apparatus with which it is connected.
I have discovered that it is possible to overcome the foregoing disadvantages of past X-ray type cables having a plurality of c-onductors (e.g., three or more) by covering only one of said conductors with an individual layer of a good insulating material. This may be accomplished by known extrusion practices. That insulated conductor is then used as a central support around which is wrapped a substantially flat serving including the balance of the conductors of the cable and which are formed in adjacent groups of parallel, contiguous strands of a metal that is a good conductor. The serving also includes an insulating material such 4as cotton thread separating the adjacent strands of the respective groups of contiguous metal strands from each other. The main body of insulation for the cable is thereafter provided by a thick body of a material which is a good insulator that may be placed over the serving-covered core through extrusion; and this in turn is given a conventional type of shielded coating.
An insulated X-ray ca'ble embodying my invention comprises a central core of metal of high conductivity, a thin layer of insulation surrounding that central core, and a substantially flat serving surrounding that layer of insulation. The conducting core is preferably formed of a number of strands of the metal, twisted around each other. The flat serving includes groups of parallel, contiguous strands of metal of high conductivity and insulating thread which separates the respective groups of contiguous 4strands from each other. A thick layer of insulation surrounds the serving and is provided with a covering.
In the case of X-ray cable designed and adapted to conduct current of peak voltage with respect to ground of the -order of kilovolts, for instance, cable constructed in accordance with my invention may have an outside diameter 20-30% less than the outside diameter of conventional cable for the same current load. My thinner cable is, as a consequence, much more liexible than conventional cable and it can be made at a signiiicantly lower material cost. The resistance between the respective groups of contiguous strands of metal in the flat serving can be increased and rendered more uniform, if desired, through the application, to the outer surface of that serving, of a light layer of an amorphous insulating wax.
The specific embodiment of my invention in the -form which I now prefer is illustra-ted in the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a length of my new cable, exaggerated in size for purpose of illustration, with the respective layers broken away in part; and
FIG. 2 is a section along the lines 2-2 of FIG. l.
The cable illustrated in the drawing comprises a central core 5 lformed 'rfom -a .number of twisted strands 6 of va metal of high conductivity such as copper. A thin layer 7 of insulation covers the central core 5. The layer 7 is composed of a material which is a good insulator, with which the central core `5 can be coated by known extrusion practice. The insulating material lforming the layer 7 is preferably a Iflexible material such as a natural or synthetic rubber although, where exibility is not the primary consideration, a plastic such a-s an insulation ygrade of polyethylene may be used. Wound around the layer 7 orf insu-lation is a serving indicated generally at 8. The serving 8 illustrated in FIG. 1 includes a pair of conductors 9, 10 composed respectively, of parallel strands 9', 10r of -a metal of high conductivity such as copper. Outermost strands `9 of the conductor 9 are separated from the outermost strands 10 of the adjacent conductor 10 by cotton Ilthreads 12.
After the serving 8 is wound around the layer 7 of insulation, it is preferably coated with a light llayer 15 of an amorphous insulating wax, and this, in turn, is covered by a thick body of a material which is a lgood insulator. The serving can be coated with a light 'layer of wax by drawing the core 5 to whic'h that serving ,has been applied through a bath of molten wax. To permit this, the wax that I prefer to employ in the practice of my invention has a melting point of about 149-150 C. After the serving 8 is coated with a li-ght layer of wax, they thick body of insulation 16 can be applied through extrusion. The thick body of insulation 16, like the layer 7, is preferably -a iiexible material such as a natural or synthetic rubber land, `desirably, one which is .sufficiently uid when applied to ensure ygood physical contact with t'he entire surface olf serving 8, filling any spaces that may exist therein. However, a somewhat stiffer plastic material such as an insulation grade of polyethylene may, on occasion, be used for this insulation also.
The insulated cable that I have described can be given a conventional covering including fabric tape 18, tinned copper bra-id 19 and glazed cotton braid 20.
'Phe terms that I have Iused in describing the illustrative embodiment of my invention shown in the drawing are terms of description and not of limitation. It will be vappreciated that various modifications can be made in of the conductors 9, 10, an index such as a distinctively colored tracer thread (not shown); and the number of stra-nds 9 or 10' contained in those respective conductors,
can be varied in accordance with the current loads such conductors are designed to carry.
What I claim is:
1. A flexible insulated high voltage X-ray cable comprising a central core of metal of high conductivity, a thin layer of insulation surrounding said core, a substantiallly [flat serving on said layer of insulation including groups of parallel, contiguous strands of metal of thigh conductivity and insulating thread separating the respective groups of contiguous strands `from each other, a thick layer of insulation surrounding said serving, and a covering for said lth-ick layer of insulation.
2. An insulated X-ray cable comprising a central core of metal of high conductivity, a thin ilayer of insulation surrounding said core, a substantially ilat serving on said layer of insulation including groups of parallel, contiguons strands oat rnetal of high conductivity and cotton thread separating the respective groups of contiguous strands from each other, a thick layer of insulation surrounding said serving, yand a covering for said thick layer of insulation.
3. An insulated high voltage X-ray cable comprising a central core of metal of high conductivity, a thin layer of insulation surrounding said core, asubstantially at serving on said layer of insulation including groups of parallel, contiguous strands of metal of high conductivity and insulating thread separating the respective lgroups of contiguous strands from each other, a thick layer of insulation surrounding said serving, and a covering dor said thick layer of insulation including a shield of metal orf high conductivity.
4. A iexibtle insulated high voltage X-ray cable comprising a central core of metal of thi-gh conductivity, a thin layer of insulation surrounding said core, a substantially flat serving on said layer lof insulation including groups oct parallel, contiguous strands of metal of high conductivity and insulating thread separating the re- Y spective groups of contiguous stands from each other, a light layer of amorphous insulating Wax Icoating said serving, a thick layer of insulation surrounding said coated serving, and a covering for said thick ,layer of insulation.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 466,268 12/1891 Conner et al 174--112 1,697,541 l/1929 Schnrer 174-108 X 2,165,738 7/1939 Van Holten 174-127 X 2,432,603 12/1947 Zink 174-102 X OTHER REFERENCES The Condensed Chemical Dictionary-sixth edition, Reinhold, New York 1961, QD C5, p. 848. i
LEWIS H. MYERS, Primary Examiner.v
JOHN F. BURNS, Examiner.
D. A. KETTLESTRINGS, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US466268 *||Feb 10, 1890||Dec 29, 1891||Vania|
|US1697541 *||Nov 1, 1926||Jan 1, 1929||Felten & Guilleaume Carlswerk||Armoring of single-conductor electric power cables|
|US2165738 *||Mar 12, 1937||Jul 11, 1939||Naamlooze Vennootschap Holland||Electric conducting element|
|US2432603 *||Mar 17, 1944||Dec 16, 1947||Phelps Dodge Copper Prod||Segmental cable|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4378464 *||Feb 25, 1981||Mar 29, 1983||Les Cables De Lyon||Cable for prospecting|
|US4552432 *||Apr 21, 1983||Nov 12, 1985||Cooper Industries, Inc.||Hybrid cable|
|US6965081 *||May 24, 2002||Nov 15, 2005||Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.V.||Cable|
|US8866017 *||Feb 13, 2012||Oct 21, 2014||Junkosha, Inc.||Transmission cable|
|US20130333917 *||Feb 13, 2012||Dec 19, 2013||Junkosha ,Inc.||Transmission Cable|
|U.S. Classification||174/105.00R, 174/120.00R, 174/107|