|Publication number||US3286663 A|
|Publication date||Nov 22, 1966|
|Filing date||May 26, 1965|
|Priority date||May 26, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3286663 A, US 3286663A, US-A-3286663, US3286663 A, US3286663A|
|Inventors||Steel William Garfield, Stuart N Mann|
|Original Assignee||Hard Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (10), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 3,286,663 OVER-BED TABLE Stuart N. Mann, Derby, and William Garfield Steel,
Tonawanda, N.Y., assignors to The Hard Manufacturing Co., Buffalo, N.Y.
Filed May 26, 1965, Ser. No. 458,859 2 Claims. (Cl. 108144) This invention relates to over-bed tables such as are commonly used in conjunction with hospital beds and for analogous purposes.
Over-bed tables sometimes referred to in the art as cantilever tables, generally comprise a base of substantial length mounted upon casters and a table top generally overlying the base. A column extends vertically between the base and the table top .at one end of the base and a corresponding end of the table top so that the table may be rolled up to the side of the bed with the base extending beneath the bed and the table top extending over the surface of the bed and over an occupant of the bed.
It is desirable that over-bed tables of this type be vertically adjustable to dispose the table top at various heights to suit the convenience of the user and other variable factors. The present invention relates particularly to the construction of the adjustable column upon which the table top is supported and more particularly to the means for adjusting the same and for locking the table top in desired adjusted position.
The over-bed table construction of the present invention provides novel column design and arrangement whereby relative vertical movement incident to table top adjustment is accurately and smoothly guided by antifriction rollers and also a novel counterbalance arrangement which provides uniform counterbalance forces throughout the normal range of vertical adjustment and a counterbalance force which is laterally balanced. Furthermore, the means for locking the table top in various positions is such that the table top position is infinitely adjustable throughout the effective range by means housed within the telescoping column members whereby the lower fixed column and the upper movable column telescope freely and fully and the exposed portions thereof are fully encased in all positions of vertical adjustment.
An important object of the present invention is attained by providing manual means for releasing the height adjustment locking means which is quickly and conveniently accessible from virtually any position about the table. This is important so that a nurse or attendant or the occupant of the bed can release the height adjustment from any position. Moreover release is automatically effected when, through inadvertence, the bed is raised upwardly while the table top is in an interfering position thereover, so that the bed then carries the table top upwardly therewith.
Due to the arrangement of the release means this automatic release will be properly effected despite variations in the position of the obstruction on the bed which causes the release, as when a patients limb extends beneath the table top in various locations on the bed.
While a single specific embodiment of the principles of the present invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing and described in detail in the following specification it is to be understood that such embodiment is by way of example only and that various mechanical modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, the scope of which is limited only as defined in the appended claims.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a general side elevational view of one form of the over-bed table of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an end elevational view thereof, viewed from the left-hand side of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an elevational view of the upright support portion of the structure shownin FIGS. 1 and 2 viewed from the right of FIG. 1, on an enlarged scale, and with portions of the casing broken away for added illustration;
FIG. 4 is a top plan view of the structure of FIG. 3 but with the table top element removed; and
FIG. 5 is a horizontal cross sectional view taken approximately on the line V-V of FIG. 3.
Like characters of reference denote like parts throughout the several figures of the drawings and referring particularly to FIGS. 1 and 2, the numeral 10 designates a base member having casters 11 at its corners and the numeral 12 designates a table top. The latter is supported upon the base 10 by a vertically adjustable post or column structure designated generally by the numeral 13.
As is conventional, the column 13 is located at one end of the base 10 and the corresponding end of the overlying table top 12 whereby the apparatus may be moved up to a bed with the table top projecting over the bed area. The vertically adjustable column structure 13 comprises a lower portion fixed to and extending upwardly from base 10 and an upper portion fixed to and depending from table top 12 and adapted to tele scope over the lower portion.
Referring first to such lower portion of column 13, a U-shaped bracket 15 is bolted directly to base 10 and a pair of rigid bars 16 are fixed to bracket 15 and extend upwardly therefrom as clearly shown in FIG. 3. A pair of strap members 17 having flanged ends as at 18 are fixed across the upper ends of bars 17 to rigidify the lower column structure. A pair of vertically spaced anti-friction rollers 19 is fixed to each of the upright bars 16 to guide the upper telescoping portion of column 13 for vertical movement in a manner which will presently appear.
The portion of the lower fixed column structure which is exposed when the upper column structure i raised to maximum height is enclosed by a rectangular upright casing 20 consisting of a three sided sheet metal mem ber 21 and a plate 22 which encloses the fourth side of the column structure. The member 21 has longitudinal edge flanges which engage over plate 22 to form a casing of box section. The upper end of plate 22 and the upper medial wall portion of member 22 are fixed against the outside surfaces of strap members 17.
This completes the structure of the lower column excepting for a pair of counterbalancing spring devices 25 which comprise elongated relatively thin spring steel strips which are closely wound on spools 26 and are attached at their upper ends to the inner surfaces of the upright bars 16 as by bolt connections designated 27 in FIG. 3. An adjustment locking rod 30 is fixed at its lower end to the bracket 15 and base 10 and extends upwardly between the spring spools 26 for cooperation with vertical adjustment locking means which will presently be described.
The upper structure which is attached to and depends from the table top 12 includes a horizontally extending housing member 33 in the shape of a rectangular pan having flanges 34 along its opposite longitudinal upper edges for attachment to the under side of table top 12. A channel member 36 is fixed at its upper end to the under side of housing member 33 as shown at 37 in FIG. 3 and extends downwardly over the upper end of locking rod 30.
Fixed to the lower end of channel member 36 is a downwardly facing channel shaped bearing member 38 which r-otatably supports a pair of rollers 39 which are disposed to directly overlie the springs 25 which are wound upon spools 26, Thus downward movement of table top 12 relative to the base structure projects the rollers 39 downwardly against the spring devices 25 and causes a downward unrolling movement of the spools 26 to unroll the spring devices 25 against the inner surfaces of upright members 16. This provides an ideal counterbalance for the weight to the table top and contents wherein the counterbalancing resistance is substantially constant in various positions of vertical adjustment of the table top 12 and wherein the counterbalance forces are uniformly applied at opposite sides of the vertical centerline of the column structure.
The means provided for locking the table top 12 in various positions of height adjustment will now be described. This is accomplished by, in effect, locking channel 36 and locking rod 30 with respect to each other in various relative lengthwise positions. A locking plate 41 passes loosely through slots in the opposite flanges of channel member 36 and is provided with a hole through which the rod 30 passes. When locking plate 41 is substantially horizontal the rod 30 will pass freely through the hole in plate 41 but when the latter is canted as shown in FIG. 3 it binds upon rod 30 and, since plate 41 is constrained by the slots in channel member 36 through which it passes, the locking rod 30 and channel member 36 are effectively locked to each other.
Locking plate 41 is normally held in its canted locking position by an extension coil spring 43 which engages between a laterally projecting end of plate 41 and an aperture in one of the side flanges of channel member 36. For releasing the locking plate 41 for vertical adjustment of table top 12 a release rod 44 extends vertically alongside of channel member 36 and connects at its lower end with locking plate 41. Rod 44 has a reduced lower end portion which passes through a slot in plate 41 and a cotter pin 45 engages through rod 44 beneath locking plate41.
The upper end of rod 44 extends through the bottom of housing member 33' and into the interior thereof as shown in FIG. 3. Manual release means are provided for pressing downwardly upon rod 44 to release the height locking adjustment. A release lever 47 in the form of an inverted channel has ears projecting from its left-hand end as viewed in FIG. 3 which extend into slots in an anchor member 48 which is fixed within housing 33, thus pivoting lever 47 for up and down movement. A medial portion of lever 47 rests upon a screw adjustment 50 which is carried by a flange at the upper end of release rod 44. The right-hand end of lever 47, as viewed in FIGS. 3 and 4, is retained against lateral displacement in housing 33 by a flange 51.
A pair of wire loop or bail members 54 have bearing portions designated 55 in FIG. 4 which bear in notches in the upper edges of housing member 33, being retained therein by securement of the housing member against the under side of table top 12. The extremities of the bail members 54 are designated 56 and the bail members are normally retained in the position illustrated in FIG. 3, the weight of the medial portions of the bail members causing the extremities 56 to abut the under side of table top 12. FIG. 3 illustrates the parts in the positions they occupy when the column structure is locked in a particular position of height adjustment.
When height adjustment is to be effected, one merely lifts the medial portion of one of the bail members '55, whichever happens to be handier, and this rocks an extremity 56 of the particular bail member downwardly against lever 47 which moves release rod 44 downwardly against the resistance of spring 43, thus moving the locking plate 41 to horizontal position to release the same from rod 30 and permit free 'up and down movement of channel member 36 and table top 12.
It will be noted that the bail members extend substantially entirely about the housing 33 so that they are easily accessible from any position. More importantly, the disposition and extent of the bail members is such that if the bed of a patient or other user is raised and the table top 12 is inadvertently left in an overlying position with respect to the bed, upper portions of the bed or the patient will move upwardly against some portion of one of the bail members, thus releasing the table top locking means, whereupon the table top will be moved upwardly with the bed.
It will be noted that base 10 has a central portion which lies close to the floor and raised corners 58 for receiving the casters 11. Thus the table may be used by a patient sitting alongside the same without undue discomfort, since the user may place his feet on base 10 because of its low position. Also, the lowness of the main portion of base 10 permits the table to be moved close under the wheels of a wheel chair.
1. In an over-bed table, a horizontally extending base and a table top generally overlying said base, column means extending vertically between said base and said table top adjacent to a corresponding edge of each, said column means comprising a first hollow column member fixed to and extending upwardly from said base and a second hollow column member depending from said table top and telescoping over said first hollow column member, said members being relatively vertically movable for adjusting the height of the table top, said first column member including an upwardly extending locking member and said second column portion having a locking member therein extending downwardly into said first column member, means acting between said locking members for selectively locking them against relative vertical movement, and an upright release rod engageable at its lower end with said last mentioned means and extending upwardly within said second column member to a point beneath said table top, means at the under side of said table top movable to reciprocate said release rod to free said locking means, a pair of spiral springs attached at the outer end of each to opposite sides of the interior of said first column member and adapted to unroll downwardly, a pair of laterally spaced rollers at the lower end of said downwardly extending locking member for anti-friction engagement against the peripheries of said spiral springs to unroll the same and produce balanced forces at opposite sides of said column means to counterbalance said table top when said locking means is released.
2. In an over-bed table, a horizontally extending base and a table top generally overlying said base, column means extending vertically between said base and said table top adjacent to a corresponding edge of each, said column means comprising a first hollow column member fixed to and extending upwardly from said base and a second hollow column member depending from said table top and telescoping over said first hollow column member, said members being relatively vertically movable for adjusting the height of the table top, said first column member including an upwardly extending locking mem-" ber and said second column portion having a locking member therein extending downwardly into said first column member, means acting between said locking members for selectively locking them against relative vertical movement, and an upright release rod engage able at its lower end with said last mentioned means and extending upwardly within said second column member to a point beneath said table top, means at the under side of said table top movable to reciprocate said release rod to free said locking means, a spiral spring attached at its outer end to the interior of said first column member and adapted to unroll downwardly thereagainst, a roller at the lower end of said downwardly extending locking member for antifriction engagement against the periphery of said spiral spring to unroll the same to counterbalance said table top when said locking means is released.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 744,613 11/1903 Reimold 108147 811,278 1/1906 Coy 108146 2,051,530 8/1936 Parmley 586 2,685,487 8/1954 WOllfir 108-146 3,188,986 6/1965 La Vigne 108-146 X 3,194,187 7/1965 Linder et a1. 108-146 10 JAMES T. McCALL, Primary Examiner.
FRANK B. SHERRY, Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US811278 *||Jul 25, 1904||Jan 30, 1906||Charles F Brown||Adjustable clutch-controlled standard.|
|US2051530 *||Jan 13, 1936||Aug 18, 1936||Parmley John||Invalid crane|
|US2685487 *||Nov 3, 1953||Aug 3, 1954||Simmons Co||Adjustable vertically cantilever table|
|US3188986 *||Apr 9, 1962||Jun 15, 1965||Brunswick Corp||Bedside table|
|US3194187 *||Jan 13, 1964||Jul 13, 1965||Borg Warner||Overbed table|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3481286 *||Nov 24, 1967||Dec 2, 1969||Borg Warner||Overbed table|
|US3511532 *||Feb 5, 1968||May 12, 1970||American Hospital Supply Corp||Folding table with seats|
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|US3622111 *||Dec 5, 1969||Nov 23, 1971||Nissen Corp||Counterbalance for gymnastic apparatus|
|US3675597 *||May 20, 1969||Jul 11, 1972||Gustav A Oddsen||Table top support|
|US3976016 *||Dec 23, 1974||Aug 24, 1976||Rca Corporation||Overbed table with locking mechanism|
|US3989211 *||Dec 4, 1975||Nov 2, 1976||Franz Kuhlmann Kg||Column drawing table|
|US4195578 *||Aug 14, 1978||Apr 1, 1980||Interroyal Corporation||Extensible support assembly for overbed table|
|US5016846 *||Jan 6, 1989||May 21, 1991||Bissell Amfab, Inc.||Spring and lock support for overbed table|
|US5106043 *||Jan 29, 1991||Apr 21, 1992||Am Fab, Inc.||Spring and lock support for overbed table|
|U.S. Classification||108/147, 248/162.1, 248/410|