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Publication numberUS3287747 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 29, 1966
Filing dateApr 19, 1965
Priority dateApr 19, 1965
Publication numberUS 3287747 A, US 3287747A, US-A-3287747, US3287747 A, US3287747A
InventorsOrval T Ellsorth
Original AssigneeOrval T Ellsorth
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Maternity abdominal cushion
US 3287747 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

2 1966 o. T. ELLSWORTH MATERNITY ABDOMINAL CUSHION Filed April 19, 1965 IVVENTOR. FIG. 5 02m; Z'L'lwwaer ArraQ/vm United States Patent 3,287,747 MATERNITY ABDOMINAL CUSHION Orval T. Ellsworth, Berkeley, Calif. (10317 Cherry Tree Lane, Silver Spring, Md.) Filed Apr. 19, 1965, Ser. No. 448,931 4 Claims. (Cl. 5-338) This invention relates to a maternity abdominal cushion whereby a pregnant woman is permitted to lie prone without discomfort to the mother. During normal pregnancy a womans abdomen will enlarge considerably, and from about the sixth month of pregnancy to final delivery the woman experiences pain and general discomfort caused by the increasing load on muscles and joints. Many women hesitate to lie prone for fear of injury to the unborn child. Lying on her back becomes tiresome, due to the constant weight of the child in one 3,287,747 Patented Nov. 29, 1966 which is preferably molded from a soft resilient plastic foam, such as polyurethane, for example. The main body or block 1 is preferably elliptical in plan contour and the ends 2-3 are tapered to a blunt point, so that direction and on a particular set of muscles and joints.

In the prone position the human trunk is normal-1y supported by the ribs and the breast bone at the chest end, and by the hip bones at the pelvic end. The abdomen is suspended from the lumber spine between the chest and the pelvis. In pregnancy the abdomen eventually protrudes to the extent that the abdomen, rather than the chest and the pelvis, is supporting the trunk. At this point lying in the prone position is no longer feasible for the pregnant woman.

My invention relates to a particularly shaped and constructed cushion upon which the pregnant woman can lie in the prone position; the cushion being so arranged that weight of the trunk is still supported from the breast bone at the chest end and by the hip bones at the pelvic end.

Another object of my invention is to provide a novel abdominal cushion, the ends of which are tapered or somewhat pointed to support the thorax at one end and the pelvis at the other, and with a concavity formed in the center of the cushion to support the abdomen.

Still another object of my invention to to provide an abdominal cushion in which there is a longitudinally extending slit extending through the bottom of the cushion, whereby the cushion is allowed to expand laterally to fit women of various body types, and also to accommodate the expanding abdomen at different stages of pregnancy.

Still anither object of my invention is to provide a novel abdominal cushion of the character stated, which is simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture, and which can be easily and effectively used by a pregnant woman.

Other objects, advantages and features of invention may appear from the accompanying drawing, the sub joined detailed description and appended claims.

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of my maternity abdominal cushion.

FIGURE 2 is a top plan view of the same.

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken on line 3-3 of FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4--4 of FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 5 is a side elevation of my abdominal cushion illustrating its position during use.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, the numeral 1 indicates the main body of my abdominal cushion,

this portion of the cushion will engage the sternum 4 at the forward end, and the pelvis 5 at the other end. This positioning is shown in FIGURE 5. The particular shape of the cushion thus permits it to be comfortably employed during the prone position. A semiellipsoidal concavity 6 or recess is formed in the block or base portion 1 and is less than the length, width, and depth of the block or base 1. Thus there is a continuous rim 7 extending entirely around the concavity 6. The concavity 6 thus is particularly shaped and specifically adapted to the anatomy of the pregnant woman. A slot or opening 8 extends through the bottom of the block 1 and particularly through the concavity 6, and this slot is less than the length of the block 1 so that the slot does not cut the block into two complementary parts. The slot is sufficicntly long, however, so that the block 1 can expand laterally as required by the continuing pregnancy of the woman, and the block will require some manual adjustment, but weight of the pregnant woman upon the cushion is sufiicient to extend it somewhat and cause the cushion to conform to the required abdominal shape.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. A maternity abdominal cushion comprising,

a body formed of a resilient material and the length of said body being greater than the width,

said body having a concavity therein to accommodate the abdomen therein,

said concavity having dimensions less than the width,

the length, and the depth of said body,

said body having a slot in the bottom thereof and extending for less than the length of the body.

2. A maternity abdominal cushion comprising,

a body formed of a resilient material and the length of said body being greater than the width and substantially elliptical in plan contour,

said body having a hemi-ellipsoidal concavity therein to accommodate the abdomen therein,

said concavity having dimensions less than the width,

the length, and the depth of said body,

said body having a slot in the bottom thereof and extending for less than the length of the body.

3. A maternity abdominal cushion comprising,

a body formed of a resilient material and the length of said body being greater than the width, the length of said body being such that it extends from the sternum to the pelvis of the user,

said body having a hemi-ellipsoidal concavity therein to accommodate the abdomen therein,

said concavity having dimensions less than the width,

the length, and the depth of said body,

said body having a slot in the bottom thereof extending the length of said concavity and less than the length of the body.

4. A maternity abdominal cushion comprising,

a body formed of a resilient material and the length of said body being greater than its width,

said body extending from the breast bone at the chest of the user to the hip bones at the pelvis end of the user,

4 a said body having a concavity therein to accommodate References Cited by the Applicant the o UNITED STATES PATENTS said concavity having dimensions less than the width, 1,107,683 8/1914 Ma1arkey the length, and the depth of said body. 5 2,046,645 7 1936 Mason 2,562,725 7/1951 Leto et 21. References Cited by the Examiner 2,651,788 9/ 1953 Forwood. UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,765,480 10/ 1956 Mueller. 2,107,962 2/1938 Sheasby FRANCIS K. ZUGEL, Acting Primary Examiner. 2,688,142 9/1954 Jensen 5-338 10 FRANK SHERRY. xa e 3,118,152 1/ 1964 Talley A. M. CALVERT, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1107683 *Jan 24, 1914Aug 18, 1914Isabel Edgar MalarkeyReversible sanitary mattress for invalids.
US2046645 *Apr 10, 1936Jul 7, 1936Mason Florence ESectional mattress for invalids
US2107962 *Mar 4, 1936Feb 8, 1938Sheasby Hugh CecilPillow
US2562725 *Jul 24, 1947Jul 31, 1951Leto ArmetiaPregnancy abdominal pillow and casing
US2651788 *May 9, 1950Sep 15, 1953Taylor Bedding Mfg CoMattress
US2688142 *Jun 5, 1952Sep 7, 1954Jensen Elmer VHeadrest
US2765480 *Nov 12, 1952Oct 9, 1956Mueller Eleanor SAll purpose orthopedic pillow
US3118152 *May 10, 1962Jan 21, 1964Jr Royal B TalleyMaternity mattress pad
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3378862 *Aug 29, 1966Apr 23, 1968Independent General IncMaternity mattress
US3988793 *Sep 16, 1975Nov 2, 1976Abitbol M MauriceDevice for preventing and treating toxemia in pregnant women
US4288879 *Sep 6, 1979Sep 15, 1981Pate Johnny LMaternity pillow
US4397052 *Dec 15, 1980Aug 9, 1983Lund Iii Richard GPrenatal support pillow
US4489452 *Sep 27, 1982Dec 25, 1984Lickert Jodey JPrenatal mattress
US4944059 *Sep 27, 1989Jul 31, 1990Abby Brooks CorporationPrenatal body support
US5014375 *Jan 29, 1990May 14, 1991Span-America Medical Systems, Inc.Surgical pad
US5544377 *May 8, 1995Aug 13, 1996Gostine; Mark L.Therapeutic pillow for low back pain
US6065166 *Oct 17, 1996May 23, 2000O.R. Comfort, LlcSurgical support cushion apparatus and method
US6081948 *Apr 5, 1999Jul 4, 2000Isopedic CorporationBreast orthotics pillow
US6185768May 25, 1999Feb 13, 2001Amanda Parks SchlechterFemale cushion support
US20120312635 *Jun 11, 2011Dec 13, 2012Sandra RandolphLadder Guard
USRE30444 *Jun 1, 1979Dec 9, 1980 Orthopedic support
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/631, 5/930, 606/119
International ClassificationA47C20/02, A47C20/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S5/93, A47C20/025
European ClassificationA47C20/02H