Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3288155 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 29, 1966
Filing dateSep 28, 1964
Priority dateSep 28, 1964
Also published asDE1503793A1, DE1935139U
Publication numberUS 3288155 A, US 3288155A, US-A-3288155, US3288155 A, US3288155A
InventorsSwetnam Norman T
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Silverware washing system
US 3288155 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 29, 1966 N. T. SWETNAM 3,288,155

SILVERWARE WASHING SYSTEM Filed Sept. 28, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 NORMAN T. SWETNAM BY W HIS ATTORNEY Nov. 29, 1966 N. "r. SWETNAM 3,288,155

SILVERWARE WASHING SYSTEM Filed Sept. 28, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 22. INVENTOR NORMAN T SWETNAM BY f 11 ATTO RMEY United States Patent 3,288,155 SILVERWARE WASHING SYSTEM Norman T. Swetnam, Louisville, Ky., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Filed Sept. 28, 1964, Ser. No. 399,430 3 Claims. ((11. 134-176) This invention relates generally to automatic dishwashers and, more particularly, to an improved silverware washing system for use in an automatic dishwasher.

It is generally accepted by those skilled in the art that a properly functioning automatic dishwasher will wash dishes cleaner than normally accomplished by hand washing. This also holds true for the silverware being washed; however, when certain pieces of silverware are exceptionally soiled or are soiled with matter particularly difficult to remove, the silverware may not be cleaned as well as could be accomplished by diligent hand scrubbing. A primary reason for the failure of a conventional dishwasher wash system to properly cleanse exceptionally soiled silverware is that the conventional wash system is designed to distribute the wash fluid evenly throughout the entire dishwasher wash chambe transported between the dishwasher and the dining table, it is desirable, though not mandatory, to provide the silverware basket with substantially imperforate side walls to minimize the possibility of silverware escaping from the basket during transportation between the dining table and the dishwasher. When the silverware basket is provided with substantially imperforate side walls, the conventional wash system of the dishwasher is even less successful in eifectuating a wash action within the confines of the imperforate walls. It should therefore be realized that room for improvement exists in the silverware washing systems heretofore available in domestic dishwashers.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved silverware washing system for use in an automatic dishwasher.

It is also an object of this invention to provide a silverware washing system for an automatic dishwasher wherein a separate silverware basket is used.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a silverware washing system for an automatic dishwasher wherein a separate silverware basket is used which may be removed from the dishwasher and carried to a dining table for loading.

Briefly stated, in accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a silverware washing system for use in a dishwasher having a wash chamber, means to support dishes within the wash chamber, a main spray device to effectuate a wash action upon dishes supported within the wash chamber, and a pump to supply wash fluid to the main spray device. The silverware washing system comprises a silverware basket supported within the wash chamber and having substantially imperforate side walls. A secondary spray device is in substantially vertical alignment with the silverware basket and fluid conducting means are provided to interconnect the secondary spray device with the pump whereby a 3,288,155 Patented Nov. 29, 1966 portion of the fluid circulated by the pump is conducted to the secondary spray device to effectuate a wash action directed into the silverware basket.

While the specification concludes with claims particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the subject matter which is regarded as the invent-ion, it is believed the invention will be better understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view, partially cut away to show details, of a dishwasher with which the present invention may be employed;

FIGURE 2 is a detailed sectional view of the pump mechanism of the present invention;

FIGURE 3 is a top view of the main and secondary spray devices of the present invention;

FIGURE 4 is a partial top view showing the silverware basket of the present invention and its position relative to the main spray device and a dish supporting rack of the dishwasher; and

FIGURE 5 is a partial perspective view, partially in section to show details, of the silverware basket of the present invention.

Referring now -to the drawings, and particularly to FIGURE 1, there is illustrated an automatic dishwasher 10 having an outer cabinet 11 which defines therein a wash chamber 12. Disposed within wash chamber 12 are dish supporting racks 13 and 14 which are adapted to support dishes while they are being washed by the dishwasher 10. Access is provided to wash chamber 12 by means of a closure member or door 15 pivotally secured to cabinet 11 by means of a hinge member 16. Dishwasher 10 may be of the portable type and, if so, may be provided with rollers 17 interconnected to cabinet 11 by a member 18. A handle 19 may also be provided to facilitate the movement of dishwasher 10.

The lower extremity of wash chamber 12 is defined by a bottom wall 20 which has a centrally depressed portion forming a sump 21. Centrally disposed within sump 21 and supported by bottom wall 20 is a motor-pump assembly 22. Motor-pump assembly 22 includes a reversible electric motor 23 and a pump 24 directly mechanically linked to the motor 23. Rotatably supported atop pump 24 is a main spray device in the form of a reaction type spray arm 25 having therein a plurality of orifices 26 which create a wash action within wash chamber 12 when wash fluid is propelled therethrough by pump 24. Extend-ing upwardly from the central portion of spray arm 25 is a spray tube 27 which has a telescoping portion 28 that extends upwardly, under the influence of wash fluid pressure, to effectuate additional wash action upon dishes supported by rack 14 by means of wash fluid issuing from orifices 29. An electrical resistance heating element 30 is supported from bottom wall 20 and is utilized to heat wash-fluid within wash chamber 12 and/or to facilitate the drying of dishware supported by racks 13 and 14 upon the completion of the washing cycle.

It is to be understood, of course, that the foregoing description of the dishwasher illustrated in FIGURE 1 is of a general nature and should not be considered critical to the present invention. Similarly, many aspects of the motor-pump assembly 22 may vary a great deal from the specific details which are to be described in connection with the preferred illustrated embodiment.

Referring now primarily to FIGURE 2 a more detailed description of the motor-pump assembly 22 and its operation will be given. Pump 24 of motor-pump assembly 22 includes a lower impeller 31 directly mechanically linked to the shaft of motor 23 and, in one direction of rotation of motor 23, impeller 31 draws wash fluid from sump 21 through an inlet 32 and propels this wash fluid out through an eflluent discharge conduit 33 (FIGURE 1) which communicates with the normal household sewer system (not shown). Pump 24 also includes an upper impeller 34 which, in the opposite direction of rotation of motor 23, draws wash fluid from sump 21 through an inlet 35 and propels the fluid up through spray arm 25 and spray tube 27 to effectuate a wash action within wash chamber 12. Flow straightening means 36 are provided within pump 24 between upper impeller 34 and spray arm 25 to remove any swirl imparted to the wash fluid by impeller 34.

In automatic dishwashers having pump and spray devices similar to that described above, it is customary to provide special means to support silverware in a manner whereby the spray arm 25 or spray tube 27 can effectuate a wash action upon the silverware supported therein. However, as mentioned earlier, when the silverware is exceptionally soiled or is soiled with matter particularly difficult to remove, the standard spray devices oftentimes do not provide a sufficiently concentrated spray to effect the desired cleaning results. This is primarily because the main spray device is designed to substantially evenly distribute Wash fluid throughout the wash chamber 12 and it is virtually impossible to design the spray device to also concentrate suflicient spray in a particular area of the wash chamber 12 as would be necessary to effectively cleanse exceptionally soiled silverware.

In accordance with the present invention, a silverware basket 37 is positioned within wash chamber 12 and, in the preferred embodiment illustrated in FIGURE 1, silverware basket 37 is directly supported by dish supporting rack 13. Silverware basket 37 includes a plurality of individual silverware retaining compartments 38 each of which are formed by substantially imperforate side walls. Each compartment 38 has an open upper end to allow the insertion of silverware therethrough while the lower end is provided I withdrawn from sump 21 through inlet 35 and are prowith a perforated or grid-like bottom wall 39. The per- 7 forations or openings in each of the bottom walls 39 are sufficiently small to prevent the silverware from slipping therethrough but at the same time are of sufficient size to allow wash fluid to pass therethrough to effectuate a wash action upon the silverware disposed within each compartment 38. The individual compartments 38 are secured together as an integral unit by means of a web 40 which may be molded integrally with the individual compartments 38. Extending upwardly from the central portion of web 40 is a handle 41 which facilitates the removal of basket 37 from wash chamber 12 so that it may be transported to 'a dining table for loading at that location.

In order to direct a concentrated wash fluid spray into the individual compartments 38 of silverware basket 37, a secondary spray device or spray arm 42 is rotatably supported from bottom wall 20 by a bracket 43. Spray arm 42 is provided with at least two orifices 44 which direct a spray of wash fluid into the compartments 38 of silverware basket 37. Fluid conducting means 45 interconnect spray arm 42 with the upper portion of pump 24 in a manner such that, when impeller 34 propels wash fluid up into spray arm 25 and spray tube 27, a portion of the wash fluid being moved by impeller 34 is conducted to spray arm 42. 7

Although the preferred embodiment of the invention comprises a secondary spray arm positioned below the silverware basket, it would be within the spirit of the in vention to position the secondary spray arm'above the silverware basket 'anddirect the spray issuing therefrom down into the silverware basket. It should also be noted that in the preferred embodiment, the secondary spray arm 42 is positioned below the level of main spray arm 25 and that main spray arm also passes below silverware basket 37. This means, of course, that wash fluid issuing from main spray arm 25 also assists in creating a wash action upon silverware within basket 37.

pelled upwardly by impeller 34 through flow straightening means 36. A portion of the fluid passing through flow straightening means 36 is conducted, by means of fluid conducting means 45, to the secondary spray arm 42. The fluid entering secondary spray arm 42 issues therefrom through orifices 44 which direct this fluid into the individual compartments 38 of silverware basket 37. This provides a highly concentrated spray action which effects the desired cleansing of the silverware supported by basket 37. It is to be understood, of course, that the major portion of the fluid being propelled by the impeller 34 passes into spray arm 25 and spray tube 27 to be substantially evenly distributed throughout wash chamber 12.

As will be evident from the foregoing description, certain aspects of the invention are not limited to the particular details of construction of the example illustrated, and it is contemplated that various other modifications or applications will occur to those skilled in the art. It is therefore intended that the appended claims shall cover such modifications and applications as do not depart form the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. In a dishwasher having a wash chamber, means to support dishes within the wash chamber, a main spray device movable within the wash chamber to effectuate a wash action upon dishes supported within the wash chamber, and a pump to supply wash fluid to the main spray device, a silverware washing system comprising:

(a) a silverware basket having substantially imperforate side walls and supported within the wash chamber,

(b) a secondary spray device in substantially vertical alignment with said silverware basket, and

(c) fluid conducting means interconnecting said secondary spray device with the pump whereby a portion of the fluid circulated by the pump is conducted to said secondary spray device to effectuate a wash action directed into said silverware basket,

(d) said secondary spray device being positioned on the same side of said silverware basket as said main spray device and spaced from said silverware basket whereby said main spray device is free to pass between said silverware basket and said secondary spray device to assist in creating a wash action within saidsilverware basket.

2. In a dishwasher having a wash chamber, dish supporting racks within the wash chamber, a main spray device to effectuatea wash action upon dishes supported by the racks, and a pump to supply wash fluid to the main spray device, a silverware washing system comprising:

(a) a silverware basket having substantially imperforate side walls and supported by one of the dish supporting racks, I

(b) a secondary spray device positioned below said silverware basket and adapted to spray was-h fluid into said silverware basket, and

(c) fluid conducting means interconnecting said secondary device with the pump whereby a portion of the fluid circulated by the pump is conducted to said secondary spray device,

(d) said main spray device being mounted within said wash chamber for movement relative thereto,

(e) said secondary spray device being positioned below the level of said main spray device whereby said main spray device has room to pass below said silverware basket to assist in creating a wash action within said silverware basket.

3. A silverware washing system for use in a dish Washer having a wash camber comprising:

(a) means to support silverware within the wash chamber,

(b) a main spray device mounted for movement within the wash chamber and adapted to substantially evenly distribute wash fluid throughout the entire wash chamber including the area consume-d by said silverware supporting means, and

(c) a secondary spray device in closed proximity to said silverware supporting means and adapted to direct the wash fluid substantially exclusively toward the silverware supported by said silverware supporting means,

(d) said main spray device and said secondary spray device b'oth operating simultaneously,

(e) said secondary spray device being positioned on the same side of said silverware supporting means as said main spray device and spaced from said silverware supporting means whereby said main spray device is free to pass between said silverware supporting means and said secondary spray device to assist in creating a wash action within said silverware supporting means.

References Cited by the Examiner 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,617,021 2/1927 Mitchell l3417-6 X 1,681,322 8/1928 Cave 134l11 2,987,260 6/1961 Sasnett 1'34-l7 6 X 3,077,200 2/ 1963 Guth 134l7'6 10 3,090,391 5/1963 Kaldenberg et a1. 134176 X 3,092,134 6/1963 Allen et a1. 134-176 X 3,126,900 3/1964 Zane et a1. 3,179,307 4/ 1965 Duncan et a1 134-148 X 15 CHARLES A. WILLMUTH, Primary Examiner.

R. L. BLEUTGE, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1617021 *Oct 8, 1921Feb 8, 1927Mitchell Robert BDishwashing machine
US1681322 *May 17, 1922Aug 21, 1928Fuller Brush CoWashing machine
US2987260 *Nov 18, 1959Jun 6, 1961Gen ElectricTop spray dishwasher
US3077200 *May 5, 1961Feb 12, 1963Gen ElectricMultiple spray structure for dishwashers and the like
US3090391 *Feb 2, 1961May 21, 1963Maytag CoDishwasher self cleaning arrangement
US3092134 *Nov 13, 1958Jun 4, 1963Hobart Mfg CoDrain and inlet hose arrangement for dishwasher
US3126900 *May 28, 1962Mar 31, 1964Design and Manufacturing CorporationSpray-tube dishwasher
US3179307 *Oct 24, 1963Apr 20, 1965Design & Mfg CorpPump assembly for dishwashing machines
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3375835 *Sep 23, 1965Apr 2, 1968Whirlpool CoArticle washing apparatus
US3468486 *Feb 2, 1967Sep 23, 1969Gen Motors CorpDishwasher with multiple spray arm
US3496949 *Jun 2, 1969Feb 24, 1970Gen Motors CorpDishwasher with multiple spray arm
US3665943 *Mar 18, 1969May 30, 1972Whirlpool CoDishwasher
US3779258 *Feb 11, 1972Dec 18, 1973Whirlpool CoRotating silverware basket for dishwasher
US3890987 *Jun 4, 1973Jun 24, 1975Whirlpool CoWashing apparatus with auxiliary distributor
US3903911 *Nov 21, 1973Sep 9, 1975Gen ElectricDishwasher spray system
US3908681 *Nov 9, 1973Sep 30, 1975Gen ElectricForced air circulation system for a dishwasher
US3915182 *Nov 8, 1973Oct 28, 1975Tappan CoSpray deflector for dishwashers
US3941139 *Aug 15, 1974Mar 2, 1976Whirlpool CorporationDishwasher spray assembly with intermittently operating nozzles
US4157145 *Jul 17, 1978Jun 5, 1979The Maytag CompanySilverware basket construction
US4192432 *Jul 17, 1978Mar 11, 1980The Maytag CompanySidewall construction for silverware basket
US4387496 *Dec 8, 1980Jun 14, 1983Whirlpool CorporationMethod of forming a spray arm
US4498594 *Sep 13, 1982Feb 12, 1985Elder Ivan RNipple, ring and cap dishwasher accessory
US6868977 *May 13, 2003Mar 22, 2005Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgerate GmbhAdapter for a dish basket of a dishwasher
US6976496 *Nov 26, 2003Dec 20, 2005Metcraft, Inc.Improved utensil basket for use within the wash tank of a pot and pan industrial washing machine that utilizes a portion of the washing action by capturing a jet stream within the utensil basket; efficiency; kitchenware; silverware
US7523757Jul 10, 2007Apr 28, 2009Metcraft, Inc.Pot and pan washing machine, components, and methods of washing items
US8007598Oct 27, 2008Aug 30, 2011Whirlpool CorporationDishwasher having multiple spray zones
US8349089 *Nov 7, 2008Jan 8, 2013Whirlpool CorporationDishwasher having dedicated sprayer for silverware basket
EP0727182A2 *Feb 12, 1996Aug 21, 1996SMEG S.p.A.Dishwasher with superposed baskets
WO2003023113A2 *Aug 30, 2002Mar 20, 2003John W CantrellPowered utensil basket
WO2004019747A1 *Aug 29, 2003Mar 11, 2004Asko Cylinda AbDish washing machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification134/176, 220/23.8, 211/41.9
International ClassificationA47L15/23, A47L15/00, A47L15/50, A47L15/14, A47L15/32
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/32, A47L15/502, A47L15/23
European ClassificationA47L15/23, A47L15/50C, A47L15/32