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Publication numberUS3289649 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 6, 1966
Filing dateSep 22, 1964
Priority dateSep 26, 1963
Also published asDE1451711A1
Publication numberUS 3289649 A, US 3289649A, US-A-3289649, US3289649 A, US3289649A
InventorsLamm Heinz
Original AssigneeDaimler Benz Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rotary piston engine
US 3289649 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

De@ 6, 1966 H. LAMM 3,289,649

ROTARY PISTON ENGINE Filed sept. 22, 1964 HQI l N v r; MOR. HEINZ LAMM A Y y ORNE VLSI United States Patent O 3,289,649 ROTARY PISTON ENGINE Heinz Lamm, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, Germany, assigner to Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft, Stuttgart-Unterturkheim, Germany Filed Sept. 22, 1964, Ser. No. 393,367

Claims priority, application Germany, Sept. 26, 1963,

12 Claims. (Cl. 12S- 8) The present invention relates to a housing case for a rotary piston internal combustion engine, especially of trochoidal construction, which consists preferably of lightweight metal and which is provided with an inner casing surface serving as cam track or runner surface for the piston and consisting of a sprayed-on metal, for example, of a steel containing chrome.

In the actual operation of rotary piston internal combustion engines, it has been found that with an inner casing surface consisting of a sprayed-on metal as cam track or runner surface for the piston, the lubricating oil is pressed into the pores of the inner casing surface by the sealing strips or bars arranged at the piston so that these pores become filled with a mixture of air bubbles and oil. This mixture of air bubbles and oil falls back or disappears elastically yieldingly into the bottom of the pores when a sealing strip or bar is guided along the casing surface, and as a result thereof, a metallic contact takes place between the sealing strip and the casing surface with all the disadvanltageous consequences thereof for the operation and length of life of internal combustion engine.

The present invention aims at eliminating the aforementioned disadvantages. In solution of the underlying problems the present invention essentially consists in that a filler material, for example, a synthetic resin solution, is applied onto the casing surface consisting of sprayedon metal for closing the pores which resin solution is provided with substances having lubricating properties, for example, graphite, molybdenum disulfide or zinc sulfide.

By the application of a filler enriched with substances having lubricating properties onto the casing surface of fthe housing case, there is achieved a closing of the pores of the sprayed-on metal and there is prevented that the lubricating oil reaches into the pores where it no longer can fulill its task to lubricate the movement of the sealing bars along the casing surface. The arrangement of substances with lubricating properties in the ller serves to counter the diiiculties in the establishment of sumciently good lubricating conditions which occur nonetheless at times. In those cases or places where customary lubricants no longer suice, the substances inserted into or embedded in the filler produce excellent emergency running properties. Furthermore, the closing of the pores with a filler, when it takes place prior to grinding or honing of the casing surface, offers the advantage that any dust produced during grinding or honing cannot become deposited in the pores, out of which it may leave again in due course and may give rise to operating failures and breakdowns.

According to a further feature of the present invention, the arrangement may be so made thatas related to the circumference of the casing surface-the substances with lubricating properties in the ller material are arranged only in certain sections thereof. With rotary piston internal combustion engines of trochoidal construction the substances with lubricating properties may be arranged within the filler material along those parts of the casing surfaces which enclose the suction space and the compression space of the internal combustion engine.

The iiller material may consist advantageously of a commercially available phenolic resin.

Furthermore, the housing case may be subjected with an engine operation to a brief running-in period utilizing a running-in oil, for example, a plain or non-additive type motor oil, in order to achieve in this manner that the sealing elements sliding along the inner casing surfaces of the casing adapt themselves well to the casing surface by the resulting grinding action.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a rotary piston internal combustion engine of the type described above which eliminates the aforementioned drawbacks encountered with the prior art constructions by simple and relatively inexpensive means.

Another object of the present invention resides in the provision of a casing for an internal combustion engine of trochoidal construction which assures adequate lubrication under all operating conditions for the sliding movements of the sealing bars arranged at the corners of the piston.

A further object of the present invention resides in the provision of a housing for an internal combustion engine of the type described above provided with a sprayed-on metallic casing surface in which the sprayed-on surface is so prepared and treated as to prevent Athe disappearance of the lubricating oil into the pores of the surface.

Another object of the present invention resides in the provision of a rotary piston internal combustion engine of trochoidal construction in which metal-to-metal contact between the sealing bars at the piston corners and the internal surfaces of the housing casing are prevented under all operating conditions.

Still a further object of the present invention resides in the provision of an internal combustion engine of the type described above, especially of a rotary piston internal combustion engine of trochoidal construction provided with an aluminum housing to which is applied a relatively very hard sprayed-on metal surface, which assures proper operation and relatively long length of life of the engine.

Still another object of the present invention resides in the provision of a rotary piston internal combustion engine'with a sprayed-on metal casing surface in which the pores are lled with a material having lubricating properties.

A further object of the present invention resides in the provision of a sprayed-on hard metallic surface along the inner walls of the housing of a rotary piston internal cornbustion engine in which the pores are closed to prevent the accumulation of dust that may result during grinding and/ or honing of the surfaces.

These and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more obvious from the following description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawing which shows, for purposes of illustration only, one embodiment in accordance with the present invention, and wherein FIGURE l is a schematic longitudinal cross sectional View, taken transversely to the axial direction, through a housing casing for a rotary piston internal combustion engine of trochoidal construction in accordance with the present invention, and

FIGURE 2 is a partial cross sectional view, on an enlarged scale, through the housing casing of FIGURE 1.

Referring now to the drawing wherein like reference numerals are used throughout the two views to designate like parts, the housing casing ll of FiGURE l for a rotary piston internal combustion engine of trochoidal construction consists of light metal, such as aluminum, aluminum alloy and the like and is provided as running-surface for the piston with a two-arched internal casing surface 2 which is constituted by a layer 3 of sprayed-on metal, for example, by a sprayed-on layer of chrome-steel, of carbon steel, or the like, The casing surface 2 is very Wearresistant but is provided with a large number of pores by reason of the fact that the layer 3 is sprayed on. These pores are illustrated in FIGURE 2 greatly enlarged and are designated therein by reference numeral 4.

In order that no lubricating oil can be pressed into the pores 4 during operation of the internal combustion engine by the sealing bars of conventional construction arranged at the piston corners, the pores 4 are closed With a filler material This filler material 5, which consists for example, of a phenolic resin combined or mixed with Bakelite as binder is appropriately applied directly after the spraying operation of the layer 3 in liquid form, that is, when the casing surface Z is still completely free of any fat or greasy substance. The liller material 5 penetrates deep into the pores 4, fills the same substantially completely and then solidies so that no lubricating oil can disappear into the pores 4 or can be pressed into the pores 4 by the sealing bars (not shown). Nevertheless, in order to have available a corresponding emergency running characteristic during an interruption of the lubrication as may occur occasionally in engine operation, substances 6 with lubricating properties are embedded into the ller material 5. The substances 6, schematically ilustrated in the drawing by dots, may consist of colloidal graphite, of molybdenum disultide or of zinc sulfide or mixtures therein in smallest or finest particle size. Consequently, if the lubrication with the usual lubricants should not suice temporarily or at certain places of the casing surface 2, the substances 6 in the filler 5 produce excellent emergency running characteristics so that the lack of lubrication is bridged without danger for the engine.

As exhaustive practical tests with rotary-piston internalcombustion-engines have demonstrated, it sufces if the substances 6 with the lubricating properties are admixed to the filler material 5 in the so-called cold arc" '7 (FIG. l) of the inner casing surface 2 which extends from the center between inlet and outlet channels in the direction of rotation of the piston up to within proximity of the spark plug; for the danger exists more likely within the cold arc that the lubrication with the lubricating Oil is so impaired by the fuel that the internal combustion engine is relegated to the emergency running properties provided by the substances 6. Within the remaining socalled warm arc of the inner surfaces 2, the surface of the filler material 5, which is not enriched with the substances 6, produces an extraordinarily smooth and sliding oxidation layer in combination with the petroleum hydrocarbons which, as has been discovered, prevents the wear-appearances produced by the sealing bars at the inner casing surfaces 2.

Appropriately, the lling out of the pores 4 with the filler 5 with or without added substance 6 takes place prior to grinding or honing of the inner casing surface 2 because filler 5 prevents that, for example, grinding dust gets into the pores 4.

Since the construction of the housing casing in accordance with the present invention prevents to a certain extent that the sealing bars or strips sliding along the inner casing surface 2 adapt themselves well to the casing surface by the usual grinding action, it is advantageous to subject the casing housing in engine operation to a running-in period of short duration with the use of runningin oil, for example, plain or non-additive oil. As borne out in practice, a running-in period of about two hours suffices.

While I have shown and described one embodiment in accordance with the present invention, it is understood that the present invention is not limited thereto, but is susceptible of numerous changes and modifications as known to a person skilled in the art. The particular type of filler material and/or of the lubricating additives admixed to the filler material may be varied at will, depending on availability of the particular or equivalent materials and on the desired characteristics to be obtained.

Furthermore, any commercially available type of material of the type mentioned above or equivalent thereof is satisfactory for purposes of the present invention. Additionally the details of construction of the rotary piston internal combustion engine may be varied at will as known by a person skilled in the art.

Thus, while I have shown and described only one embodiment in accordane with the present invention, it is understood that the same is not limited thereto but is susceptible of numerous changes and modifications as known to a person skilled in the art, and I therefore do not wish to be limited to the details shown and described herein but intend to cover all such changes and modifications as are encompassed by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A housing casing of a rotary piston internal combustion engine, especiallyof trochoidal construction, comprising:

housing casing means,

a sprayed-on relatively hard metal layer on the inside of the housing casing means and serving as inner running surfaces for the rotating piston,

and filler means applied to said sprayed-on layer for closing the pores thereof.

2. A housing casing according to claim 1, wherein said filler means essentially consists of a synthetic resin.

3. A housing casing according to claim 1, wherein said ller means essentially consists of phenolic resin.

4. A housing casing of a rotary piston internal combustion engine, especially of trochoidal construction, comprising:

housing casing means,

a sprayed-on relatively hard metal layer on the inside of the housing casing means and serving as inner runner surfaces for the rotating piston,

and filler means applied to said sprayed-on layer for closing the pores thereof,

said filler means having admixed thereto at least over a portion of the inner runner surfaces a substance with lubricating properties.

5. A housing casing of a rotary piston internal combustion engine, especially of trochoidal construction, comprising:

housing casing means,

a sprayed-on relatively hard metal layer on the inside of the housing casing means and serving as inner runner surfaces for the rotating piston,

and filler means essentially consisting of synthetic resin applied to said sprayed-on layer for closing the pores thereof,

said filler means having admixed thereto at least over a portion of the inner runner surfaces a subsance with lubricating properties and selected from the group essentially consisting of graphite, molybdenum disulfide, zinc sulfide and mixtures thereof.

6. A housing casing of a rotary piston internal combustion engine, especially of trochoidal construction, comprising:

housing casing means,

a `sprayed-on relatively hard metal layer on the inside of the housing casing means and serving as inner runner surfaces for the rotating piston,

and filler means applied to said sprayed-on layer for closing the pores thereof,

said ller means having admixed thereto at least over a portion of the inner runner surfaces a substance with lubricating properties,

the substance with lubricating properties being admixed in the filler means only over a predetermined section of the circumference of the inner surfaces of the casing means in relation to the direction of rotation thereof.

7. A housing casing of a rotary piston internal combuston engine, especially of trochoidal construction, comprising:

housing casing means,

a sprayed-on relatively hard metal layer on the inside of the housing casing means and serving as inner runner surfaces for the rotating pistons,

and filler means applied to said sprayed-on layer for closing the pores thereof,

said filler means having admixed thereto at least over a portion of the inner runner surfaces a substance with lubricating properties,

the substance with lubricating properties being admixed in the filler means only over a predetermined section of the circumference of the inner surfaces of the casing means in relation to the direction of rotation thereof,

said Isection essentially consisting of the suction space and compression space of the internal combustion engine.

8. A housing casing of a rotary piston internal combustion engine, especially of trochoidal construction, cornprising:

housing casing means of light metal,

a sprayed-on relatively hard metal layer on the inside of the housing casing means and serving as inner rtmner surfaces for the rotating piston,

and filler means essentially consisting of synthetic resin applied to said sprayed-on layer for closing the pores thereof,

said ller means having admixed thereto at least over a portion of the inner runner surfaces a substance with lubricating properties and selected from the group essentially consisting of graphite, molybdenum disulfide, zinc sulfide and mixtures thereof,

the substance with lubricating properties being admixed in the ller means only over a predetermined section of the circumference of the inner surfaces of the casing means in relation to the direction of rotation thereof,

said section essentially consisting of the suction space and compression space of the internal combustion engine.

9. A housing casing according to claim 6, wherein said synthetic resin is phenolic resin.

10. A housing casing according to claim 9, wherein said housing casing means essentially consists of aluminum or aluminum alloy.

11. A housing casing according to claim 1t), wherein said sprayed-on metal layer essentially consists of a hard metal selected from the group of chrome and carbon steels.

12. In a rotary piston internal combustion engine of trochoidal construction, which comprises a casing, a polygonal piston rotatable within said casing and having sealing strips at the corners thereof, inlet and outlet means in said casing, a sprayed-on relatively hard metal layer on the inside of the housing casing serving as inner runner surfaces for the rotating piston and ller means essentially consisting of a synthetic resin applied to said layer for closing the pores thereof, said filler means having admixed thereto over at least a portion of the runner surfaces a substance with lubricating properties,

the improvement essentially consisting of operating said engine during a short running-in period with the use lof a plain running-in oil to adapt the sealing strips to said inner runner surfaces.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Re. 24,932 l/1961 Davey 103-216 X 3,155,313 11/1964 Bentele 123-8 X FOREIGN PATENTS 718,866 3/1942 Germany.

MARK NEWMAN, Primary Examiner SAMUEL LEVINE, Examiner.

F. T. SADLER, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3359615 *Mar 6, 1963Dec 26, 1967Nat Lead CoMethod of making a die cast cylinder for internal combustion engines
US3359953 *Mar 9, 1966Dec 26, 1967Nsu Motorenwerke AgRotary internal combustion engine
US3359956 *Apr 19, 1966Dec 26, 1967Curtiss Wright CorpRotor construction for rotary engines
US3518920 *Jul 17, 1968Jul 7, 1970Bimba Charles WFluid power motor with non-rotating piston rod
US3608535 *Nov 6, 1968Sep 28, 1971Outboard Marine CorpSealant for wear-resistant coating
US3693608 *Jan 15, 1971Sep 26, 1972Toyo Kogyo CoEnd wall construction for a rotary piston internal combusion engine
US3771904 *Mar 8, 1972Nov 13, 1973Audi Nsu Auto Union AgRotor for rotary-piston mechanism
US3778201 *Mar 23, 1972Dec 11, 1973Davey Compressor CoCompressor blade
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US3830209 *Mar 5, 1973Aug 20, 1974Jones RichardCylinder head and method of reconstructing same
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US3904327 *Sep 26, 1973Sep 9, 1975Rovac CorpRotary compressor-expander having spring biased vanes
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US8794944Sep 28, 2010Aug 5, 2014Brinkmann Pumpen K.H. Brinkmann Gmbh & Co. KgScrew spindle machine and method of manufacturing the same
WO2011045179A2 *Sep 28, 2010Apr 21, 2011Brinkmann Pumpen K.H. Brinkmann Gmbh & Co. KgScrew spindle machine and method of manufacturing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification418/178, 417/DIG.100, 418/179, 418/152, 123/193.2, 418/83
International ClassificationF02B55/08, F02B77/02
Cooperative ClassificationF02B55/08, Y10S417/01, F02B77/02
European ClassificationF02B55/08, F02B77/02