US 329050 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) v
' T. M. KENNE Y.
CASH SYSTEM. No. 329,050. Patented 001;. 27, 1885.
1L v l if law- .4. Z
mtnessei/ p lnverwor 1 36 raw Lflflys.
N PETERS. PMImUthogr-mplwr, Warhingtnn, D. C.
U ITED STATES 1 trier.
THOMAS M. KENNEY, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, A'SSIGNOR, 'BY DIRECT AND MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO THE KENNEY ELECTRICAL CASH CARRIER COMPANY, OF PORTLAND, MAINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part ofLetters Patent No. 329,050, dated October 2'7, 1885.
Application filed April 13, 1883. Renewed April 27, 1885. Serial No. 163,580. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, THOMAS M. KENNEY, of Boston, (Cambridge) county of Middlesex, State of Massachusetts, have invented an 1mprovement in Cash Systems, ofwhich the following description, in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specification, like letters on the drawings representing like parts.
This invention relates to a cash system or apparatus for automatically taking a burden or receptacle containing money from the clerks or salesmen stationed at different parts of astore to the cashiers desk, and then returning the change from the cashiers desk to the clerks from whom the money was originally received.
The apparatus consists, essentially, of a conveying device, shown in this instance as acar, passing the different stations with a continuous movement, and having a series of carriers or picking-up devices for receiving the different packages or receptacles containing the money and memorandum-slips, the said carriers being adapted to hold the packages and convey them along with the car to the cashiers desk or main station, where suitable discharging devices are arranged for causing the said carriers to drop the packages, which are shown in this instance as bags or purses provided with suspending rings or eyes. The carriers consist in this instance of hooks or fingers projecting forward in the direction of the movement of the can-the said hooks being arranged in different positions on the said car, so as to move in different paths, and each station is provided with a delivering device, shown as a similar hook adapted to receive the supporting-eye of the purse and raise it into provided: with tripping-fingers, which when they come in contact with fixed tripping projections or discharging device in the movement of the car turn the said hooks so as to cause them to drop or discharge the burdens held upon them, the said tripping-fingers and projections constituting the discharging mechanism.
At the cashiers desk there is a series of tripping devices, one corresponding to eacln,
carrier, 'so that all the carriers are operated to discharge all the burdens severally supported thereon when the car passes the cashiers desk,which is also provided with a series of delivering devices, one corresponding in position with each carrier, so that the cashier ing devices will cause it to be taken by the corresponding carrier and conveyed thereby toward the different clerks stations.
Eachclerks station is provided with a delivering'and discharging device correspondby placing a purse on one of the said deliver-' ing in position to one of the carriers of the car, the said tripping or discharging device being passed by the car before the delivering. device of the same station, so that as the car Figure 1 is a diagram showing the different stations of a cash system embodying this invention; Fig. 2, a vertical section of the carrying device on a larger scale and a portion of the apparatus at one of the clerks stations; Fig. 3, a rear elevation of the said apparatus at the clerks station; Figs. 4 and 5, a side elevation and plan view, respectively, of the delivering devices at the clerks desk, and Fig. 6 a side elevation of the tripping devices and receiving apparatus at the cashiers desk.
The conveying device is shown in this instance as a car, A, traveling on a track, B, (see Fig. 1, passing through the store in proper proximity to the different clerks stations, C, and also passing the cashiers desk, D. The conveying device A is shown in this instance as a car guided by two stationary wire rails, b
b, one vertically above the other, which, with suitablesupporting-brackets, 12 b constitute the track B. The said car A is provided with grooved wheels a a, running on the said rails b b, the bearings of the said wheel a be- ...ing preferably pressed upon by springs o so v as to keep it in contact with the rail b in case t the-said rails b bare-not at exactly uniform distances apart at all points. As shown, in
IO this instance the car A is actuated by an electromotor, the rails b I) being electrically insulated from one another, as by insulating-ma terial b in the bracket 1) b", the said rails being connected withthe opposite poles of a suitable battery or source 'of electricity,'E,as'indicated in thediagram Fig. 2. The circuit is completed between the rails 12 b through the ..actuating electro-magnetM of the motor,.which :inayrbeof any suitableor usual. construction,
" 2o:it.b'eing. shown in this -instance..as having an armature, 'F, mounted on a shaft, G, provided 1 with a fly-wheel, H, and pinion I, meshing with the,,,gear--.K.upon the. shaft .of the .wheel or roller a. 'IThe said shaft G is also provided I ..with asuitable commutator, L, by-which the .circuit is closed while the arms of the arma .=.tureTF.-. (shownasfourinnumber) are moving ,.upto.lthe p'oles of 'the magnetM, and broken .:when.the-said. arms ofthe armature. have ar 3o .rived at the nearest, point to. the said. poles and are moving. awaytherefrom by the-power .,.stored vinthe fly-wheel H.
It will, beseen 'that the conveying." delvice may be...actuated:by a. mechanical motor or clock-work, and .that but one rail may be em- ,ployedto constitute the track B, or that the xssaid track itself. may be movable like a .belt
I andeons'titute the conveying device without L departing from the invention. .The conveyingldelvice or car A is provided-with a series of picking-up devicesor .carriers, 0 0 0 shown .as. spindles or rods, provided .attheir ends .with hooks or fingers d,.normallyheld by the -action of. springs e or equivalents projecting 5Lforwar'd .and preferably slightly upward in .the direction in which the car isimoving, the said fingersd being at different distances from -.the--.said-car and at different heights, so that they movein diflere'nt paths parallel withthe I 50. track B.
:Each of the different clerks. orv salesmens .stations is provided with a delivering device,
.- shown -as auhook or. finger, f, similar to the one, d, mounted upon. the end of a rod, f,
5 .:connected with a slide, f, in a tubular post, f, the said slide being raised or lowered by a .suitable knob or handle, f", passing through ..a, slotinthe said post f, by which the delivw 1 ering device f may be raised and lowered to and 6o fromthe proper positionnearthe track B.
The delivering device when raised is re-' tained stationary by a suitable latching device, shown in this instance as byturning the knob f intoan offset of :the slot in the post f, the
" .said delivering-finger f at each station thus being held almost in the path of the finger d of .the corresponding carrier on the car, and the position of the delivery device in relation to the track being different at all the stations. Thus, when a money-receptacle, h, is hung upon one of the delivering devices f, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the finger d of corresponding carrier will catch the said receptacle, removing it fromthe delivering-fingerf, and it will then remain suspended on the finger d and be conveyed by the car in its further movement. The spindles of the carriers are provided with tripping projections t, which, if engaged by a stationary tripping device or finger, k, Fig. 6, or kf, Figs. 2 and 3, will rotate the said spindle, turning the said hooks d downward, asshown'in Fig. 3, so that the receptacles h are discharged therefrom. At the cashiers desk there is a series of the said tripping devices is, as shown in Fig. 6, one corresponding to each of the carriers, so that all the carriers are tripped and the receptacles supported: thereon discharged when the car arrivesat the cashiers desk,.a suitable incline or guide, m, throwing them toward the cashier.
The post f at each station is provided with a tripping or discharging device, is, .for operatingthe carrier corresponding to the station,
so thata receptacle belonging to any'station if placed upon the proper carrier will be auto- -m'atically delivered when arriving at the station, but will pass all the other stations without being. disturbed.
The trippingdevices 7c operate at each station before the car arrives at the delivering device thereof, thuspermitting the carrier to discharge its load and be ready to receive another, as shown bythe full and. dotted lines, Fig. 3, as the car passes the station.
If desired, the supporting-rod f ofthe delivery device may be provided with. a receivi ng'-finger,.n, to receive the receptacle when discharged from the carrier d. The cashier s desk will be provided with a series of delivering devices, 0, (see Figs. 4 and 5,) corresponding to the different carriers, upon which the cash it will be seen that one carrier may be used to convey all the receptacles from the different stations to the cashiers desk, while independent carriers moving in different paths and corresponding discharging devices will be required only for conveying from the said cashiers desk to the different stations.
I claim- 1. The combination of a conveying device and actuating mechanism therefor, by which it is moved past the different stations, with a series of carriers on the said conveying device, and delivering and discharging devices whereby the receptacles are transferred to and removed from the said conveying device, substantially as described.
2. The railway forming a part of an electric circuit, and the conveying device or car, combined with an actuating electromotor for the said car and carriers, and delivering and discharging devices whereby the receptacles are transferred to and removed from the said carriers, substantially as described.
3. The conveying device and a series of carriers moved thereby in different paths, combined with discharging devices at different stations located to operate the different carriers respectively, whereby the burden of each carrier is discharged at the corresponding 20 station, substantially as described.
den from the said station, substantially as de- 30 scribed. V
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
THOMAS M. KENNEY.
J 0s. 1?. LIVERMORE, W. H, SIGSTON.