Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3290524 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 6, 1966
Filing dateMar 25, 1964
Priority dateMar 25, 1964
Publication numberUS 3290524 A, US 3290524A, US-A-3290524, US3290524 A, US3290524A
InventorsMaffey Jr George E
Original AssigneeBlack & Decker Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Brush holder assembly for insulated housing
US 3290524 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 6, 1966 G. E. MAFFEY, JR 3,290,524

BRUSH HOLDER ASSEMBLY FOR INSULATED HOUSING Filed March 25, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet l 4| 2 2| 45 l 43 33 GEORGE E. MAFFEY,JR.

ATTORNEY Dec. 6, 1966 MAFFEY, JR 3,290,524

BRUSH HOLDER ASSEMBLY FOR INSULATED HOUSING Filed March 25, 1964 2 sheetswsheet 2 INVENTOR GEORGE E. MAFFEY, JR.

BY zgnna ATTORNEY United States Patent BRUSH HOLDER The present invention relates to a brush holder assembly for a motor housing made from an insulating material, and more particularly, to a brush holder assembly which is compatible with the design and manufacture of an insulated electric tool.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a brush holder assembly which will fully comply with the various rigid safety requirements, such as the Continental Electrical Code, which governs the importation and usage of electric tools in Europe.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a brush holder assembly having a terminal received Within a blind slotted recess or pocket formed within the insulated housing, the terminal being electrically connected to the brush, in combination with an insulated member secured to the housing and having an internal land portion which substantially covers the opening in the recess so as to trap the terminal within the recess.

It is yet another object of the present invention to provide an insulated member which serves a dual entrapment function: one, it traps the terminal within the recess and prevents the terminal or any portion thereof from com-ing out of the recess, should terminal breakage occur; and two, it traps the adjacent portion of the conductor against the insulated housing and prevents the conductor from becoming loose and exposed, should a breakage occur between the conductor and its terminal.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a conductor having a resilient horse-shoe type of clip-on terminal which is trapped within an internal recess or pocket formed within the insulated housing; the clipon terminal is seated within an external annular groove formed on a conductive brush holder insert that is in turn secured within a boss formed integrally within the insulated housing, the insert having a brush slidably guided therein and electrically connected thereto, and the clip-on terminal serving the auxiliary function of helping to retain the insert within the housing in the event that the brush holder insert becomes loose.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a brush holder assembly which may be fabricated and assembled into an insulated portable electric tool with ease and convenience, one which is economical to produce, yet rugged and reliable for periods of extended usage.

In accordance with the broad teachings of the present invention, there is herein illustrated and described, an

electrical brush means for a housing made firorn an insulating material, the means comprising a brush which is slidably guided within the insulated housing and a recess or pocket formed in the housing transversely of the brush. The recess is substantially closed, but has an opening through which it is accessible: and a conductor has a terminal means which is received through the opening in the recess and is electrically connected to the brush. A member, formed from an insulating material, is secured to the housing; and the member has an internal portion which substantially fits over the opening in the recess to trap the terminal therein. Additionally, and in a preferred embodiment, the insulating member pinches the portion of the conductor (which is adjacent to the terminal) against the insulated housing, thereby preventing an exposure of the conductor.

In accordance with the further teachings of the present invention, there is herein illustrated and described, a brush holder assembly for a housing made from an insulating material; the assembly comprises a conductive brush holder insert secured Within the housing, and a brush slidably guided within the insert and electrically connected thereto. A blind slotted recess is formed in the housing, transverse to and communicating with the external surface of the insert. This recess, which is in the nature of a pocket, is substantially closed on three sides, but has an opening through which it is accessible. An external groove is formed on the conductive brush holder insert to communicate with the recess. A conductor has a resilient substantially U-shaped clip-on terminal secured on its end; and the terminal is received through the opening of the recess and is seated Within the groove on the brush holder insert to make an electrical connection with the insert, and through the insert, with the brush. An insulated means is then provided to trap the terminal in the recess, thereby preventing the terminal or any portion thereof from coming out of the recess and being exposed, sh uld a terminal breakage occur.

In accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention, this'last-named insulated means to trap the terminal in the recess comprises a window formed in the housing, the window facing the opening in the recess within which the terminal is received, and an insulated cover plate seated in the window and secured to the housing; the cover plate has an internal land portion which substantially fits over the opening in the recess so as to trap the terminal therein.

While it is old in the art to removably secure a brush cover plate to a motor housing, nevertheless, the present invention transcends this prior art, not only in function, but also in structure. The purpose of the brush cover plate of the prior art is merely to facilitate an inspection of the brushes and the commutator. On the other hand, the present invention prov-ides a cover member which is molded from an insulating material and has an internal land portion which substantially encloses a blind slotted recess or pocket molded integrally within the housing, the latter also being made of insulating material; and the insulated cover member thus serves the function of trapping a live terminal Within the recess, and preferably, of simultaneously trapping or pinching the adjacent portion of the live conductor against the insulated housing, thereby preventing exposure of the terminal, any portion of the terminal, or the conductor itself.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, the insulated means to trap the terminal in the recess comprises a transverse rear bridge, which is formed integrally with the insulated housing, and a longitudinally-split rear handle, which is also formed of insulating material, and is secured to the bridge. The handle has a pair of complementary mating halves, each of which is provided with an integrally-formed internal land that encloses the opening in a respective recess so as to trap the terminal therein.

In accordance with a further concept of the present invention, the insulated entrapment member is provided with a second internal portion, formed adjacent to its internal land portion, which pinches the terminals live conductor against a complementary ledge formed in the insulated housing, thereby preventing an exposure of the conductor should a failure occur between the conductor and its terminal.

These and other objects of the present invention will become apparent from a reading of the following specification, taken in conjunction with the enclosed drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of a typical insulated portable electric tool with which the teachin the present invention may find partlcular utility;

FIGURE 2 is a transverse section, taken along the hnes 22 of FIGURE 1, enlarged over the scale of FIG 1, showing the manner in which a pair of internal lands on an insulated cover plate trap a pair of respectlve minals within their respective recesses in the insulated housing, and further showing the comp of one brush holder assembly in exploded relationship;

FIGURE 3 is a detail section, taken along the lines 33 of FIGURE 2, showing the manner in which each terminal is trapped within its respective recess, and also showing the manner in which the adjacent portion of the conductor is Pinched or trapped between the insulated mating portions of the housing;

FIGURE 4 is an exploded fragmentary perspective of the insulated cover plate and of the lower portion of the insulated housing, the latter having a window formed therein to receive the insulated cover plate;

FIGURE 4a is a partial perspective of the insulated cover plate, looking into the interior of the plate, showing the internal land which fits over the opening in the recess to trap the terminal therein, and further showing the mounting bosses to secure the cover plate to the housin FIGURE 5 is another embodiment in which a longitudinally-split rear handle is secured to a transverse bridge formed integrally with the insulated motor housing, each handle half having an internal land which traps a respective terminal within its recess;

FIGURE 6 is a transverse section, taken along the lines 6-6 of FIGURE 5, and showing the manner in which the entrapment occurs; and

FIGURE 7. is a section taken along the lines 7-7 of FIGURE 6.

With reference to FIGURE 1, there is illustrated a portable electric sander 10 with which the teachings of the present invention may find particular utility. The sander It) may be constructed as a fully-insulated or all insulated electric tool; however, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the teachings of the present invention are not necessarily confined to the particular tool shown, but rather are equally applicable to other tools, and indeed, to other types of electrical apparatus. With this in mind, and for orientation purposes, the overall sander 10 comprises a motor housing 11; a gear case 12 secured forwardly of the motor housing; a main drive spindle 13; a rotating pad 14 driven by the spindle; the pad serving as the support for an abrasive wheel, not shown, or for a buffing device or other tool; an end handle 15 secured rearwardly of the motor housing; an auxiliary side handle 15a (shown in end elevation) to assist in guiding and controlling the tool; an electric line cord 16 receivedby the end handle; and a trigger switch 17 by means of which the sander is energized.

With reference to FIGURE 2, it will .be appreciated that the motor housing, and indeed the other housing components of the sander 10, are suitably molded from an insulating material, such as a polyester resin having glass fibers embedded therein for structural purposes. The motor housing 11 has a pair of integrally-molded bosses 18 which project radially inwardly of the housing, and each of the bosses 18 has a bore 19 and a counterbore 20 formed therein to communicate with the external surface of the housing. A substantially-cylindrical conductive brush holder insert 21 is secured within the bore 19 and has an annular shoulder 22 seated within the counterbore 20. The conductive insert 21 has a series of longitudinal knurls 23, see FIGURE 2, formed on its outer cylindrical surface by means of which the insert 21 is press-fitted within the bore 1'9, and preferably, a suitable cement is also used to retain the insert. The insert 21 has a longitudinally-formed through opening 24, which is preferably rectangular in cross-section; and a carbon brush 25 is slidably guided within the through opening 24 formed In the insert. The carbon brushes 25 engage a Conventlonal drum-type commutator formed on a rotating armature (not shown for ease of illustration) and each brush 25 1s provided with a necked-down rear portion 26, see FIG- URE 2, which seats one end of a coil spring 27. The opposite end of the spring 27 is seated against a conductive cap 28, and the cap 28 has a pair of ears 28a which are slidably guided within the opening 24 in the conductive insert 21. A pair of flexible shunt wires 29, or other suitable means, are provided between the cap 28 and the brush 25 so as to electrically connect the conductive insert with the brush. The insert 21 has an externally-threaded rear cylindrical portion 30 which receives an insulated cap 31, and a protective metal ring 31a is cemented or otherwise secured to the housing to alleviate wear or accommodate scraping of the housing in the vicinity of the bosses.

With reference again to FIGURE 2, and with further reference to FIGURES 3, 4, and 4a, a blind slotted recess 32 is formed in the boss 18, transversely of the bore 19 and intersecting the bore; and as shown more clearly in FIGURE 3, this recess 32 is in the nature of an internal pocket which is substantially closed on three sides, but has an opening 33 by means of which it is accessible. An external annular groove 34 is formed on the knurled cylindrical portion 23 of the insert 21, and the groove 34, see FIGURE 2, is alined with the recess 32 when the conductive insert 21 is secured within the boss 18. A resilient substantially U-shaped clip-on terminal 35 is received through the opening 33 of the blind slotted recess 32 and is seated within the external annular groove 34 formed on the conductive 1br-ush holder insert 21, thereby making electrical contact with the insert 21 (and through the insert 21, cap 28, and shunt 29) to the brush 25. Additionally, the terminal 35, in combination with the groove 34, serves the auxiliary function of preventing axial movement of the brush holder insert 21 out of the boss 28 in the housing. Each terminal 35 is secured to a live conductor or lead 36 by means of a conventional crimp-on connector 37, and the conductors 36 come from the motor field coils (not shown) in a manner familiar to those skilled in the art. The electric line cord 16, moreover, has a pair of wires 38 and 39, see FIGURES 2 and 4, which enter the motor housing through openings 40 and are interconnected with the switch 17 and go to the motor field coils in a conventional manner.

Means are provided for trapping the terminals 35 within their respective recesses 32, and also, for pinching the adjacent portion of the respective conductors 36 against the insulated motor housing 11. In one embodiment, the entrapment means, see FIGURES 2 and 4, includes a window 41 formed integrally with the molded insulated housing 11 and facing the openings 33 in the respective recesses 32. An insulated cover plate 42 is seated in the window 41 and is secured to the housing; and the cover plate 42 has a pair of internal land portions 43, see FIGURES 3 and 4a, which fit over the respective openings 33, substantially enclosing the recesses 32, and trapping the respective terminals 35 therein. A first pair of spaced-apart raised bosses 44, see FIGURE 4, are formed on each boss 18 adjacent to one side of the opening 33 for the blind slotted recess 32, and a complementary second pair of spacedapart raised bosses 45, see FIGURE 4a, are formed in the insulated cover plate 42 adjacent to each land portion 43. When the cover plate 42 is seated in its window 41, the complementary bosses 44 and 45 match with one another, see FIGURE 2, and the plate 42 is secured to the housing 11 by means of screws 46 which pass through bores 47 in the second bosses 45 and are received in internally-threaded sleeves 48 anchored within the first bosses 44.

With reference again to FIGURE 3, a ledge 49 is formed in the insulated housing 11 adjacent to each opening 33 in the respective recesses 32, and the insulated cover plate 42 has a complementary portion 50 formed adjacent to its internal land 43. As shown in the drawings, this portion 50 is preferably formed as an extension of the land 43. When the insulated cover plate 42 is secured to the insulated motor housing 11, the portion 36a of the live conductor 36 (adjacent to its terminal 35 and crimp-on connector 37) is trapped, that is, pinched slightly between the ledge 49 in the housing and the complementary portion 50 in the cover plate 42; and thus the insulated cover plate 42 serves a dual entrapment function: one, it traps the terminal 35 within the closed recess 32 and prevents the terminal 35 (or any portion thereof) from coming out of the recess 32, should terminal breakage occur; and two, it traps the adjacent portion 36a of the live conductor 36 and prevents the conductor 36 from becoming loose and exposed in the event that a breakage occurs between the conductor 36 and its terminal 35.

Another embodiment of the invention is illustrated in FIGURES 5, 6, and 7; here, the invention is applied to an end handle fully-insulated portable electric tool, such as a drill or screwdriver, The motor housing, still designated by the numeral 11, is made of a suitable insulating material and has an integrally-formed transverse rear bridge portion 51 which is supported by integrally-formed struts 52. Mutually-alined conductive brush holder inserts 21 with brushes 25 are secured within the bridge 51; The brushes 25 engage the commutator C on armature shaft A. The brush holder inserts and related components are substantially identical to that which was described previously for the sander 10, and hence a further description has been omitted. The end or rear handle 53 is formed from a suitable insulating material and is split longitudinally into a pair of complementary mating portions or halves 53a and 53b. Each handle half is secured to the motor housing 11 by means of screws 55 which pass through holes 55a in struts 52. Also, the handle halves 53a and 53b are secured to each other by screws 57.

As with the insulated cover plate 42 of the first embodiment, each handle portion has an internal land 43 which substantially fits over the opening 33 in each recess 32 to trap the terminal 35' therein, and also, an adjacent portion (not shown) which traps or pinches the conductor 36 against the ledge 49 (see FIG. 7) formed in the insulated housing 11. The operation of this embodiment of the invention is thus identical to the first embodiment, and it will be appreciated that the bridge 51 and split handle 53 serve the same entrapment function as the window 41 and cover plate 42.

Because of the resilient nature of the terminals 35 and the manner in which they are snapped in place, they remain in contact with the conductive insert 21 even after the cover plate 42 (or either handle half 53a or 53b in the other embodiment) is removed from the insulated housing 11; however, the terminals 35 may be easily snapped off of the insert 21 by merely inserting a flat blade, such as a screwdriver, and lifting up on the connector 37.

Obviously, many modifications may be made without departing from the basic spirit of the present invention; and accordingly, within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced other than has been specifically described.

I claim:

1. A brush holder assembly for a housing made from an insulating material, comprising, in combination:

(a) a conductive brush holder insert secured within the housing;

(b) a brush slidably guided within said insert and electrically connected thereto;

(c) a blind slotted recess formed in the housing transverse to, and communicating with, the external surface of said insert;

(d) said recess being substantially closed and having an opening through which said recess is accessible;

(e) an external groove formed on said insert and communicating with .said recess;

(f) a conductor having a resilient substantially U- shaped clip-on terminal secured on its end, said terminal being received through said opening of said recess and being seated within said groove on said insert; and

(g) insulated means to trap said terminal in said recess.

2. A brush holder assembly for a housing made from an insulating material, comprising, in combination:

(a) a conductive brush holder insert secured within the housing;

(b) a brush slidably guided within said insert and electrically connected thereto;

(c) a recess formed in the housing and communicating with said insert;

(d) said recess being substantially closed and having an opening through which said recess is accessible;

(e) a conductor having a terminal secured thereto, said terminal being received through said opening in said recess and engaging said insert;

(f) a window formed in the housing facing said recess;

and

(g) a cover plate made from an insulating material, seated in said window, and secured to the housing;

(h) said plate having a portion substantially fitting over said opening in said recess to trap said terminal therein.

3. A brush holder assembly for a housing made from an insulating material, comprising, in combination:

(a) a transverse rear bridge formed integrally with the housing;

(b) a pair of mutually-alined conductive brush holder inserts secured within said bridge;

(c) a brush slidably guided within each of said inserts and electrically connected thereto;

(d) a pair of recesses formed in said bridge, one each communicating with a respective one of said inserts;

(e) said recesses being substantially closed and each having an opening through which said respective recess is accessible;

(f) a pair of conductors, each having a terminal secured on its end, said terminals being received in said respective recesses and engaging said respective inserts; and

(g) a longitudinally-split rear handle formed of insulating material and comprising a pair of mating halves secured to said transverse rear bridge;

(h) each of said mating halves having an internal portion substantially fitting over said opening in said recess to trap said terminal therein.

4. A brush holder assembly for a housing made from an insulating material, wherein the housing is provided with an integrally-formed inwardly-directed boss which is closed on all sides, the improvement comprising, in combination:

(a) a brush and means to slidably guide said brush within the boss formed in the housing;

(b) a slotted transverse recess formed in the boss,

intermediate the ends of the boss;

(c) said recess being substantially closed on three sides and having an opening through which said recess is accessible;

(d) a conductor having a terminal secured on its end, said terminal being received through said opening of said recess;

(e) means to electrically connect said terminal with said brush; and

(f) a member formed from an insulating material and secured within a window in the housing;

(g) said member having a portion thereof substantially fitting over said opening in said recess to trap said terminal therein.

5. A brush holder assembly for a housing made from an insulating material, comprising, in combination:

(a) a conductive brush holder insert secured Within the housing;

(b) a brush slidably guided Within the insert and electrically connected thereto;

(c) a blind slotted recess formed in the housing transverse to, and communicating with, said insert;

((1) said recess being substantially closed and having an opening through which said recess is accessible; (e) a ledge formed in the housing adjacent said opening in said recess;

(f) a conductor having a terminal secured on its end,

said terminal being received in said recess and engaging said insert; and

(g) a housing member made of an insulating material secured to the housing;

(h) said member having a first portion substantially fitting over said opening of said recess to trap said terminal therein; and

(i) said member further having a second portion, complementary with said ledge in the housing, to pinch therebetween the portion of said conductor adjacent said terminal.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS FOREIGN PATENTS 4/1939 I Great Britain. 7/1951 Canada.

MILTON O. HIRSHFIELD, Primary Examiner.

D. F. DUGGAN, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2372660 *Oct 8, 1943Apr 3, 1945Eureka Vacuum Cleaner CoElectric motor construction
US2444826 *Apr 23, 1945Jul 6, 1948Singer Mfg CoBrush assembly for dynamoelectric machines
US2748301 *Jul 21, 1953May 29, 1956Lamb Electric CompanyElectric motor brush holder and frame adapted thereto
US2773209 *Apr 14, 1955Dec 4, 1956Kirkwood William PCarbon brush holder
US3187214 *Sep 14, 1962Jun 1, 1965Gen ElectricBrush retaining means for electric motor
US3210577 *Jul 31, 1962Oct 5, 1965Gen ElectricEncapsulated electric motor
CA475514A *Jul 24, 1951Lamb Electric CompanyBrush holders and methods of assembling same into electric motors
GB503229A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3474274 *Feb 23, 1967Oct 21, 1969Electrolux AbBrush holder
US3656016 *Oct 6, 1970Apr 11, 1972Murphy Ind Inc G WSubframe for power tool having double insulated brush holders
US4375040 *Aug 14, 1981Feb 22, 1983Black & Decker Inc.Brush holder assembly
US5262694 *Jan 17, 1991Nov 16, 1993Frank Craig DFluid resistant brush holder assembly
US6664701Jun 13, 2002Dec 16, 2003Black & Decker Inc.Brush assembly
US6713916Oct 31, 2002Mar 30, 2004Black & Decker Inc.Electric motor assembly
US6858957Oct 31, 2002Feb 22, 2005Black & Decker Inc.Electric motor end plate with visual alignment indicia
US7059038Jun 26, 2003Jun 13, 2006Black & Decker Inc.Brush assembly
US7126242Apr 29, 2005Oct 24, 2006Black & Decker Inc.Electric motor assembly
US7135796Apr 29, 2005Nov 14, 2006Black & Decker Inc.Electric motor brush assembly
US7880362 *Mar 14, 2008Feb 1, 2011Cutsforth Products, Inc.Brush holder assembly with spring clip
EP2028745A2 *Aug 18, 2008Feb 25, 2009LS Industrial Systems Co., LtdMotor of spring charging device in air circuit breaker
Classifications
U.S. Classification310/71, 310/247, 310/239, 310/89
International ClassificationH02K5/14
Cooperative ClassificationH02K5/148
European ClassificationH02K5/14C3