|Publication number||US3290601 A|
|Publication date||Dec 6, 1966|
|Filing date||Jun 7, 1963|
|Priority date||Jun 7, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3290601 A, US 3290601A, US-A-3290601, US3290601 A, US3290601A|
|Inventors||Kardoley Adolph G, Rosario Pinizzotto|
|Original Assignee||Philco Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (13), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
De@ 5, 1966 R. PlNlzzoTTo ETAL 3,290,601
LINE CORD AND MONOPOLE ANTENNA SYSTEM Filed June 7, 1963 BYWQS' United States Patent O 3,290,601 LINE CORD AND MONOPOLE ANTENNA SYSTEM Rosario Pinizzotto, Primus, and Adolph G. Kardoley, Philadelphia, Pa., assignors to Philco Corporation, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Delaware Filed June 7, 1963, Ser. No. 286,292 7 Claims. (Cl. B25- 372) The present invention relates to radio receiving antennas and more particularly to antennas for power line connected radio receivers.
U. S. Patent 2,581,983 to Thompson, which is assigned to the assignee of the present invention, describes a line cord antenna for line operated receivers of waves of very high carrier frequency. This antenna, which has been in commercial use for a number of years, has certain limitations which alect its utility in low signal areas. One limitation is that the sensitivity of the line cord antenna tends to decrease as the carrier frequency to which the receiver is tuned increases. Another limitation of this prior art line cord antenna is that the sensitivity of the antenna is a function of the dress of the line cord, i.e. the position of the line with respect to the receiver chassis.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an antenna for line connected receivers which has more uniform sensitivity over a wide frequency band than prior art line cord antennas.
More particularly it is an object to provide an antenna which has substantially uniform sensitivity over the standard FM broadcast band.
Another object is to provide an antenna system for lineconnected receivers which is substantially insensitive to line cord dress.
In general, the novel antenna system comprises a line cord adapted to connect the power supply circuits of said receiver with a source of electric power, means having a low impedance at carrier wave frequencies connecting the receiver end of the line cord to the receiver chassis, means for coupling one terminal of the radio frequency input circuit of said receiver to the line cord at a point physically displaced, along said line cord, from the receiver-connected end thereof, a monopole antenna element independent of said line cord and means connecting a second terminal of said radio frequency -input circuit of said receiver to said monopole antenna element.
For a better understanding of the present invention together with other and further objects thereof reference should now be had to the following detailed description which is to be read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic representation, partially in phantom, of one preferred embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic drawing showing the electrical circuitry of the embodiment of FIGURE l; and
FIG. 3 is a diagrammatic representation of another embodiment of the invention.
Referring now to FIGURE l, phantom lines 8 represent the cabinet of a broadcast receiver. The tuning assembly of the receiver is shown in fragmentary detail at 10. Tuning assembly 10 is provided with terminal screws 12 and 14 which are electrically connected to the ends of the antenna tuning coil (not shown in FIGURE l). The line cord 16 of the receiver 8 passes without any break in the insulation under a metallic clip 18 on tuning assembly 10. From clip 18 line cord 16 passes to a c-onventional interlock means 20 and then-ce to chassis 22 (shown in phantom). Interlock 20 comprises conventional means for disconnecting the line cord 16 from the receiver chassis when the back (not shown) of the receiver is removed.
Clip 18 is apertured to receive, and in the position shown is mechanically supported by and electrically connected to, terminal screw 14. In a typical FM broadcast ICC receiver the dimensions of clip 18 are such that it provides a capacitance of the order of 15-20 picofarads lnetween terminal screw 14 and the conductors or' line cord 16.
In addition to the usual connection of the conductors of line cord 16 to the receiver power supply circuit (not shown), the conductors of line cord 16 are connected to chassis ground for radio frequency signals at their receiver-connected ends by capacitors 26 and 28. Chassis ground may be the metallic chassis if one is present or the ground connection of a printed circuit board. Capacitors 26 and 28 may be located, for example, in the vicinity of the receiver von-otf switch (not shown in FIGURE 1).
A monopole antenna element, shown in FIGURE 1 as a telescoping monopole element 30 mounted on the cabinet 8 of the receiver, is electrically connected to the second terminal screw 12 of tuning assembly 10. Again taking a conventional FM broadcast receiver as a convenient example, the clip 18 preferably is located approximately 30 inches from the grounded end of line cord 16. More generally the distance 4should be of the order of M8 to M4 at the midpoint of the reception band of interest. As will become clear presently, the precise length is selected to provide `optimum impedance match between the portion of the antenna system represented by line cord 16 and the RF circuit of the receiver. Monopole element 30 may be a conventional telescoping antenna element of the type now in commercial use on small broadcast receivers. Monopole element 30 may have a length of the order of approximately 30 inches when extended.
FIG. 2 is a schematic showing of the embodiment of FIGURE l. Parts in FIGURE 2 corresponding to like parts in FIGURE 1 have been identified by corresponding reference numerals. In FIGURE 2 center tapped antenna coil 40 is shown connected to :antenna terminal screws 12 and 14. The center tap of coil 40 is connected to chassis ground. Coil 40 is inductively coupled to secondary winding 42 which may be variably tuned, as by variable capacitor 44, to the frequency of the incoming carrier wave. The signal appearing across circuit 42-44 is supplied to the first RF stage of the receiver. The coils 40 and 42 form a conventional balanced-to-unbalanced transformer circuit. Other known forms of balanced-tounbalanced transformers may be substituted therefor without departing from the invention.
Conductors 16a and 16b represent the two conductors of a conventional line cord shown at 16 in FIGURE 1. Capacitors 18a and 18b represent the capacitance provided by clip 18 of FIGURE l. It is to be understood that other forms of capacitor coupling to conductors 16a and 16b may be substituted for the clip 18 shown in FIGURE 1. For example, the capacitive coupling element shown in FIGURE 2 of the above-mentioned Thompson patent may be employed. Switch 48 and transformer 50 in FIG- URE 2 represent the conventional -on-off switch and power transformer of the receiver, respectively. The invention is applicable also to transformerless receivers. Therefore the showing of transformer 50 in FIGURE 2 is by way of illustration only and Ishould not be construed in a limiting sense.
The antenna system shown in FIGURES 1 and 2 differs from a conventional center-fed dipole antenna system in that one-half of the antenna, that formed by line cord 16, has one terminal at ground potential. The connection from the lower terminal of coil 40 to the antenna element 16a and 16b is at a point removed from the ground terminal by an electrical distance of the order of M8 to M4 at the frequency of the carrier wave signal approximately midway in the 'band of interest. As stated above, this length is selected for optimum impedance match between the antenna element represented by line cord 16 and antenna coil 40.
FIG. 3 is an embodiment of the invention suitable for use in receivers of relatively large cabinet size. The embodiment of FIGURE 3 differs from the embodiment shown in FIGURE l in that the monopole antenna element 30' comprises a conductor disposed within and preferably supported byfcabinet 8. This conductor may take the form of a wire or a conductive foil. A conductor length of the order to 271/2 inches has been found to give satisfactory performance for reception in the standard FM broadcast band. The conductor 3S should be as straight as possible to avoid loss of sensitivity due to bends in the conductor.
The antenna systems shown in FIGURES 1 and 3 have been found to provide substantially uniform sensitivity over the standard FM broadcast band. These antenna systems have been found to be relatively insensitive to changes in position of the line cord in the region from clip 18 to the power socket.
Although the invention has been described with particular reference to certain illustrated embodiments, it will be apparent that the invention is capable of still other forms of physical expression and is limited only by the scope of the appended claims.
1. In a line-operated radio receiver including a chassis and a radio frequency input circuit, an antenna system comprising a line cord adapted to connect the power supply circuits of said receiver to a source of electrical power, means having a low impedance at carrier wave frequencies connecting the receiver end of the line cord to the receiver chassis, means for coupling one terminal of the radio frequency input circuit of said receiver to the line cord at a point physically displaced along said line cord from the receiver-connected end thereof, a monopole antenna element independent of said line cord and means connecting a second terminal of said radio frequency input circuit of said receiver to said monopole antenna element.
2. An antenna system in accordance with claim 1 wherein said one terminal is capacitively coupled to said line cord at a point physicallydisplaced from the receiver-connected end thereof by approximately 1A to 1A;
' supported by the cabinet of said radio receiver.
5. An antenna system in accordance with claim 1 including means for maintaining a substantial portion of said line cord between said point of coupling to said first terminal and said receiver-connected end thereof in a xed position relative to the chassis of said radio receiver.
6. In a line-operated radio receiver including a chassis, an antenna system comprising a line cord adapted to connect the power supply circuit of said receiver to a source of electric power, capacitor means having a low impedance at carrier wave frequencies connecting the receiver end of the line cord to the receiver chassis, a center-tapped antenna coil, the center-tap of said antenna coil being connected to said receiver chassis, means for coupling one end terminal of said center-tapped antenna coil to the line cord at a point physically displaced along said line cord from the receiver-connected end thereof, a monopole antenna element independent of said line cord and means connecting the second end termial of said center-tapped antenna coil to said monopole antenna element.
7. An antenna system in accordance with claim 6 wherein said means for capacitively coupling said one end terminal to said line cord comprises a supporting clip adapted to maintain said point of coupling to said line cord in a xed position relative to said chassis of said radio receiver.
No references cited.
KATHLEEN H. CLAFFY, Primary Examiner.
R. LINN, Assistant Examiner.
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|U.S. Classification||455/270, 343/729, 343/702, 455/347, 343/905, 455/272|
|International Classification||H01Q1/46, H01Q1/44|