US 329211 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J.L.RAUB.' TARGET TRAP.
WAR tabbed 0b. c zonug.
.50 shoulder or stop, e.
JOSEPH L. RAUB, OF NEW LONDON,
TA RG ETIBTRAVP.
SPECIFICATION forming art of 1...... Patent No. 329,211,- dated October 2'1. 1885.
Application filed August 31, 1885. Serial No. 175,711. (No model.)
To all whom it may concem:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH L. RAUB, of New London, in the county of New London and State of Connecticut, have invented a new 5 Improvement in Target-Traps; and I do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with accompanying drawings and the letters of reference marked thereon, to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same,
and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in
Figure 1, a face view of the trap complete;
Fig. 2, a side view, a portion of the cylinder broken away to show the-spring of the folr 5 lower; Fig. 3, a section through the pocket on line a: m,- Fig. 4, an end view of the studs on which the arm or lever turns, showing the radial grooves in the end for the adjustment of the spring; Fig. 5, a longitudinal section through the stud, showing the spring-holding device; Fig. 6, a modification; Fig. 7, a second modification, both modifications on a re-' duced scale.
This invention relates to an improvement in 2 traps for throwing targets into the air for target practice, the object of the invention be-- ing the construction of a trap which may besupplied with several disks to be successively and rapidly thrown into the. air as targets;
after described, and more particularly recited in the claims.
A represents the frame or base to which the operative parts are attached. This frame is 3 5 adapted to be arranged in any convenient position in the plane in which the target is to be thrown. In the base is a pocket, a, formed by a plate, B, attached to the outside of the base A, and in a plane therewith, so as to broken lines, Fig. 1'. On a pivot below the pocket a blade like arm, 0, is hung, and to it a spring, D, is applied, the spring being of wire coiled about a stud, of which the pivot is the center, with an arm extending up and turned behind the arm 0, as at d, and so that the action of the'spring' is to force the arm toward the mouth of the pocket, and so that in its normal condition it rests against a The arm is adapted to be drawn back against the'power of the spring and it consists in the construction, as herein- I leave a space between, and as indicated in toward the bottom of the pocket, as indicated in broken lines, Fig. 1. In rear of the base a cylinder, E," is attached, opening through the base into the pocket, as seen in Fig. 3. This cylinder is adapted to receive a series of flat disks, f, each disk beingthinner than the width of the pocket, as seen in Fig. 3. In the cylinder a follower, F, is arranged movable longitudinally in the cylinder under the pow- 6o er of a spring, G,,around a spindle, H, which extends from the follower out through the head I at the extreme end of the cylinder. This head is removable, and is attached by a bayonet-joint in a well-known manner, so that it may be introduced and lockedby a partial rotation, or removed by returning the head until the shoulders escape-a construction of fastening too well known to require particular description. The several disks areintroduced 'into the cylinder by removing the head and follower, then replacing the follower and head, and when the head is locked the follower bears against the column of disks under the power of the spring G, and, as seen in Fig. .2, tend-. ing to force the disks into the pocket, and so that as one disk is removed another will take its place, and so on until all the disks have been removed. 7
As a convenient means for actuating the arm 0, a lever, L, is hung upon a pivot, It, provided with a spring, N, arranged to bear against the back of the lever, and tending to force and hold the lever against a stop, 2', on the base. The arm 0 is constructed with a projection, l, which standsin the plane of and back of the lever L when in the normal condition, as seen in Figs. 1 and 2, and so that if. the lever be drawn away from its stop and backward it will strike the projection l on the arm 0 and carry it with it. The upper end of the arm 0 terminates in a blade-like shape, m, (see Fig. 3,) and so that it readily passes between the plate B and the front face of the first disk in the column. The lever L is drawn rearward, taking with it the arm 0, until the upper end of the arm has passedbelow the first disk, as indicated in broken lines, Fig. 1. The column, of disks yield for the passage of the blade-like portion of the arm '0; but so soon as the arm haspassed the first I disk the column is forced forward, bringing that disk over the arm, as indicated in Fig. 1.
If, now, the arm be released, it will fly for ward nndertheaction' of its spring and take with it the first disk, throwing that disk with great force through the mouth of the pocket and into the air, and in such movement the disk will roll against the upper edge-of the pocket under the action of the arm, and so that in its discharge it will receive a rotary motion in its own plane, which rotary motion greatly facilitates the movement of the disk 7 through the air, and serves to maintain itin the arm can be made.
the face of the trap, and so that in the contin' ued movement it will be thrown outward, as indicated in broken lines, Fig. 2, sofar that the projection! may escape from the lever, leaving the arm freeto fly forward under the action of its spring, independent of the power which drew the arm backward, so that in operation it is only nry to draw thelever backward to its extreme position, and the arm escapes at that extreme position; hence the discharge of the target may be as rapid as the lever L can be drawn backward and permitted to return.
For convenience of drawing the lever, and to insure its proper relation to the arm 0, I arrange a carrying-pulley, P, on the front of the hue, around which a suitable cord, R, or
its equivalent passes, one end of the cord being engaged with the lever L, and the cord extending to any convenient position for the person operating the trap.
. As a convenience for introducing the targets, a longitudinal opening, 8, is made in the cylinder, from its rear end forward toward the base of the trap, sufliciently wide for the introduction of the fingers. and so that when the head and follower are removed theperson tending thetrap may take a number of diskssay a package of them-between his thumb and finger, and pass them through the then open end into the cylinder, his finger entering through the slot 8, and so that he will be able to hold the disks in their proper relation to each other and to the cylinder until the follower may be introduced. Without such opening in. the trap it would be diflicult to introduce the disks and keep them in the proper plane and relation to each other until the folflower be introduced. The opening enables the operator to hold them until they are properly arranged. It is desirable that the springs should be adjustable-that of the arm so that it"may impart a greater or less force to the disk in its discharge, asoccasion may require, and that of the lever L that the resistance 'to venie'ntly do this, the outer end of the-stud on which the spring is arranged is constructed with radial grooves r, more or less in number. The end of the coil of the spring is turned inward, as at i, so as to enter andrest in either one of the said grooves; then upon'the end of the stud a plate or cap, T, is arranged, secured to the stud or pivot by a screw, u, as seen in Fig. 5. The plateT firmly holds the ends tof the spring into either of the grooves r to which it may be set. If it is desired to increase or reduce the power of the spring, the plate T is removed and the spring adjusted to bring the end t of the spring into a groove farther forward or backward, according as the tension of the spring is required to be greater or less, and there reset. p
While the lever L, as before described, is desirable for rapid firing, it may be dispensed with, and the cord be applied directly to the armO, as indicated in broken lines, Fig. 1,
and so that the pull-in cocking or setting the trapwill be madedirectly upon the arm, and when the arm has been pulled to its extreme cocked position the pull upon the cord may be instantly released, leaving the arm free to fly forward, and thus discharge the target. I therefore do not wish to limit the invention to the employment of the lever L.
The trap may be employed without the cylinder, the disks dropped in through the mouth of the pocket singly and, discharged in the same manner as before described. The upper end or blade portion of the arm 0 is curved backward and downward. The tendency of this curve is to bear the disk against the upper side of the pocket, so that it surely rolls thereon, as before described, the curve of the arm tending to increase the rolling capacity of the disk.
It will be observed that the spring-arm works rid from the center; and while 'I prefer to make this throwing device in the form of an arm, it may be in disk shape, as seen in Fig. 6, adapted to revolve through the pocket, the disk having recesses in its edge to successively take the targetdisks from the pocket. Bythe term spring-arm, therefore, I wish to be under-.
stood as embracing such or other substantial equivalents therefor. Y
Instead of applying the plate B as a fixed part of the base, which, with the base, forms the pocket, the plate may beformed as a part of r the throwing-arm, and so as to move with it,
as indicated in Fig. 7. I therefore do not wish to be understood as making the pocket necessarily an integral part of the base.
1. In a targettrap, the combination of the base A, provided with a pocket, a, adaptedto receive the diskand the spring-arm G, hung below the pocket, and so as to work in the plane of the pocket, the upper end of the arm curved backward and downward, substantially as described.
2. In a target-trap, the combination of the base A, provided with the pocket a, adapted to receive a disk-target, and the spring-arm 0, adapted to work in the plane of the pocket, substantially as described.
3. The combination of the base A, constructed with the pocket a, adapted to receive a disk-target, the spring-arm C, adapted to work through said pocket and in the plane of the pocket, the lever L, arranged to swing in a plane parallel with the said spring-arm O, the spring-arm constructed with a projection, l, in
' the path of movement of said arm, and a trip on the face of the trap, adapted to throw the said lever out of engagement with the said .arm as the arm approaches its extreme rear movement, substantially as described.
4. The combination of the base A, constructed with the pocket a,. a cylinder, E, opening into said pocket at right angles to theplane of the pocket, the said cylinder adapted to receive a succession of flat disks, a spring-follower, F, arranged in said cylinder to bear against said column of disks, and a spring-arm, 0, arranged to work in a plane through and parallel with said pocket and across the mouth of the disk, substantially as described.
5. The combination of the base A, constructed with the pocket a, the cylinder E, opening into said pocket at right angles to its plane, the said cylinder adapted to receive a succes- "sion of flat disks, a spring-follower, F, in said cylinder adapted to bear against said disks, the said cylinder constructed with a removable head, I, and the longitudinal slot S, with a spring-arm, 0, arranged to work in a plane through and parallel with said pocket across the mouth of the said cylinder, substantially as described. 1
6. The combination of the base A, constructed with the pocket 0, the cylinder E, opening into said pocket at right angles to its plane, a
spring-follower in said cylinder, the springarm 0, and the lever L, thesaid arm constructthe arm forward, the other end of the coil of the spring turned inward, the end of the stud constructed with two or more radial grooves,
adapted to receive the turned-in end of the spring, and a holder adapted to hold the said turned-in end in either of said radial grooves, substantially as and for the purpose described.
. JOSEPH L. RAUB,
J 011s E. EARLE, FRED O. EABLE.