US 3292293 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 20, 1966 c CHIASERA ET AL CONTAINER AND LOADER FOR CAP EXPLOSIVE CAPSULES Filed Jan. 28, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet l 6b "1- 2 23 b n 23 22 25 Dec. 20, 1966 c CWASERA ET AL 3,292,293
CONTAINER AND LOADEU FOi'! CAP EXPLOSIVE CAPSULES Filed Jan. 28, 1965 :5 Sheets-Sheet i,
Fig-12 Dec. 20, 1966 c CH|ASERA ET AL 3,292,293
CONTAINER AND LOADEH FOR CAP EXILOSIVE CAPSULES Filed. Jan. 28, 1965 L; Sheets-Sheet 13 United States Patent 3,292,293 CONTAINER AND LUADER FOR CAP EXPLOSIVE CAPSULES Carlo Chiasera and Giuseppe Pochintesta, Milan, and Giampiero Ferri, Via Stoppard 38, and .lori Marinai, "ia Stoppani 29, Fiorence, Italy, assignors to Giampiero Ferri and .llori Marinai, both of Florence, Italy Filed Jan. 28, 1965, Ser. No. 428,776 Ciaims priority, application Italy, Feb. 1, 1964, 2,230/64; Nov. 28, 1964, 26,237/64 4 Claims. (Cl. 42-49) The invention has as its object an explosive cup capsule loader and container with which it is possible to keep the single capsules in an abutting position in order to thus insert each expelled capsule in a seat of the toy weapon without any necessity of seizing it or acting thereon with the fingers.
An explosive cup capsule loader and container according to the invention substantially includes, in correspondence of an exit orifice of the capsules, a pair of opposite retaining elastic edges forming guide rails, between which a capsule is inserted and retained to be subsequently urged in a direction orthogonal to the guide rails to be inserted in the seat of the toy weapon; means being provided to deliver the single capsules and insert them between said edges.
Advantageously in correspondence of said capsule exit orifice there is provided a mouth with a thrust wall and two opposite retaining elastic edges, between which a capsule is inserted and retained with its bottom contacting said wall, in such a manner that the capsule projects from said edges and may be thrusted in a seat of the toy weapon, through the action of the thrust wall.
More in detail, said container includes a capsule-confining chamber in which the capsules are arranged with a predetermined orientation so that the capsules one by one can enter an expulsion passage; an extension external to the box is provided communicating with said expulsion passage and said extension is formed by a wall in the same plane with the capsule bottom which is located in the expulsion passage, and by two retaining edges which flank said wall and which are designed to clamp the cylindrical wall of a capsule adjacent the bottom thereof, to retain it by friction; an expelling unit is slidably housed in an appropriate seat to be capable of acting on the capsule located in the expulsion position, to urge it in the direction of said stopping edges and between them towards the end of the extension; the capsule thus expelled may be then inserted by operating the container in such a manner that the same capsule-retained betwen said edgesmay be urged within the seat of the weapon by the extension wall which acts on the capsule bottom.
Advantageously the retaining edges are provided with internal corners, inclined towards each other, to resiliently retain the capsule by frictional contact on the zone of the cylindrical wall which is adjacent the capsule bottom; the initial portion of said corners retains the capsule which is located in the expulsion passage from a spontaneous exit, until it is urged by the pusher or expelling unit between said edges.
The slidable expeller is preferably provided with a laminar thrust wall which is substantially parallel to the capsule bottom and which acts for the expulsion on the cylindrical wall of the capsule adjacently the bottom thereof, in such a manner as not to obstruct the approaching of the box extension against the member of the weapon in which the capsule seats are made.
The description which follows and the accompanying drawings illustrate some embodiments of the invention.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 illustrates a perspective lateral view of a container made according to the invention;
FIG. 2 illustrates a detail in perspective view showing an extension for the insertion of the capsules in the weapon seats;
FIG. 3 illustrates a partial longitudinal section of the container zone, housing the expeller with a capsule in the expulsion position;
FIG. 4 illustrates a section taken along the line IV- IV of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is similar to FIG. 3 but illustrates the members in the arrangement of an expelled capsule and in the position for the insertion in the seat;
FIGS. 6 and 7 illustrate views and partial sections taken along the lines VIVI and VIIVII of FIG. 1;
FIG. 8 illustrates a modified form of embodiment of a container according to the invention, in a lateral perspective view;
FIG. 9 illustrates a detail in a perspective view;
FIG. 10 illustrates a partly sectioned lateral view;
FIG. 11 illustrates a longitudinal section taken along the line XI-XI of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 illustrates a view taken along the line XII XII of FIG. 8;
FIG. 13 illustrates another embodiment according to the invention, perspectively shown in the rest position;
FIG. 14 shows the same device in an intermediate operative position;
FIG. 15 illustrates the device of FIG. 13 in the position of the extracted capsule.
According to what is illustrated in the accompanying drawings and with particular reference to FIGS 1 to 7, 21 denotes a capsule container having a capsule-confining chamber which is designed to contain the capsules in such a manner that they are fed subsequently and one by one into a position as indicated by C in FIG. 3, that is, with the axes of the capsules parallel to the larger walls of the box and to the smaller sides of the rectangular development of the flat box. The box container is furthermore provided with an elongated seat 22 and flanking one of the larger sides of the rectangular development of the flat container, in which seat an expeller 23 is capable of sliding. Said expeller is provided with an actuator 23a which projects from a slot 24 cut in one of the larger walls of the box, and said expeller is stressed by a spring 25 in the direction of the arrow f and the stroke is restricted by the length the slot 24. The expeller 23 is provided also with an extending finger 23b which is in sliding engagement with Wall 21a dividing the capsules container and the seat 22. Substantially coaxial with the aforesaid partition wall a delivery extension 26 is provided outwardly from the box. Said extension 26 has a wall 26a flanked by two edges 26b, having internally inclined corners one towards the other. The capsules in the position C are located and passed in a bore 27 which serves to allow the passage of the capsules C into the expulsion position C in which a capule is located with the bottom adjacent the partition Wall between the seat 22 and the capsules container, and thus adjacent the geometric plane in which the wall 260 is located; the capsule C may be urged from this position in the direction of the arrow f by finger 23b, to be inserted between the edges 26b, to the position indicated by C in FIG. 5; in said position, the capsule C is located towards the end of delivery extension 26 and projecting from the wall 26a, being retained by the corners of the edges 26]), which act on the lateral cylindrical wall, adjacent the bottom of the same capsule. It is to be noted that the slight forcing of the capsule between the corners of the edges 26b assures the retaining of the capsule by means of the same edges. Said position C is easily defined by the same expeller assembly, whose travel is restricted by the length of slot 24. In the position C the capsule is capable of being inserted in the toy weapon without any need of removing it with the hand or touching it. In fact, by means of the operation of the container assembly, the capsule C ma} be located in the chamber provided for the capsule in the toy weapon (see FIG. and be inserted therein by action of the thrust imparted by the wall 26a in the direction indicated by the arrow f of FIG. 5, in the axial direction with respect to the capsule C After this operation, the capsule is sufficiently inserted in the chamber of the toy weapon so that it may be retained also when the delivering container assembly is moved in the direction of the arrow f of FIG. 5, in such a manner as to completely withdraw the capsule from the edges 26b.
The spring 25 stresses the expulsion in the direction of the arrow f until one does not act with the hand on actuator 23a to move the lock in the direction opposite the arrow f against the action of the spring 25; therefore, the same expeller 23, with the finger 23b wedged between the edges 26b, forms the lock for the bore 27, so as to prevent the exit of a capsule. On the other side, the presence of the projecting corners of the edges 26b to adjacently the bore 27, assures that a capsule located in the position C does not come out spontaneously from its expulsion seat until it has been urged by finger 23b of the expeller 23; said expulsion operation may be effected by the same spring 25 which is re-slackened when the operating extension 23a is abandoned, or it may be efiected by hand, in the case in which the spring 25 is eliminated or it is a pulling spring. In any case, the thrust of the expeller brings the capsule into the position C and not over.
According to the variation shown in FIGS 8 to 12, the arrangement is substantially equivalent to that previously described, with the only variation that the thrust wall of the extension for the insertion of the capsule is arranged parallel, in this case, to the main walls of the flat box.
The box 71, developed as a flat,table, is provided with an extension in a corner, generally indicated by 72 and formed by a wall 72a which is thus developed as an extension of one of the main walls of the box, and is flanked by two edges 72]), whose corners are inclined one towards the other as in the preceding case. The extension 72 is substantially coaxial with seat 73 which is parallel to one of the larger sides of the flat box and containing an expeller 74; said expeller is provided with finger 74a which is located adjacent the plane of the wall 72a and furthermore is provided with an actuator 74!) for the operation of the expeller, which actuator is extended in a slot 75 cut in the box wall; a spring 76 acts on the ex peller against the action of the manual control.
The arrangement dilfers from the preceding case also for the position which the capsules assume in the con tainer and thus in the expeller seat, as the capsules are located with the axes transverse to the main wall of the flat box. C indicates the position of the capsule which is ready to be expelled and which has passed from the container into said position through a passage 77. The capsule C may be urged from the extension 74a into between the edges 72b, in such a manner that the inclined corners thereof are forced on the capsule cylindrical wall, to retain it adjacently the bottom thereof. The capsule after the expulsion is located in the position indicated by C in which position the capsule may be inserted in the seat provided in the weapon for the same capsule, firstly with a thrust according to the arrow 12; operated with the wall 72a in such a manner as to sufficiently insert the capsule into the seat so that it is retained by the same seat and by the socket thereof; subsequently the container is moved in the direction of the arrow in such a manner as to extract the capsule from the edges 72b.
According to the embodiment of FIGS. 13 to 15, 81 denotes any container, with a closing lid 82, having a rectangular contour, however suitable to accomodate a certain amount of capsules 83, one located side by side of the other. Parallel to one of the sides of the container 81 there is located a blade or finger 84- having an appropriate thickness, aligned substantially coaxial with the center line of an opening 85 laterally cut in the container 81, with such sizes as to allow the passage of a single capsule each time.
This blade is integral to a runner or slider 86, slidable along one of the sides of the container, having a knurled surface 87 and rearly provided with a spring 88 designed to urge said slider towards the rest position (FIG. 13).
Exerting with the finger of the hand a thrust on the slider 86, making it go back to bring it into the position of FIG. 14, a capsule 83a is caused to be located in the centre of the opening 85; the capsule is moved to the end of the rails 89 and 90, extended in direction of the opening 85, as soon as the slider 85 is left to the action of the thrust action exerted by the aforesaid spring 88, this spring being rearly located to the slider and re-acting against any stationary postion of the device.
The capsule in the position indicated by 83a in FIG. 15 may be then easily introduced into the seat of a toy weapon, exerting an axial thrust (with respect to the capsule) with a finger.
It is intended that the drawings only illustrate an embodiment given only as a practical demonstration of the invention, said invention being in conditions as to be varied in the forms and arrangements without however departing from the scope of the concept which informs said invention.
What we claim is:
1. A container and loader for cap explosive capsules having a substantially cylindrical wall configuration and a bottom, said container and loader comprising: a capsule-confining chamber for holding capsules in predetermined orientation, an exit orifice communicating with said chamber through which capsules may be fed one at a time, a delivery extension communicating with said orifice and projecting outwardly of said container said delivery extension having a top wall separating a pair of side edges between which a capsule is delivered, the distance between said side edges being such that a capsule delivered along its bottom thereto against the top Wall is frictionally supported by said side edges, a sliding member and a longitudinal seat in which said member is slidably supported associated with said container, said sliding member and seat being substantially coaxial with said delivery extension, and means by which said sliding member may be manually actuated such that a capsule fed through the orifice may be moved by said sliding member to the delivery extension between the gripping edges thereof preliminary to the loading of said capsule in a toy weapon.
2. The container and loader of claim 1, wherein the sliding member includes spring biasing means for urging it past the exit orifice to between the edges of the delivery extension.
3. The container and loader of claim 2, wherein the sliding member includes a finger which extends towards the exit orifice of the container, said finger extending into the delivery extension when the sliding member is actuated to deliver a capsule to the delivery extension.
4. The container and loader of claim 1, wherein the side edges of the delivery extension are resilient and define corners which are internally inclined one towards the other, whereby to retain the capsule frictionally there between during delivery.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,625,925 1/1953 Osborne 221267 X 3,009,155 11/1961 Leniz 221267 X 3,018,921 1/1962 Hermanson 221-267 X BENJAMIN A. BORCHELT, Primary Examiner.
R. V. LOTTMANN, Assistant Examiner.