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Publication numberUS3298044 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 17, 1967
Filing dateSep 14, 1964
Priority dateSep 14, 1964
Publication numberUS 3298044 A, US 3298044A, US-A-3298044, US3298044 A, US3298044A
InventorsMary H Saltness, Norman H Saltness
Original AssigneeBli Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Inflatable pillow
US 3298044 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 17, 1967 s T ss AL 3,298,044

INFLATABLE PILLOW Filed Sept. 14, 1964 FIG 2 INVENTORS ww m MW M If m MM 5304 HQ MWM MA United States Patent flice 3,298,044 Patented Jan. 17, 1967 3,298,044 INFLATABLE PILLOW Norman H. Saltness and Mary H. Saltness, Falls Church, Van, assignors to Bill Incorporated, Falls Church, Va., a corporation of Virginia Filed Sept. 14, 1964, Ser. No. 396,112 1 Claim. (Cl. -338) This invention relates to pillows, cushions, mattresses, or articles of a similar nature which provide support for the body when sitting or reclining, and more particularly to articles of this type which are capable of providing a soft, yieldable support of relatively large thickness when desired, but which will require only a small fraction of space for storage.

One object of the invention is to provide a pillow, or the like, of generally rectangular shape which is capable of being expanded in thickness for use, but may be collapsed substantially fiat when not needed.

Another object of the invention is to provide an inflatable pillow, or the like, which may be completely deflated for packing or storage, and is capable of inflation in varying degrees in accordance with the use to which the article is to be put.

Still another object of the invention is the provision of an inflatable bladder means capable of expansion and constraction in thickness without changing its overall dimensions in width and length.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a novel blank capable of being fabricated into an inflatable bladder of generally rectangular configuration, but which will retain its rectangular configuration regardless of the extent of inflation.

Other objects and advantages will be apparent to those skilled in the art after reading the following specification in connection with the annexed drawings in which: FIG. l is a plan view of a preferred form of inflatable pillow constructed in accordance with the teachings of this invention; FIG. 2 is a cross-section in elevation taken on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1; and FIG. 3 is a horizontal crosssection of the internal bladder taken on the line 33 of FIG. 2.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, the numeral indicates a generally rectangular outer covering constructed of some relatively thick yieldable material such as foamed rubber while the numeral 11 indicates generally an internal inflatable bladder means contained within the outer covering.

Various methods may be employed in forming the outer covering. In one instance two rectangular sheets of foamed rubber 12 and 13 can be cut to the same size and then joined along three of their common margins 14, 15 and 16 either by heat sealing or by an adhesive leaving the remaining margin 17 open for the insertion of the bladder 17.

The bladder 17 is composed of two substantially identical inflatable elements, each of which is fabricated from a relatively thin flexible and substantially inextensible or nonstretchable sheet material, preferably a synthetic plastic which is impervious to air. In a preferred method of fabrication two rectangular sheets of the plastic material 18 and 19 of the same size, and slightly smaller in the width and length than the interior dimensions of the cover lll, are first joined together in superposed relation by means of adhesive or heat sealing along a narrow area in the center and extending lengthwise to within a short distance of each end of the sheet, as indicated by the numeral 20 in FIG. 3. The next step is to take two more sheets of plastic 21 and 22 of the same dimension of the sheets 18 and 19 and in each of these sheets to insert the air valves 23 and 24 respectively. These valves may be of the type well known for inflating and deflating toys or other buoyant articles used in swimming. After the valves have been attached, the sheet 21 is secured to the sheet 18 along the entire length of their four margins, either by adhesive or heat sealing or other suitable means which will insure an airtight joint. The sheet 22 is also similarly joined with sheet 19 resulting in the formation of two separate inflatable bags 25 and 26 joined to each other only by the narrow area of adhesion 20. It will thus be seen that while either, or both, of the inflatable bags may be inflated in a vertical direction to any desired extent they must always remain in superposed alignment regardless of the extent of inflation and cannot shift or twist out of alignment with each other.

After the bladder 11 has thus been fabricated it is inserted within the cover 1-0 and the valves 23 and 24 are made accessible through suitable openings provided in the cover sheets 12 and 13-. Preferably, the stems of the valves should be of such length that they do not project outwardly from the exterior surface of the cover and they should be located as close to the end of the pillow as is conveniently possible so they will not normally come in contact with the users head.

Obviously, the outer covering and each of the inner bags could be formed from a single piece of material, doubled over along one of the margins, instead of using two separate sheets. Furthermore, while separate valves have been shown for each of the inflatable bags, it would be possible to provide an opening between the two bags at the center to permit air to pass between them, or a common air conduit for both bags could be used, to eliminate one of the valves.

The bladder can easily be inflated to any desired size by lung pressure alone. If a thin pillow is wanted, only one of the bags need be inflated, whereas if the pillow is to be used to support an injured leg, or other portion of the body, both bags would be fully inflated. In any event, regardless of the extent of inflation, the pillow will always retain its generally rectangular form in horizontal plan while remaining generally oblate in vertical cross-section both in length and in width.

A particular advantage of this invention is that, when not in use, it can be deflated flat so that it occupies comparatively little space. This is especially advantageous for hospitals, or other institutions having need for large numbers of pillows in an emergency. Perhaps ten or fifteen pillows constructed in accordance with the teachings of this invention can be stored in the space required by a conventional pillow.

Obviously, while the pillow described above could be used without additional covering, for reasons of cleanliness and appearance, it is preferable to provide a clear plastic covering, or to employ a cloth pillowcase, as with ordinary pillows.

Having described one form in which the invention may be practiced, it will be understood that various changes and improvements may be made by those skilled in the art which would come within the scope of the annexed claims.

We claim:

An adjustable pillow comprising a pair of rectangular sheets of flexible, soft, extensible material of substantial thickness, joined to each other along at least three margins, an inflatable bladder contained between said pair of sheets comprising four rectangular superposed sheets of thin, flexible, inextensible, air-impervious material, the first and second of the thin sheets being joined to each other along all four margins, the third and fourth of the thin sheets being joined to each other along all four margins to form a pair of superposed air-tight inflatable bodies, the second and third sheets of the thin material being joined to each other along a narrow central area K to prevent relative displacement of the inflatable bodies, and valve means for each of said bodies.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS FRANK B. SHERRY, Primary Examinqr.

A. M. CALVERT, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2682918 *May 10, 1952Jul 6, 1954Porter James HAir cushion
US2691179 *May 25, 1951Oct 12, 1954Englander Co IncPneumatic structure for mattresses, seat and back cushions, and the like
US3148389 *Jan 9, 1963Sep 15, 1964Purofied Down Products CorpPillow
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4389742 *Jan 2, 1981Jun 28, 1983Dewitt Nick RPressure controlled air/water cushion
US4405129 *Apr 13, 1981Sep 20, 1983Stuckey JohnTherapeutic exercise device
US4724560 *Feb 10, 1987Feb 16, 1988Christie Larry LPillow utilizing air and water
US4965899 *Apr 14, 1989Oct 30, 1990Okamoto Industries,Inc.Air cushion for chair and chair utilizing the air cushion
US5154649 *Sep 10, 1991Oct 13, 1992Vicki PenderInflatable nursing pillow
US5329656 *Dec 3, 1992Jul 19, 1994Dennis V. LeggettInsulated puncture resistant inflatable mattress
US5331698 *Jan 11, 1993Jul 26, 1994Hill-Rom Company, Inc.Mattress for birthing bed
US5333336 *Oct 15, 1993Aug 2, 1994Langsam Robin LInflatable booster seat
US5494049 *May 5, 1993Feb 27, 1996Torso (Australia) Pty Ltd.Physical therapy bolster
US5809597 *Jan 30, 1997Sep 22, 1998Shaw; Terry W.Inflatable body support
US6131219 *Mar 3, 1999Oct 17, 2000Roberts; Janet H.Inflatable pillow
US6453840 *Aug 8, 2001Sep 24, 2002Mustang Survival Corp.Damage tolerant inflatable
US6546579 *Mar 9, 2001Apr 15, 2003D2Rm Corp.Conforming air and foam support device
US6594838 *Nov 29, 2001Jul 22, 2003Hollander Home Fashions Corp.Pillow with transparent window
US6928678 *Feb 17, 2004Aug 16, 2005Heng-Tai ChangTransparent apertured pillow, filled with foam blocks
US7080421 *Jul 29, 2005Jul 25, 2006Pacific Coast Feather CompanyBedding article with overlaying portions
US7424760 *Mar 25, 2005Sep 16, 2008Chaffee Robert BBody support, comfort device
US8056169 *Sep 7, 2005Nov 15, 2011Chestnut Ridge Foam, Inc.Institutional mattress and pillow composite with transparent covering
DE3115593A1 *Apr 16, 1981Mar 11, 1982Stuckey John"therapeutische uebungsvorrichtung"
EP0438409A1 *May 5, 1989Jul 31, 1991Chang Bard Eileen MayWater pillow.
EP1679021A2 *Nov 24, 2005Jul 12, 2006Soren BaunsgaardAdjustable pillow
WO1993024088A1 *May 28, 1993Dec 9, 1993Kenneth CaldwellImprovements in or relating to air support systems
WO2002030246A1 *Oct 12, 2000Apr 18, 2002Roberts Janet HInflatable pillow
WO2003013314A1 *Aug 8, 2002Feb 20, 2003Andreas BrunAir mattress
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/644, 5/710
International ClassificationA47G9/00, A47C27/08, A47C27/10, A47G9/10
Cooperative ClassificationA47C27/10, A47G9/10, A47C27/081, A47C27/18, A47G2009/003
European ClassificationA47C27/18, A47C27/08A, A47C27/10, A47G9/10