|Publication number||US3298573 A|
|Publication date||Jan 17, 1967|
|Filing date||Mar 17, 1965|
|Priority date||Mar 17, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3298573 A, US 3298573A, US-A-3298573, US3298573 A, US3298573A|
|Inventors||Smalley Ned J|
|Original Assignee||Owens Illinois Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (8), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 17, 1967 N. .1. SMALLEY 3,298,573
LIQUID DISPENSER HAVING A SUPPLY CONTAINER DELIVERING TO A RECEIVING CHAMBER Filed March 17, 1965 1N VEN TOR. 11/52 (Z Jzmzz z) fiTTOK/VEYS United States Patent ()fifice Patented Jan. 17, 1967 3,298,573 LIQUID DISPENSER HAVING A SUPPLY CON- TAINER DELIVERING TO A RECEIVING CHAMBER Ned J. Smalley, Toledo, Ohio, assignor to Owens-Illinois Inc., a corporation of Ohio Filed Mar. 17, 1965, Ser. No. 440,358 4 Claims. (Cl. 222-207) My invention relates to liquid dispensers and more particularly to that type which also functions as a closure cap affixed to the mouth of a receptacle or container, such, for example, as a glass bottle or similar container.
My invention is particularly adapted for use in the d18- pensing of liquid sugar substitutes and has for an important object the provision of a dispensing fitment which initially is the primary closure for a container of such liquid, while in the hands of the ultimate consumer it becomes a means for dispensing the liquid either in drop-bydrop fashion or in stream flow, at the election of the consumer.
Another object of my invention is the provision of a combination closure cap and liquid dispenser, which, upon inversion of the container carrying same, will dispense the liquid contents as a succession of drops but, if desired, can eflect .regulable stream flow through due to manual axial deflection of a part of the dispenser.
A further object of my invention is the provision of a liquid dispenser comprising a compressible reservoir capable of segregating some of the liquid from the main body in a container carrying such dispenser, the latter having so-calle'd snip-tip or nozzle which, after being snipped, is capable of either. drop-by-drop or stream flow discharge of liquid directly from the reservoir.
It is also an object of my invention to provide in a liquid dispenser of the above character a novel, effect ve device for compressing a diaphragm portion, such belng a flanged collar encompassing the reservoir and freely movable axially of the latter and container neck to effect compression of the diaphragm.
Other objects will be in part apparent and in part pointed out herein-after.
In the accompanying drawings forming a part of my application: I
FIG. 1 is a sectional elevational view of my invention mounted upon the mouth-defining neck of a bottle.
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the dispenser.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged vertical transverse sectional view of my liquid dispenser secured to the mouth-forming neck of a liquid container.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the plane of line 4-4 of FIG. 3, also showing in elevation a portion of the container.
The illustrated embodiment of my invention is shown attached to the neck 10 of a liquid container 11, such as a bottle, the neck being cylindrical and creating a mouth 12. Externally of the neck 10, at its rim end 13, is an annular radial rib 14, or bead, which, as will be apparent, aids in securing the liquid dispenser 15 to the bottle.
The dispenser 15 initially functions as the primary closure for the container, as is abundantly clear. It comprises an inner basin 16 created by the centrally dished disk-like wall 1 which may well be formed of relatively rigid polyethylene, or similar plastic material. Encircling the basin at the rim end 18 thereof is a relatively wide annular flange 19 or web, which extends radially outward to a position of rest upon the rim 13 of the container neck 10 to thereby locate this basin in the mouth 12 of the container. The radial width of this flange 19 is sufiiciently great and the diameter of the basin 16 small enough to provide an exposed annular area in which a plurality of with the diaphragm 21 in proximity to the nozzle.
apertures 20 or ports, are formed to permit flow of the liquid contents of the container 11 into the space beyond the basin 16. As will become apparent presently, such flow of liquid through the apertures 20 occurs incident to inversion of the container, while deposition of such liquid in the basin takes place upon reinversion of the container. This basin 16 and a highly resilient polyethylene diaphragm 21 associated therewith, together create a reservoir capable of isolating a small but normally adequate amount of the liquid at a convenient point for ready, immediate dispensing, when desired.
The diaphragm 21 is of generally dome-shape, and at its margin is provided with an integral depending annular wall 22 of a diameter slightly greater than the diameter of an imaginary circle registering with the axes of the apertures 20. Thus these apertures, or ports, may freely perform their function. At the lower or inner margin of this depending wall 22, is a radially outwardly projecting flange 23 joined at its outer margin to an attaching skirt 24. This skirt is of a diameter to encompass the bottle neck 10, particularly the radial rib 14 thereof and has an annular internal bead 25 so positioned as to firmly engage the lower side of said radial rib 14 and thereby firmly, yet releasably, secure the diaphragm and hence the basin 16, assembled with the container 11. Preferably a sealing bead 26 of annular form is interposed between the radial apertured flange 19 of the basin and the radial flange 23 of the diaphragm. I have shown it formed as a part of the inner flange 19 of the basin unit. It, of course, could be on the other flange 23, if preferred. Snapping of the diaphragm in place tends to embed the sealing bead in the adjacent flange and prevents leakage of the contents, as is apparent.
Discharge of the liquid from the reservoir is by way of a snip-tip 27, or nozzle, which, if preferred, may be positioned axially of the diaphrgam 21. This nozzle is of stepped diameter, being of relatively large diameter in the base section 28 which is connected directly to the diaphragm and having a tip portion of smaller diameter. This tip portion initially is closed and is intended to be severed near the outer end preparatory to dispensing the liquid. With the bore 29 of this nozzle of about onesixteenth inch diameter, I have determined that mere inversion of the container will produce a d-rop-by-drop discharge of the liquid. If, however, a more rapid flow is desired, as when filling a teaspoon with the liquid sweetener, axial inward flexing of the diaphragm under finger pressure and with the container inverted will produce the desired results.
To facilitate flexing of the diaphragm as just suggested, I have provided a finger-piece 30, such being an inverted cup-like element comprising .an axially apertured top wall 31, or panel, and a depending marginal annular skirt 32. The top wall 31 has a central or axial opening 33 to accommodate the base section 28 of the nozzle 27, with some clearance between the nozzle and wallof the opening 33 to permit ready assembling of the elements. The top wall 31, in the area about the opening 33 is in contact In order to hold the finger-piece 30 assembled with the remaining elements, an internal annular bead 34 is formed on the skirt 32 near, or at its free lower end. This bead functions. as a stop, preventing accidental separation of the elements and also holds the top wall 31 in contact with the diaphragm at all times.
When one wishes to dispense the liquid contents, it is only necessary to invert the container. In this position and without manipulation of the finger-piece 30, the liquid flows into the reservoir through the apertures 20 and thence to the nozzle 27, from which it will discharge dropby-drop. Should stream flow be desired, the finger-piece 30 is pressed axially to inwardly flex the diaphragm, thereby creating pressure Within the reservoir and effecting discharge of the liquid. Through the simple step of only partially inverting the container, the basin 16 may be filled with the liquid and thus maintain a small, but normally adequate, supply ready for immediate dispensing through the nozzle 27.
Modifications may be resorted to within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
1. In a liquid dispenser, a reservoir comp-rising a marginally flanged basin, a dome-like diaphragm opposed to the basin and having a discharge nozzle communicating with the reservoir interior, the flange of the basin having apertures through which liquid may flow into and out of the reservoir, the flanged basin being formed of a relatively rigid plastic and the diaphragm being highly resilient and capable of axial flexing to thereby create liquid discharge pressure within the reservoir, the nozzle extending axially outward from the diaphragm and an axially movable finger-piece, encompassing the diaphragm and manually operable to flex said diaphragm.
2. In combination, .a liquid container having a mouthdefining neck, there being an annular radial rib encircling the mouth end of the neck, a liquid dispenser comprising a basin positioned in the mouth, an annular radial supporting flange for the basin resting upon the mouth end of the neck, said flange having at least one aperture through which liquid may flow out of and into the container, an axially flexible resilient diaphragm of generally dome-like form spaced axially outward from said basin, means forming a part of the diaphragm and engaging the radial rib to hold the diaphragm and basin assembled and secured to the container, and a dispensing nozzle through which liquid may discharge, the nozzle being positioned axially of the diaphragm, and axially movable diaphragm flexing means comprising a cup-like element encompass- 4 ing the diaphragm, basin, and part of the neck and formed with an opening through which said nozzle projects.
3. In a combination as defined in claim 2, a discharge nozzle formed as an integral part of the diaphragm and a manually operable diaphragm flexing means comprising a cylindrical cup-like element including a top wall having a central aperture to accommodate the nozzle, a depending attaching skirt at the periphery of the top wall encompassing the skirt of the diaphragm, and an annular internal rib on the skirt carried by the last named wall to engage the free edge of the diaphragm skirt and hold the basin and diaphragm and flexing means assembled.
4. In a liquid dispenser, a reservoir comprising a marginally flanged basin, a dome-like diaphragm opposed to the basin and having a discharge nozzle communicating with the reservoir interior, the flange of the basin having apertures through which liquid may flow into and out of the reservoir, the flanged basin being formed of a relatively rigid plastic and the diaphragm being highly resilient and capable of axial flexing to thereby create liquid discharge pressure Within the reservoir, the nozzle extending axially outward from the diaphragm and there being diaphragm flexing means comp-rising a cylindrical cup-like member encompassing the diaphragm and basin and having an axial opening through which the nozzle projects.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,542,584 6/1925 Rose 222207 2,095,622 10/1937 Wilson 222321 2,989,215 6/1961 Willing ham 222--2O7 3,141,580 7/1964 Rogers 222-213 ROBERT B. REEVES, Primary Examiner.
WALTER SOBIN, Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US3650473 *||Mar 13, 1970||Mar 21, 1972||Afa Corp||Liquid dispensing apparatus|
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|US5337926 *||Jul 22, 1993||Aug 16, 1994||The Procter & Gamble Company||Spray pump package employing multiple orifices for dispensing liquid in different spray patterns with automatically adjusted optimized pump stroke for each pattern|
|US5411185 *||Jun 1, 1994||May 2, 1995||The Procter & Gamble Company||Spray pump package employing multiple orifices having an orifice selector system|
|EP0114007A1 *||Nov 29, 1983||Jul 25, 1984||L'oreal||Container for dispensing a predetermined quantity of fluid material drop by drop|
|U.S. Classification||222/207, 222/541.1|
|International Classification||B65D47/06, B65D47/18|