US 329920 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) A. LUEDEMANN.
. I BOTTLE STOPPER. No. 329.920.
Patented No v. 10, 1885.
V/ENTO? ATTO/f/VEYS N. FETERS, Pbolo uflorohr. Washington D. C
UNITED STATES ALBERT LUEDEMANN,
PATENT OFFICEJ OFVNEW YORK, N. Y.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 329.920. date& November 10, 1885.
Application filed September 18, 1885. Serial No. ?77,421
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, ALBERT LUEDEMANN, aresident of New York city, in the county and State of New York, have invented an Improved BottleStopper, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figur-e l is a secti'onal elevation of my improved bottle-stopper, showing it in condition for transportation. Fig. 2 is a'sectional side View of the same, showing it in condition for use. Fig. 3 is a central section of the same, showing it cut in two after transportation and before being used.
This invention relates to a new stopper for bottles such as are used for holding catsup, sauces, and the like, and has for its object to make such a stopper absolutely tight while the bottle with its contents is being transported from the factory to the consumer, and to provide for its convenient use as a stopper proper by the consuner.
Catsup-bottles, sauce-bottles, and the like, as heretofore niade,were provided with tubular stoppers having narrow outlets that were never intended to be closed. The user was to invert the bottle and shake the contents out drop by drop. The difficulty with such stoppers is that when, during their transportation, the package containing a number of filled bottles is inverted, the contents flow out to a greater or less eXtent, and at all times they become more or less contaminated by oontinuous contact with the atmospheric air, which is free to enter the bottle through the narrow orifice of the stopper.
My in ention consists in making such a tubular stopper with an appendix or top piece, which seals the orifice and prevents air from entering the bottle, preventing likewise the contents from fiowing out if the bottle is inverted. This prolongation, however, can be detached or cut off by the Consumer as soon as he receives the bottle, and being then inverted will act as a stopper proper for the orifice of the tubular lower stopper portion.
In the accompanying drawings, the letter A represents part of a bottle. B is my improved stopper. The same has preferably an external fiange, a, and beneath the same an annular packing, b, of cork or the like, by which it is held fast in the bottle.
The stopper B is made of pewter or other soft metal, or of Wood or analogous material.
It has an internal bore, d, which, however, does not extend entirely up through the upper end of the stopper. On the contrary, at the upper end this stopper has a solid prolongation, e, or top piece, made of the substance of the stopper, or, if desired, of other material. By preference a nick, f, is formed in the outer side of the stopper around the same, beneath the prolongation e, and slightly below the upper termination of the bore d.
As I have thus far described the invention it is correctly representcd in Fig. l of the drawings. In the condition there shown the stopper is to remain while the bottle with its contents is transported to the consumer, and it is clear that in this condition the stopper will absolutely prevent any of the contents of the bottle from fiowing out. It will likewise prevent air froni enter-ing the bottle, and Will' thus protect the contents from contamination.
The consumer, as soon as the bottle reaches him, or, in fact, whenever he is ready to use the contents, cuts the prolongation e oil' the rest of the stopper, the nick f facilitating the application of a knife or other cutting-tool for the purpose.
Fig. 3 shows this prolongation to be thus cut off. Fig. 2 shows that the prolongation when thus detached can be used in the-inverted position as a stopper for the upper end of the orifice d, so that the Consumer can completely close the bottle, and, when it is removed, use the bottle in the ordinary manner in which catsup-bottles and the like are now used. For this purpose the prolongation eis made of tapering form, so that it nay serve as a stopper.
I claim- 1. The hollow stopper B, having internal passage, d, and upper prolongation, e,which closes said passage, and nick f, below the upper end of said passage d, the prolongation being made in one piece With the body of the stopper, but adapted to be severed along the line of the nickf, as specified.
2. The combination of the tubular stopper B, having internal passage, d, with the tapering detachable prolongation e, which, when inverted, serves as a stopple to the passage d, substantially as described.
GUSTAV SCHNEPP. JOHN M. SPEER.