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Publication numberUS3299446 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 24, 1967
Filing dateJan 18, 1965
Priority dateJan 18, 1965
Publication numberUS 3299446 A, US 3299446A, US-A-3299446, US3299446 A, US3299446A
InventorsBernard G Blise, Friedeck Walter
Original AssigneeSimmons Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sofa bed
US 3299446 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

B. e. BLISE ETAL 3,299,446

Jan. 24, 1967 SOFA BED [12 v51: tars BERNARD 6 BL/SE WAL TE? I E/5?? I fwd 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 @Mlmmfim Filed Jan. 18, 1965 Jan. 24, 1967 B. e. BLISE ETAL 3,

SOFA BED Filed Jan. 18, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 [J1 v5.22 Z01 5 BERNARD 6. 5L/5E WALTEE Field-BE 3,299,446 SOFA BED Bernard G. Blise, Dyer, Ind., and Walter Friedeck, Ke-

nosha, Wis., assignors to Simmons Company, New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. 18, 1965, Ser. No. 426,048 7 Claims. (Cl. 22)

This invention relates to furniture and particularly to a sofa bed.

Dual purpose furniture has a number of advantages in making efficient use of space and, accordingly, has become popular in hotels, in other like institutions, and even in private homes. To be acceptable both as a bed and as a sofa or lounge, a convertible piece of furniture should incorporate features which people have begun to expect in each. A bed is too wide to be comfortably used as a sofa seat, and a lounge seat is too narrow to prove comfortable as a bed. To alleviate this inherent inconsistency, it has become popular to provide mechanism in sofa beds by which a sofa seat can be pulled outward from a sofa position, wherein the rear portion of the seat is disposed beneath a back rest or bolster, to a position wherein the full width of the sofa seat is exposed and may serve as a bed.

Additionally, whereas it is desirable that the sleeping surface of a bed be horizontal, it is likewise desirable that the cushion surface for a sofa be slightly pitched or tilted rearward. Accordingly, it is also desirable that the mechanism which controls the shift of the seat cushion between positions also accomplish the backward pitch of the seat cushion in sofa position.

It is a primary object of this invention to provide an improved sofa bed. It is another object to provide a dual purpose furniture unit which incorporates simple operating mechanism for transforming the unit from a lounge to a bed and vice versa. It is a further object to provide a sofa bed in which the seat cushion may be moved from sofa position to bed position without having to move the sofa bed out from the Wall nor remove the bolster. It is a still further object to provide improved guide mechanism, simple in operation and economical in construction, which is designed to move the rear of a seat cushion forward, out from under an overlying bolster, to a stable horizontal bed position. Still another object is to provide improved mechanism for supporting the front portion of a sofa bed in a stable position upon the floor whether it be in bed position or in sofa position. These and other objects of the invention are more particularly set forth in the following detailed description and in the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a sofa bed embodying various of the features of the invention;

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view, reduced in size, of the base frame employed in the sofa bed shown in FIG- URE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of the sofa bed of FIG- URE 1 shown in an intermediate position between sofa position and bed position, with certain parts removed;

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view with certain parts removed, taken generally along line 44 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 5 is a view similar to FIGURE 4 with the sofa bed shown in an intermediate position between sofa position and bed position; and

FIGURE 6 is a view similar to FIGURES 4 and 5 with the sofa bed shown in bed position.

Referring first to FIGURES 1 through 3, the sofa bed 11 comprises a stationary or base frame 13 and a movable frame 15 which carries an upholstered seat cushion or mattress 17. Mounted atop the rear of the base frame 13 is a back rest or bolster 19 which supports the users back in the sofa position. The bolster 19 comprises a United States Patent 0 .pair of forwardly extending supporting arms 35.

front cushion 21 hinged at its top to a bedding box 23 in which bedding materials can be conveniently stored when the unit is being used as a sofa. The front cushion 21 swings upward to an out-of-the-way position (FIG. 6) affording easy access to the bedding box 23. The movable frame 15 is so supported upon the base frame 13 to be shiftable between the sofa position (FIGS. 1 and 4) and the bed position (FIG. 6), as will be hereinafter described in detail.

As best seen in FIGURE 2, the base frame 13 comprises a pair of forwardly and rearwardly extending, angle iron side rails 25, the front ends of which are turned downward to serve as front legs 27. The side rails 25 are interconnected via a rear cross bar 29 and an intermediate cross bar 31, the connections being suitably made, as by welding or riveting.

The intermediate cross bar 31 is mounted atop the two side rails 25 where it also serves as a support for the movable frame 15 in the bed position, as hereinafter more fully described. A pair of vertically extending back legs 33 are attached to the rear ends of the side rails 25. The back legs 33 extend well above the plane of the side rails 25 and have their upper ends overturned to provide a It is upon this pair of supporting arms 35 that the bolster bedding box 23 is suitably mounted, as by bolts 36.

The illustrated movable frame 15 comprises a rectangular angle iron border frame 37 across which are mounted a plurality of sinuous wire springs 39 which run front-to-back, the ends of the springs 39 being anchored in holes in the border frame 37. Cross links 41 interconnect adjacent springs to provide a unitary spring structure. Helical springs 43 connect the outermost springs 39 to the border frame 37, thus integrating the spring and frame. The movable frame 15 includes three speader bars 45, running front to back, which strengthen the border frame 37. The spreader bars 45 are bowed so that their mid-portions are displaced below the plane of the frame 37, providing clearance below the wire spring so that the sinuous springs 39 do not bottom out when supporting a load.

The movable frame 15 has about the same width as the base frame 13 but is substantially longer, being supported in a centered location relative to the base frame 13, overhanging it equidistantly on both sides. The back of the movable frame 15 is hung from the supporting arms 35 by a pair of L-shaped links 47. The upper ends of the links 47 are pivotally connected near the front of the supporting arms 35, as by pins or rivets 49. The lower ends of the rear links 47 are pivotally attached to brackets 51 carried on the rear vertical face of the border frame 37.

The L-shape of the rear links 47 provides clearance for' the upholstered seat cushion 17 when the unit is in the sofa position (see FIG. 4). The relative lengths of the two arms of the links 47 provide the rearwardly pitched attitude for the movable frame 15, in the sofa position.

The front end of the movable frame 15 is carried from the sofa position to the bed position by another pair of generally L-shaped links 53, alternate arms of which may serve respectively as supporting struts for the front end of the movable frame when the sofa bed 11 is in the sofa or the bed position. The upper ends of the front links 53 are pivoted, as by pins or rivets 55, to the two outermost arms 61, made of bar stock. A welded connection makes the joint rigid. The arms 59 extend past the joints with the arms 61, and protective rubber or plastic tips 63 cap the extensions. A torsion bar 65 interconnects the two links 53 for unison in movement.

The actual function of the front links 53 and rear links 47 is best described with reference to the shifting of the movable frame from one position to another. The series of three illustrations shown in FIGURES 4 to 6 depict the shifting of the sofa bed 11 from sofa position (FIG. 4) to bed position (FIG. 6). To accomplish this shift in position, it is only necessary for one to grasp the front rail of the border frame 37 and pull upward and outward.

As the movable frame 15 is pulled forward, the front links 53 pivot and cause the front of the border frame 37 to be elevated until the links 53 have passed over-center, i.e., whereat the two pivot points 55, 57 are vertically aligned. As the front end of the border frame 37 traces this forward and upward path, its rear end traces a forward and slightly downward path, controlled by the configuration of the L-shaped rear links 47. The downward component of this movement is sufiicient to compensate for the upward movement of the front end of the border frame 37, i.e., to assure that the top of the seat cushion 17 (which in sofa position rests generally adjacent the bottom surface of the bolster 19) clears the bolster during this shifting operation.

After the front links 53 have passed over center, as illustrated in FIGURE 5, gravity will complete the shifting operation. During the final portion of this shifting movement, the rear links 47 guide the rear end of the border frame 37 forward and upward until the frame reaches the bed position shown in FIGURE 6. In unloaded bed position, the three spreader bars 45 are spaced about /8 inch above the intermediate cross bar 31. When loaded, the movable frame 15 is displaced downward so the bars 45 rest upon the top of the cross bar 31, providing support for the rear end of the frame 15.

Support for the front of the movable frame 15 is supplied by the arm 61 of the front link, which arm extends generally vertically and is now loaded in compression. The arm 61 thus serves as a strut between the upper pivot point 55 and the floor, with which extension tips 63 are now in actual contact. The length of the arm 61 is proportioned such that the border frame 37 is horizontal when the spreader bars 45 are resting atop the intermediate cross bar 31.

To shift the sofa bed 11 from bed position to sofa position it is merely necessary to lift the front edge of the movable frame 15. The L-shaped front links 53 cause the front edge of the movable frame 15 to trace an upward and rearward path until the links reach their center points, i.e., pivot points 55, 57 are in vertical alignment. Afterward, the path of the front edge of the movable frame 15 is downward and rearward. From the initiation of lifting, the rear edge of the movable frame 15 traces somewhat the opposite movement. The links 47 cause the rear edge of the movable frame 15 to follow a path that is first downward and rearward, providing clearance for the seat cushion 17 below the bolster 19. The end of the path of travel is upward and rearward until the top surface of the seat cushion 17 is generally adjacent the bottom of the bolster 19.

The front and rear links 53, 47 are so proportioned that in the sofa poistion (FIG. 4) the movable frame 15 is not horizontal but is pitched slightly rearward, a comfortable sitting position. In this position, the tubular arms 59 are generally vertical with each of the protective tips 63 engaging the underside of the horizontal flange of the adjacent angle iron spreader bar 45, supporting the front of the border frame 37. Thus, in the sofa position, the arms 59 serve as struts, being loaded in compression between the movable frame 15 and the pivot points 57 near the bottom of the front legs 27.

As the movable frame 15 approaches the sofa position, the front links 53 are well over center. Gravity and any other downward force applied to the movable frame 15 cause it to be thrust rearward until the upper ends of the arms 59 of the front links 53 engage the underside of the border frame. During this movement, and at the sofa position, the rear of the movable frame 15 is supported from the rear links 47.

A very simple, yet extremely effective and trouble-free, mechanism is thus provided for shifting the movable frame of a dual purpose furniture unit between sitting and sleeping positions. In each instance, conversion is effected merely by pulling up on the front edge of the movable frame 15. Force need be exerted only until the forward walkover links 53 pass their center points, after which time gravity completes the shift. In both sofa position and bed position, the front portion of the movable frame is stably supported by the front L-shaped links 53, the arms of which serve in turn as supporting struts. The rear links 47 permit the compact design of a sofa bed wherein the seat cushion 17 is longer than the bolster 19.

In sofa position, the links 47 are stored out of the way against the back legs 33 where they do not interfere with the seat cushion 17. Moreover, the cooperation between the front and rear links is such that the sofa bed 11 is very stable in sofa position, the front links 53 being well over center so that load on the cushion 17 increases the bearing force of the border frame 37 on the strut-arms 59 of the front links 53.

Various changes and modifications such as would be obvious to one skilled in this art may be made to the illustrated structure without deviating from the scope of the invention which is defined in the claims. Various of the features of the invention are set forth in the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A sofa bed comprising a normally stationary frame having a back rest, a movable frame adapted to support a seat cushion, means shiftably mounting said movable frame on said stationary frame for movement between a rearward sofa position disposed partially beneath said back rest and a bed position forward of said back rest, said mounting means including linkage means interconmeeting the front portion of said movable frame and said stationary frame and defining the path of movement of said front portion of said movable frame in shifting between said positions, said linkage means including strut means which supports said front portion of said movable frame in said bed position.

2. A sofa bed comprising a normally stationary frame having a back rest, a movable frame adapted to support a seat cushion, means shiftably mounting said movable frame on said stationary frame for movement between a rearward sofa position disposed partially beneath said back rest and a bed position forward of said back rest, said mounting means including linkage means interconnecting the front portion of said movable frame and said stationary frame and defining the path of movement of said front portion of said movable frame in shifting between said positions, said linkage means including strut means which supports said front portion of said movable frame in said sofa position and in said bed position.

3. A sofa bed comprising a normally stationary frame having a back rest, a movable frame adapted to support a seat cushion, means shiftably mounting said movable frame on said stationary frame for movement between a rearward sofa position disposed partially beneath said back rest and a bed position disposed forward of said back rest, said mounting means including a pair of walkover links which also serve as struts to support the front end of said movable frame in the bed position and which define the path of movement of said front end in shifting between said positions, said walkover links being pivoted at the upper ends thereof to said movable frame and pivoted at the lower ends thereof to said stationary frame.

4. A sofa bed comprising a normally stationary frame having a back rest, a movable frame adapted to support a seat cushion, means shiftably mounting said movable frame on said stationary frame for movement between a rearward sofa position disposed partially beneath said back rest and a bed position disposed forward of said back rest, said mounting means including a pair of first L- shaped links pivoted at the upper ends thereof to said stationary frame and pivoted at the lower ends thereof to the rear of said movable frame, said mounting means also including a pair of second L-shaped links which serve as struts to support the front end of said movable frame in the bed position, said second L-shaped links being pivoted at the upper ends thereof to said movable frame and pivoted at the lower ends .thereof to said stationary frame and defining the path of movement of said front end in shifting between said positions.

5. A sofa bed comprising a normally stationary frame having a back rest, a movable frame adapted to support a seat cushion, means shiftably mounting said movable frame on said stationary frame for movement between a rearward sofa position disposed partially beneath said back rest and a bed position disposed forward of said back rest, said mounting means including a pair of first L-shaped links pivoted at the upper ends thereof to said stationary frame and pivoted at the lower ends thereof to the rear of said movable frame, said first L-shaped links providing support for said rear of said movable frame in said sofa position, said mounting means also including a pair of second L-shaped links which serve as struts to support the front end of said movable frame both in the sofa position and in the bed position, said second L-shaped links being pivoted at the upper ends thereof to said movable frame at points spaced rearward from the front edge thereof and pivoted at the lower ends thereof to said stationary frame and defining the path of movement of said front end in shifting between said positions.

6. A sofa bed comprising a normally stationary frame having front and rear pairs of legs, each of said rear legs extending above the height of said front legs and having forwardly extending arms, a back rest mounted on said arms, a movable frame adapted to support a seat cushion, a seat cushion disposed on said movable frame, means shiftably mounting said movable frame on said stationary frame for movement between a rearward sofa position disposed partially beneath said back rest and a bed position disposed forward of said back rest, said mounting means including a pair of first L-shaped links pivoted at the upper ends thereof to said forwardly extending arms and pivoted at the lower ends thereof to the rear of said movable frame at points intermediate the side ends of said movable frame, the arms of said links which are pivoted to said movable frame being longer than the height of said seat cushion, said mounting means also including a pair of second L-shaped links which serve as struts to support the front end of said movable frame both in the sofa position and in the bed position, said second L-shaped links being pivoted at the upper ends thereof to said movable frame at points spaced rearward from the front edge thereof and pivoted at the lower ends thereof to said front legs.

7. A sofa bed of the type comprising a normally stationary frame adapter to rest on a floor and having thereon a back rest, a movable frame adapted to support a seat cushion, and means movably mounting the said movable frame on the stationary frame for movement between a sofa position disposed partially beneath said back rest and a bed position forward of said back rest in which the said mounting means includes, at the front of the sofa bed, a link pivoted at one of its ends to the stationary frame and at its other end to the movable frame so as to give said movable frame a gravitybias tending to urge said movable frame from an unstable over-center position toward either of said sofa or bed positions, said link being formed to engage the fioor, and to extend as a strut from the floor to the movable frame, when the latter is in bed position.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,547,650 7/1925 HerZ 522 1,824,773 9/1931 Duvall 522 3,005,997 10/1961 Fox 52l X FRANK B. SHERRY, Primary Examiner.

CASMIR A. NUNBERG, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1547650 *Jul 2, 1923Jul 28, 1925Herz Bed CompanyDay bed and the like
US1824773 *Jul 26, 1928Sep 29, 1931Smith & Davis Mfg CompanyFolding davenport or bed
US3005997 *Mar 28, 1957Oct 31, 1961Seng CoSofa beds
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3482270 *Jan 10, 1968Dec 9, 1969Hill Bernard ElotDaveno bed
US3816860 *Sep 27, 1972Jun 18, 1974Flexsteel IndustriesConvertible seat-bed
US4031577 *Jan 5, 1976Jun 28, 1977Allied Upholstery Mfg. Inc.Convertible sofa bed
US4205405 *Aug 4, 1978Jun 3, 1980Hagney Gerald LConvertible sofa-bed
US5947559 *Sep 4, 1996Sep 7, 1999Williams; James A.Seating unit with movable seat
US5988749 *Aug 19, 1997Nov 23, 1999Absolute Comfort, Inc.Couch with sliding seat
US6843531Jul 16, 2003Jan 18, 2005James A. WilliamsSeating unit having a horizontally positionable seat section
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/22, 5/17
International ClassificationA47C17/13
Cooperative ClassificationA47C17/138
European ClassificationA47C17/13D2
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 24, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: SIMMONS U.S.A. CORPORATION, 1 GULF + WESTERN PLAZA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SIMMONS COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:003864/0343
Effective date: 19810619
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SIMMONS COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:003864/0343
Owner name: SIMMONS U.S.A. CORPORATION, NEW YORK