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Publication numberUS3299826 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 24, 1967
Filing dateJun 28, 1965
Priority dateJun 28, 1965
Publication numberUS 3299826 A, US 3299826A, US-A-3299826, US3299826 A, US3299826A
InventorsWilliams James F
Original AssigneePacific Lighting Gas Supply Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Diaphragm pump
US 3299826 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 24, 1967 J. F. WILLIAMS DIAPHRAGM PUMP Filed June 28, 1965 Uite States Patent l 3,299,826 DIAPHRAGM PUMP James F. Williams, Sylmar, Calif. Pacile Lighting Gas Supply C0., 720 W. 8th St., Los'Angeles, Calif. 90018) Filed June 28, 1965, Ser. No. 467,498 4 Claims. (Cl. 103-152) This invention relates to diaphragm pumps and included in the objects of this invention are:

First, to provide a diaphragm pump which is particularly adaptedfor supplying additives in small amounts to iluids owing in pipe lines.

Second, lto provide a diaphragm pump which may be easily and accurately adjusted to vary its capacity over a wide range by varying the extent as well as the rate of travel of the diaphragm.

Third, to provide a diaphragm pump having a pumping chamber `and motor chamber separated by a diaphragm and so arranged that the pump side of the diaphragm is free of any sliding or moving connection through which the uid being pumped may escape, thus permitting its use to pump corrosive or toxic fluids.

Fourth, to provide a diaphragm pump which may be adjusted to move at an extremely slow rate, but employs snap-action or over-center means to effect reversal in such a manner that the pump valves move relatively quickly between their open and closed positions.

With the above and other objects in view as may appear hereinafter, reference is directed to the accompanying drawings in which FIGURE 1 vis a transverse sectional View of the diaphragm pump.

FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary sectional view taken within circle 2 of FIGURE 1.

The diaphragm pump includes a pump housing 1 and a motor housing 2. Interposed and clamped between the housings is a diaphragm 3. The pump housing is provided with a recess open at one side and covered by the diaphragm which forms a pump chamber 4. Similarly, the motor housing is provided with a recess closed by the diaphragm which forms a motor chamber 5, in coaxial relation to the pump chamber 4.

The pump housing is provided with an inlet port 6, controlled by an inlet valve 7 and an outlet port 8 controlled by an outlet valve 9.

Attached to the diaphragm 3 is a shaft 10 which projects through a guide 11 having a seal 12 therein. Mounted on the shaft is a screw collar 13. A spring 14 is interposed between the screw collar and the motor chamber 5 so as to urge the diaphragm in one direction; that is, toward the right as viewed in FIGURE 1.

A control valve 15 is provided which includes a valve chamber 16 having an inlet port 17 and a coaxial vent port 1S. Reciprocably mounted between the ports is a valve element 19 having valve seats at opposite axial ends so that the valve element may engage and seal either the inlet port 17 or the vent port 18. A pin 20 extends from the valve element through the vent port 18.

The inlet port 17 is connected to an inlet line 21 which is screw-threadedly connected to the motor housing 2 at one side of the motor'chamber 5 and communicates with a motive uid supply line 22 also secured to the motor housing. The control valve chamber 16 is also provided with a side port 23 which is connected by ingress-egress line 24 to the motor chamber 25. Mounted in the motor housing 2 near the terminal of the line 24 is a needle valve 25 which regulates the rate of flow in either direction throughjthe line 24.

The inlet line 21 and the ingress-egress line 24 serve to support the control valve 15 at a point below and near the extended end of the shaft 10. In addition, the con- Patented Jan. 24, 1967` trol valve may be secured to a mounting plate 26 extending outwardly Vfrom the motor housing 2. Also carried by the mounting plate 26 is a trip blade 27 pivotally connected to the mounting plate by a pin 28. The trip blade is provided intermediate at its end with an aperture 29 which receives the shaft 10. The extremity of the trip blade confronts the pin 20 extending from the valve element 19 and movable so as to engage the pin 20.

The shaft 10 is provided with a pair of adjustable nuts 38 positioned on opposite sides of the trip blade 27 so as to engage the blade and move it in one direction or the other depending upon the direction of travel of the diaphragm 3. Near the extended end of the trip blade 27 and on opposite sides thereof is a pair of spaced permanent magnets 31 supported from the mounting plate 26. The magnets tend to hold the trip blade in one extreme position or the other.

Operation of the diaphragm pump is as follows:

In a principal use of the diaphragm pump the pump chamber 4 and the valves 7 and 9 are interposed in an additive supply line originating at a reservoir, not shown, containing an additive and terminating at a pipe line, also not shown, into which the additive is to be introduced.

By way of example, the additive may be a liquid or gaseous such as chlorine or sulphuric acid intended for introduction into a water line or a body of water. However, the pump may handle any gaseous or liquid additive and introduce the additive into a gas or liquid.

The supply line 22 is connected to a source of motive uid which may be a pressure tank containing inert gas or may be the gas supply line itself if the pump is arranged for use in connection with a gas supply line.

The spring 14 moves the diaphragm 3 in one direction preferably in a direction to accomplish the intake stroke of the pump. During the intake stroke of the pump, motive lluid bleeds from the motor chamber through the vent port 18. The trip blade is held against the pin 20 by one of the magnets so as to maintain the vent port open until the trip blade is engaged with sutlicient force by one of the adjusting nuts 30 to overcome the force of the magnet whereupon the trip blade snaps into engagement with the other magnet closing the vent port. The motor chamber is then supplied with motive fluid causing the pump to move through its discharge stroke. At the end of the discharge stroke the other adjustable nuts 30 engages the trip blade causing the trip blade to snap to its original position opening the vent port so that the cycle may be repeated.

By reason of the adjustment supported by the nuts 30 the length of the pump stroke may be accurately adjusted so that the volume of fluid delivered with each stroke may be accurately predetermined.

The rate at which the pump reciprocates is determined by the needle valve 25 which regulates the ow into as well as out of the motor chamber.

It should be noted that the rate of movement may, it' desired, be extremely slow. However, changeover from the discharge stroke to the intake stroke and vice Versa is rapid so that the inlet and outlet valves 7 and 9 function properly.

Many other embodiments of the invention may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention.

I claim:

1. A diaphragm pump comprisng:

(a) a diaphragm;

(b) a housing structure dening therewith a pump chamber at one side of said diaphragm and a motor chamber at the other side of said diaphragm;

(c) inlet and outlet valves for said pump chamber;

(d) a motive fluid ingress-egress line communicating with said motor chamber;

(e) a spring urging said diaphragm in one direction;

(f) a control valve in said line movable between a first position for supplying motive fluid to said motor chamber and a second position for venting said fluid therefrom;

(g) a blade engageable with said valveelement to move said valve element to its venting positon;

(h) -means on said shaft to reciprocate said blade into and out of engagement with said Valve element;

(i) and opposed magnets tending to hold said blade in its valve engaged and non-engaged positions.

2. A diaphragm pump comprisng:

(a) a diaphragm;

(b) a housing structure defining therewith a pump chamber at one side of said diaphragm and a motor chamber at the other side of said diaphragm;

(c) inlet and outlet valves for said pump chamber;

(d) a single motive fluid ingress-egress line communieating with said motor chamber;

(e) a spring urging said diaphragm in one direction;

(f) a single control valve in said line movable between a rst position for supplying motive uid to said motor chamber and a second position for venting said fluid therefrom;

(g) a throttle valve in said line to control the rate of movement of said diaphragm;

(h) and means responsive to movement of said diaphragm for shifting said control valve between its positions.

3. A diaphragm pump comprising:

(a) a diaphragm;

(b) a housing structure dening therewith a pump (d) a single motive fluid ingress-egress line communicating with said motor chamber; (e) a spring urging said diaphragm in one direction; (f) a single control valve in said line movable between a rst position for supplying motive uid to said motor chamber and a second position for venting said uid therefrom;

(g) a throttle valve in said line to control the rate of movement of said diaphragm;

(h) a snap-acting means operable, as said diaphragm approaches predetermined extreme i positions, for shifting control valve from one position to the other.

4. A diaphragm pump comprising:

(a) a diaphragm;

(b) a housing structure dening therewith a pump chamber at one side of said diaphragm and a motor chamber at the'other side of said diaphragm;

(c) inlet Aand outlet valves for said pump chamber;

(d) a shaft attached to said diaphragm and extending from said motor chamber;

(e) a spring urging said shaft and diaphragm toward one extreme position;

(f) a motive uid supply line;

(g) a control valve interposed between said supply line and motor chamber and including a valve element movable between a rst position for supplying motive fluid to said motor chamber and a second position venting said fluid therefrom;

(h) a pivotable blade traversing said shaft and positioned for engagement with said valve element;

(i) adjustable nuts on said shaft engageable with said blade to pivot said blade into and out of engagement with said valve element;

(j) and opposed magnets tending to hold said blade in either of two selected positions.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,067,613 7/1913 Lane 103--152 2,129,083 9/1938 Carter et al 91--404 2,221,071 11/1940 Barfod 10S-152 2,260,306 10/1941 Ferguson 103-152 4 ROBERT M. WALKER, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1067613 *Jul 6, 1912Jul 15, 1913George S LanePneumatic pump.
US2129083 *Jun 1, 1936Sep 6, 1938Vaco Products IncGear shifting mechanism
US2221071 *May 29, 1937Nov 12, 1940Bendix Prod CorpPump
US2260306 *Apr 16, 1938Oct 28, 1941Sullivan Machinery CoPump
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3386388 *Jun 22, 1966Jun 4, 1968David RosenbergHydraulically actuated pump
US3391963 *Feb 6, 1967Jul 9, 1968Handley Weeks IncPermeable diaphragm pump
US3421448 *Jan 11, 1967Jan 14, 1969Gen Motors CorpFluid pressure actuated reciprocable pump
US3667347 *May 22, 1970Jun 6, 1972Prince Mfg CorpStroke control device for hydraulic cylinders
US3741692 *Dec 17, 1970Jun 26, 1973Rupp Co WarrenSurge suppressor for fluid lines
US3814548 *Aug 5, 1971Jun 4, 1974Rupp Co WarrenDiaphragm pump apparatus
US3816034 *May 22, 1973Jun 11, 1974Dorr Oliver IncDiaphragm pumps and actuating system therefor
US4083786 *Mar 10, 1976Apr 11, 1978Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaApparatus for treating ascites
US4102609 *Dec 28, 1976Jul 25, 1978Wood's Powr-Grip Co., Inc.Valve control system for air powered vacuum pump
US4161308 *Jun 9, 1977Jul 17, 1979Vapor CorporationSwitching valve assembly for fluid motor-driven injector pump
US4372208 *Apr 1, 1981Feb 8, 1983Decoufle S.A.R.L.Device for supplying with ink printing apparatus for cigarette-making machines
US4422835 *Oct 6, 1980Dec 27, 1983Mckee James EFluid operated diaphragm pump with fluid timing control and control circuit manifold mounted on pump body
US4464098 *Sep 13, 1982Aug 7, 1984Economics LaboratoryInjection pump
US4509402 *Jun 8, 1983Apr 9, 1985Economics Laboratory, Inc.Magnetic reversing mechanism
US4681518 *Dec 20, 1985Jul 21, 1987The Coca-Cola CompanySingle-acting, gas operated pump
US4743171 *Oct 20, 1986May 10, 1988Outboard Marine CorporationMarine installation including fuel/oil mixing device
US4794843 *Sep 24, 1986Jan 3, 1989Poling Denzil CHydraulic valve for controlling single-acting cylinder
US4828465 *Jul 17, 1987May 9, 1989The Coca-Cola CompanySingle-acting, gas-operated pump
US5174731 *Dec 28, 1989Dec 29, 1992DEPA Gesellschaft fur Verfahrenstecnik mit beschrankter HaftungMethod and arrangement for controlling a compressed air-operated double diaphragm pump
US5613420 *Oct 22, 1993Mar 25, 1997Glockemann Peck Engineering Pty Ltd.Reciprocating engine
US20100215519 *Feb 25, 2009Aug 26, 2010Idex Aodd, Inc.Air operated double diaphragm over center valve pump
DE3112490A1 *Mar 30, 1981Dec 24, 1981Decoufle SarlVorrichtung zum zufuehren von druckfarbe zu den druckvorrichtungen fuer maschinen zur herstellung von zigaretten
DE3900718A1 *Jan 12, 1989Jul 26, 1990Depa Ges Fuer VerfahrenstechniVerfahren und vorrichtung zur steuerung einer druckluftbetriebenen doppelmembranpumpe
EP0033096A2 *Jan 15, 1981Aug 5, 1981The Coca-Cola CompanyDiaphragm pump
EP0033096A3 *Jan 15, 1981Aug 19, 1981The Coca-Cola CompanyDiaphragm pump
EP0231208A1 *May 30, 1986Aug 12, 1987American Thermal CorporationPressure transfer fluid heater
EP0231208A4 *May 30, 1986Oct 19, 1987American Thermal CorpPressure transfer fluid heater.
WO2015031884A1 *Sep 2, 2014Mar 5, 2015Flow Control Llc.High viscosity portion pump
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/395, 91/335, 91/275, 91/331, 91/404
International ClassificationF04B43/073, F04B43/06, F01L23/00
Cooperative ClassificationF04B43/073, F01L23/00
European ClassificationF01L23/00, F04B43/073