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Publication numberUS3299891 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 24, 1967
Filing dateDec 9, 1963
Priority dateDec 9, 1963
Publication numberUS 3299891 A, US 3299891A, US-A-3299891, US3299891 A, US3299891A
InventorsSmeton Robert L
Original AssigneeSmeton Robert L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hypodermic syringes and attachments thereto pleasing to children
US 3299891 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 24, 1967 R. L. SMETON 3,299,891

HYPODERMIC SYRINGES AND ATTACHMENTS THERETO PIJEASING TO CHILDREN Filed Dec. 9, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet ROBERT L. SMETO/V INVENTOR WW M 9 Jan. 24, 1967 R. L. SMETON 3,299,891

HYPODERMIC SYRINGES AND ATTACHMENTS THERETO PLEASING TO CHILDREN Filed Dec. 9, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ROBERT L. 57145 TO/V INVENTOR.

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United States Patent 3,299,891 HYPODERMIC SYRINGES AND ATTACHMENTS THERETO PLEASING T0 CHILDREN Robert L. Smeton, 6345 Split Rock Ave., Twentynine Palms, Calif. 92277 Filed Dec. 9, 1963, Ser. No. 329,173 8 Claims. (Cl. 128-218) This invention relates to modifications in the casing or barrel of a disposable type hypodermic syringe and also to attachments for use on conventional glass syringes and on syringes having a metallic plunger and barrel to hold a disposable cartridge unit containing medication and to administer it.

Disposable plastic syrings are being used more and more by the medical profession because such syringes are used only once and discarded, thereby avoilding the time and expense of resterilizing required for conventional syringes. Nevertheless, patients still have fear and apprehension of a hypodermic syringe regardless of whether the syringe is of a disposable type or conventional type. Such fear and apprehension are particularuly prevelent among children.

As physicians and dentists well know, it is important to prevent fear of injections by hydrodermic syringes on the part of patients, especially children. Preventing such fear or apprehension will elevate the standards and quality of work of the medical and dental fields, thereby improving the overall health standards of our nation. Also, the patient who has no fear or apprehension of an injection by a hypodermic syringe makes it much easier for the physician or dentist to perform his professional services.

To help avoid such fear and apprehension in patients from a hypodermic syringe, my invention involves redesigning :a disposable type hypodermic syringe by forming the casing or barrel of the syringe into the shape and appearance of an attractive object or animal pleasing to children. My invention also includes an attractive attachment in the form of an object or animal pleasing to children, which can be placed around the barrel of a metallic type syringe as well as the barrel of a conventional type glass syringe. Proper use of these improvements will materially decrease fear or apprehension of hypodermic syringes on the part of children.

It is, therefore, an object of my invention to provide a disposable hypodermic syringe having a casing or barrel formed into the shape of an attractive animal or object pleasing to patients, particularly children.

Another object of my invention is to provide an attachment in the form of an attractive animal or object pleasing to children for use in conjunction with the barrel of conventional metallic syringes of the type using a cartridge filled with medication.

A further object of my invention is to provide an attachment in the form of an attractive animal or object pleasing to children for use in conjunction with the casing or barrel of a conventional type glass syringe.

These and other objects will be more readily understood -by reference to the following description and claims,

taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, in which FIG. 3 is a front elevational view of FIG. 1 partly I cut away'to show the detail of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of the attachment of FIG. 1 in place on the hypodermic syringe of FIG. 2. FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of an attachment in the 'form of an animal shape for the barrel of a conventional any object pleasing to children.

metallic syringe of the type using a cartridge filled with medication.

FIG. 6 is a conventional metallic syringe of the type using a cartridge filled with medication.

FIG. 7 is a front elevational view of FIG. 5 partly cut away to show the detail of FIG. 5.

FIG. 8 is a side elevational view of the attachment of FIG. 5 in place on the metallic hypodermic syringe of FIG. 6.

FIG. 9 is a front elevational view of a disposable syringe casing or barrel formed into an animal shape.

FIG. 10 is a side elevational view of FIG. 9 with a plunger inserted and needle attached.

FIG. 11 is a plan view of FIG. 10.

With reference to the drawings, the attachment 10 in FIG. 1 has :a longitudinal bore 12 re-gisterable with the outer circumference of the casing or barrel 14 of the syringe 16, and has an outer circumference formed into an attractive animal shape as shown in FIG. 1. The attachment 10 may have other animal shapes and may also be formed into the shape of any object pleasing to children. The attachment 10 is maintained in position on the barrel 14 by friction fit and may be made from any suitable material such as various plastics, rubber, metals, or glass, having the required qualities. The attachment 10 may be provided with a longitudinal slot 18 in its base extending up to the bore 12 which permits expansion of the bore 12 to fit any size circumference of conventional syringes. e

The attachment 10 may be made of clear or opaque material. When an opaque material is used, the plunger 20 of the syringe 16 should be calibrated instead of the barrel 14 to permit volume measurements of the amount of medication to be administered to the patient. The attachment 10 may be provided with a longitudinal cavity 22 shaped to receive a stick member, made of wood or other suitable material, having its outer end covered with an absorbent swab, such as cotton or the like, which is commonly referred to as a Q-tip 24. The Q-tip 24 may or may not serve as part of the shape of the objector animal as desired.

The attachmentlO may be formed into a single unitary piece, or it may be made from several pieces assembled 01' joined together in various conventional manners. For example, the attachment 10 may be made from two sections or halves which are clamped together around the barrel 14 of the syringe 16, with or without the longitudinal slot 18 in the base.

Similarly, the attachment 26 in FIG. 5 has a longitudinal bore '28 registerable with the outer circumference of the barrel 30 of the metallic syringe 32 of the type'using a cartridge or carpule 34 filled with medication. The outer circumference of-the attachment 26 is formed in the shape of an animal pleasing to children. The attachment 26 may be formed in other animal shapes. or in the shape of The attachment 26 is maintained in position on the barrel 30 by friction fit .and may be made of any suitable material such as various plastics, rubber, metals, or glass, having the required qualities. The attachment 26 may be provided with a longitudinal slot 36 in its base extending up to the bore 28 which permits expansion of the bore 28 to fit other standard..sizes of metallic syringes of the carpule type.

Since the metallic type syringe 32 generally uses a carpule 34=having a measured volume of medication to be administered, whether the attachment 26 is made of clear or opaque material should make no difierence in use, in contrast to the first mentioned type syringe. -Like attachment 10, however, attachment 26 may be provided with a longitudinal cavity 38 shaped to receive a Q-tip 24, which may or may not serve as part of the shape of an object or animal as desired.

a child is shown to the patient first.

Just as the attachment 10, the attachment 26 may be formed into a single unitary piece, or it may be made from several pieces assembled or joined together in various conventional manners. Also, the attachment 26 may be made with or without the longitudinal slot 36.

With reference to the disposable type hypodermic syringe illustrated in FIGS. 9, l0, and 11, the barrel 40 of such a syringe is itself formed into the appearance of a pleasing animal shape, while maintaining an interior bore 42 registerable with the outer circumference of the plunger 44. It is of course obvious that any type of object or animal attractive to children may be employed.

Any suitable materialmay be used to make the animalshaped barrel 40, such as plastics, rubber, metals, or glass, having the required qualities. The animal-shaped barrel 40 may be made of clear or opaque material, although when the materials used to construct the animal-shaped barrel 40 are opaque, the plunger 44 should be calibrated instead of the barrel to permit volume measurements of medication to be administered. In the case where the materials used to construct the animal-shaped barrel 40 are sufficiently clear, calibrations of volume of medication to be administered may be made on the inside wall of the bore 42, or on the plunger 44.

The barrel 40 may also be provided with a longitudinal cavity 46 shaped to receive a Q-tip 24 as previously described, which may or may not serve as part of the shape of the object or animal as desired.

In the operation of my invention various methods of use may be employed. For example, the disposable type syringe illustrated in FIGS. 9, and 11, may be used in a dental ofiice. Where the patient is a child or an extremely apprehensive adult, the disposable syringe having a. barrel formed in a pleasing shape, such as a rabbit or other attractive object, is shown to the patient. The childs attention is directed to the bunny-shaped syringe barrel as well as the Q-tip 24 where the Q-tip is part of the tail of the rabbit.

The Q-tip 24 is then removed and the child is told that the bunnys tail will be applied to the particular area of the childs gum intended to be injected. The Q-tip 24 is dipped into a topical anesthetic solution and then applied to the childs gum to deaden pair sensitivity to the forthcoming injection.

Meanwhile, the dentist or his nurse fills the syringe with medication. While keeping the childs attention on bunnies and speaking to the child in a soft tone, the dentist tells the child that the bunny will touch or kiss the childs gum and make the gum feel funny and go to sleep. Then the dentist injects the mediation. Thereafter, the child is told that he may have the animal-shaped barrel after it is cleansed, with a new Q-tip inserted, as a token for being a good patient, or being a big boy or girl. Except for the animal-shaped barrel, the remaining parts of the disposable type syringe are discarded.

A somewhat similar technique may be used in a medical office where medication is to be injected somewhere on the patients body or limbs with a disposable type syringe. Again, a disposable type syringe having a barrel formed in ashape of an object or animal pleasing to The childs attention is directed to the attractively shaped syringe barrel and the Q-tip, if the Q-tip is part of the barrel shape. At all times, the child is spoken to in a soft tone. The child may be told either by the physician or his nurse that the magic bunny or other animal or object will help cure him or help him become stronger. A Q-tip may be then dipped into an alcohol or other germicidal or his nurse tells the child that the animal or object, as

the case may be, will touch or kiss the child in the particular area of the injection. Then the child is told that he may have the attractive barrel after it is cleansed, with a new Q-tip inserted if it happens to be part of the barrel, as a token for being a good patient or being a big boy or girl. All other parts of the disposable syringe are discarded, except the barrel.

A medical or dental office may have disposable syringes with barrels shaped in the form of many different animals or other objects pleasing to children. The child patient may then be offered his choice which animal or object he prefers to touch or kiss him.

Similar techniques are used where attachments to a conventional syringe are employed. Again, a medical or dental office may have many differently shaped attachments of animals, or other objects pleasing to children. The child may be shown the various available attachments so that he may decide for himself which type should be used.

The attachment is then slipped on the barrel of the syringe or clamped thereon as the case may be. The injection is then made in the manner previously described in a dental office or in a medical office as the case may be. After the injection of medication, the attachment may be slipped off or unclamped as the case may be, cleansed, and given to the child as a token for being a good patient or being a big boy or girl.

Although I have described my invention in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings illustrating preferred forms of my invention, it is understood that numerous changes in the details of construction and arrangement of parts may be made, and of the methods of use, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.

I claim:

1. A disposable hypodermic syringe comprising a barrel with a longitudinal bore and having its outer circumference formed into the shape of an object pleasing to children, said barrel having a longitudinal cavity shaped to receive a stick member having its outer end covered with an absorbent swab, and a plunger insertable in said bore and slidable longitudinally up and down in said barrel.

2. A disposable hypodermic syringe according to claim 1 in which the outer circumference of the barrel is formed into the shape of an animal pleasing to children.

3. In a hypodermic syringe of the type having a plunger inserted into one end of a barrel with a hypodermic needle placed at the other end of the barrel, an attachment member for the barrel having a central longitudinal bore registerable with the outer circumference of the barrel and slidable thereon, the outer circumference of said attachment member being formed into the shape of an object pleasing to children and having a longitudinal cavity shaped to receive a stick member having its outer end covered with an absorbent swab.

4. A hypodermic syringe according to claim 3 in Which the outer circumference of said attachment member is formed into the shape of an animal pleasing to children.

5. In a hypodermic syringe of the type having a plunger inserted into one end of a barrel with a hypodermic needle placed at the other end of the barrel, an attachment member for the barrel having a longitudinal bore registerable with the outer circumference of the barrel and slidable thereon, the outer circumference of the attachment member being formed into the shape of an object pleasing to children and having a longitudinal cavity shaped to receive a stick member having its outer end covered with an absorbent swab, and means for adapting the attachment member to fit various sizes of syringe barrels.

6. A hypodermic syringe according to claim 5 in which the outer circumference of said attachment member is formed into the shape of an animal pleasing to children.

7. In a hypodermic syringe of the type having a plunger inserted into one end of a barrel with a hypodermic needle placed at the other end of the barrel, an attachment member for the barrel having a longitudinal bore registerable with the outer circumference of the barrel and slidable thereon, the outer circumference of said attachment member being formed into the shape of an object pleasing to children and having a longitudinal 5 cavity shaped to receive a stick member having its outer end covered with an absorbent swab, and having a longitudinal slot in its base extending up to said bore to provide an expandable friction fit of the attachment member on various sizes of syringe barrels.

8. A hypodermic syringe barrel according to claim 7 in which the outer circumference of said attachment member is formed into the shape of an animal pleasing to children.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,571,653 10/1951 Bastien 128218 2,627,269 2/1953 McGregor 128215 2,845,065 7/1958' Gabriel 128215 2,857,908 10/1958 Cornfield 128-15 3,073,306 1/1963 Linder 128-215 3,105,612 10/1963 Krosnofi et a1 222-78 10 ROBERT E. MORGAN, Acting Primary Examiner.

RICHARD A. GAUDET, DALTON L. TRULUCK,

Examiners.

Patent Citations
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US2571653 *Feb 25, 1950Oct 16, 1951Gerard Bastien VictorSyringe
US2627269 *Dec 4, 1950Feb 3, 1953Lee R McgregorTool for making hypodermic injections
US2845065 *Feb 5, 1954Jul 29, 1958Daniel GabrielDeception element for hypodermic syringes
US2857908 *Apr 26, 1957Oct 28, 1958Cornfield Leslie SCandy coated tongue depressor
US3073306 *Apr 15, 1959Jan 15, 1963Fritz LinderHypodermic syringe
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Classifications
U.S. Classification604/232, D24/114, 446/74, 222/78, 428/16
International ClassificationA61M5/31
Cooperative ClassificationA61M5/3129, A61M2205/59
European ClassificationA61M5/31C