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Publication numberUS3300697 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 24, 1967
Filing dateNov 21, 1963
Priority dateNov 21, 1963
Publication numberUS 3300697 A, US 3300697A, US-A-3300697, US3300697 A, US3300697A
InventorsWoodford Ernest M
Original AssigneeLandis Tool Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hydraulic starting device for an electric motor which drives heavy machine elements
US 3300697 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' Jan. 24, 1967 E. M. WOODFORD 3,300,697

HYDRAULIC STARTI NG DEVICE FOR AN ELECTRIC MOTOR WHICH DRIVES HEAVY MACHINE ELEMENTS Filed Nov; 21, 1963 3 Sheets-Sheet l vY UI all;

INVENTOR s/e/wssr mwooawm I BY )4 6 ATTORNEY Jan. 24, 1967 E. M. WOODFORD 3,300,697

HYDRAULIC STARTING DEVICE FOR AN ELECTRIC MOTOR WHICH DRIVES HEAVY MACHINE ELEMENTS Filed Nov. 21, 1963, 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR ERNEST M. WODDF'DPD BY 7 g g TTORNEY Jan. 24, 1967 E. M. WOODFORD 3,300,697

HYDRAULIC STARTING DEVICE FOR AN ELECTRIC MOTOR WHICH DRIVES HEAVY MACHINE ELEMENTS Filed Nov. 21, 1965 3 Shets-Sheet 3 1 STOP mpsraar J MOTOR INVENTOR ERNEST M.WO0DFORD ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,300,697 HYDRAULIC STARTING DEVICE FOR AN ELEC- TRIC MOTOR WHICH DRIVES HEAVY MACHINE ELEMENTS Ernest M. Woodford, Waynesboro, Pa., assignor to Landis Tool Company, Waynesboro, Pa. Filed Nov. 21, 1963, Ser. No. 325,267 7 Claims. (Cl. 318-136) This invention relates to machine tools, particularly cylindrical grinding machines or lathes for machining heavy .workpieces such as steel mill rolls.

In machines of this type, power required to start work rotation is :far in excess of that required to keep the work turning once it has been started. Driving belts capable of keeping the work turning may not be capable of transmitting suflicient power for starting. Auxiliary starting motors have been used which function only until the work drive motor is in operation. Most of these require the use of a mechanical speed reducer.

It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a simple and inexpensive auxiliary starting device for machines such as roll grinders and roll cutting lathes.

Another object is to provide an auxiliary starting device which would not require a mechanical speed reducer.

Another object is to provide an auxiliary starting device which consists mainly of a direct acting reciproca'ble member.

Another object is to provide an auxiliary starting device which returns to starting position after a predetermined movement.

FIG. 1 is an end elevation of an auxiliary starting means for a headstock drive.

FIG. 2 is a front elevation of a headstock drive mechanism.

FIG. 3 is a hydraulic diagram.

FIG. 4 is an electric diagram.

Headstocks of this type usually have a non-rotating spindle and center. The face plate and work driving connection is, therefore, attached to the pulley which rotates on the headstock spindle.

Numeral indicates the headstock casting. Pulley 11 which is rotatably mounted on the headstock spindle (not shown) is driven by headstock motor 13 through a series of belt drives 15, 16 and 17 Ratchet 20 is mounted for rotation with pulley 11.

Means for actuating ratchet 20 consists of a pawl 21 which is pivotally attached at 22 to piston rod 23 having a piston 24 slidably mounted in cylinder 25. Cylinder 25 is pivotally mounted at 26 and bed 30. The dimensions of piston 24 and cylinder 25 are such that pawl 21 is capable of exerting a torque substantially equal to that of motor 13.

OPERATION Headstock motor 13 is started by closing start switch 35 to complete a circuit through normally closed relay contact 2CR1 to energize relay ICR.

Relay contact 1CR1 completes a circuit to energize valve solenoid A which shifts valve 40 to the right against spring 41 and directs fluid from the pump to the upper end of cylinder 25.

Piston 24 moves downwardly, causing pawl 21 to engage one of the teeth of ratchet 20 to start rotation of pulley 11.

The pressure required to shift piston 24 acts on piston 50 of pressure switch PS to close said switch and complete a circuit through stop switch 36 to energize motor relay 1M.

Limit switch 2LS, closed by downward movement of pawl 21, parallels pres-sure switch 1PS to start motor 13, in case pressure in pawl cylinder 25 is not enough to close pressure switch lPS.

3,300,697 Patented Jan. 24, 1967 Motor relay contact 1M5 is a holding contact, maintaining the circuit not only to relay 1M, but also through pressure switch PS and normally closed relay con-tact 2CR1 to hold relay 1CR.

Start switch 35 may now be released and opened.

The combined turning force of motor 13 and piston 24 acting on pulley 11 is sufiicient to overcome starting friction and inertia.

As soon as piston 24 reaches the end of its stroke and motor 13 takes over rotation of pulley 11, limit switch 1LS is actuated by movement of pawl 21 to complete a circuit to energize relay 2CR.

Relay contact 2CR2 with relay contact 1M5 provides a holding circuit around limit switch lLS.

Normally closed relay contact 2CR1 opens to deenergize relay 1CR.

Relay contact 1CR1 opens to deenergize valve solenoid A.

Valve 40 moves to the left, directing fluid from the pump to the lower end of cylinder 25.

Piston 24 moves upwardly to reset pawl 21 out of contact with ratchet 20.

Pressure switch 1PS opens when the rod end of cylinder 25 is connected to exhaust.

Limit switch 1LS opens when released by resetting pawl 21.

At the end of a grinding operation, the entire circuit is reset by opening stop switch 36 to deenergize motor relay 1M and stop motor 13.

Motor relay contact 1M5 opens to deenergize relay 2CR.

Normally closed relay contact 2CR1 closes in the circuit to relay lCR in preparation for the next starting of motor 13.

I claim:

1. In a headstock for a machine tool for machining heavy workpieces in which the power required to start rotation of said workpiece is substantially greater than that required to maintain rotation, a work drive member, a motor for driving said Work drive member, means for assisting said motor to initiate rotation of said work drive member comprising ratchet teeth on said work drive member, and a hydraulically operated pawl for engaging said ratchet teeth to start rotation of said work drive member, a supply of power for operating said motor, a supply of fluid under pressure, and a pressure switch operable by said fluid under pressure when applied to said hydraulically operated pawl to connect said motor with said power supply.

2. In a headstock for a machine tool for machining heavy workpieces in which the power required to start rotation of said workpieces is substantially greater than that required to maintain rotation, a work drive member, a motor for driving said member, means for assisting said motor to initiate rotation of said member comprising ratchet teeth on said member, and a hydraulically operated pawl for engaging said ratchet teeth to start rotation of said member, a supply of fluid under pressure, a solenoid valve normally in position to direct said fluid under pressure to hold said pawl in starting position, means to energize said solenoid to shift said valve to a position to actuate said pawl, a supply of power for operating said motor, and control means operable in cooperation with said pawl to connect said motor with said power supply.

3. In a headstock for a machine tool for machining heavy workpieces in which the power required to start rotation of said work-piece is substantially greater than that required to maintain rotation, a work drive member, a motor for driving said member, means for assisting said motor to initiate rotation of said member comprising ratchet teeth on said member, a hydraulically operated pawl for engaging said ratchet teeth to start rotation of said member, a hydraulic circuit for controlling the operation of said pawl, a supply of power for operating said motor, and a pressure switch in said hydraulic circuit to connect said motor with said power supply.

4. In a headstock for a machine tool for machining heavy workpieces in which the power required to start rotation of said workpieces is substantially greater than that required to maintain rotation, a work drive member, a motor for driving said member, means for assisting said motor to initiate rotation of said member comprising a hydraulically operated device, =co-acting means on said work drive member and said hydraulically operated device for starting rotation of said work drive member, a supply of fluid under pressure, means to direct said fluid under pressure to said hydraulically operated device, and a pressure switch operable by said fluid under pressure to start said mot-r.

5. In a headstock for a machine tool for machining heavy workpieces in which the power required to start rotation of said workpieces is substantially greater than that required to maintain rotation, a work drive member, a

a motor for driving said member, means .for assisting said motor to initiate rotation of said member comprising ratchet teeth on said member, a hydraulically operated pawl for engaging said ratchet teeth to start rotation of said member, a supply of power for operating said motor, a hydraulic circuit for said pawl including a supply of fluid under pressure, a pressure switch in said circuit, a limit switch actuated by said pawl, said pressure switch and said limit switch being connected in parallel between said power supply and said motor.

6. In a headstock for a machine tool for machining heavy workpieces in which the power required to start rotation of said workpieces is substantially greater than that required to maintain rotation, at work drive member, a motor for driving said member, means for assisting said motor to start said member comprising a hydraulically operated reciprocating member, means for engaging and dis-engaging said reciprocating member with said work drive member, a supply of fluid under pressure, means to direct said fluid under pressure to said reciprocating member to start rotation of said work drive member, a pressure switch operable by said fluid under pressure to start said motor, a limit switch in parallel with said pressure switch, a circuit through said limit switch to said motor operable by movement of said reciprocating member for starting said motor in case the hydraulic pressure is not suflicient to actuate said pressure switch.

7. In a headstock for a machine tool for machining heavy workpieces in which the power required to start rotation of said workpieces is substantially greater than that required to maintain rotation, a work drive member, a motor for driving said member, means for assisting said motor to start said member comprising a reciprocating member, means for engaging and dis-engaging said reciprocating member with said work drive member, means responsive to movement of said reciprocatin g member for energizing said motor, and means operable by said reciprocating member at one end of its stroke for reversing and resetting said reciprocating member for the next starting operation.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 727,411 5/1903 McBerty 318-136 909,216 1/ 1909 Pomeroy 318136 FOREIGN PATENTS 344,321 1/ 1919 Germany.

709,052 8/ 1941 Germany.

OTHER REFERENCES Knowlton, A. E.: editor, Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers, 9th edition, New York, McGraw-Hill, p. 1643.

ORIS L. RADER, Primary Examiner.

T. LYNCH, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US727411 *Jun 30, 1902May 5, 1903Peerless Electric CompanyAlternating-current motor.
US909216 *May 17, 1906Jan 12, 1909Allis ChalmersMeans for starting dynamo-electric machines.
*DE344321C Title not available
DE709052C *Feb 28, 1939Aug 5, 1941Kollergeneratoren Und OfenbaugAntriebsvorrichtung fuer eine Gaserzeugeraschenschuessel o. dgl.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3429191 *Mar 30, 1967Feb 25, 1969Pines Eng Co IncVariable stock feeder
US3455176 *Sep 15, 1966Jul 15, 1969American Factors Ass LtdDrive system for rotating equipment
US3495467 *Mar 27, 1968Feb 17, 1970United States Steel CorpApparatus for rotatably inching the gears of a rolling-mill pinion stand
US3866482 *Jul 17, 1973Feb 18, 1975Voest AgDrive system for reed roller of weaving machine
US3972242 *Aug 30, 1974Aug 3, 1976Standard Oil CompanyHydraulic wrench
US4707644 *May 11, 1981Nov 17, 1987Honeywell Inc.Auxiliary starting for electric motors
US4838495 *Apr 27, 1988Jun 13, 1989Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Apparatus for starting rotation of tape-supply spool
US5447106 *Apr 30, 1993Sep 5, 1995Saturn Machine & Welding Co., Inc.Coke oven rail car with drive control system for positioning the car having gross and fine positioning drinks
US5564340 *Dec 29, 1993Oct 15, 1996Saturn Machine & Welding Co., Inc.Coke oven rail car with drive control system for positioning the car and door extractor which compensates for thermal distortion of oven jambs
US7649286Mar 8, 2006Jan 19, 2010Ldg Enterprises, LlcElectric motor starting device
US8035259Jan 19, 2010Oct 11, 2011Ldg Enterprises, LlcElectric motor starting device
US8317490Mar 8, 2006Nov 27, 2012Ldg Enterprises, LlcTorque drive mechanism for gas compressor
WO1994025305A1 *Apr 29, 1994Nov 10, 1994Saturn Mach & WeldingCoke oven rail car with drive control system for positioning the car
Classifications
U.S. Classification318/136, 74/160, 310/41, 74/128
International ClassificationH02P1/16
Cooperative ClassificationH02P1/166
European ClassificationH02P1/16B