US 3300891 A
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967 M. 1. GLASS ETAL 3,300,391
CONSTRUCTION TOY AMUSEMENT DEVICE Filed D80. 23, 1963 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Jan. 31, 1967 GLASS ETAL I 3,300,891
CONSTRUCTION 'TOY AMUSEMENT DEVICE Filed D80. 23, 1963 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Jan. 31, 1 967 M. I. GLASS ETAL 3,300,391
, CONSTRUCTION TOY AMUSEMENT DEVICE Filed 0 80. 23, 1963 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 United States Patent 3,300,891 CONSTRUCTION TOY AMUEMENT DEVICE Marvin I. Glass, Anthony T. Janiszewslri, and Dalia E. Verbiclras, Chicago, 111., assignors to Marvin Glass & Associates, Chicago, Ill., a partnership Filed Dec. 23, 1963, Ser. No. 332,780 2 Claims. (CI. 46-17) This invention relates to an amusement device and, more particularly, to an amusement device embodied in a construction toy which, When erected, may be operated to provide a comic sequence of events terminating in a particular action, and to components of such a device.
A primary object of this invention is to provide a new and entertaining amusement device, and components thereof.
Still another object is provision of a new and entertaining amusement device wherein a series of comic devices provide a comic sequence of events terminating in a particular action. A related object is provision of such a device in the form of a construction toy to be assembled by a child which is coupled with chance means to provide a game.
A further object is provision of a new and entertaining amusement device wherein a figure is initially in a particular condition of activity and a series of comic events results in the figure changing its condition of activity.
These and other objects of the invention are more particularly set forth in the following detailed description and in the accompanying drawings of which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the invention in the form of an amusement device in its completed condition prior to operation thereof; and
The remaining views illustrate preferred embodiments of components of the amusement device shown in FIG- URE 1, as follows:
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged front view of a comic device in the form of an alarm clock, with parts broken away for clearer illustration;
FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken generally along the line 33 in FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged, side view of a comic device in the form of a tilting tree, with parts broken away for clearer illustration;
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary perspective view of a comic device in the form of a cat on a banister;
FIGURE 6 is an enlarged, fragmentary perspective view of a swinging door at the base of the banister;
FIGURE 7 is an enlarged, fragmentary perspective view of a comic device in the form of running feet actuated by the door at the base of the banister;
FIGURE 8 is an enlarged, fragmentary plan view of a mechanism operated by opening of the swinging door for actuating the running feet device;
FIGURE 9 is an enlarged, fragmentary perspective view of a comic device incorporating a toy golf ball on a tee;
FIGURE 10 is an enlarged, fragmentary side view of a comic device in the form of a bird house, with parts broken away to illustrate a ball simulting an egg in the bird house;
FIGURE 11 is an enlarged, fragmentary sectional view taken generally along the line 1111 in FIGURE 1 and illustrates a comic device in the form of a tilting barrel in a generally upright position for receiving the ball as it drops from the bird house;
FIGURE 12 is a fragmentary, sectional view similar to FIGURE 11, but illustrating the barrel in a tilted position for dumping the ball;
FIGURE 13 is an enlarged, fragmentary side view of a comic device in the form of a man lying in bed, with parts broken away and in section for clearer illustration;
FIGURE 14 (Sheet 1) is an enlarged, fragmentary perspective view of a comic device including a toy candle for giving the man a hot foot; and
FIGURE 15 (Sheet 1) illustrates one of a deck of cards that can be used in playing a game incorporating the devices previously referred to in the drawings.
The invention is, in brief, directed to a construction toy and amusement device wherein a series of comic devices may be detachably interlocked with base means so that they may be actuated in sequence to accomplish a desired result. More particularly, the preferred embodiment of the invention is directed to such a toy and amusement device for comically portraying an apparatus for waking a sleeping man. The invention further comprehends individually and in various combinations the aforementioned comic devices.
With general reference to FIGURE 1 of the drawings, the invention is directed to an amusement device 20. The device is adapted to be assembled on any flat surface such as a table or baseboard 22, with the individual components interconnected to provide the complete operative device. The various components are operatively associated in a series so that each actuates another to provide a comic sequence of events terminating in a particular desired result. In the preferred embodiment the particular result is the awakening of a man 24 asleep in his bed 26 upon his alarm clock 28 going off.
The alarm clock 28 (FIGURES 2 and 3) is manually operated by the player turning a large key 30 to cause an arm 32 to simulate hitting an alarm clock bell 34 with a hammer 36 and to cause another arm 38 to throw a punch at a tilting tree comic device 40 (FIGURE 4). As a tree trunk 42 of the device 40 tilts it actuates a slide or cat on a banister comic device 44 (FIGURE 5) and more particularly, the tree trunk knocks a toy cat 46 from its perch 48 atop an inclined slide in the form of a banister 50 so that the cat 46 slides down the banister and slams open a swinging door 52 (FIGURE 6) at the base of the banister. The swinging door 52 actuates a running feet comic device 54 (FIGURE 7) in which a plurality of feet 56 appear to be running toward the end of a path 58, herein defined by a pair of inclined rails 60. At the end of the path the running feet engage a device 62 to knock a toy golf ball 64 (FIGURE 9) from a tee 66 at the end of the path 58, so that the golf ball 64 appears to fly backwardly in the path of a slice and into the head 68 of a toy golf club 70 (FIGURE 1), causing the golf club to swing rearwardly in a path the reverse of normally driving a golf ball. As the golf club 70 swings rearwardly, a bird house comic device 72 (FIGURE 10) is actuated, and more particularly, an object here in the form of flimsy clothing 74 (FIGURE 1), such as a mans union suit fluttering in the breeze, is released and appears to fly upwardly through the air and against a bird house 76 mounted atop a tall pole 78. As the flimsy clothing 74 flies against the bird house a ball, representing a bird egg 80, drops from the bird house and into a tilting barrel comic device 82 (FIGURES 11 and 12) to tip a barrel 84. Upon tipping of the barrel 84 the ball drops onto a tipsy table comic device 86 (FIGURE 1), here in the form of a toy billiard table 88 disposed at a tipsy inclination and having a baflle assembly here in the form of a plurality of bowling ten pins, as 90, firmly secured in their normal standing position on the playing surface of the billiard table. The ball 80 drops onto an upper portion of the billiard table and rolls against, and between the ten pins 90, which remain standing, and then through a pocket 92 at a lower portion of the billiard table 88. Passage of the ball 80 through the pocket 92 results in the ball actuating a hot foot comic device 94 (FIGURE 14) and, more particularly, striking a hand 96 which causes a toy candle 98 to swing near an exposed foot 100 (FIG- URE 13) of the man 24 and causes the man to jump out of his bed 26all in response to his alarm clock 28 going off.
With particular reference to FIGURES 1, 2 and 3, the comic alarm clock device 28 is in the form of an oldfashioned alarm clock having a hollow body 110 with one end Wall in the form of a clock face 112 associated with a pair of clock hands 114. The alarm clock bell 34 is in the form of an inverted dish-shaped bell shell surmounted on the top of the body 110. The hammer holding arm 32 and the punching arm 38 are formed integrally with a connecting stem 116 slidably mounted in opposite portions of a continuous side wall 118 of the clock. The stem 116 has a rack 120 within the body 110. The alarm clock key 30 is integral with a shaft 122 extending through the body and journaled in the end wall defining the clock face 112 and an opposite end wall 124. The free end of the key shaft 122 carries the pair of hands 114, and within the body 110 the shaft 122 carries a gear 126 drivingly meshed with the rack 120 so that upon turning the key 30 clockwise (when facing the clock) the connecting stem 116 and the arms may be caused to move rapidly to the right, into the position as shown in FIGURE 2, so that the hammer 36 hits or simulates hitting the bell 34 and the arm 38 throws a punch. Suitable ornamental legs 128 depend from the clock body 110 and are suitably fixedly secured to an elongated rectangular base 130 which is freely received on the baseboard 22.
The tilting tree comic device 40 is shown separately in FIGURE 4 wherein the tilting tree trunk 42 extends upwardly from a cylindrical drum type holder 132. The holder 132 is preferably vertically split in sections 134 and 136, and is provided on its interior with suitable journals for receiving pivot lugs 138 extending horizontally outwardly in opposite directions from the base of the tree trunk 42 so that the tree trunk may pivot about a generally horizontal axis. When the tree trunk lugs 138 are positioned in their journals and the two halves 134 and 136 of the drum 132 are assembled, the lower portion of the drum may be inserted into an aperture 140 in the base 130. The tree is normally in an upright position, as shown by solid lines in FIGURE 4, ready to tilt to the dotted line position shown in FIGURE 4 upon being hit by the clock arm 38 as it throws a punch outwardly from the clock 28. The weight of the-tree trunk 42 is so distributed that a stop 141 on the drum 132 retains the tree trunk in its upright position ready to tilt and thus knock the cat 46 from its perch 48.
With particular reference to FIGURES and 6, the cat and banister comic device 44 functions in conjunction with the swinging door 52. Herein the toy cat 46 norm-ally rests on the perch 48 defined by .a window sill supported in mid-air on only a pair of stilts 142, with a cockeyed window frame assembly on the window sill. A rickety curved stairway 144 has a plurality of steps extending from the open window downwardly to the swinging door 52 (FIGURES 1 and 6) and the banister 50 curves downwardly along with the steps from the window sill perch 48 to adjacent the swinging door 52. The cat is suitably interlocked with the banister 50 by two tongues 146 along the bottom of the cat terminating in its front paws 147 and defining grooves for receiving flanges 148 extending outwardly in opposite directions along the top of the hamster 50. Thus, when the tree trunk 42 knocks the cat 46 from its window sill perch 48, the cat 46, which may be suitably weighted to slide rapidly, slides down the banister 50 and into the closed swinging door 52 which is hung in a suitable frame 152 for normal swinging movement about a vertical axis.
It should be noted that the stilts 142 which support the window sill perch 48 are removably telescoped into a pair of sockets 154 in bosses (FIGURE 5) extending upwardly from an end of the platform 130 opposite the alarm clock 28, thus properly positioning the perch 48 so that the cat 46 will be knocked from the perch as the tree trunk 42 tilts from its normal upright position. The lowest riser 156 of the stairway 144 is det-achably received in an upwardly opening slot 158 (FIGURES 5 and 6) in a second base 166 which carries various of the comic devices including the door frame 152 in slots 161 so that swinging door 52 is properly positioned to be hit by the cat 46 as it slides down the banister.
As the door 52 swings open to the position shown by dotted lines in FIGURE 6, the walking feet comic device 54 (FIGURE 7) is actuated. More particularly, the walking feet comic device 54 includes the path 58 in the form of a pair of parallel rails 60 which are inclined downwardly from an upper end supported by a pair of posts 162 and 164. These posts are each telescopically received at their lower ends in a pair of sockets 166 in bosses extending upwardly from the second base 161). The feet 56 are each on the end of a leg 168 and the legs are radially disposed about a shaft 170 having reduced opposite free ends 172, one received on the top surface of each rail 60. In the illustrated embodiment, there are four feet 56' defining a rotating device, and three of these feet are bare. The fourth foot wears a shoe 174 'and is heavier than the bare feet to cause the assembly to roll down the path 58 in an uneven and pulsating manner. Furthermore, in order to retain the assembly of feet in stationary position at the top of the path, the posts 162 and 164 extend upwardly from the rails 60 and provide abutments and the heavier foot 174 is positioned overcenter with the ends of the shaft 170 against the abutments, as shown in FIGURES 1 and 7. A stop lever 176 (FIGURE 1) may be positioned to engage a foot 56 and retain the rotating device in stationary position against the abutments. The stop lever .176 has a mid-portion suitably journaled on the post 162 for pivotal movement about a generally vertical axis. One end of the lever 176 normally rests against the other post 164 to retain an opposite end 178 in position to be hit by the door 52 as it swings open, thus causing the portion of the lever 176 between the two posts to flip the assembly of feet so that the heavier foot with the shoe 174 moves overcenter in an opposite direction to cause the feet to rotate with their shaft 170 riding along the inclined rails 60.
The lower ends of the rails 60 carry a depending U- shaped support 182 having its bight removably received in a slot 184 in :a third base 18-5 with intermediate depending U-shaped supports 1'86 and 188 resting on the baseboard 22. As the running feet rotate down the path 58 they kick the toy golf ball 64 from the tee 66.
The reverse action comic device is shown in FIG- URE 1, and in FIGURE 9 the tee 66 is shown as detachably telescoped in a socket 190 extending upwardly in a boss from the third base adjacent the slot 184 for supporting the rails 60. As a driven object, here the golf ball 64, is kicked from its tee 66 it appears to fly through thereverse path of a slice and into a usual associated driving object, here the head 68 of the golf club 70. Herein an inclined trough 192 is positioned with its upper end supported on a depending stem telescoped in a socket 193 in a boss on the third base at the tee 66 in position to receive the golf ball. The trough 192 is inclined downwardly from the tee 66 in a curved path and terminates at the head '68 of the golf club. As the golf ball 64 rolls through the trough 192, it hits the golf club head 68 to swing the golf club 70 rearwardly about a horizontal pivotal connection 194 with the bird house pole 78. Thus, the normal action of a golf club driving a golf ball appears to be reversed as the golf ball 64 rolls through the trough 192 and swings the golf club 70 rearwardly.
As the golf club 70 swings rearwardly, the flimsy clothing 74, which appear to be fluttering in the breeze outwardly from a lower portion of a bird house pole 78, suddenly fly upwardly through the air and slam into the bottom of the bird house 76 causing the bird house to shake so that the egg 80 drops therefrom. Herein, the flimsy clothes 74 may be of any suitable relatively rigid sheet material, and is in the form of a union suit with ends of the arms slidably secured to the bird house pole 78. A rubber band 196 is tensioned between the base of the bird house 76 and the upper arm of the union suit 74 when the union suit is in its lower position. The union suit is held in this lower position by a detent 198 extending horizontally outwardly from the upper end of the shaft of the golf club .70 and received in a hole 200 in the lower arm of the union suit. Thus, when the golf club 70 flies rearwardly upon being hit by the golf ball 64, the detent 198 is released from the hole 200 and the union suit flies upwardly. The bird house comic device 72, in addition to including the flimsy clothing assembly 74, includes the bird house 76 and therein the ball simulating a bird egg 80, as may best be seen in FIGURE 10. The egg 80 is balanced within the bird house 76 which has an opening in its front end so that when the bird house is shaken, the egg will roll out of the bird house and drop downwardly into the barrel 84.
The barrel comic device 82 is shown separately in FIG- URES 11 and 12, wherein the barrel 84 is pivoted to the lower portion of the bird house pole 78 to tilt about a horizontal axis defined by a horizontal shaft 202 extending from the pole 78 and freely received in a hole in the sid of the barrel, with the barrel retained on the shaft 202 in any suitable manner as by a snap Washer 204. The bottom of the barrel may be weighted or suitable cooperating stop means on the pole 78 and the barrel 84 may be provided for releasably retaining the barrel in position as shown in FIGURES 1 and 11. As the ball 80 drops into the barrel the ball falls against a plate 206 inclined so that the ball rolls to one side of the barrel causing it to tip from the position shown in FIGURE to the position shown in FIGURE 12, whereupon the ball 80 is dumped from the barrel. It should be noted that the bird house pole 78 is detachably telescoped at its lower end into an upwardly opening socket 208 in a boss on a fourth base 207 so that the various associated parts are maintained in proper operative orientation.
The tipsy table comic assembly 86 (FIGURE 1) includes the inclined pool table 88 and the ten pins 90 standing thereon and is suitably detachably secured to the fourth base 207, as by pins 209 on the underside of the table telescoped in sockets in the base, so that the ball 89, as it drops from the barrel 84, falls onto an upper portion of the playing surface of the table 88 and rolls between the ten pins and through the pocket 92 in the lower end of the table.
As the ball 80 emerges from the pocket 92 it falls into a curved declining ramp 210 also detachably secured to the fifth base 213 in any suitable manner as previously described. As the ball rolls through the ramp it actuates the hot foot comic device 94. More articularly, the ball 80 rolls against a hand 96 on the end of an arm removably telescoped on and pivoted for rotation about a horizontal axis defined by a pin 212 (FIGURE 14) integral with a fifth base 213 so that the hand is rotated counterclockwise thus rotating the toy candle 98. The candle is mounted on a horizontal support 214 extending diametrically away from the hand 96 so that the candle is rotated counterclockwise to a position at one of the exposed feet 100, thus appearing to give the sleeping man 24 a hot foot. As the toy candle 98 swings near the foot 190, as shown by dotted lines in FIGURE 14, the candle holder engages a depending lug 220 on a foot 100, thus pushing the man 24 rearwardly in his bed 26 to release holding means, here in the form of an off-set lug 222 depending from the back of the man 24 and extending through a slot 224 in an upper wall 226 of a mattress on the bed with the off-set of the lug 222 interlocked with the wall 226. Upon releasing the holding means, a spiral compression spring 228, received in a socket 230 in the mattress portion of the bed 26 immediately below the man 24 is released to pop the man upwardly so that he jumps out of the bed 26. Legs 232 of the bed are received in upwardly opening sockets 234 in bosses of the base 213 so that the bed 26 and man 24 are operatively positioned with reference to the candle 98.
Various components of the amusement device may be of any desired material, and are preferably formed of a suitable plastic material. Each operative component of the amusement device is removably maintained in operative position by interlocking devices on the separate components which permit assembly of the components or units only in a manner that will properly position each component so as to make the entire assembly operable in the described manner. Thus, the amusement device is in the form of a construction set which may be assembled by a child interlocking the various comic devices together.
The above described device may also be readily adapted for use with some chance means or device to provide a game. For example, the separate components may be numbered and a spinner device provided with corresponding numbers. As each player in turn operates the spinner device, he obtains the component corresponding with the number indicated on the spinner. The components will be assembled in sequence as they become available to a player, and the winner may be that player who completes the assembly of the above described amusement device. Another form of game utilizing the described amusement device may include a deck of cards, such as that illustrated in FIGURE 15. Each of the cards includes a pictorial representation of one of the components of the amusement device. Each of the players are dealt a given number of cards, for example five, and the remainder of the cards are placed face down on the table. Each player in turn takes the top card from the stack and, if he has a card representing the next component in the assembly, he may place that component in its position in the assembly after placing the card on the table with its face up. The components must be assembled in sequence, that is, component No. 1 is the clock (FIGURE 2) and the first player having the corresponding card 240 starts the assembly. After a player has added one or more components to the assembly, he may draw a corresponding number of cards from the hand of one or more of the other players, for example, the player on his right. The winner may be the player who has the greatest number of cards facing upwardly in front of him at the end of the game, or it may be that player who has placed the last component in the assembly and actuated the amusement device.
While the invention has been described with reference to certain structure and to particular forms of games, it should be recognized that various embodiments might be made without departing from the principles of this invention.
What is claimedis:
1. A construction toy amusement device comprising, a toy figure in a position simulating a particular condition of activity, actuating means operable for causing said figure to simulate another condition of activity, means operatively associated with said figure and including a plurality of comic devices for providing a comic sequence of events, said comic devices including, an alarm clock comic device having an arm and means for actuating said arm to simulate throwing a punch, a tree comic device including a normally erect tree trunk means in position to be hit upon said arm throwing said punch and thereby tilted to one side, a slide comic device including, a stairway banister, a normally closed door at the lower end of said banister, a toy animal means normally perched at the top end of said banister in position to be knocked from its perch by said tree trunk means upon tilting of said tree trunk means, said toy animal means being positioned and mounted to slide down said banister and to strike and open said door, a running feet comic device mounted for rolling movement along an inclined track including a plurality of radial projections simulating feet, means responsive to said door swinging open to cause said feet comic device to roll down said track and simulate running feet, a golf comic device including a simulated golf club, a simulated golf ball positioned to be kicked by one of said running feet into guide means simulating a reverse path of flight terminating in hitting the head of said golf club, and means mounting said golf club to swing rearwardly upon being hit by said golf ball, a bird house comic device including a simulated bird house atop a tall pole, a ball simulating an egg releasably retained in said bird house, means simulating flimsy clothing waving in .a breeze near the base of said pole, means to fling the clothing against said bird house to shake the bird house and release the egg therefrom upon said golf club being hit by said golf ball, an open top barrel pivotally mounted near the base of said pole in position to receive said egg as it drops from said bird house, and means to throw said egg 01f center and thus tip said barrel to dump the egg, a pool table comic device including an inclined simulated pool table in position to receive said egg as it is dumped from said barrel so that the egg rolls across the table and through an area corresponding to a pocket, and simulated ten pins standing on said pool table in the path of said egg, and a final comic device including means actuated upon said egg passing through said pocket for rendering said actuating means operative whereupon said figure changes said condition of activity, and said comic devices each including means for releasably interlocking them together for easy assembly in proper positions to provide the described interaction of said devices.
2. A construction toy amusement device comprising, a toy figure in a position simulating a particular condition of activity, actuating means operable for causing said figure to simulate another condition of activity, means operatively associated with said figure and including a plurality of comic devices for providing a comic sequence of events, said oomic devices including, an alarm clock comic device having an arm and means for actuating said arm to simulate throwing a punch, a tree comic device including a normally erect tree trunk means in position to be hit upon said arm throwing said punch and thereby tilted to one side, a comic device including a stairway, a normally closed door at the lower end of said stairway, a movable means normally perched at the top of said stairway in position to be knocked from its per-ch by said tree trunk means upon tilting of said tree trunk means, said movable means being positioned and mounted to move down said stairway and to strike and to open said door, a running feet comic device mounted for rolling movement along an inclined track including a plurality of radial projections simulating feet, means responsive to said door swinging open to cause said feet comic device to roll down said track and simulate running feet, a golf comic device including a simulated golf club, a simulated golf ball poisitioned to be kicked by one of said running feet into guide means simulating a reverse path of flight terminating in hitting the head of said golf club, and means mounting said golf club to swing rearwardly upon being hit by said golf ball, a bird house comic device including a simulated bird house atop a tall pole, a ball simulating an egg releasably retained in said bird house, means simulating flimsy clothing waving in a breeze near the base of said pole, means to fling the clothing against said bird house to shake the bird house and release the egg therefrom upon said golf club being hit by said golf ball, an open top barrel pivotally mounted near the base of said pole in position to receive said egg as it drops from said bird house, and means to throw said egg off center and thus tipsaid barrel to dump the egg, a pool table comic device including an inclined simulated pool table in position to receive said egg as it is dumped from said barrel so that the egg rolls across the table and through an area corresponding to a pocket, and a final comic device including means actuated upon said egg passing through said pocket for rendering said actuating means operative whereupon said figure changes said condition of activity, and said comic devices each including means for releasably interlocking them together for easy assembly in proper positions to provide the described interaction of said devices.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 244,646 7/ 1881 Murray 463 383,442 5/1888 Crandall 4622 695,700 3/ 1902 Ritter 4643 831,907 9/ 1906 Townsend 4642 X 1,151,919 8/1915 Bain 46-41 1,385,517 7/ 1921 Blackburn 46-43 1,591,521 7/1926 Esser 46.14S 1,591,554 7/1926 Guion 273 2,346,221 4/1944 Kimmel 46-134 2,385,724 9/1945 -Ols0n 46-l 2,402,390 6/1946 Gardner 46-1 2,620,192 12/1952 Housley 273l34 RICHARD C. PINKHAM, Primary Examiner.
F. BARRY SHAY, Examiner.