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Publication numberUS3300950 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 31, 1967
Filing dateOct 18, 1965
Priority dateFeb 12, 1963
Also published asDE1453726A1
Publication numberUS 3300950 A, US 3300950A, US-A-3300950, US3300950 A, US3300950A
InventorsJoseph T Carle
Original AssigneeBorg Warner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Centrifugal gas separator
US 3300950 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 31, 1967 J. T. CARLE 3,300,950

CENTRIFUGAL GAS SEPARATOR Original Filed Feb. 12, 1963 Jose ab 7. (arr/e,

INVENTOR.

United States Patent 3,300,950 CENTRIIFUGAL GAS SEPARATOR Joseph T. Carlo, Tulsa, ()lrla., assignor to Borg-Warner Corporation, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Continuation of appiication Ser. No. 258,080, Feb. 12, 1963. This application Oct. 18, 1965, Ser. No. 505,061

3 Claims. (Cl. 55-499) This application is a continuation of application 258,080

filed February 12, 1963, and assigned to the assignee of the present application and now abandoned.

This invention relates, in general, to gas separatora'and in particular, to a new and improved gas separator for installation with a submersible pump for oil and water wells.

In a submersible pump it is common practice to provide an electric motor for driving a pump with a seal and gas separator interposed therebetween, all of which are provided with a common shaft driven by the motor with the pump located at the upper end with the connecting drive shaft extending through the seal section and gas sep arator.

Sometimes the seal and motor may be of one unit and sometimes the pump and gas separator may be of one unit, and other times each is a separable unit suspended from the pump with the interconnecting drive shaft extending therethrough.

In oil and water wells, in which the submersible pump is submerged, free and/or entrained gas with the fluid being pumped is produced and the gas interferes with the pumping ability of the pump to produce the expected volume. In most cases, this interference of the gas reduces the volumetric and mechanical efficiency of the pump.

Accordingly, it is a general object of this invention to provide a new and improved gas separator for a submersible pump which reduces the gas-liquid ratio of the fluid to be pumped so as to increase the efficiency of the submersible pump.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a gas separator for a submersible pump which is relatively short in length and relatively inexpensive to manufacture as compared to existing gas separators.

A more specific object of this invention is to provide a gas separator for a submersible pump which comprises an impeller which will subject fluid entering the separator to centrifugal force and cause the gas and liquid to separate before entering the submersible pump inlet.

Other objects and advantages of thisinvention will become more apparent to those skilled in the art from a reading of the invention hereinafter described and disclosed in the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view, in section, illustrating the gas separator of the present invention and submerged in a well casing;

FIGURE 2 is a transverse sectional view taken along line 22 of FIGURE 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows.

Referring now to the drawings, the gas separator, constructed in accordance with the teaching of this invention, is designated in its entirety as and shown in a pump and gas separator housing 11 so as to form an integral part with a multi-stage submersible pump, shown only partially, but indicated in its entirety as 12. A submersible type seal 13 and a submersible type motor 14 are shown schematically. The pump impellers 15 are driven by the motor 14 through a coaxial shaft 16 extending through the gas separator and seal 13. Suitable splines 17 are provided in the shaft for appropriate connections with the respective segments of the shaft from the pump to the motor. All of the above units are shown located wtihin a casing 18 of a gas or oil well.

ice

The gas separator 10 is adapted to be spaced from the well casing 18. Housing 11 is suitably closed at its bottom end by a base member 20, which in turn, i provided at its lower end with a flange 21 for connecting the housing 11 to a flange on the seal 13 in a conventional manner. The upper end of the base member is provided with suitable threads 22 for appropriate connection to the housing 11. Thus, installed, the pump and gas separator combination have suspended therefrom the seal and motor in a conventional manner.

The base member 20 is provided with a fluid inlet 23, which connects with an internal bore 24 and which, in turn communicates inlet 23 with an eye or inlet 25 of a gas separator impeller 26 rotatably driven by the shaft 16. 'Impeller 26 is interposed between a stationary bottom diffuser 27 and a stationary gas separator diffuser 28 with a pair of thrust bearings 30 and 31 permitting rotation of the impeller 26 between the two stationary diffusers. The gas separator diffuser 28 is provided with an outlet 32 which directs the fluid entering the eye or inlet 25 and subjected to centrifugal force by the impeller into a separation chamber 33 formed in part, in the embodiment disclosed, by a compression tube 34 and a diffuser 28. At the upper end of the separation chamber 33 there is provided a slinger 35 which extends fro-m the shaft 16 radially outwardly toward the housing 11 but leaves a space 36 forming the outlet from the gas separator to permit the gas-free fluid to enter an upper or pump inlet chamber 37. Immediately below, but spaced slightly from the slinger 35, are bleed-off tubes 38 (two shown), which extend from immediately adjacent the shaft 16 outwardly to the housing 11 and communicate with apertures 40 in the housing. Bleed-off tubes 38 have inlets 41 slightly spaced from the shaft 16 so as to provide gaps 42 located adjacent the shaft.

Thus, as described, fluid and gas impelled by the gas separator impeller 26 enters the separator chamber 33. The gas-free or relatively gas-free liquid being heavier and subjected to the centrifugal force by the impeller, tends to cling to the outside wall or compression tube 34 and travel upward past the bleed-off tubes 38 through the space or outlet 36 and into the upper pump inlet chamber 37. Gas, being lighter, is separated by action of the centrifugal force and flows and accumulates near or at the gaps 42 and being of higher pressure than outside the housing 11, is vented out the bleed-off tubes 38 and apertures 40 to return to the well fluid. Any liquid which travels with the gas out the bleed-off tube will be recycled again through the impeller 26, or flow upwardly between the casing and the housing because of its high gas-to-liquid ratio. The fluid in the pump inlet chamber 37, while being relatively gasfree, then enters the pump inlet 43 to be pumped by the submersible pump in a conventional manner.

While there is shown and described a centrifugal gas separator type impeller 26, any impeller such as a mixed flow impeller which will subject the liquid therein to centrifugal force may be used, and while there is shown only two bleed-off tubes 38, more than two such tubes may be used.

And while this invention has been disclosed in connectioni with a unitary gas separator and pump combination, this invention may be utilized as a separate gas separator and pump, and further, while this invention has been disclosed in connection with a separate seal 13 and a separate motor 14 (which seal and motor are previously of the type disclosed and claimed in the copending patent applications of Joseph T. C-arle entitled, Submersible Sea Serial No. 88,096 and Submersible Pump Motor, Serial No. 88,223 both of which were filed on February 9, 1961), this invention may be utilized with any separate seal and motor or with a motor having its seal formed integrally therewith.

I claim:

1. A gas separator for a submersible well pump comprising: a housing including a separator inlet adapted for communication with a well fluid and a separator outlet adapted for communication with an inlet of a submersible pump, a rotatable impeller adjacent said separator inlet adapted to transfer Well fluid from said inlet to said outlet, said impeller including means for imparting a centrifugal force to the well fluid during transfer thereof whereby gases entrained in the well fluid are separated therefrom, a compression tube of generally cylindrical cross section within said housing defining an elongated separation chamber having an inlet adjacent said impeller to receive well fluid and separated gases for flow generally longitudinally through said chamber, a rotatable slinger disposed interiorly of said compression tube in spaced relation to said chamber inlet, said slinger having a diameter smaller than the diameter of said compression tube and forming with said compression tube a generally annular outlet in communication with said separator outlet for delivery of well fluid thereto, and at least one conduit extending through said compression tube intermediate said chamber inlet and said annular outlet and adjacent said slinger, said conduit including an open end communicating externally of said housing and an open end disposed within said chamber generally radially inwardly of said compression tube to allow escape of separated gases from said chamber.

2. A gas separator for a submersible well pump comprising: a housing including a separator inlet adapted for communication with a well fluid and a separator outlet adapted for communication with an inlet of a submersible pump, a rotatable impeller adjacent said separator inlet adapted to transfer well fluid from said inlet to said outlet, said impeller including means for imparting a centrifugal force to the well fluid during transfer thereof whereby gases entrained in the well fluid are separated therefrom, a compression tube of generally cylindrical cross section within said housing defining an elongated separation chamber having an inlet adjacent said impeller to receive well fluid and separated gases for flow generally longitudinally through said chamber, a rotatable slinger disposed interiorly of said compression tube in spaced relation to said chamber inlet, said slinger having a diameter smaller than the diameter of said compression tube and forming with said compression tube a generally an-' nular outlet in communication with said separator outlet for delivery of well fluid thereto, a shaft extending through said housing and said compression tube generally longitudinally of said compression tube and generally centrally disposed with respect thereto, said shaft being connected to both said impeller and said slinger and adapted to effect rotation thereof, and at least one conduit extending through said compression tube intermediate said chamber inlet and said annular outlet and adjacent said slinger, said conduit including an open end communicating externally of said housing and an open end disposed within said chamber generally radially inwardly of said compression tube and adjacent said rotatable shaft to allow escape of gases from said chamber.

3. A gas separator for a submersible well pump comprising: a housing including a separator inlet adapted for communication with a well fluid and a separator outlet adapted for communication with an inlet of a submersible pump, a rotatable impeller adjacent said separator inlet adapted to transfer well fluid from said inlet to said outlet, said impeller including means for imparting a centrifugal force to the well fluid during transfer thereof whereby gases entrained in the well fluid are separated therefrom, a compression tube of generally cylindrical cross section within said housing defining an elongated separation chamber having an inlet adjacent said impeller to receive well fluid and separated gases for flow generally longitudinally through said chamber in two generally distinct paths with the well fluid flowing generally radially outwardly of the separated gases and adjacent said compression tube and an outlet in communication with said separator outlet for delivery of well fluid thereto, a rotatable slinger disposed interiorly of said compression tube in spaced relation to said chamber inlet, said slinger having a diameter smaller than the diameter of said compression tube and forming with said com ression tube a generally annular outlet in communication with said separator outlet for delivery of well fluid thereto, a shaft extending through said housing and said compression tube generally longitudinally of said compression tube and generally centrally disposed with respect thereto, said shaft being connected to both said impeller and said slinger and adapted to effect rotation thereof, and at least one conduit extending through said compression tube intermediate said chamber inlet and said annular outlet and adjacent said slinger, said conduit including an open end communicating externally of said housing and an open end disposed within said chamber 3 generally radially inwardly of said compression tube and adjacent said rotatable shaft to allow escape of gases from said chamber.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,728,277 9/1929 Marsland 55-199 2,311,963 2/1943 Pyle 1035 2,593,294 4/1952 Goldberg 55-406 2,952,329 9/1960 Cunningham et a]. 55l99 2,954,841 10/1960 Reistle 55218 2,969,742 1/1961 Arutinoff ]031l3 FOREIGN PATENTS 733,263 3/1943 Germany. 117,242 4/1958 Russia.

REUBEN FRIEDMAN, Primary Examiner.

R. W. BURKS, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1728277 *May 28, 1925Sep 17, 1929Westinghouse Electric & Mfg CoFluid-pressure-developing system
US2311963 *Jul 11, 1939Feb 23, 1943Union Oil CoGas anchor
US2593294 *Jul 21, 1947Apr 15, 1952Max GoldbergCentrifugal separating apparatus
US2952329 *Oct 25, 1957Sep 13, 1960Cunningham Richard GDevice for de-aerating liquids
US2954841 *Nov 16, 1956Oct 4, 1960Jersey Prod Res CoCentrifugal separator
US2969742 *Jul 18, 1958Jan 31, 1961Reda Pump CompanyGas separator for submergible motorpump assemblies
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RU117242A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3867056 *Sep 27, 1973Feb 18, 1975Oil Dynamics IncRecirculating gas separation means for submersible oil well pumps
US3887342 *Nov 10, 1972Jun 3, 1975Fmc CorpLiquid-gas separator unit
US3991815 *Jun 20, 1975Nov 16, 1976Vereinigte Osterreichische Eisen- Und Stahlwerke-Alpine Montan AktiengesellschaftCasting tube with a bottom opening for continuously casting steel strands
US3999965 *Apr 14, 1975Dec 28, 1976Burgess Harry LLiquid treating apparatus
US4088459 *Dec 20, 1976May 9, 1978Borg-Warner CorporationSeparator
US4330306 *Oct 17, 1977May 18, 1982Centrilift-Hughes, Inc.Gas-liquid separator
US4422514 *Sep 28, 1981Dec 27, 1983Grosch Wayne APump for a reverse circulation rotary drilling rig
US4481020 *Jun 10, 1982Nov 6, 1984Trw Inc.Liquid-gas separator apparatus
US4755197 *Dec 23, 1985Jul 5, 1988Sundstrand CorporationTorque transmitting deaerating apparatus
US4911738 *Mar 21, 1989Mar 27, 1990The United States Of America As Represented By The United States National Aeronautics And Space AdministrationCentrifuging; liquid sensing; control valve
US6723158 *May 29, 2002Apr 20, 2004Baker Hughes IncorporatedGas separator improvements
US7794199 *Apr 25, 2006Sep 14, 2010Franklin Electric Co., Inc.Bypass system for purging air from a submersible pump
US8764386Aug 6, 2010Jul 1, 2014Franklin Electric Co., Inc.Bypass system for purging air from a submersible pump
USRE30836 *Apr 25, 1980Dec 29, 1981Kobe, Inc.Liquid-gas separator unit
Classifications
U.S. Classification96/217, 415/58.4, 415/144, 415/169.1, 415/901
International ClassificationE21B43/38, F04D9/00, B01D53/24, B04B5/08
Cooperative ClassificationY10S415/901, F04D9/002, B04B5/08, E21B43/38, B01D53/24
European ClassificationB04B5/08, E21B43/38, F04D9/00B2, B01D53/24
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 25, 1983ASAssignment
Owner name: HUGHES TOOL COMPANY, P.O. BOX 2539, HOUSTON, TX. 7
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF A PART OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CEBTRILIFT-HUGHES INC.;REEL/FRAME:004123/0711
Effective date: 19821230