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Publication numberUS3302578 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 7, 1967
Filing dateApr 28, 1965
Priority dateApr 28, 1965
Publication numberUS 3302578 A, US 3302578A, US-A-3302578, US3302578 A, US3302578A
InventorsAlfred J Anderson
Original AssigneeH V Hardman Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Metering pump
US 3302578 A
Images(4)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 7, 1967 A. J. ANDERSON 3,32,578

METERING PUMP Filed April 28, 1965 4 Sheets-Sheet l I 5113 I00 w 5b 52 INVENTOR. ALFRED J. ANDERSON BY 62 2 wew 1957 A. J. ANDERSON METERING PUMP 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 28, 1965 lmfl INVENTOR. ALFRED J. ANDERSON ATTORNEYS E'b, 7, E967 A.J. ANDERSON 3,302,57

METERING PUMP Filed April 28, 1965 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 FIG. 7

DRIVE (,5 MOTOR m OM INVENTOR. ALFRED d. ANDERSON ATTORNEY Feb. 7, 1967 A. J. ANDERSON METERING PUMP 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed April 28, 1965 8 5 0 5 l mm 2 2 b E 8 Mg m I W F RY P P IIIQOU S INVENTOR. ALFRED J. ANDERSON ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,302,578 METERING PUMP Alfred J. Anderson, Livingston, NJ., assignor to H. V. Hardman (10., Inc, a corporation of New .lersey Filed Apr. 28, 1965, Ser. No. 451,539 13 Claims. (Cl. 103-38) This application is a continuation-in-part of an earlier filed application Serial Number 324,334, filed November 18, 1963, now abandoned.

The present invention relates to dispensing fiowable materials, such as liquids and pastes, in measured amounts and provides a pump for that purpose.

This pump has two pistons which are arranged in tandem within a cylinder and which are driven back and forth together in synchronous strokes that differ in magnitude from each other so as to cause the pistons to separate at one end of their strokes and come together at the other end of their strokes. The separation of the two pistons at one end of the strokes is employed to draw fiowable material into the cylinder through an inlet portin the cylinder and the coming together of the two pistons at the other end of the strokes is employed to force this same flowable material out an outlet port in the cylinder.

With this arrangement there is no need for valves. While fiowable material is being drawn into the chamber through the inlet port, one of the pistons covers the outlet port, and while the fiowable material is being dispensed through the out-let port, the other of the piston covers the inlet port. In addition, pumping is accomplished with a minimum amount of wear and tear on piston and cylinder walls because the synchronous stroking of the pistons is substantially vibrationless.

In one embodiment of the pump, the first of the two pistons is driven directly by an eccentric cam mounted on a rotating shaft while the second of the two pistons is driven by a slide drive which couples the second piston to the first piston. This causes the pistons to stroke back and forth in synchronism. To obtain the difference in the magnitude of the strokes of the two pistons, two stops are provided which interfere with the stroke of the second piston at each end thereof stopping the second piston and making the slide drive slip so that the first piston moves away from the second piston at one end of the stroke and approaches the second piston at the other end of the stroke.

The stops may be very accurately positioned to set the separation of the pistons within close tolerences permitting small amounts of liquids to be pumped in very accurate portions.

In a second embodiment of the pump slippage of the slide drive is achieved by means of an electromagnet which couples the second piston to the first piston. To obtain the difference in the magnitude of the strokes of the two pistons, two switches are provided which deactuate the electromagnet at the end of each stroke of the second piston so that the slide drive slips and the first piston moves away from the second piston at one of the stroke and approaches the second piston at the other end of the stroke.

For a. better understanding of my invention and other advantages thereof reference should be had to the accompanying drawing in which:

FIGURES 1 to 5 show a single two piston metering pump in various positions in its operating cycle;

FIGURE 6 shows three of the two piston metering pumps shown in FIGURES 1 to 5 coupled together to enable pumping three liquids in predetermined proportions and desired amounts; and

FIGURE 7 is an electrical schematic for the arrangement of the three two piston metering pumps shown in FIGURE 6;

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FIGURE 8 illustrates the form of slide drive which includes an electromagnet;

FIGURE 9 is an electrical schematic for the switches which control operation of the electromagnet.

In the two piston metering pump shown in FIGURES 1 to 5, the pump cylinder 10 is a cylindrical steel block having a horizontal bore 12 extending there through and two spaced vertical bores 14 and 16 extending into the horizontal bore 12 from the top surface of the block 10. Extending into the horizontal bore 12 from the left side of the block 10 is a piston 18, hereinafter referred to as the slave piston, and extending into the horizontal bore 12 from the right side of the block 10 is another piston 20, hereinafter referred to as the volume piston. These pistons slide freely in the bore 12 and as they move, change their positions imder the vertical bores 14 and 16.

The cylinder 10 is mounted on a plate 22 on which a horizontal guide 24 is fixed. A block 26 which is fixed to the slave piston 18 slides freely in this guide 24 moving the slave piston 18 back and forth in the horizontal bore 12 as it slides.

A drive shaft 28 extend through a rectangular opening 31) in the guide 24 horizontally at right angles to the bore 12. Mounted on the drive shaft 28 is an eccentric cam 32, and mounted on the sliding block 26 is cam follower 34, in the shape of an inverted U, which engages this cam 32. The cam follower 34 is positioned with one leg of of the U on either side of the cam 32 with the legs so spaced that one of them is always in contact with the cam 32 and being driven thereby so that movement of the cam 32 with rotation of the shaft 28 causes the slide block 26 to reciprocate in the horizontal guide 24 and move the slave piston 18 back and forth in the horizontal bore 12.

A horizontal polished rod 36 is fixed at one end to the cam follower 34 by screws and at the other end to a second sliding block 38 by friction blocks 40. The friction blocks 41 each have a horizontal circular passageway 42 through which the rod 36 passes. Each friction block is slotted along the entire length of the passageway and has a bolt 44 mounted along an axis transverse to the slot and passageway. This bolt is threaded to the friction block 41) on one side of the slot and passes through an oversized hole in the friction block on the other side of the slot. A spring 46 is mounted on the bolt 44 on the side of the friction block with the oversized hole and is held against the friction block by an adjustable nut 48 thereby holding the bar 36 in the friction block 40.

The second slide block 38 is fixed to the volume piston 20 and slides freely in an opening 50 in the support plate 22 so that as the cam follower moves back and forth its movement is transmitted to the volume piston 20 through the bar 36, the friction blocks 41), and the sliding block 38. Therefore, as the shaft 28 rotates, the pistons 18 and 20 stroke back and forth in synchronism in the bore 12, the

' slave piston 18 being driven directly by the cam follower 34 while the volume piston 21) is driven by the cam follower 34 through the rod 36 and the friction blocks 40.

The stroke of the slave piston is arranged so that its face moves from a position adjacent the bore 14, which is the inlet port of the pump, to a position adjacent the bore 16, which is the outlet port of the pump. To provide the pumping action, the movement of the volume piston 26 is limited at each end of its stroke so that the stroke of the volume piston is not as long as that of the slave piston. This is done by having an extension 52 which is fixed to the underside of the sliding block 38 contact a fixed stop 54 and a movable stop 56 at opposite ends of the volume pistons stroke stopping the volume piston and causing the bar 36 to slide in the friction blocks 49. The movement of the pistons due to the interaction of the slide drive and the stops can best be understood by reference to the FIGURES 1 to 5 in numerical sequence.

In FIGURE 1 the two pistons are shown at one end of the stroke. In this position the extension 52 is against the fixed stop 54, preventing further movement of the volume piston 20 to the right and the slave piston 18 is in its furthest position to the right with the face 50 of the slave piston 18 under the outlet port against the face 58 of the volume piston. As is shown in FIGURE 2, the pistons then start moving to the left, the slave 18 piston being driven by the cam 32 and the volume piston 20 being forced to follow by the slide drive thereby maintaining its position relative to the slave piston 18. This continues until the extension 52 contacts the movable stop 56, causing the rod 36 to slide in the friction blocks 40 and the volume piston 20 to stop its movement to the left. As is shown in FIGURE 3, this causes the slave and volume pistons 18 and 20 to separate under the inlet port 14 drawing liquid into the bore 12 between their respective faces 50 and 58.

The amount of liquid drawn into the cylinder may be controlled by positioning the movable stop 56. When the stop 56 is positioned more to the right the separation of the pistons is greater, drawing more liquid into the cylinder and when the stop 56 is positioned further to the left the separation of the pistons is smaller, drawing less liquid into the cylinder. The movable stop can be positioned quite accurately providing very precise control over the amount of liquid drawn into the cylinder.

When the slave piston reaches its most leftward position this drawing portion of the pumping cycle is completed and the pistons start moving to the right retaining their spaced positions to transport the liquid drawn into the cylinder during the drawing portion of the cycle from under the inlet port 14 to under the outlet port 16 as is shown in FIGURE 4. In doing this the slave piston 18 closes off the inlet port in anticipation of dispensing the liquid out the outlet port just as the volume piston, as is shown in FIGURE 2, closes off the outlet port in anticipation of drawing liquid into the cylinder. Therefore, valves for the closing of the ports need not be provided.

As the volume piston and the sliding block 38 move to the right the extension 52 eventually contacts the fixed stop 54, starting the dispensing portion of the cycle. This occurs with the face 58 of the volume piston 20 positioned under the outlet port 16 and results in the stopping of the piston in that position. The rod 36 then slides in the friction blocks 40 allowing the slave piston 18 to approach the stopped volume piston 20 forcing the liquid into the outlet port as it moves as is shown in FIGURE 5. This continues until the faces 50 and 58 of the slave and volume pistons respectively are positioned against each other, as is shown in FIGURE 1, to complete the pumping cycle. If the shaft 28 continues to rotate a similar cycle will follow.

Three such two piston metering pumps can be hooked up in the manner shown in FIGURE 6 to feed three separately stored liquids into a mixing chamber in predetermined proportions and amounts. In this three pump arrangement, the same drive shaft 28 drives the cams 32 in all three pumps 60, 62 and 64 and the adjustable stops for the pumps are lever arms 56a and 56b which are moved to simultaneously adjust the amounts pumped by all the pumps without disturbing the proportions.

The drive shaft 28 is driven by a three phase AC. motor 66, through a belt 68 mounted on a first set of pulleys 70 and 72, a reduction gear train 74, a single revolution clutch 76, and a belt 78 mounted on a second set of pulleys 80 and 82. The motor 66 is mounted on a movable platform 84 which may be very accurately positioned closer and farther away from the pulley 72 by rotation of knob 88. The pulley 72 is a spring loaded split pulley of the type which separates in two sections under force so that as the platform 84 is positioned further away from the pulley 72, the two sections of pulley 70 separate allowing the belt 68 to come closer to the shaft 86 of the motor 66 and as the platform is moved closer to the pulley 72, the two sections of the pulley come closer together positioning the belt further away from the shaft 86. This varies the speed at which the shaft 28 is rotated by the motor 66 and therefore changes the repetition rate of the pumping cycles since it will change the length of time it takes to complete each pumping cycle.

The single revolution clutch normally prevents transmittal of power from the motor 66 to the shaft 28 because an arm 90 positioned under a stop 92 prevents the shaft 94 on which pulley is mounted from rotating with the output of the reduction gear train 74. However, when the electromagnetic coil 96 is energized it draws the arm out from under the stop 92 allowing the shaft 94 to rotate with the output of the gear train 74 and transmit power from the motor 66 to the shaft 28. For continuous operation the electromagnet is kept energized continuously to allow the shaft to continually rotate to provide a number of successive complete pumping strokes. However, if it is desired, the clutch can be actuated momentarily thereby returning the arm 90 to its unenergized position after completion of one revolution of the stop 92, providing but a single pumping cycle. Unless there is an electrical or mechanical failure this one revolution clutch insures that the pumps run through complete pumping cycles so that they always start and stop at the same point in their pumping cycle.

The two lever arms 56a and 56b are joined together at point 98 to a shaft 100 which is moved by rotating a knob 102 to position the lever arms 56 closer and further away from the fixed stops 54 on each of the pumps 60, 62 and 64. As pointed out above, as these lever arms or movable stops are positioned closer to the fixed stops 54 they increase the amount of liquid pumped during each stroke and as they are positioned further away from the fixed stops they decrease the amount of liquid pumped during each stroke. Therefore as the shaft 100 is moved it simultaneously adjusts the amount of liquid pumped each cycle by each of the pumps and therefore the shaft 100 can be moved until the desired total amount of liquid is being pumped.

The proportions, by volume, in which the liquids will be pumped will depend on the positions of the pivots 104 and 106 for the lever arms 56. These pivots 104 and 106 are movable being adjustable back and forth in slots 108 and 110 respectively. When the pivots 104 and 106 are positioned under the pumps 60 and 64 the pump 62 supplies all the liquid pumped provided that arms 56a and 56b are not in a straight line as shown in FIG. 6 and as the pivots are moved outwardly towards the ends of the levers the proportion pumped by the pumps 60 and 64 increases with respect to the proportion pumped by pump 62.

The exact proportions not only depend on the position of the pivots 104 and 106 but also depend on the relation between the size of the bores 12 in the three pumps. The relation between the sizes of the bores 12 in the pumps is selected so as to put the liquids pumped within the range of the desired proportions. For instance, assuming it is desired to pump two parts of the liquid by pump 60 for each 100 parts of the liquid being pumped by pump 62, the bore of pump 62 would be made ten times as large as the bore of pump 60 and the pivot 104 would 'be positioned to make the separation of the two pistons in pump 60 to be one fifth the separation of the pistons in pump 62.

Once the pivots 102 and 104 are set then point 98 is moved by rotating the knob 102 until the desired total amount of liquid is being dispensed during each stroke of the pumps. Where the lever arms '56 are at right angles to the shaft 100 as is shown in FIGURE 6, there is no liquid being pumped by any of the pumps since the lever arms in this position permit volume pistons 20 of each of the pumps to travel just as far the slave pistons 18 so that there is no separation, as is shown in FIGURE 3, to draw liquid into the cylinders. However, as the lever arms 56 are moved closer to the stops 54 the separation of the slave and volume pistons increases in length in each of the pumps. Of course, this increase in each of the pumps depends on the position of the pivots 104 and 106 which, as has been pointed out previously, should first be adjusted to give the desired proportions.

With the desired proportions set by positioning of the pivots 104 and 106, the desired amount set by adjustment of knob 102, and the desired speed set by adjustment of knob 88, the pump is ready for operation. The circuit which controls the operation is shown in FIGURE 7. As therein shown, a step down transformer 112 is connected across two wires of a three wire 220 volt AC. power source. The coil 114 of a first A.C. relay, hereinafter referred to as the drive motor relay, is connected across the secondary of this transfonmer in series with a normally open push button 116 and also in series with a normally closed push button 118 and a pair of normally open contacts 120 of the drive motor relay.

The drive motor 66 is connected to the 220 volt 3 phase line through three sets of normally open contacts 122, 124 and 126 of the drive motor relay. When the normally open push button 116 is pressed it momentarily completes the circuit between the secondary of the transformer 112 and the coil 1-14 of the drive motor relay. This energizes the relay, locking the relay in through the normally closed push button 118 and the normally open contacts 120 of the relay which have been closed by the passing of current through the coil 114 of the relay. With the drive motor relay energized current fiows to the drive motor 66 through the contacts 124, 126 and 122 which are closed by the relay 114.

Also connected across the secondary of the transfonmer 112 is the coil 96 of the clutch 76 and the coil 128 of a second A.C. relay, hereinafter referred to as the agitator motor relay. Both the coil 96 of the clutch and the coil 128 of the agitator motor relay are connected to the secondary in series with 3 sets of normally open contacts 130, 132 and 134 arranged in parallel. These contacts are actuated by a foot pedal, a single pole switch, and a cam respectively. When the foot pedal is depressed or the single pole switch is closed, either the contacts 130 or the contacts 132 are closed energizing the agitator motor relay coil 128 and the coil 96 of the clutch.

Energization of the coil 128 of the agitator motor relay closes normally open contacts 136, 138 and 140 which supply power to a motor 142 that powers an agitator in the mixing chamber 144. As is shown in FIGURE 6 the mixing chamber receives liquids from each of the pumps 60, 62 and 64 as it is pumped, mixes this liquid together by the action of the agitator and dispenses it as a mixture out the nozzle 146 of the mixing chamber. Supplying the power to the agitator motor 142 starts rotation of the agitator in anticipation of liquid being supplied to the mixing chamber by the pumps 60, 62 and 64.

As pointed out previously, energization of the clutch coil 96 withdraws the arm from under the stop 92 thereby transmitting power from the drive motor 66 to the shaft 28. With the shaft being driven by the motor 66, each of the pumps is driven through a pumping stroke as outlined in the discussion with respect to FIGURES 1 to 5 drawing liquids from three separate reservoirs 148, 150 and 152 and dispensing it into the mixing chamber 144 in the desired amounts and proportions.

Operation of the device after the completion of the stroke depends on whether the foot pedal had been depressed or the single pole switch has been closed. If the foot pedal has been depressed more than likely the pressure on the foot pedal was released prior to the completion of the one stroke of the pumps and the switch had been opened. When the switch 139 is opened the current flow to the agitator motor coil 123 and the electroma gnet clutch coil 96 is continued through contacts 134 which have been closed by a cam 154- mounted on the shaft 28. At the start of each cycle a cam follower 156 which controls the opening and closing of contacts 134 is positioned in a groove 158 of the cam 154 in the groove. With the cam follower in the groove, the contacts 134 are opened. However, as soon as the shaft 28 starts rotating, the cam follower 156 moves out of the groove 158 and on to the periphery of the cam 154. This closes the contacts 134 and keeps them closed until the cam 154 completes one rotation and the groove 158 is again positioned under the cam follower 156-.

When the pole switch is closed more than likely the contacts 132 will remain closed for more than one complete stroke, since the switch is normally used for continuous pumping operations. However, when the switch is finally opened again more than likely it will fall within the middle of the stroke of the pumps. When this occurs, the switch 134 will be kept closed by the cam 154 until the completion of the stroke by the pumps.

The above device was designated primarily for mixing and measuring very minute quantities of epoxy resin of a desired viscosity and an amine catalyst therefor. However, it is obvious that this device may be used wherever it is desirable to mix two or more liquids together in predetermined proportions and desired amounts.

A modified form of slide drive is shown in FIGURE 8. As there shown the pump and its parts and operation are identical to the pump shown in FIGURES 1 to 5 with the single exception that the friction blocks 40 are replaced by an electromagnet 166 and the stops 54 and 56 are replaced by switches 162 and 164 respectively which control the flow of electric current to the electromagnet. Switch 164 is a movable switch. A third switch 166 and a cam 168 mounted on the drive shaft 28 have been added to aid in controlling the electromagnet. Otherwise the reference characters in FIGURE 8 identify the same parts as shown and described in FIGURES 1 to 5.

The electromagnet 166 is mounted in a fixed position on bar 36 as by means of pins 170. The electromagnet is free to slide on the surface of block 38 when the coil 171 is deactuated and no electric current flows through the coil.

The position of the pistons on the pumps and other parts shown in FIGURE 8 is the same as that shown in FIGURE 1. As shown the two pistons are at the end of a stroke. In this position the contacts of switch 162 are open since slide block 38 is holding button 161 of switch 162 depressed. At this time the contacts of switch 166 are held closed by cam 168.

The electric circuit connecting the switches and electromagnet is shown in FIGURE 9. As there shown when the two pistons are at the end of the stroke (FIGURES l and 8) with switch 162 open and switch 166 closed electric current from the supply line 172 will flow through switch 166 and line 174 to actuate the coil of the electromagnet which so tightly grips slide block 38 that the slide block will move with bar 36 to the left as illustrated in FIGURE 2. The slave piston 18 is being driven by the cam 32 and the volume piston 20 is forced to follow by the bar 36 and the grip of electromagnet to maintain its position relative to the slave piston 18.

The movement of the pistons continues and while the movement continues the contacts of switch 162 are closed since slide block 38 has moved away from button 161 to close switch 162. After switch 162 is closed cam 168 rotates away from switch 166 and as a result the contacts of switch 166 open. The two pistons continue to move to the left and there is no interruption of such movement since switch 162 closes before switch 166 opens. When switch 166 opens current to the electromagnet is supplied from line 172 by line 176, switch 162 line 178, switch 164 (closed) and line 180.

The movement of the two pistons continues until the extension 52 depresses the button 163 to open the contacts of switch 164. The opening of switch 164 interrupts the flow of current to the coil 171 of the electromagnet 160 which is thereupon deactuated. Switch 166 is still open. As soon as the electromagnet is deactuated it slides on the surface of block 38 and the volume piston 20 stops its movement to the left. The movement of volume piston 20 to the left is stopped with piston 20 in the position shown in FIGURE 3. Slave piston 18 however continues to move to the left and the volume piston 20 and slave piston 18 separate under the inlet port 14 to draw liquid into the bore 12 between the respective faces of the pistons 50 and 58 as illustrated in FIGURE 3.

The amount of liquid drawn into cylinder may be controlled by the position of switch 164. When switch 164 is positioned more to the right the separation of the pistons is greater and more liquid is drawn into the cylinder. When switch 164 is positioned further to the left, the separation of the pistons is smaller and less liquid is drawn into the cylinder.

When the slave piston 18 reaches its most leftward position the drawing portion of the pumping cycle is complete and thereupon cam 168 closes switch 166 to supply current to the coil 171 of the electromagnet which is thereby actuated to tightly grip slide block 38 which will now move volume piston to the right along with slave piston 18. The distance between the two pistons is maintained to transport the liquid drawn into the cylinder during the drawing portion of the cycle from under inlet port 14 to the outlet port 16 as illustrated in FIGURE 4.

When the pistons start to move to the right the current to the electromagnet is initially supplied through switch 166. But as soon as extension 52 moves away from switch 164, this switch closes and thereafter switch 166 is opened as cam 168 rotates away from switch 166. Cur rent to the coil of the electromagnet is then supplied through switch 162 and 164 as the pistons continue to move to the right in spaced relationship into the position shown in FIGURE 4. As the pistons move to the right, slave piston 18 closes off the inlet port 14 in anticipation of dispensing the liquid through the outlet port.

When piston 20 has moved into the position shown in FIGURE 5, slide block 38 contacts button 161 of switch 162 to depress the button and open switch 162. The opening of switch 162 interrupts the flow of current to the coil of the electromagnet which thereupon slides on the surface of the slide block 38. Switch 166 is still open and piston 20 stops in the position shown in FIGURE 5. In this position outlet port 16 is open and piston 18 continues to move toward piston 20 to force the liquid to be dispensed from the outlet port.

Piston 13 continues to move to the right until the faces 50 and 58 of the slave and volume pistons respectively are positioned against each other as shown in FIGURE 1. This completes the pumping cycle and slave piston 18 is in its furthest position to the right. When piston 18 reaches its furthest position to the right cam 168 again closes switch 166 to supply current to the coil of the electromagnet so that both pistons will move together to the left on the next pumping cycle.

Referring to the system of the plurality of pumps shown in FIGURE 6, it will be understood that the electromagnet and electric circuit used for controlling the electromagnet may be substituted for the friction blocks and stops employed in each of the pumps shown in FIGURE 6 just as described hereinabove for the pump shown in FIGURES 1 to 5.

The above description involves two particular embodiments of the present invention. Obviously a number of changes can be made without departing from the scope of the invention. Therefore, it will be understood that it is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the invention herein chosen for the purpose of illustration which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.

'What is claimed is:

1. A pump for pumping fiowable materials comprising:

(a) a cylinder with an inlet port in its sidewall at one point along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder and an outlet port in its sidewall at another point along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder,

(b) two pistons arranged in tandem within the cylinder,

(c) cyclic drive means which strokes the two pistons back and forth in synchronism within the cylinder, said cyclic drive means being connected to one of said pistons through a single drive rod without employing cams and to the other piston through a connection which during operation of the drive means provides continuous engagement of said drive means with said other piston and (d) means for varying the magnitude of the stroke said single rod connected piston with respect to the other piston so that said two pistons move relative to each other at each end of the stroke, moving away from each other adjacent the inlet port to draw the flowable material into the cylinder and towards each other adjacent the outlet port to expel the fiowable material from the cylinder.

2. The structure of claim 1 wherein said means for varying the magnitude of the second of the two pistons is a variable means which can be adjusted to change the magnitude of the relative movement between the pistons to vary the amount of liquid pumped by the pump with each stroke of the two pistons.

3. A pump for pumping liquids comprising:

(a) a cylinder with an inlet port in its sidewall at one point along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder and an outlet port in its sidewall at another point along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder,

( b) two pistons which are arranged in tandem within the cylinder and are frictionally coupled together so that when force is exerted on either piston tending to displace said piston both pistons move together along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder so long as the force exerted on the pistons in opposite direction does not exceed a level which will cause relative movement between the pistons,

(c) eccentric cam means for exerting a force on the first of the pistons which causes the pistons to reciprocate back and forth in synchronism along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder, said eccentric cam means being connected to the second of the two pistons through a single drive rod and to the first piston through a connection which during operation of the eccentric cam means provides continuous engagement of said cam means with said first piston,

(d) a first stop means for limiting the magnitude of the movement of the second of the two pistons in the direction towards the first of the two pistons so that as the pistons reciprocate said eccentric cam means and said first stop means exert a force on said pistons in opposite directions that exceeds a level causing said pistons to separate adjacent the inlet valve and thereby draw liquid into the cylinder in direct proportion to the magnitude of the separation the position of said stop means being variable to vary the magnitude of the separation, and

(e) second stop means for limiting the magnitude of the movement of the second of the two pistons in the direction away from first of the two pistons so that as the pistons reciprocate said eccentric cam means and said first stop means exert a force which exceeds a level causing said pistons to come together adjacent the outlet port and thereby force liquid from the cylinder.

4. A device for pumping a plurality of liquids in predetermined porportions comprising:

(a) a plurality of cylinders each having axially spaced inlet and' outlet ports,

9 (b) a plurality of first pistons one positioned in each of said cylinders, (c) drive means to stroke said first pistons back and forth within their respective cylinders,

piston in the cylinder, both pistons move together in the cylinder and when the electromagnet is deactuated the pistons will move relative to each other in rent to the electromagnet to actuate it at the start of a stroke. 8. A structure as specified in claim 7 which includes electric control means for driving said pistons.

(d) a second plurality of pistons one positioned in each 9. A pump for pumping fiowable materials comprisof said cylinders, ing:

(e) friction drive means which drives said second plu- (a) a cylinder with an inlet port in its sidewall at one rality of pistons back and forth in synchronism with point along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder and said first plurality of pistons, an outlet port in its sidewall at another point along (f) lever arm means limiting the travel of said second the longitudinal axis of the cylinder,

plurality of pistons at one end of their strokes caus- (-b) two pistons arranged in tandem within the cylinder, ing said first and second pistons to separate and (c) cyclic drive means which strokes the two pistons draw liquid into said cylinders, said lever arm means back and forth in synchronism within the cylinder, can be moved to change the amount of liquid being said cyclic drive means being connected to one of pumped by all said pistons in fixed proportions and said pistons through a single drive rod and to the g) stop means limiting the travel of said second pluother piston through a connection which during oprality of pistons at the other end of their strokes eration of the drive means provides continuous encausing said first and second pistons to come togagement of said drive means with said other piston, gether and force liquid out of the outlet port. said single drive rod being attached to a magnetic 5. The structure of claim 4 including electrical control coupling which slides upon a block when said coumeans for driving said pistons in complete strokes. pling is electrically deenergized and which remains 6. -A pump for pumping liquids comprising: stationary upon said block via magnetic connection (a) a cylinder with an inlet port in its sidewall at one when said coupling is electrically energized, said point along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder and block being connected to said rod-driven piston, and an outlet port in its sidewall at another point along (d) means for varying the magnitude of the stroke of the longitudinal axis of the cylinder, said single rod connected piston with respect to the (b) two pistons which are arranged in tandem within other piston so that said two pistons move relative the cylinder and coupled together with an electroto each other at each end of the stroke, moving away magnet so that when the electromagnet is actuated from each other adjacent the inlet port to draw the and a force is exerted on either piston to move such fiowable material into the cylinder and towards each other adjacent the outlet port to expel the fiowable material from the cylinder. 10. A structure as specified in claim 1 wherein said the cylinder,

(c) means for exerting a force on one of said pistons to cause both pistons to reciprocate in strokes back and forth in the cylinder,

(d) means for supplying electric current to the elecmagnitude-varying means is adjusted to cause said roddriven piston to move in shorter strokes than the strokes of the said other piston.

11. A device for pumping a plurality of liquids in predetermined proportions comprising:

tromagnet adapted to supply current to the electroing the said supply of current will discontinue the drive of said second plurality of pistons, (f) first switch means to interrupt the supply of elec- (a) a plurality of cylinders each having axially spaced magnet when the pistons start a stroke and to interinlet and outlet ports, rupt the flow of current to the electromagnet before (b) a plurality of first pistons one positioned in each the pistons complete the stroke whereby the pistons of said cylinders, are caused to change position relative to each other (e) a plurality of second pistons one positioned in each in the cylinder and draw liquid into the cylinder and of said cylinders and arranged in tandem with one of dispense such liquid from said cylinder. said first pistons, 7. A device for pumping a plurality of liquids com- (d) a plurality of drive means, each of said drive means prising: stroking a first and a second piston back and forth (a) a plurality of cylinders each having axially spaced in synchronism within a single cylinder and each of inlet and outlet ports, said drive means being connected to the second pis- (b) a plurality of first pistons one positioned in each ton through a single drive rod without employing of said cylinders, cams and to the first piston through a connection (0) drive means to stroke said first pistons back and which during operation of the drive means provides forth within their respective cylinders, continuous engagement of said drive means with said (d) a second plurality of pistons one positioned in each first piston; and

of said cylinders, (e) means for varying the magnitude of the stroke of (e) slide drive means which include electromagnets the second piston with respect to the first piston in which when actuated .by electric current will drive each cylinder so that the two pistons tl'IlOVG relative said second plurality of pistons back and forth in to each other at each end of the stroke, moving away synchronism with said first plurality of pistons and from each other adjacent the inlet port to draw the which electromagnets when deactuated by interruptfiowable material into the cylinder and towards each other adjacent the outlet port to expel the fiowable material from the cylinder. 12. A structure as specified in claim 11 wherein said tric current to the electromagnet to deactuate it and limit the travel of said second plurality of pistons at one end of their strokes to cause said first and secfirst piston.

0nd pistons to separate and draw liquid into said 13. A pump for pumping fiowable materials compriscylinders, and ingmagnitude-varying means is adjusted to cause said second piston to move in shorter strokes than the strokes of said g) second switch means to interrupt the supply of (a) a cylinder with an inlet port in its sidewall at one electric cur-rent to the electromagnet to deactuate it 7 point along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder and and limit the travel of said second plurality of pisan outlet port in its sidewall at another point along tons at the second end of their strokes to cause said the longitudinal axis of the cylinder,

first and second pistons to come together and force (b) two pistons arranged in tandem within the cylinder,

liquid out of the outlet port, (c) cyclic drive [means which strokes the two pistons (h) third switch :means to initiate the supply of curback and forth in synchronism within the cylinder,

1 1 1 2 said cyclic drive means being connected to one of 1,143,325 6/1915 Sherman 103-1 66 said pistons through a single drive rod and to the 1 274, 34 3 1913 Hudson 103 166 X other piston through a connection which. during op- 1 516 032 11/1924 White 1O3 166 eration of the drive means provides continuous eugagement of said drive means with said other piston 5 8/1942 et a1 103 38 wherein said single drive rod is sliding directly in fric- 3,013,498 12/1961 Davls 103166 tion bearings during a portion of the drive of said cyclic drive means, said bearings being connected to FOREIGN PATENTS rod-(given p s m d f th t k f 113,945 9/1941 Australia. means or varying t e magnitu e o e s ro e o said single rod connected piston with respect to the 10 27822 11/1906 Austria other piston so that said two pistons move relative to 782769 3/1935 Franceeach other at each end of the stroke, moving away 310,100 4/ 1929 Grfiat i from each other adjacent the inlet port to draw the 310,110 4/1929 G eat B it i flowable material into the cylinder and towards each 15 other adjacent the outlet port to expel the fiowable DONLEY J STOCKING Primary Emminer material from the cylinder.

WARREN E. COLE-MAN, MARK NEWMAN, References Cited by the Examiner Examiners UNITED STATES PATENTS 20 'W. L. FREE A 3 722 3/1903 Parkard 103 166 X H, sszstant Examine:

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3649204 *Sep 18, 1968Mar 14, 1972Farr Devices IncMetering pump for analytical samples
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US5639220 *Aug 17, 1995Jun 17, 1997Brother Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaPump with inlet and outlet simultaneously exposed to pump chamber and method of operating same
US6935539 *Nov 26, 2003Aug 30, 2005Esec Trading SaDevice for the metered delivery of a viscous liquid
US8287495Oct 10, 2011Oct 16, 2012Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc.Infusion pump system with disposable cartridge having pressure venting and pressure feedback
US8298184Oct 11, 2011Oct 30, 2012Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc.Infusion pump system with disposable cartridge having pressure venting and pressure feedback
US8506268 *Aug 14, 2007Aug 13, 2013Willy Vogel AgLubricant dosing pump and dosing method with two pistons movable with respect to one another
US8651840 *Jan 25, 2011Feb 18, 2014Dongguan China-Mold Electromechanical Equipment Co. Ltd.Plunger pump for fabricating soft capsules
US20080044303 *Aug 14, 2007Feb 21, 2008Dieter SchoenherrLubricant Dosing Pump and Dosing Method with Two Pistons Movable with Respect to One Another
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Classifications
U.S. Classification417/488, 417/539
International ClassificationF04B49/06, F04B3/00, F04B7/04, F04B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF04B49/06, F04B3/00, F04B7/045, F04B1/00
European ClassificationF04B49/06, F04B3/00, F04B1/00, F04B7/04B