|Publication number||US3302827 A|
|Publication date||Feb 7, 1967|
|Filing date||Mar 30, 1965|
|Priority date||Mar 30, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3302827 A, US 3302827A, US-A-3302827, US3302827 A, US3302827A|
|Original Assignee||American Mach & Foundry|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 7, L MASLOW COUNTER MOUNTED SELILLEVELING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed March 30, 1965 Feb. 7, 1967 MAsLow COUNTER MOUNTED SELF-LEVELING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 50, 1965 aff United States Patent O 3,302,827 COUNTER MUNTED SELF-LEVELING BEVICE Louis Maslow, Dallas, Pa., assignor to American Machine & Foundry Company, New York, NZ., a corporation of New .Iersey Filed Mar. 30, 1965, Ser. No. 443,917 9 Claims. (Cl. 22d-93) This invention relates to a self-leveling device for receiving, storing and dispensing articles.
Under many circumstances, it is desirable to dispose a series of articles in stacked relation in conjunction with a table or counter and to remove said articles therefrom as desired. In this, as well as in many other applications, it is quite important that the articles be maintained at a constant level with respect to the counter or table surface regardless of the number of stacked articles disposed upon the carrier in order to minimize the amount of effort required and to maintain the uppermost rack or article at the most desirable level.
It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a self-leveling device for receiving, storing and dispensing articles which is simple in arrangement and construction and which effectively maintains a plurality of articles in stacked relation, with the uppermost article being maintained at a predetermined level regardless of the number of articles comprising the stack.
Another object of this invention is to provide a selfleveling device of the character indicated which may be readily adjusted to accommodate various stacks of articles as when it is desired to change over from a stack comprised of articles of a certain weight and vertical dimension to a stack comprised of articles of a different unit weight or vertical dimension.
It is also an object of this invention to provide a device of the character indicated wherein it is not necessary to employ special types of spring elements in order to provide for the maintenance of a stack of articles at a predetermined constant level regardless of the number of articles comprising the stack and variations in the characteristics of the group.
An additional object of this invention is to provide an arrangement wherein a stack elevating spring is employed and means are provided for adjusting the leverage exerted upon the spring meansin accordance with the desired vertical displacement of each article comprising the stack to be supported thereby.
This invention also has for its object the provision of a device of the character indicated wherein positioning means are provided for accurately locating the uppermost article of the stack at a predetermined elevation.
Other and further objects of this invention will become apparent from the description thereof contained in the annexed specification, or will otherwise become obvious. It will be understood that the invention here disclosed may be employed for other purposes to which the structure and arrangement are adapted.
In the accompanying drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of a self-leveling device embodying the features of the instant invention, the showing being partly in section in order to illustrate the manner in which the device is mounted in the well of a counter or table;
FIGURE 2 is a front elevational view of the device shown in FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a top plan view of the device when viewed in the direction of the arrows 3 3 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional View of the device taken along line 4 4 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary vertical section taken along line 5 5 of FIGURE 1 illustrating the clamping stud arrangement;
FIGURE 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 6 6 of FIGURE 4 illustrating the arrangement of torque tube assembly;
FIGURE 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 7 7 of FIGURE 6;
FIGURE 8 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 8 3 of FIGURE 6;
FIGURE 9 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 9 9 of FIGURE 6;
FIGURE 1() is a fragmentary view of one of the reel flanges showing one of the bridging bosses forming part of the reel assembly, in perspective;
FIGURE 11 is a perspective view of a bridging boss particularly adapted to serve as an anchor for the suspension band loop;
FIGURE 12 is a fragmentary exploded view showing a reel flange and shaft assembly; and
FIGURE 13 is a cross-section taken along line 13 13 of FIGURE 12.
Other objects, benefits and advantages of this invention will appear from the drawing, specification and claims appended hereto.
A self-leveling, receiving, storing and dispensing device embodying the features of the instant invention as illustrated in FIGURES 1, 2, 3 and 4. As may be seen from said figures, the device comprises a supporting frame designated generally by the numeral lil which comprises a horizontal face plate l2 and `a vertically disposed perimetric flange depending from the interior of the opening in the face plate. The supporting frame is adapted to be disposed in an opening provided in a table or counter top indicated by the numeral 13 which may be provided with spaced housing walls I4. The supporting frame is thus adapted to suspend the device from the counter or table top into a well dened below said top surface.
The supporting frame 10 has suspended therefrom a carrier assembly designated generally by the numeral 40 by means of a pair of suspension bands 30 supported on the vertically disposed perimetric side walls of said supporting frame.
The carrier assembly 4i) comprises a carrier platform identified 'by the numeral 4l which is advantageously formed of front and rear angle members 42 and side angle members 43. The angle members define a carrier platform having horizontal inwardly directed portions 44 upon which the articles to `be supported are to be disposed as well as vertical portions 45 which define a perimetric confining wall 45 which serves to prevent the lateral displacement of any article disposed thereon. The vertical portions 45 of the side angle members 43 are additionally provided with inverted U shaped flanges 46. The side angle members 43 have secured thereto side plates 47 which in turn are provided with outwardly extending horizontal flanges 47a. Each of the side plates 47 is provided with a pair of idler pulleys 48 which are rotatably mounted adjacent the extremities of said side plates as by means of stud bolts 49 as maybe seen in FIGURE `1. The pulleys 48 may be formed of any suitable material. It has further been found particularly advantageous to form them of nylon. Each of the pulleys is provided with a circumferential groove within which the associated suspension band is received and guided.
The carrier assembly 4f) further includes a torque tube assembly designated generally by the numeral 50 and more particularly illustrated in FIGURES 6 and 7. As may be seen from said figures, the torque tube assembly 50 comprises a cylindrical tubular housing 51, each end of which is provided with a hell-shaped enlargement 52 within which a ball bearing 53 is received. The inner races of the ball bearings receive the ends of a hollow axle or shaft 54 which extends coaxially 'through said housing and is thereby adapted for relative rotation with respect to said housing. Referring now to FIGURE l2, it will further be seen that each end of shaft ftis provided with a key slot 55 which is adapted to receive a complementary key '75 formed on the collar portions 73 of each of the flange plates 7l. Shaft 54 is thus keyed to the suspension band reels 7@ for rotation therewith as will more clearly appear hereafter.
Intermediate of said ball bearings 53, there are provided flanged collars 56 and 58 which are disposed in proximity to said bearings. The reduced body portions of said collars are formed with grooves as indicated at 59 to xedly receive and anchor the ends of `a coiled torsion spring 6i). Collar 53 is -secured to shaft 54 for rotation therewith by means of a set screw or pin 59, the peripheral surface of the flange portion of said collar 53 being spaced from the inner wall of the tubular housing Si. Collar 56, on the other hand, is fixedly secured to the wall of housing 51 by means of a pin or setscrew 57 for rotation therewith. It will be noted that the wall of the bore through collar 56 is spaced from the peripheral surface of shaft S4. As heretofore indicated, the ends of torsion spring 60 are lixedly secured to the collars so that rotation of collar 56 with respect to axle shaft 54 as fby means of the rotation of housing 51 Winds said spring biasing it and imparting a set or corresponding resistance to opposite rotation which may be exerted on shaft 54 and communicated to reels 70.
The end portions of tubular housing 51 are provided with clamps 110 which are secured to the horizontal portions 44 of the carrier platform as by means of bolts 111. The loosening of -bolts 111 permits the tubular housing Sll lto `be manually grasped and rotated with relation to axle shaft 54 to impart the desired degree of initial tension, set or bias, to torsion spring 60. When the desired bias or set has been achieved, the tightening of bolts lll causes the housing to be firmly gripped and to be retained in fixed position against further rotation. An initial bias or set is thus imposed upon axle shaft 54 which is communicated to the reels 7@ and consequently to the entire carrier assembly as will more clearly appear hereafter.
The carrier assembly 40 is suspended "by means of suspension bands 3ft, portions of which are wound about suspension band reels 70 disposed at the ends of the torque -tube assembly. These suspension band reels are essentially similar to each other and each comprises an inboard flange plate 71 which is provided with an operative face 72 having a plurality of radial grooves 76 each communicated with a central annular depression 78. The opposing surface of the flange plate 71 is provided with a collar 73 having a keyway 74 formed in the ybore thereof. The opposing or outboard flange plate of the suspension band reels 7@ is identified by the numeral Sfl and comprises an operative face 8l which has formed therein a scroll or spiral groove 84 anda centrally disposed spacer or core projection 82 provided with a keyway 74. The spiral grooves formed in the operative faces of the flange plates 8f) are of opposite hand. There is also provided a recess 83 in the outer surface of each of the flange plates `80. As will be noted from FIGURE 6, a tie rod `S5 having threaded ends extends through the interior of hollow shaft 54 co-axially `therewith and is provided with swaged ears 86 which are disposed within the keyways 74 formed in the core projection 82 of the flange plates `80. Each end of the tie rod 85 is provided with a threaded nut for cooperative engagement therewith. Nut 88 is Welded or otherwise flxedly secured to the body of its yassociated flange plate 80 while nut 89 in threaded engagement with the other end of said tie rod is removably disposed thereon.
The reels are further provided with a plurality of bosses more particularly illustrated in FIGURE l0. Each of said bosses comprise a foot or base portion 92 at one end thereof and an outwardly projecting arcuate tongue 93 at the other end thereof. The foot or base portion 92 of each of the bridging bosses 91 is adapted to be disposed Within one of the radial grooves 76 of the ange plates 71 and is capable of sliding movement within said groove. The outwardly projecting arcuate tongue 93 of each of bridging bosses 91 extends into the confronting spiral groove formed in flange plates Sil. It will be noted that the outwardly projecting tongue 93 of the body portion 96 of each of the bridging bosses 91 is offset from the arcuate upper surface or crown 94 of said body portion to a differing degree. Referring `more specifically to FIGURES S and 9 it will be noted that this offset increases from bridging boss 91a through bridging boss `91h in a counter-clockwise direction. The offset is introduced for the purpose of compensating for the fact that the spiral `groove departs from a true circle in 360 of revolution by the radial distance between adjacent grooves. By means of this offset, the crown surfaces 94 of the bridging bosses more closely approximate a perfect circle. Body portion 96d of -bridging boss 91d is in the form of a cylinder so as to more conveniently receive the loop portion 31 of the suspension band 30. It will be noted that the body portions 96 of the boss 91 bridge the space between the confronting operative faces of each pair of flange plates and form a squirrel cage hub of circular conformation, the diameter of the circle being determined by the portion of the spiral groove Within which the bridging bosses are disposed. It will further be apparent that the diameter of the hub cage designated generally by the numeral 90 thus formed may be changed by relative rotation of a spirally grooved flange plate with respect to its confronting radially grooved flange plate 7l. It will further be noted particularly from FIGURE 6 that when unit 89 is loosened, the spirally grooved flange plate 80 may be rotated with respect to its associated radially groove flange plate 71. However, since the keys 86 at the ends of the tie rod are in engagement with the keyways formed in the core portions 82, the spirally grooved flange plates 80 are tied together for `simultaneous movement. Since the spiral grooves in each of the flange plates S0 are of opposite hand, it will be `apparent that rotation of the flange plates will simultaneously increase or decrease the diameter of the hub cage defined by the bridging bosses.
As heretofore indicated, portions of the suspension bands are wound about the hub cages of the suspension band reels 70. The suspension bands 30 are each advantageously comprised of a continuous loop of flexible stainless steel strip material. The continuous loop may be formed by winding or riveting the free ends of each band and the bands are each trained about an associated pair of studs 2f) and idler pulleys 48. A portion of each endless band is looped about bridging stud 96h as indicated in FIGURE 9 so that the band emerges tangentially of the reel hub cage at diametrically opposite points. As a consequence of this, each reel will simultaneously wind or unwind the suspension band in a balanced manner. Furthermore, it will be apparent that the diameter of the hub cage formed in each of the reels may be changed by unwinding the band from the reel and repositioning the :bridging studs by relative rotation between the flange portions of each reel in order to achieve a circle of desired diameter whereupon the band may be rewound thereon. Varying the diameter of the reel hub cage in this manner permits the position of the suspension band to be varied with respect to the center of the reel. The moment arm of the band with respect to the axis of the reel may be set for any desired length. An infinite variation of the lever or moment arm is also possible since this variation is accomplished in a continuous rather than in a incremental or step manner.
As heretofore indicated, the suspension bands 30 are looped or trained about the clamping studs 20. The suspension bands are of equal length and permit the carrier assembly to descend to a desired lower limit. The suspension band reels 70 are keyed for simultaneous rotation and consequently, the .bands are simultaneously wound about each reel when rotated in one direction causing the carrier assembly to ascend whereas rotation of the reel in the opposite direction causes the unwinding of the bands and the descent of the carrier assembly. The upper limit of movement of the carrier assembly is determined by the abutment of the inverted U shaped anges 46 with the confronting surfaces of the vertically disposed perimetric ange 12 of the supporting frame ll0.
The clamping studs 2t) are comprised of a threaded screw 21 provided with a collar 22 .and a clamping wash- 'er 23 of larger outer diameter when the outer diameter of the collar. The length of collar 22 is selected so that it is slightly less than the width of band 30 disposed thereon. As a result of this arrangement, the tightening of screw 21 results in the imposition of a clamping force upon a portion of the band 30.
It will be apparent from the foregoing that there has thus been provided an arrangement wherein a carrier assembly for receiving stacked articles and maintaining the uppermost article of the stack at a predetermined level is provided. The carrier assembly 4t) is suspended from a supporting frame which may be disposed in an opening or well defined in a table top or counter. The suspension means comprise a pair of flexible cables or bands 30 in continuous loop form which are looped about projecting studs along each side of the supporting frame. Each of the bands is further wound about an associated reel 70 in such manner that portions of the band are wound thereabout in diametrically opposed relation so that simultaneous rotation of the reels in one direction as by the removal of a load from the carrier serves to Wind the bands about the reels and elevates the carrier Vassembly while the imposition of additional load on the carrier causes rotation of said reels in the opposite direction and causes the bands to be unwound from the reels simultaneous with the descent of the carrier and the stacked articles disposed thereon as may `be seen in FIGURE l. The carrier assembly includes a torque tube assembly 50 including a torsion coil spring 60 which serves to provide a biasing force for the reels in order to maintain the carrier assembly in elevated position under no load conditions and controls its ascent and descent under varying loads. As a load is placed upon the carrier assembly it is caused to descend a distance determined by the degree of resistance of the coil spring to further tensioning. The amount of deflection of the coil spring under any given band will depend upon the lever or moment arm of the suspension bands with respect to the axis of the reels. This moment arm arm is determined by the radius of the circular lhub cage formed on the reels by means of a circular -array of bosses provided. This moment arm may be set to any desired radius so that the degree of deflection and consequent vertical movement of the carrier for any given weight may be controlled. In this manner it is possible to adjust the distance that the carrier platform will drop as each article is added to the stack. The carrier may therefore be readily adapted for accommodating groups of articles such as dish racks or the like of various heights, I(the height and weight of the members of the group being uniform, while maintaining the uppermost article on the stack at a uniform predetermined level. When the stack is to be composed of racks of a different weight or height the vertical travel of the carrier for each of the additional weights may be adjusted by appropriate initial setting of the coil spring of the torque tube assembly in conjunction with the positioning of the moment arm of the bands with respect to the axis of each band reel. The initial adjustment of the device may be accomplished in the following manner. The torque tube clamps 110 are released for rotation by loosening of screws 111. This permits the housing 51 and axle shaft 54 to rotate freely and consequently releases the tension upon coil spring 60. The suspension band reels are thus permitted to rotate, unwinding the suspension bands as the entire carrier assembly descends to its lowermost point. At this point, bridging stud 91h is uppermost and the tape extends vertically therefrom, all of the remaining bridging studs 91 being free of tape. Nut 89 is loosened so as to permit relative rotation between each pair of lianges comprising a reel and to free the bridging studs for sliding movement. Rotation of either one of the spirally `grooved flanges ii@ will then result in a simultaneous rotation of the other of said spirally grooved flange plates 8@ on the opposing side of the carrier. The diameter of the hub cage may thus be reduced or increased in size as desired by the rotation of the spirally grooved flanges resulting in the radial displacement of the bridging bosses.
When the circular array of bridging bosses reach the desired diameter, the tightening of the nut 89 will result in fixing the bosses in position in a circular array of the desired diameter. Manual rotation of the housing will now cause each of the bands to be wound about its associated reel causing the assembly to rise with some initial tensioning of the coil springs'. When the carrier assembly reaches the upper limit of its movement as determined by abutment of the inverted channel portions with the lower edge of the supporting frame, further manual rotation of the housing portion of the torque tube assembly significantly tensions the coil spring since the suspension bands now prevent further rotation of the reels and the axle shaft. When the coil spring thas been set to the desired tension or bias, the clamps are locked by tightening their associated screws. It should be noted that the tangential offset of the arms of the clamps forms a clamping loop which tends to assist in preventing the counter rotation of the housing.
The arrangement further permits the carrier assembly to be readily adjusted to level condition whenever such adjustment is desired. The leveling adjustment is accom plished in the following manner. With the carrier in unloaded condition and disposed at the top of its travel, the screws 2l of the clamping studs 2t) are retracted. This action frees each of the suspension bands rfor movement. With the torque tube assembly clamps opened, the housing thereof is rotated in the direction for elevating the carrier until the suspension bands are equalized by the abutment `of all four corners `of the supporting frame with the inverted U shaped channels of the carrier. With the four corners of the carrier assembly thus accurately located, the carrier is in level condition and the screws of the clamping studs are driven home to clamp the bands against furtherl movement thereon.y
Leveling the carrier may also be accomplished by opening of the torque tube clamps `and permitting the carrier to descend to its lowermost position at which point the screws of the clamping studs are opened thereby permitting the bands to equalize. The tightening of the screws on the clamping studs then results in xing the bands against further movement.
j The embodiment of the invention illustrated and described hereinabove has been selected for the purpose of clearly setting forth the principles involved. It will be apparent, however, that the present invention is susceptible to being modified in respect to details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts which may be resorted to without departure from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.
1. A self-leveling device comprising a support, a carnier assembly including a platform suspended from said support for vertical movement with respect thereto, suspension means extending between said support and said carrier vassembly for suspending said carrier assembly from said support, said suspension means comprising a suspension band extending between each of a pair of opposing sides of said support and a corresponding opposing side of said carrier assembly, a reel means for each of said opposing sides of said carrier assembly, each of said bands being trained about portions of said support and said carrier assembly and having portions thereof wound about one of said reel means to .form a pair o-f continuous loops suspending said carrier assembly from said support, said reel means each comprising a pair of spaced apart flange members, one flange member of each pair being provided with a spiral groove formed in the operative face thereof and the Other flange member thereof being provided with a plurality of radially extending grooves on the operative face thereof, said operative faces being in confronting relation, a plurality of bridging elements for each of said reels, each of said bridging members having portions extending into the radial groove in alignment therewith, said bridging elements in each reel being disposed in a circular array dening a hub cage therefor about which one ozf said bands is wound, the level at which said Carrier assembly is disposed with respect to said support being determined by the extent to which said bands are wound about said reels.
2. The device according to claim 1 wherein the bridging element includes a body portion, one end of which is provided with a outwardly projecting tongue disposed within said portion of said spiral groove, the other end of said body being provided with a base portion being disposed in the .portion -of said radial groove in alignment therewith.
3. The device according to claim .2 wherein the tongue portions of adjacent bridging elements are offset with respect to the body portions to a differing degree.
4. The device according to claim 2 wherein the body portion of one of the bridging elements of each circular array is cylindrical.
5. A self-leveling device -comprising in -combination a supporting frame including a horizontally disposed face plate and a vertically disposed perimetric flange extending from the opening thereof to define a well opening, a carrier assembly disposed within the well thus defined suspended for vertical movement, in accordance with the weight yof -articles disposed thereon, the suspension means for said carrier assembly comprising a pair of suspension band loops disposed along opposing sides of said perimetric flange and the carrier assembly, the sides of said perimetric flange being provided with bosses about which said bands are trained, said carrier assembly including torque tube means including .a torsion spring for biasing said carrier to elevated position, said torque tube means including a pair of spaced apart reels having hubs for receiving portions of said loops wound thereabout and being operatively connected with said spring, said reels including means for continuously varying the lever arm presented by the hub portions of said reels with respect to the axes thereof, the Ilevel at which said carrier assembly is maintained being determined by the extent to .which portions of said loops are wound about said reels.
6. A self-leveling device comprising a support, a carrier assembly including a platform suspended from said support for vertical movement with respect thereto, suspension means extending between said support and said carrier assembly for suspending said carrier assembly from said support, said suspension means comprising a suspension band extending between each of .a pair of opposing sides of said support and a corresponding opposing side of said carrier assembly, a reel means for each of said opposing sides of said carrier assembly, each of said bands being trained :about portions of said support and said carrier assembly and having portions thereof wound about one of said reel means to form a pai-r of continuous loops suspending said carrier assembly from said support, said reel means each comprising a pair of spaced apart flange members, one of said flange members being provided with a face having a spiral groove and the confronting face of the -other of said flange members having a plurality of radial grooves formed therein, bridging elements extending between spiral and radial groove pairs arranged in circular arrays and defining a hub cage about which a band is wound, said reel means being spring biased for urging said reels toward a wound condition for elevating said carrier,
7. The device according to claim 6 wherein each spirally grooved llange member is mounted for rotation with respect to its associated radially flanged member whereby the diameter of said hub cage may be varied.
8. The device according to claim 7 wherein said spirally grooved llange members are mounted for simultaneous rotation for simu-ltaneously varying the diameter of the hub cages of said reels.
9. A self-leveling device comprising a support, a carrier assembly including a platform suspended from said support for vertical movement with respect thereto, suspension means extending between said support and said carrie-r assembly fo-r suspending said carrier assembly from said support, said suspension means comprising a suspension band extending between each of a pair of opposing sides of said support and a corresponding opposing side yof said carrier assembly, a reel means for each of said opposing sides of said carrier assembly, each of said bands being trained about portions of said support and said carrier assembly and having portions thereof wound about one of said reel means to form a pair of continuous loops suspending said carrier assembly from said support, a shaft rotatably supporte-d by said carrier, said shaft being biased by a torsion spring disposed thereon and being provided wtih means for imparting an initial bias thereto, each of said reel means being provided with means for selectively varying the leverage exerted by said bands upon said spring, in a continuous manner, said means comprising .a pair of spaced apart flanges mounted for relative rotation one Iwith respect to the other, the confronting faces of said flanges being provided with spiral and radial grooves respectively, bridging means disposed within the grooves of each confronting pair arranged in circular arrays defining a squirrel cage hub about which portions of said bands are wound and presenting a lever arm extending radially between said pulleys, the diameter of said circular arrays being variable by relative rotation between the members of each pair.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,064,503 6/19'13 Lewis et al. 312-306 1,555,988 10/1925 Kiss 312-306 1,739,431 12/ 1929 Willauer 220-93 2,148,983 2/1939 Grubb.
2,243,940 6/ 1941 Ball.
2,549,664 4/ 1951 Collins 312-312 .2,717,085 9/1955 Waddington 220-93 THERON E. CONDON, Primary Examiner.
RAPHAEL H. SCHWARTZ, Examiner,
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION February 7, 1967` Patent No. 3,302,827
Louis Maslow ears in the above numbered pat- It is hereby certified that error app d Letters Patent should read as ent requiring correction and that the sai corrected below.
line 13, after "into" insert a portion of Column 7,
tion extending into a spiral groove as well as a por Signed and sealed this 17th day of October 1967 (SEAL) Attest:
EDWARD J. BRENNER Edward M. Fletcher, Jr.
Commissioner of Patents Attesting Officer i
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|US1739431 *||Apr 4, 1928||Dec 10, 1929||William R Willauer||Apparatus for dispensing ice cream|
|US2148983 *||Jun 22, 1936||Feb 28, 1939||Servel Inc||Refrigerator|
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|US2717085 *||Oct 20, 1950||Sep 6, 1955||American Mach & Foundry||Self-leveling, storing and dispensing apparatus|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3428185 *||Nov 10, 1966||Feb 18, 1969||Vorndran Gerald F||Apparatus for storing and dispensing stacked articles|
|US3454319 *||Nov 3, 1967||Jul 8, 1969||United Service Equipment Co In||Self-leveling lifter|
|US3722970 *||Apr 19, 1971||Mar 27, 1973||Peters & Co Inc||Dispensing apparatus|
|US3739879 *||Nov 12, 1971||Jun 19, 1973||Shelley Mfg Co||Torsion bar elevating mechanism for self-leveling dispensers|
|US3872803 *||Jul 17, 1973||Mar 25, 1975||Daifuku Machinery Works||Handcart|
|US4629072 *||Dec 17, 1984||Dec 16, 1986||P.O.P. Displays, Inc.||Apparatus for storing and dispensing stacked articles|
|US4697857 *||Dec 12, 1986||Oct 6, 1987||Anteg, Inc.||Feeder bin|
|US4729481 *||Jan 10, 1986||Mar 8, 1988||Pcr Company||Apparatus for advancing shelved goods|
|U.S. Classification||312/71, 211/59.3, 312/306|
|International Classification||B65G1/06, B65G1/07|