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Publication numberUS3302853 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 7, 1967
Filing dateJun 21, 1965
Priority dateJun 21, 1965
Publication numberUS 3302853 A, US 3302853A, US-A-3302853, US3302853 A, US3302853A
InventorsLocke Frank W
Original AssigneeWaldorf Paper Prod Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container closures
US 3302853 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 7, 1967 F. w. LOCKE CONTAINER CLOSURES Filed June 21, 1965 INVENTOR FRANK W. Loam? ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,302,853 CUNTAHNER CLUEiURlES Frank W. Locke, Minneapolis, Minn, assignor to Waldorf Paper Products Company, St. Paul, Minn, a corporation of Minnesota Filed June 21, 1965, Ser. No. ll-65,349 4 Claims. ((Il. 229-419) This invention relates to an improvement in container closures and deals particularly with a locking assembly for the top of a regular slotted container.

Containers, particularly corrugated containers, are used to package a wide variety of items ranging from washing machines to nuts and bolts. When a container is used for the purpose of packaging a relatively large and light item such as, for example, a toy truck, it is usually unnecessary to staple, glue, or otherwise seal the container. As a matter of fact, in the packaging of many toys, it is undesirable to staple, glue or otherwise seal the container since the purchaser, generally one other than the user of the toy, must break the seal to view the toy. A child who receives a toy in a container which has been previously opened oftentimes becomes disturbed in receiving a toy which has been broken.

Many manufacturers produce their wares in such size and weight variations that expensive automated packaging machinery is not economically feasible. Yet the profit margin many small manufacturers are subjected to by their larger competitors is small and a package which affords ease of packaging and no necessity for packaging machinery is very advantageous.

Many closures presently available have locking features which do not require packaging machinery and which allow the container to be opened for review of the contents without destroying the container. However, some of these locking features require more stock of corrugated board or are designed for closing a container which is not filled, for example, a locking assembly which must. be pushed inwardly into the container to engage various flaps which pop back in locked position ready for the container to receive contents.

Other closures, although they require no packaging machinery, do not maintain the container in square since the flaps generally used as container forming members are used as locking tabs. Therefore, the container is weakened if container forming members are not used since is has a susceptibility to collapse from lack of proper support from within.

It is an object of my invention to provide a container which may be easily opened to review contents, which may be reclosed without evidence that the container was ever, in fact, opened, and which container once closed and locked is adequately locked for proper product protection.

It is an object of my invention to provide a container closure which may be closed when the container is filled. It is also an object of my invention to use a locking means which does not take from the protection afforded by the container forming members which tend to keep the container in square and prevent it from collapsing.

It is a further object of my invention to provide a container which is efficiently assembled, filled, closed, and locked without the aid of costly packaging machinery. Another object of my invention is to provide a locking closure which does not use more corrugated stock than is commonly used in the manufacture of a regular slotted container.

These and other objects and novel features of the present invention will be more clearly and fully set forth in the following specification and claims.

"ice

In the drawings, forming a part of the specification,

FIGURE 1 is a diagrammatic view of a portion of the container showing the container in partially closed position with locking tabs partially in place.

FIGURE 2 is a diagrammatic view of a portion of the container showing a locking tab prior to being placed in locked position. Side flap apertures are shown in opposed relation ready to receive the locking tab.

FIGURE 3 is a cross sectional partial view of the locking tab arrangement in locked position. The view is taken along section line 33 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 4 is a diagrammatic view of a portion of the container showing locking tabs, side flaps with side flap apertures and container forming members in open position.

FIGURE 5 is a diagrammatic view of the blank from which the container is formed.

The drawings disclose a container having a single end closure, the other end of the container not being illustrated. In actual practice, the other end of the container could be free of closure flaps, if the container were to be of a cover type, or could be provided with closure flaps of conventional form of the type known as a regular slotted container or a full overlapped style container. As these closures are well known in the art, and as the opposite end closure has nothing to do with the present invention, only one container end has been shown.

As shown in FIGURE 5 of the drawings, the container includes an end wall 10, a side wall 11, a second end wall 12, and a second side wall 13, these walls being connected along parallel fold lines 14, 15, and 116, respectively. A glue flap or stitch flap 17' is hingedly connected to an end panel of the series, such as side wall 13 along fold line 19. Alternatively, the stitch flap 17 may be eliminated in the manufacturers joint and the container may be taped closed.

The side walls 11 and 1.3 are provided with side flaps 2d and 21, respectively, connected to an edge of the side walls along a fold line 22. The side flaps 20 and 21 are preferably each of an area substantially equal to onehalf the area of the closure so that these flaps, when folded into a common plane, are in edge abutting and coplanar relation. Two substantially rectangular side flap notches 23 are formed in the end edge of the side flap 2t) and two similar rectangular side flap notches 24 are formed in the end edge of the closure of the side flap 21. The side flap notches 23 are defined by cut lines 25 which extend into the flaps at substantially right angular relation to the end edge 26 of the side flap 20 by cut lines 27 substantially perpendicular to out line 25 and a substantial distance from end edge 2-6 and by cut line 29 substantially parallel to cut line 25 and perpendicular to end edge 26 and communicating with cut line 27. The side flap notches 24- in side flap 21 are similarly defined by right angularly extending cut line 36 from end edge 31. Cut line 32, a substantial distance from end edge 31 and substantially perpendicular to cut line 3ll, connects to cut line 33 which is substantially perpendicular to and connecting with end edge 31 and substantially parallel to cut line 30.

Side flap notches 23 and 24 are spaced at equal distances from the side edges of the side flaps 20 and 21 so that when the side fiaps 20 and 2-1 are folded into coplanar relation relation and edge abutting relation, the opposed side flap notches 23 and 24 combine to form substantially rectangular apertures. of a predetermined width.

End flaps 34 and 35 are hingedly connected to the edges of the end walls ill and 12, respectively, along the fold line 22. Container forming member 36 is formed from end flap 34. Container forming member 36 is hingedly connected to end wall along fold line 22 and includes side edges parallel to the side walls and an end edge substantially equal in width to the end wall. Locking tab 37 is formed from end 34 and is connected to end wall 10. The locking tab 37 is defined by cut lines 39 and 40, respectively, which converge from fold line 22, a substantial distance inwardly from the side edges of end wall 10, toward a narrow or neck portion 41. Obviously, the cut lines 39 and 40 need not be straight as shown but may be curved. A locking tongue 42 is substantially wider than the neck portion and the width is substantially equal to the combined widths of side flap notches 23 and 24. The locking tab 37 is foldable inwardly along parallel transverse fold lines 43 and 44 which are parallel to fold line 22.

In a similar manner, end flap 35 consists of container forming member 45 hingedly connected to end wall 12 along fold line 22 and locking tab 46 connected to end wall 12. Locking tab 46 consists of cut lines converging from fold line 22 a substantial distance inwardly from fold lines and 16 toward a neck portion 47. Locking tongue 49 is connected to neck portion 47 and is of a width substantially equal to the combined width of side flap notches 23 and 24'. The locking tab 46- is foldable inwardly along parallel transverse fold lines 50 and 51 which are parallel to fold line 22.

In closing the container end, container forming members 36 and 45 are folded inwardly into coplanar relation as shown in FIGURE 4. Next, side flaps and 21 are folded inwardly into coplanar and edge abutting relation as shown in FIGURE 2. Locking tabs 37 and 46 are then folded inwardly along fold lines 43, 44, 50, and 51, respectively, as shown in FIGURE 1 and also in cross section in FIGURE 3. Locking tongues 42 and 49 are inserted in side flap notches 23- and 24, thereby engaging the locking tonegue in the notches and securing the surface portions of the notches against the edge of the locking tongues 42 and 49.

To disassemble the locking tab and thereby open the container, locking tabs 37 and 46 are simply folded inwardly more abruptly along fold lines 43, 44, 50, and 51, respectively, and forced inwardly into the side flap notches 23 and 24 and then eased from these side flap notches. The side flaps 20 and 21 and container forming members 36 and 45 are folded upwardly and access may be obtained to the container. All the flaps may then be folded back into the plane of the walls to which they are hinged and the container may be flattened and stored for reuse.

In accordance with the patent statutes, I have described the principles of construction and operation of my improvement in container closure; While I have endeavored to set forth the best embodiment thereof, I desire to have it understood that obvious changes may be made within the scope of the following claims without departing from the spirit of my invention.

1 claim:

1. A closure for a container having opposed side and end walls hingedly connected in tubular relation, the closure including:

end flaps hingedly connected to the end walls,

container forming members formed from each end flap hingedly connected to the end walls and including side edges parallel to the side walls, and an end edge substantially equal in width to the end wall, the container forming members folded into coplanar and edge abutting relation,

side flaps hingedly connected to the side walls including notches in the end edges of the side flaps in opposed relation to form apertures of a predetermined width through the side flaps, folded inwardly into coplanar and edge abutting relation and into face contact with said container forming members, and

locking tabs formed from each end flap and connected to the end walls including a neck portion being narrowed in width from the juncture of the locking tab and the end wall, and a locking tongue connected along the neck portion being of a width equal to the predetermined width of the side flap notches folded downwardly and inserted so that when the locking tongues extend through the side flap notches, the locking tongues engage surface portions of the side flap notches thereby locking the container, 2. A closure for container having opposed side and end walls hingedly connected in tubular relation, the closure including:

end flaps hingedly connected to the end walls, container forming members formed from each end flap hingedly connected to the end walls and including side edges parallel to the side walls, and an end edge substantially equal in width to the end wall, the container forming members folded into coplanar and edge abutting relation, side flaps hingedly connected to the side walls including notches in the end edges of the side flaps in opposed relation to form apertures of a predetermined width through the side flaps, folded inwardly into coplanar and edge abutting relation and into face contact with said container forming members, and

locking tabs formed from each end flap and connected to the end walls including closely spaced parallel transverse fold lines parallel to the end wall top edge and a substantial distance therefrom,

a neck portion being narrowed in width from the juncture of the locking tab and the end wall, and a locking tongue connected along the neck portion being of a width equal to the predetermined width of the side flap notches folded downwardly along the transverse fold lines and inserted so that when the locking tongues extend through the side flap notches, the locking tongues engage surface portions of the side flap notches thereby locking the container. 3. A closure for a container having opposed side and end walls hingedly connected in tubular relation, the closure including:

end flaps hingedly connected to the end walls, container forming members formed from each end flap hingedly connected to the end walls and including side edges parallel to the side walls, and an end edge substantially equal in width to the end wall, the container forming members folded into coplanar and edge abutting relation, side flaps hingedly connected to the side walls including notches in the end edges of the side flaps in opposed relation to form apertures of a predetermined width through the side flaps, folded inwardly into coplanar and edge abutting relation and into face contact with said container forming members, and

locking tabs formed from each end flap and hingedly connected to the end walls including a transverse fold line parallel to the end wall top edge and a substantial distance therefrom,

a neck portion being narrowed in width from the juncture of the locking tab and the end wall, and

a locking tongue connected along the neck portion being of a width equal to the predetermined width of the side flap notches folded downwardly along the transverse fold line and inserted so that when the locking tongues extend through the side flap notches, the locking tonques engage surface portions of the side flap notches thereby locking the container.

5 6 4. The structure of claim 1 and in which all of said 2,400,443 5/1946 Stopper 22939 flaps are of substantially equal length. 2,768,778 10/1956 Ferguson et al. 22939 XR 3,201,026 8/1965 Travis et al. 22939 References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PA 5 JOSEPH R. LECLAIR, Primary Examiner.

1,546,601 7/1925 Morris 22939 DAVIS T. MOORHEAD, Examiner.

2,349,707 5/1944 DEsposito 22939

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1546601 *Mar 19, 1923Jul 21, 1925Richardson CoContainer
US2349707 *Sep 19, 1942May 23, 1944Container CorpContainer lock
US2400443 *Apr 22, 1944May 14, 1946Diamond Paper And Box CoPortable carton
US2768778 *Jan 5, 1954Oct 30, 1956Anderson Box CompanyLocking device for containers
US3201026 *Aug 12, 1963Aug 17, 1965Corning Fibre BoxReclosure device for automatically formed and sealed corrugated containers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3989181 *Jan 21, 1976Nov 2, 1976Inland Container CorporationPartitioned container having self locking top and bottom forming flaps
US4000811 *Mar 12, 1975Jan 4, 1977Lone Star Container Sales CorporationShipping-display container
US4119205 *Jul 21, 1977Oct 10, 1978Delpack LimitedPalletized containers
US4279377 *Nov 15, 1979Jul 21, 1981Champion International CorporationCarton with self-locking top and bottom closure flaps and blank therefor
US4279379 *May 23, 1980Jul 21, 1981Champion International CorporationCarton with self-locking end closure and blank for forming same
US4361267 *Feb 11, 1981Nov 30, 1982Roger M. WozniackiFour-corner design for octagonal container
US4367840 *Nov 6, 1981Jan 11, 1983Labatt Brewing Company LimitedContainer
US4386729 *Mar 23, 1981Jun 7, 1983International Paper CompanySelf-locking design for octagonal container
US4392372 *Feb 20, 1981Jul 12, 1983Fisher & Paykel LimitedMethod and apparatus for flanging tube ends
US5573175 *Dec 21, 1994Nov 12, 1996Jefferson Smurfit CorporationOctagonal container with lock bottom
US5755377 *Oct 28, 1996May 26, 1998Verrerie Cristallerie D'arques, J. G. Durand Et CieCarton having additional rectilinear corners
US7159761 *Jul 29, 2003Jan 9, 2007International Paper CompanyPush lock
US7740163Jan 8, 2007Jun 22, 2010Tony Joseph AbshirePush lock
WO1995013968A1 *Nov 18, 1994May 26, 1995Guy CoalierCrate made of sheet material and provided with a lockable lid, and blank for producing same
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/157
International ClassificationB65D5/10, B65D5/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65D5/10
European ClassificationB65D5/10