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Publication numberUS3302854 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 7, 1967
Filing dateMar 30, 1965
Priority dateSep 26, 1961
Publication numberUS 3302854 A, US 3302854A, US-A-3302854, US3302854 A, US3302854A
InventorsEric L Midgley, Norman A Rhodes, John A Hayward
Original AssigneeSweetheart Plastics
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cluster of covers
US 3302854 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

9 W67 E. L. MIDGLEY ETAL 3,302,854

CLUSTER 0F COVERS Original Filed Sept. 26. 1961 INVENTOR S ERR; L. ol

fizz 014195 69, Manes BY Jail V4. IMVMWM ATTORNEY United States Patent 2 Claims. (Cl. 22943) This invention relates to disposable plastic container covers. This application is a division of our earlier application Serial No. 140,841 now Patent No. 3,180,191.

Recently machines have been developed to fill simultaneously a plurality of cups with soft drinks and thereafter to cover the cups to facilitate the sale of beverages during periods of peak demand at parks, fairs, and other large gatherings. The need for such equipment will be appreciated upon consideration of the following typical example of Where such machines may be used. During a lull in activities at a ball park there is a great demand on the part of the spectators for soft drinks, while during periods of excitement the fans do not buy liquid refreshments. Therefore, the vendors at the park must take maximum advantage of the short periods of heavy demand if the business is to be successful. In order to take full advantage of the opportunities offered, each vendor must quickly replenish his supply of beverages when they are exhausted, and return to the fans before their thirst is subrogated by renewed activities on the field. The recently developed equipment is intended to make this possible.

The recently developed equipment alluded to above makes it possible for a vendor to replenish his inventory quickly by simultaneously filling as many as twenty or more cups. Briefly, this is accomplished as follows: trays carrying perhaps twenty cups are placed in a dispensing machine which simultaneously discharges ice, beverage syrup and water (in the case of soft drinks) into each of the cups. Thereafter, the trays are removed from the machine and lids must be placed on each of the filled cups. The cups may be covered very rapidly if the lids are formed as a cluster connected together by tabs or other means so that in one operation lids may be placed over all of the cups in the tray. Closing of the cups may then be accomplished by a machine which presses the lids firmly on the cups and thereafter severs each of the lids from the others in the cluster.

Heretofore the apparatus for filling and closing cups described briefly above has not been fully exploited as the clusters of lids for closing the cups have not been available. While the general design of the lid cluster is dictated by the arrangement of the cups in the trays, plastic manufacturers have been unable to produce the clusters at low enough prices to make them economically practical.

One important object of this invention is to provide a cluster of lids wherein each of the lids readily aligns itself with the particular cup to be covered and has a snap fit with the cup.

The cluster of lids about which this invention is centered includes a plurality of lids formed by any suitable process in a sheet of material. Each of the lids includes a-downwardly flared wall which is adapted to extend over and engage the rim or lip of the cup on which the lid is mounted. Extending outwardly from the bottom of each lid is a margin or flange oriented generally normal to the lid axis and cut from the unformed portion of the sheet in which the lids are formed. The several lids are arranged in longitudinal and transverse rows that may be normal to one another, depending of course upon the arrangement of cups held in the tray for filling, and are spaced apart a distance which exceeds the sum of the width of the margins of adjacent lids. The margins of adjacent lids in the transverse and longitudinal rows are secured together by tabs which are also cut from the unformed portion of the sheet in which the lids are originally formed. Thus, the lids, margins and tabs when severed from the sheet make up a lace-like pattern.

The individual lids of the cluster are provided with the wide flared skirts that fit over the rims of the cups and each skirt is formed with an undercut portion at the top whichsnaps over the rolled rim of the cup. Thus, the flared skirt serves as a guide to position the lid in place and the undercut portion grips the rim to retain the lid in place after it is pushed downwardly on the cup.

In detail, the lid cluster when out from the sheet has a scalloped outer margin with the scallops along each side formed by substantially 180 of arc of the lid margins lying in one of the outer rows of the cluster. The scallops are connected by straight edges formed by the sides of tabs joining the margins about the lids. Inwardly of the edges of the cup cluster are openings or cutouts each of which is defined by a portion of the periphery of four adjacent lids and the tabs which join them.

These and other objects, features and advantages of my invention will be better understood and'appreciated from the following detailed description of one embodiment thereof, selected for purposes of illustration and shown in the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a view in perspective of a cluster of lids constructed in accordance with this invention; and

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of two of a cluster of lids positioned on the rims of a pair of cups.

The lids 36 in the cluster shown in FIG. 1 include a top Wall 37 and a depending flared skirt 39 surrounded by an annular margin 38 and that the margins of adjacent lids are connected together by tabs 40. Thus, the cluster of lids shown in FIG. 1 has in outline a scalloped margin wherein the scallops are defined by approximately 180 of the periphery of the margin 38, and the scallops are joined by the side edges of the tabs 40. Cutouts 42 are severed from the interior portion of the sheet and are defined by the ancs of adjacent lids and the edges of the tabs. Thus, each cutout 42 in FIG. 1 is defined by four arcs 44 each a little less than and four joining straight edges 46 defined by the side edges of the tabs. In the cluster of twelve lids shown in FIG. 1 there are six cutouts of scrap 42 between the lids arranged in longitudinal and transverse rows normal to one another.

In FIG. 2, the lids are shown in detail, as in the manner in which they fit over the rims of the cups that they cover. It will be recalled from the introductory remarks that the lids in the cluster are normally deposited manually over the cups in the tray and thereafter the cluster of lids is pressed downwardly onto the filled cups. To enable an operator to position the cluster on the cups quickly without the exercise of great care, the skirt 39 of each lid has a pronounced flare so that the lids vertically align themselves with the cups in the tray.

Because of the substantial flare, it is particularly necessary to provide some means of locking the lids in place on the rims of the cups, as the frictional engagement of a skirt on the rim of itself is inadequate to retain the lid in place. In accordance with this invention an undercut section is provided at the top of each skirt 39, which is adapted to snap on or below the rolled rim 152 of the cup 154 to retain the lid in place. Above the undercut section 150 is an inwardly open bead 156 which receives the rolled rim 152 of the cup.

Having described the several features of my invention in detail, its numerous advantages will be apparent to those skilled in the art. For example, the lids themselves are'self aligning and lock on the cup rims. Their shape enables them to be used with cups of virtually any shape limited only to a specific rim diameter.

From the foregoing, those skilled in the art will appreciate that many modifications may be made of the invention described without departing from the spirit of my invention. Therefore, we do not intend to limit the breadth of this invention to the specific embodiment illustrated and described. Rather, it is our intention that the breadth of this invention be determined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

What is claimed is:

1. An article of manufacture comprising a plurality of cup lids formed from a sheet of plastic material and provided with downwardly flared side walls having a diameter at the bottom substantially greater than the diameter of the rims of the cups for which the lids are intended and terminating at the bottom in a margin extending outwardly from the bottom of the side wall about the periphery of each lid, the flared configuration of the side walls causing the cups and lids to align with one another when all of the lids are simultaneously placed on the cups for capping, said side walls providing a seal about the rims of the cups for which the .lids are intended when the lids are pressed firmly onto the rims, a circular wall secured to the top of the side wall of each lid and being free of contact with the side walls of the cups when the lids are sealed on the rims of the cups and tabs connected to the margins of adjacent lids, each of said lids adapted to fit on the top of a cup and engage its rim.

2. An article of manufacture comprising a plurality of cup lids formed from a single sheet of plastic material and aligned in parallel rows with the lids in the several rows forming transverse rows normal to said parallel rows, horizontal outwardly extending margins provided as an integral part of each lid about its periphery and tabs integrally connected to the margins of adjacent lids in the parallel and normal rows, each of said lids having a downwardly flared skirt having a diameter at the bottom substantially greater than the diameter of the rim of the cup for which the lid is intended and with an undercut section adjacent the top adapted to engage the outside of the rim of a cup, the flared configuration of the skirts causing the cups and lids to align with one another when all of the lids are simultaneously placed on the cups for capping, and a circular wall secured to the top of the skirt of each lid and *being free of contact with the side Walls of the cups when the undercut sections of the skirts engage the outside of the rims of the cups.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,487,400 11/1949 Tupper 21541 X 2,604,223 7/1952 Homing 215-41 2,884,150 5/1959 Weichselbaum et al. 21541 2,934,232 4/1960 Pesch et al 21541 2,949,204 8/1960 Edwards 215--41 2,969,160 1/1961 Delk 215-41 2,992,501 7/1961 Douglas.

3,086,651 4/1963 POIlpitch 294--87.2 3,180,191 4/1965 Migdley et a1 83l37 3,202,448 8/1965 Sterm et a1 294-872 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,138,523 10/ 1962 Germany.

JOSEPH R. LECLAIR, Primary Examiner.

D. T. MOORHEAD, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2487400 *Jun 2, 1947Nov 8, 1949Earl S TupperOpen mouth container and nonsnap type of closure therefor
US2604223 *Jun 6, 1951Jul 22, 1952Oswego Falls CorpPreformed bottle cap
US2884150 *Apr 5, 1956Apr 28, 1959Biolog Res IncHematocrit closures
US2934232 *Jul 6, 1959Apr 26, 1960Sealright Oswego Falls CorpContainer closure
US2949204 *Oct 1, 1957Aug 16, 1960Illinois Tool WorksClosure device
US2969160 *Dec 22, 1958Jan 24, 1961Delk Jr Eugene PVial
US2992501 *Apr 22, 1959Jul 18, 1961David DouglasCombination palette and paint holder
US3086651 *Apr 6, 1961Apr 23, 1963Illinois Tool WorksContainer-carrier device
US3180191 *Sep 26, 1961Apr 27, 1965Sweetheart Plasties IncPunch and die assembly for forming a cluster of covers
US3202448 *May 22, 1958Aug 24, 1965Jones & Co Inc R ADisplay carrier
DE1138523B *Jul 13, 1960Oct 25, 1962Illinois Tool WorksHalte- und Tragvorrichtung fuer Dosen od. dgl. Behaelter
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3368707 *Aug 25, 1966Feb 13, 1968Brown Machine Co Of MichiganDifferential pressure formed plastic container cap or closure
US3397003 *Jan 11, 1966Aug 13, 1968Rixey B. WherryContainer closure and carrying device
US3523608 *May 29, 1969Aug 11, 1970Gen ElectricFormed plastic package with snap-in closure
US3745973 *Jul 31, 1972Jul 17, 1973Knecht FApparatus for dispersing liquids over the surfaces of objects
US3862614 *Jan 23, 1974Jan 28, 1975Illinois Tool WorksSheet of elastic covers for containers
US3895456 *Sep 4, 1973Jul 22, 1975Fabre CarloComposition assembly comprising constructional elements of plastic material for making free scheme compositions
US3983999 *May 23, 1975Oct 5, 1976Jay MortonMulti-container package
US4040234 *Jan 14, 1976Aug 9, 1977Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Method and device for racking and sealing containers
US4126223 *Sep 11, 1974Nov 21, 1978Griffin Richard JBarrier device, packaging and method
US4960219 *Sep 8, 1989Oct 2, 1990Abbott LaboratoriesSnap cap
US5282543 *Jan 11, 1993Feb 1, 1994The Perkin Elmer CorporationCover for array of reaction tubes
US5285892 *Aug 5, 1992Feb 15, 1994Sweetheart Cup Company Inc.Sanitary can carriers and multiple beverage can packages including the same
US5516490 *May 17, 1994May 14, 1996Sanadi Biotech Group, Inc.Apparatus for preventing cross-contamination of multi-well test plates
US5544778 *Apr 7, 1994Aug 13, 1996L'orealCombination of a row of containers and a strip of caps, and assembly of a container and cap
US5562205 *Mar 20, 1995Oct 8, 1996Diaz; Eusebio M.Beverage can cover and carrier
US5576214 *Sep 14, 1994Nov 19, 1996Johnson & Johnson Clinical Diagnostics, Inc.Method of supplying disposable tips to an aspirator
US5702017 *Feb 13, 1996Dec 30, 1997L'orealCombination of a row of containers and a strip of caps, and assembly of a container and cap
US5741463 *Sep 20, 1995Apr 21, 1998Sanadi; Ashok RameshApparatus for preventing cross-contamination of multi-well test plates
US5992636 *Dec 23, 1998Nov 30, 1999Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A.Parts supplying apparatus and parts array
US6131738 *Jan 22, 1999Oct 17, 2000Valley Design Inc.Breakage prevention device for blister packs
US6136273 *Nov 18, 1998Oct 24, 2000Matrix Technologies CorporationClosure device for laboratory receptacles
US6258325May 16, 1995Jul 10, 2001Ashok Ramesh SanadiMulti-well plates and tube arrays in which samples (biological, chemical, etc.) are analyzed or processed without cross-contamination of samples
US6455005 *Feb 2, 2000Sep 24, 2002Soltec, Inc.Flexible septa closure plug mats for well plate mounted arrays of sample vials
US6486401Feb 22, 2000Nov 26, 2002Tekcel, Inc.Multi well plate cover and assembly
US6558628Mar 5, 1999May 6, 2003Specialty Silicone Products, Inc.Compartment cover, kit and method for forming the same
US6613283Jan 2, 2001Sep 2, 2003Specialty Silicone Products, Inc.Providing a barrier layer on a mold having a plurality of cavities therein, and a heat curable rubber to the mold, forming a vial pack cover with multiple of plug portions coated with barrier layer, removing pack cover from the mold
US6896848Dec 19, 2000May 24, 2005Tekcel, Inc.Microplate cover assembly
US6939513 *Aug 2, 2002Sep 6, 2005Soltec, Inc.Thick layer of inert elastomer such as polytetrafluoroethylene bonded to the lower face of an elastomer septa closure plug mat, to be exposed to the samples and solvents; use with autosampling chromatography
US6972112May 2, 2000Dec 6, 2005Specialty Silicone Products, Inc.vial packs; comprises solvent resistant silicone rubber with fluoropolymer
EP0493743A2 *Dec 17, 1991Jul 8, 1992Donatella PedrottiMultiple-cap package for a group of containers, e.g. cans
EP1241108A1 *Mar 16, 2001Sep 18, 2002Karlén, JanPackage
WO1993002942A1 *Aug 7, 1992Feb 18, 1993Sweetheart Cup CoSanitary can carriers
Classifications
U.S. Classification206/526, 215/321, 294/87.2, 220/23.4, 206/820, 206/151, 229/404
International ClassificationB65D71/50
Cooperative ClassificationB26F1/40, Y10S206/82, B65D71/50
European ClassificationB65D71/50
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 8, 1993ASAssignment
Owner name: SWEETHEART CUP COMPANY INC., ILLINOIS
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:BANKERS TRUST COMPANY, AS COLLATERAL AGENT;REEL/FRAME:007029/0011
Effective date: 19930830
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:BANKERS TRUST COMPANY, AS COLLATERAL AGENT;REEL/FRAME:006687/0491
Apr 6, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: SWEETHEART CUP COMPANY INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:FORT HOWARD CUP CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005346/0001
Effective date: 19891129
Feb 13, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: BANKERS TRUST COMPANY, AS COLLATERAL AGENT
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FORT HOWARD CUP CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005287/0404
Effective date: 19891114
Owner name: FORT HOWARD CUP CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:LILY-TULIP, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005300/0320
Effective date: 19861231
Owner name: LILY-TULIP, INC., A DE CORP.
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:MARYLAND CUP CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005300/0311
Effective date: 19861217
Owner name: MARYLAND CUP CORPORATION, A CORP. OF MD
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SWEETHEART PROPERTIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005300/0391
Effective date: 19841231
Owner name: SWEETHEART PROPERTIES, INC., A CORP. OF MD
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:SWEETHEART PLASTICS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005284/0450