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Publication numberUS3304070 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 14, 1967
Filing dateOct 30, 1961
Priority dateOct 28, 1960
Publication numberUS 3304070 A, US 3304070A, US-A-3304070, US3304070 A, US3304070A
InventorsJones John Frederick Robert
Original AssigneeStein Atkinson Strody Ltd, Summers & Sons Ltd John
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Water cooled skid rails
US 3304070 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 14, 1967 JONES 3,304,070

WATER COOLED SKID RAILS Filed Oct. 30, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Flgl.

Feb. 14, 1967 J. Fl

R. JONES 3,304,070

WATER COOLED SKID RAILS Filed Oct. 50, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 arrow 5X United States Patent 3,304,070 WATER COOLED SKID RAILS John Frederick Robert Jones, Neston, England, assignor of one-third to John Summers & Sons Limited, Shotton, England, a company of Great Britain, and one-third to Stein Atkinson Stordy Limited, a company of Great Britain Filed Oct. 30, 1961, Ser. No. 148,648 Claims priority, application Great Britain, Oct. 28, 1960, 37,204/ 60 2 Claims. (Cl. 263-6) This invention relates to water cooled skid rails for furnaces and particularly, although not exclusively, to such skid rails for continuous furnaces used for the heat treatment of steel slabs to be fed to a rolling mill.

Continuous furnaces are frequently underfired in their heating sections and the slabs .pass transversely through these sections on a pair of longitudinally extending water cooled skid rails which are supported by transverse rails in turn carried at the upper ends of pillars from the furnace floor. It has long been common practice to use tubular skid rails of circular cross-sectional shape through which the cooling water is pumped and in order to reduce wear on the rails a rubbing strip has been provided on the upper surface thereof.

This arrangement has been satisfactory so long as it has not been desired to increase the handling capacity beyond certain limits but when any such increase is required it has been necessary to increase the heating capacity of the furnace at the expense of the length of time that the slabs are soaked over a brick hearth towards the output end of the furnace. It is then found that a portion of each slab above and to each side of each ski-d rail is masked by the skid rail {from heat radiated from the lower part of the furnace and these portions thereof receive a different heat treatment from the remainder of the slabs. When the treated slabs are subsequently rolled into strip form these portions are reduced to a thickness greater than the remainder of the slabs over a considerable strip length and when the strip is used for example in a subsequent pressing operation this variation in thickness can cause difiiculties.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an improved water cooled skid rail for a furnace and particularly although not exclusively for an underfired continuous furnace which enables greater uniformity of heat treatment of slabs supported thereby to be achieved.

According to the present invention there is provided a water cooled furnace skid rail of tubular form and having such a transverse cross-sectional shape that its vertical axial length is greater than its horizontal axial length measured at the mid point of its height. Preferably the skid rail is oval in transverse cross-section and is supported by a saddle welded to supporting rails extending transversely of the furnace, the saddle serving to resist turning movement of the skid rail about its longitudinal ax1s.

Several embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 shows diagrammatically in transverse section part of a continuous furnace structure,

FIG. 2 shows a modified skid rail, 7

FIG. 3 shows another form of skid rail, and

FIG. 4 shows to a larger scale part of the furnace structure with a skid rail in transverse section.

3,304,070 Patented Feb. 14, 1967 Referring to FIGS. 1 and 4 of the accompanying drawings a pair of oval skid rails 1 and 1a having their major axes disposed vertically and respectively supported in part oval slots 2 formed in saddles 3 of sheet material welded at 4 to a support rail 5.

The support rail 5 extends transversely across the interior of a furnace 5a supported on pillars 5b from the floor thereof.

At the upper end of each skid rail a rubbing strip 6 of circular cross-sectional shape is welded at 7 to support a slab 8 passing through the furnace. Although the rubbing strip 6 has been shown of circular cross-sectional shape it will be appreciated that it can be rectangular or any other desired shape.

It has been found that the oval cross-sectional shape of the skid rails reduces the masking effect provided by the skid rail to radiation from the lower part of the furnace to the slab 8 so that the portion indicated by the dotted lines 9 in the slab 8 which is subjected to a different heat treatment from the remainder of the slab is considerably reduced compared with the use of skid rails having a circular cross-sectional shape.

In passing the slabs through the furnace the skid rail structure is subjected to considerable vibrational forces and it is essential to ensure that the turning moment about the longitudinal axis of each skid rail is resisted. However, the support provided by the saddle 3 is sufficient for this purpose and has the additional advantage that the skid rails are not permanently secured to the support rail 5 and may therefore readily be removed therefrom. In use the upper corners 10 of the saddles 3 will become burned away but these saddles may be replaced when necessary. It will here be appreciated that the rails 5 may be hollow and water cooled.

Although the skid rail has been described as of oval cross-sectional shape it will be appreciated that improved uniformity of heat treatment of the slabs 8 can be achieved by using skid rails having any cross-sectional shape such that their vertical axis is of greater length than their horizontal axis measured at the mid point of their height. FIG. 2 shows a skid rail which is triangular in cross-sectional shape and in this case the saddle 3 is formed with a re-entrant slot 2 to ensure that the rail is held against turning moment about its longitudinal axis. The saddle 3 may be formed in one piece and threaded on the end of the skid rail or alternatively may be formed in two parts and bolted together (not shown). FIG. 3 of the drawing shows a skid rail of pear-shape configuration. It will be appreciated that the re-entered arrangement of the saddle 3 of FIG. 2 could be used with the construction of FIG. 3 or FIG. 1.

It may be possible to fabricate skid rails according to the invention by welding but it is preferred that they should be rolled from seamless steel tubes having an initially circular cross-sectional shape.

I claim:

1. A water cooled furnace skid rail comprising a tube having such a transverse cross-sectional shape that its vertical height is greater than its horizontal width measured at the mid point of its height, a plurality of supporting rails extending at spaced apart locations transversely of and below said skid rail, support means welded to the support rails to project upwardly therefrom, upwardly facing slots in the support means, and said skid rail being disposed in the slots so that turning movement of the skid rail about its longitudinal axis is prevented.

3 4 2. A skid rail according to claim 1 in which the maxir FOREIGN PATENTS mum width of the slot in each support means occurs 1074 041 9/1954 Rama below its upper open end.

309,798 4/ 1929 Great Britain.

References Cited by the Examiner TED STATES PATENTS 0 CHARLIE T. MOON, Primary Examiner.

M. U. LYONS, Examiner. 527,680 10/ 1894 Gilchrist 165177 1,11 42 11 19 4 1 1 5 177 W- GASS, Assistant Exammer- 2,436,452 2/1948 'Schmidt 2636

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US527680 *Mar 30, 1894Oct 16, 1894 Apparatus for making su lfu ric acid
US1116426 *Mar 29, 1912Nov 10, 1914John W HolzRadiator.
US2436452 *May 26, 1943Feb 24, 1948Schmidt William EWater-cooled furnace supporting member
FR1074041A * Title not available
GB309798A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3642261 *Jun 17, 1970Feb 15, 1972British Iron Steel ResearchFurnace skids and beams
US3706448 *Jan 21, 1971Dec 19, 1972British Iron Steel ResearchSkids or beams for furnaces
US4035141 *Feb 9, 1976Jul 12, 1977Koppers-Wistra-Ofenbau GmbhSupport rail for furnaces
US4080152 *Dec 23, 1975Mar 21, 1978Fried Krupp Huttenwerke AgBracing tube for pusher type or rocker bar furnaces
US4253826 *Sep 10, 1979Mar 3, 1981Campbell Frank JunTruncated triangular skid pipe
US4354824 *Apr 2, 1981Oct 19, 1982Cameron Iron Works, Inc.Method and device for reducing heat flow from a workpiece to a skip pipe
US4601659 *Jun 14, 1984Jul 22, 1986Cameron Iron Works, Inc.Skid rail
US5271610 *Jun 9, 1992Dec 21, 1993Klotz E JohnSkidrail
EP0007296A1 *Jun 20, 1979Jan 23, 1980VOEST-ALPINE AktiengesellschaftSkid pipe more particularly adapted to be used in a pusher type furnace and production of high pressure saturated vapour therewith
EP0025357A1 *Sep 8, 1980Mar 18, 1981Frank Jnr. CampbellTruncated triangular skid pipe member
U.S. Classification432/234, 266/274, 165/47, 165/134.1, 266/249, 138/177, 29/890.35, 165/177
International ClassificationF27D3/02, F27D3/00
Cooperative ClassificationF27D3/022
European ClassificationF27D3/02A