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Publication numberUS3304512 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 14, 1967
Filing dateOct 29, 1963
Priority dateOct 29, 1963
Publication numberUS 3304512 A, US 3304512A, US-A-3304512, US3304512 A, US3304512A
InventorsMcmillan Robert W
Original AssigneeMcmillan Robert W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Feedback system for high speed magnetic deflection
US 3304512 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 14, 1967 w, MOMILLAN 3,304,512


(PRIOR ART) FEEDBACK LOOP /7 HIGH VOLTAGE g I; NORMAL POWER SUPPLY l6 POWER SUPPLY For l 102 em e02 6 3 24 244 NV 3 INVENTOR 26 ROBERT w McM/LLAN e1 l 1 e2 United States Patent Office 3,3M,5l2 Patented Feb. 14, 1967 3,304,512 FEEDBACK SYSTEM FUR HIGH SPEED MAGNETIC DEFLECTIUN Robert W. McMillan, Urlaudo, Fla, assiguor, by mesne assignments, to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy Filed Oct. 29, 1963, Ser. No. 319,903 3 Claims. ((11. 330-30) This invention relates to magnetic deflection systems and is particularly directed to improved means for increasing the fly-back speed.

Heretofore, magnetic deflection yokes have been supplied with a normal power supply for energizing the yoke during normal sweep periods. During the fly-back time, when the direction of the magnetic field must be rapidly reversed, it has been customary to apply an excessive or high voltage to the yoke. Unfortunately, the normal feedback circuit from the yoke to the current control for linearity control is subjected to the excessive voltages, and the first stages of the feedback amplifier are seriously overdriven.

The object of this invention is to provide means for rapid fly-back without overdriving the deflection control amplifier.

The objects of this invention are obtained by employing a double yoke or split winding connected in push-pull with a differential amplifier. The constant current collector circuits of two transistors are connected respectively in circuit with the two windings of the yoke, and the push-pull or two phase-opposed signals of differential amplifiers are in turn applied directly to the control electrodes of the two transistors. For linearity control, the usual cross-connected feedback connections are made between one terminal of each yoke to the control electrodes of one amplifier of the differential amplifier. A second feedback circuit which is symmetrical with respect to the two constant current transistors feeds energy back symmetrically as common bias to the ditferential amplifier. When the high voltage or rapid flyback is amplified, it is found that the two differential amplifiers are not overdriven as heretofore.

Other objects and features of this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art by referring to the specific embodiments described in the following specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 shows schematically a prior art circuit for deflection control;

FIG. 2 shows a schematic circuit diagram of one embodiment of this invention; and

FIG. 3 is a skeletonized diagram of the principal circuits of the embodiment of FIG. 2, to illustrate the mode of operation.

The well-known prior art driving circuit for a deflection yoke shown in FIG. 1 comprises the normal power supply connected in series with the deflection yoke 11 through the current sensing resistor 12 and the current control amplifier 13. The current through the yoke is sensed by the voltage drop across the resistor 12 and is applied through the feedback loop, shown diagrammatically at 14, to regeneratively control the effective resistance of the amplifier 13, all for the purpose of obtaining linearity of the sweep of the beam to be deflected by the yoke. During retrace or flyback, it is customary to apply a high voltage power supply 15 through the switch mechanism 16, of either mechanical or electrical configuration, to the deflection circuit. To isolate the two power supplies the polarized diode 17 may be employed. The use of the high voltage power supply switching to obtain fast rise time or quick flyback in the magnetic deflection amplifier, creates difficulty in the design of the feedback network 14-. When the high voltage power supply switch is open, the voltage fed back is a function of the current flowing through the deflection yoke. However, when the high voltage switch is closed, substantially all of the high voltage appears across the yoke and a pulse is fed back that is not necessarily a function of the yoke current. Since this pulse may exceed in amplitude the capacity of the feedback loop, the first or low level stages of the feedback amplifier are heavily overdriven.

In order to overcome this problem, a push-pull output stage driven by a differential amplifier with single-ended input is employed as shown in FIG. 2. In FIG. 2, the deflection yoke comprises two win-dings 21 and 21A. The current through winding 21 is controlled by the collector circuit of transistor amplifier 22. The current through winding 21A is controlled by the collector circuit of transistor amplifier 22A. The circuits for the deflection current is completed through the emitter resistances 23 and 23A as shown.

According to an important feature of this invention, the currents through amplifiers 22 and 22A are differentially controlled by the output of the differential amplifier including transistors 24 and 24A. The common emitter circuit for the diflerential amplifiers comprises the resistance 25 in series with the collector-emitter circuit of the control transistor as. The current limiting resistors 27 and 28 are connected respectively in the emitters of differential by coupled transistors. The synchronizing pulses for operating the sweep circuit are applied to input terminals 29 and hence directly to the base of transistor 24 and indirectly through the common emitter resistance 25, 26 to the emitter-base of transistor 24A. In operation, the currents through 24 and 24A rise and fall complementarily under the control of the resistance in the common emitter circuit. That is, the signal current due to (2,, in one amplifier rises while the signal current in the other amplifier drops. Since the bases of the current control transistors 22 and 22A are connected directly to the collectors, respectively, of the differential amplifiers 24 and 24A, it follows that the currents through the two deflection yok s are complementary. The proper phase relations are obtained for regenerative feedback by connearing the base of transistor 24 to the load circuit of yoke 21A while the base of amplifier 24A is connected to the load circuit of yoke 21.

It will be noted that the high voltage switching pulse obtained when switch 16 is closed is applied in phase to both sides of the push-pull yoke. Since transistors 22 and 22A are essentially constant current sources, the increase in collector voltage causes very little change in the yoke current. The yoke current is further stabilized by feedback from the emitter circuits of transistors 22 and 22A to the base of constant current transistor 26. The transient voltage caused by the closure of switch 16 produces like voltages or in-phase voltages at the emitter terminals of transistors 22 and 22A. These in-phase voltages are added through resistors 30 and 31 and are applied across coupling resistance 26A to the base of transistor 26. The collector-emitter resistance of transistor 26 changes to vary the total emitter resistance of transistors 24 and 24A to degeneratively change the signal on the base electrodes of transistors 22 and 22A to, in turn, minimize the disturbance of the transient voltage from switch 16. Since the same high voltage pulse for transient is applied to both sides of the yoke, and therefore to both sides of the input differential amplifier, no change in drive to the two output transistors 22 and 22A results from the application of the high voltage switching pulse.

If transistor 26 is considered a constant current source, the schematic diagram of FIG. 2 may be redrawn as shown in FIG. 3.

The total current I comprising the collector currents of transistors 24 and 24A, is given by:

I=Ic1+lc2 1) The signal voltages el and e2 applied to the two bases of 24 and 24A are in phase opposition. Assume now that a change in input voltage, Ae, is applied to both bases simultaneously, in phase. If the transistors are fairly well matched and/or if the resistors R are fairly large, this input change will cause a change in each collector current such that:

but since transistor 26 in the common emitter circuit is a constant current source:

Icl +Alc1 +102 +Alc2=l AIc1=AIc2 AIc1=AIc2=0 (4) Since the output voltages e and c depend on the collector currents it follows that Ae =Ae =0, and the drive to the output stage 22 and 22A does not change when the high voltage pulse is applied. The change in the input voltage Ae does not appear across the emitter ends of the resistors R R although it does appear across the constant current transistor 26, which is insensitive to changes in voltage on its collector.

It is important that the collectors of transistors 24 and 24A not drop below the maximum amplitude of the high voltage switching pulse because the base-collector diodes will conduct and the output voltage will no longer depend on the collector currents.

The feedback system of this invention depends for its operation on the constant current properties of transistors and on the common mode rejection properties of the differential amplifier.

Many modifications may be made in the details of the circuits of this invention without departing from the scope as defined in the appended claims. Whereas NPN type transistors are shown, it is feasible, of course, to employ PNP type transistors with appropriate changes in polarity of biasing sources.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination in a deflection system, two coaxial deflection coils;

a first and a second transistor said transistors having a common emitter circuit with output circuits, respectively, in series with said coils;

a direct current power source of a predetermined normal voltage, the transistor-coil circuits being connected in parallel across said power source;

a differential amplifier comprising third and fourth transistors with a common emitter circuit, a synchronizing pulse source coupled to said differential amplifier;

a feedback circuit connected between each coil and the out-of-phase control electrode of the third and fourth transistors to regulate current through said coils;

a current control transistor, the collector-emitter circuit of said control transistor being connected in the mentioned common emitter circuit of said differential amplifier, the control electrode of said control transistor being connected to the mentioned common emitter circuit of said first and second tran sistors so that transient voltages applied in phase to Therefore:

said coils does not disturb voltage-wise the conduction through either the transistor-coil circuit or the differential amplifiers.

2. In a high speed deflection system, a push-pull deflection yoke having two windings;

two power transistors, each transistor having an output circuit connected, respectively, in series with one of said windings, the winding-output circuits being connected in parallel across a power supply of predetermined operating voltage, said two power transistors having a common emitter circuit for combining in one circuit the yoke currents flowing in said windings;

a pair of differentially coupled amplifiers, each ampli-' fier having an output circuit coupled, respectively, to the control circuit of one of said power transistors;

feedback circuits coupled between each deflection coil and the out-of-phase control electrode of said differential amplifier for controlling the linearity of the sweep voltage of said deflection system;

said pair of differential amplifiers having a common emitter circuit for differentially controlling the current through the amplifiers said common emitter circuit of the differential amplifier including the collector-emitter path of a currentcontrolling transistor; and

said current controlling transistor having a controlling electrode and means for applying a voltage to said electrode from said power-transistor common emitter circuit so that the voltage transients appearing inphase on said yoke windings are degeneratively fed back through said differential amplifier to the control electrodes of said power transistors.

3. A high speed magnetic deflection system comprising two coextensive deflection coils;

a first and a second transistor with a first common emitter circuit and with output circuits, respectively, in series with said coils;

a direct current power source, the transistor-coil circuits being connected in parallel across said power source;

a differential amplifier comprising third and fourth transistors with a second common emitter circuit and with output circuits coupled, respectively, to the control electrodes of said first and second transistors;

two feedback circuits connected, respectively, between each coil and the out-of phase control electrode of the said differential amplifier to linearize current through said coils; and

said second common emitter circuit including the emitter-collector path of a constant current transistor, the base electrode of said constant current transistor being connected to said first common emitter circuit for in-phase feedback so that transient voltages applied to said coils from said voltage source during high speed flyback is balanced in said differential amplifier to prevent over-driving thereof.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 7/1962 Matzen et a1. 330-28 X 3/1965 Marchais 330-69 X,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3046487 *Mar 21, 1958Jul 24, 1962Texas Instruments IncDifferential transistor amplifier
US3174109 *Jan 16, 1962Mar 16, 1965CsfArrangement for eliminating drift of integrator output voltage
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3392346 *Apr 6, 1964Jul 9, 1968Sperry Rand CorpSense amplifier
US3466560 *Oct 22, 1965Sep 9, 1969NasaStable amplifier having a stable quiescent point
US3519848 *Mar 16, 1966Jul 7, 1970Westinghouse Electric CorpMemory sense amplifier circuit
US3599015 *Sep 22, 1969Aug 10, 1971Collins Radio CoSense amplifier-discriminator circuit
US3619486 *Aug 26, 1969Nov 9, 1971Zenith Radio CorpMatrix amplifier for developing push-pull color control signals
US3733559 *Jun 29, 1970May 15, 1973Rca CorpDifferential amplifier
US4004240 *Feb 17, 1976Jan 18, 1977Rca CorporationPhase-splitter circuits
US4365206 *Oct 31, 1980Dec 21, 1982U.S. Philips CorporationDifferential amplifier
U.S. Classification330/255, 330/103, 330/69, 330/260
International ClassificationH03K17/04, H03K6/00, H03K17/041, H03K4/00, H03K6/02, H03K4/90
Cooperative ClassificationH03K6/02, H03K4/90, H03K17/04113
European ClassificationH03K4/90, H03K17/041D, H03K6/02