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Publication numberUS3306185 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 28, 1967
Filing dateJul 8, 1965
Priority dateJul 8, 1965
Publication numberUS 3306185 A, US 3306185A, US-A-3306185, US3306185 A, US3306185A
InventorsSoman Robert
Original AssigneeMckay Machine Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rolling bolster
US 3306185 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 28, 1967 R. SOMAN ROLLING BOLSTER 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. ROBERT S MAN BY Filed July 8, 1965 Feb. 28, 1967 SOMAN ROLLING BOLSTER 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 8, 1965 5 N 7 M M Wm mofim m w m WM a, M/ A WWW Feb. 28, 1967 R. soMAN ROLLING BOLSTER 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed July 8, 1965 R0 BERT SQMAN BY A TTOANtYfi United States Patent 01 The present invention relates to rolling bolsters for use with presses and the like and the principal object of the invention is to provide new and improved devices of the character described.

The large, heavy dies used in massive presses have always presented somewhat of a problem in mounting them in and removing them from the press. Where a large, heavy die must frequently be removed from a press and replaced by another die, and where downtime must be held to an absolute minimum because of production requirements, the problem becomes acute.

In solving the problem aforesaid, it has been proposed to mount the die on a wheeled carriage, or bolster, so that the die can be rolled into and out of working position in the press. While this is generally satisfactory, the precise structure employed has not been satisfactory. It is, therefore, a principal object of the invention to provide a rolling bolster for dies and the like which is superior to those heretofore known. This and other objects will readily become apparent from a study of the following description and from the drawings appended hereto.

In the drawings accompanying this specification and forming a part of this application there is shown, for purpose of illustration, an embodiment which the invention may assume, and in these drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a generally diagrammatic, perspective view of the invention, and of apparatus with which it may be associated,

-' FIGURE 2 is an enlarged, side elevational view of apparatus constructed in accordance with the present inventicn and generally corresponding to the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1, parts on the near side being removed to show the underlying structure,

FIGURE 3 is a sectional plan View, generally corresponding to the line 33 of FIGURE 2,

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary view similar to FIGURE 2, and

FIGURE 5 is a View similar to FIGURE 4 but with certain parts in another position.

With reference to FIGURE 1, there is diagrammatically shown a press 1% having a bed 11 and ram 12 reciprocable toward and away from the bed. Normally, when a bolster is not used,.one portion of the die to be actuated by the press (not shown) is secured to the bed 11 of the press and another portion of the die is secured to the press ram 12. Thus, when the press ram is elevated, the die parts are separated to provide for insertion therebetween of the stock to be operated upon by the die and when the ram is forced downwardly, the die parts are force-ably moved together to perform the desired operation on the stock disposed in the die.

When a bolster is used, the aforesaid operation of the press is unchanged; however, since the bolster is interposed between the die and the press bed, the die is thus secured to the bolster and the latter is secured to the press bed.

Still referring to FIGURE 1, there is shown a table or the like 13 provided with tracks 14 along which a bolster 15 may travel. For reasons to appear, tracks 14 extend into the press bed and, while a pair of spaced tracks are herein shown, frequently only one track is provided, the upper surface of the table and the press bed in effect, serving as a track.

3,3@,l85 Fatented Feb. 28, 1967 As best seen in FIGURES 1, 2, and 3, bolster 15 comprises a platform-like carriage having a top wall 16, side walls 1'7, and end walls 18. Extending between the end walls and in spaced relation both with each other and with the side walls 17 are intermediate walls 19. Preferably, the end and intermediate walls will be welded or otherwise connected to form a unitary structure while the top and side walls wall be removable for inspection and maintenance of the internal working parts.

Rotatably mounted in the intermediate Walls 19 by means of bearings 25 are shafts 21 and 21.1 disposed adjacent respective end walls 18. Since such shafts a e presently identical, only shaft 21 will be described in detail. Shaft 21 has integral, axially aligned end portions 22, 23 which are laterally offset from the shaft axis, or are eccentric with respect thereto, and rotatably mounted by suitable bearings 24 on respective eccentric shaft portions 22, 23 are respective wheels 25, 26. For a purpose to appear, wheel 25 may be provided with spaced flanges 27; however, wheel 26 is not presently provided with flanges.

Means are provided for rocking the shaft 21 about its axis and with reference to FIGURES 2 and 3, shaft portion 23 has an integral axial extension 28 which is concentric with the axis of shaft 21 rather than with the axis of shaft portion 23. Keyed or otherwise secured to extension 23 is an arm 29 to whose free end is pivoted the piston rod 31 of a fluid cylinder 31. The latter has its blank end pivoted to a bracket 131.

With the parts positioned as seen in FIGURES 2, 3, and 4, piston rod 313* is in retracted position to thus so hold the shaft 21 that its wheels 25, 26 project below the lower face 32 of the bolster. When, however, piston rod 30 is extended from its cylinder to the posit on seen in FIGURE 5, shaft 21 will be rotated an amount to raise the eccentric shaft portions 22, 23 and thus the wheels 25, 25 mounted thereon above the lower face 32 of the bolster.

As previously mentioned, shaft 21.1 is identical with shaft 21 and thus corresponding parts assoicated therewith are identified w'th the same reference characters as those associated with shaft 21 but with the sufiix .1 appended. Thus, the shaft 21.1 mounts Wheels 25.1, 26.1 on respective eccentric portions 23.1, 22.1 and an arm 29.1 on a shaft extension 28.1. Similarly, a cylinder 31.1 has a piston rod 31 .1 pivoted to the free end of arm 291. As will be evident and with respect to the position of parts viewed in FIGURE 3, while cylinder 31 is disposed on the right side of the bolster cylinder 31.1 is disposed on the left side thereof. Although not shown, it is to be understood that the wheels 25.1, 26.1 will be raised and lowered in the same manner as wheels 25, 26 upon extension and retraction of the piston rod 301.

Means are provided for driving the wheels 25.1, 26.1 and in the present embodiment, a speed reducer 33 has a double-end output shaft 34 rotatably carried by the intermediate walls 19, 19. Mounted on respective ends of output shaft 34 are sprockets 35 and mounted on wheeis 25.1, 26.1 are sprockets 36. Chains 37, see also FIGURE 2, connect respective adjoining sprockets 35, 36 for unitary rotation. A motor 38, preferably of the pneumatic type, drives the reducer 33, its output shaft 34 and thus the wheels 25.1, 25.1 through the sprockets 35, 36 and the chains 37.

In order to insure precise location of the bolster 15 in position on the press bed 11, each wall 18, 18 of the bolster (see FIGURES 3, and 4) carried a vertically disposed fluid cylinder 39 whose depending piston rod 41) has an enlarged head 41. The press bed 11 is provided with pockets 4-2 (FIGURES 1, and 4) for closely receiving respective heads 41, the lower ends of the latter being chamfered at 43 to facilitate their entry into respective press bed pockets 42.

Assuming a die assembly (not shown) to be mounted upon the bolster top wall 16, operation to shift the bolster along the table 13 and onto the press bed 11, will be as follows: The piston rods 30, 39.1 of pistons 31, 31.1 respectively, will be retracted as shown in FIGURES 2, 3, and 4, to so dispose the shafts 21, 21.1 that their wheels 25, 26, 25.1 and 26.1 project below the bolster bottom 32. Piston rods 40 of cylinders 39 will also be retracted at this time (as shown in full lines in FIGURE 4) to elevate their heads 41 above the bolster bottom.

Fluid pressure will be admitted to motor 38 to rotate the output shaft 34 of the reducer 33 and thus drive the wheels 25.1, 26.1 in a direction to move the bolster and its supported die along the table 13 and onto the press bed 11. It will be understood that the wheel flanges 27, 27.1 will cooperate with their track 144 to properly guide the bolster during travel thereof.

When the bolster is in its approximately correct position on the press bed, it will be stopped and fluid pressure will be admitted to the cylinders 39 to lower their heads 41 to the phantom line position seen in FIGURE 4 wherein such heads are received within respective press bed pockets 42. In case the bolster is not in precisely the correct position on the press bed, lowering the heads 41 will shift the bolster as required as a result of entry of the chamfered head ends 43 into respective pockets 42.

With the heads 41 fully entered within respective pockets 42, the bolster will be precisely located upon the press bed 11 whereupon fluid pressure will be admitted to cylinders 31, 31.1 to extend their piston rods 39, 30.1 to the position seen in FIGURE 5. This shifting of the piston rods aforesaid will rock the shafts 21, 21.1 to a position wherein the eccentric shaft portions 22, 23, 22.1 and 2.3.1 will elevate the Wheels 25, 26, 25.1, 26.1 above the lower surface of the bolster. This will lower the latter and permit it to rest directly on the press bed as seen in FIGURE 5.

Suitable clamping means (not shown) may now be actuated to secure the bolster firmly to the press bed and to secure the press ram 12, when required, to the upper part of the die assembly mounted on the bolster. The press, with the die assembly thus secured in proper operating position, may now be operated in the usual manner to perform the requisite functions upon stock fed into the die.

When the die assembly is to be removed from the press, it is only necessary to unclamp the press ram from the die assembly and to unclanip the bolster from the press bed. Fluid under pressure may be admitted to the cylinders 39 to raise their piston rod heads 41 from the bed pockets 42 to the full line position seen in FIGURE 4. Fluid under pressure will be admitted to the cylinders 31, 31.1 thus rocking the shafts 21, 21.1 from the position seen in FIGURE 5 to the position seen in FIG- URE 4. This will move the shaft eccentric portions 22. 23, 22.1 and 23.1 down thus shift the wheels 25, 26, 25.1 and 26.1 to project below the lower bolster surface 32 thus raising the bolster. With the bolster thus supported on the press bed by the bolster wheels aforesaid, motor 38 may be operated to cause the bolster to move along the tracks 14 from the press bed 11 onto the table 13.

It is an important feature of the present invention that in lowering the bolster, shafts 21, 21.1 are rocked in opposite directions. This, it will readily be understood, will obviate any tendency of the bolster to shift longitudinally during lowering thereof such as would occur if both shafts were rocked in the same direction.

While table 13 has been shown extending from but .one side of the press, it will readily be apparent that it could also extend from the other press side. Thus, a bolster carrying a die assembly could be moved out of the press to one side thereof while another bolster carrying another die assembly could be moved into the press from the other side thereof. With this arrangement, press downtime during die changeover is minimized.

In view of the foregoing it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that I have accomplished at least the principal object of my invention and it will also be apparent to those skilled in the art that the embodiment herein described may be variously changed and modified, without departing from the spirit of the invention, and that the invention is capable of uses and has advantages not herein specifically described; hence it will be appreciated that the herein disclosed embodiment is illustrative only, and that my invention is not limited thereto.

I claim:

1. For use with presses and the like having a bed, the combination comprising a die-supporting carriage movable toward and away from working position on said press bed and in part for-med of a pair of spaced-apart walls, said carriage having a lower portion for disposition upon said press bed and an upper surface for supporting a die, a pair of shafts extending between and journaled in said walls in spaced, side-by-side relation and said shafts having eccentric portions adjacent respective walls, a wheel journaled on each eccentric shaft portion aforesaid, drive means in part disposed between said walls and connected with one of said wheels for effecting rotation thereof, and an actuator disposed outside each of said walls and each being connected to a respective shaft aforesaid to effect rocking movement thereof between a first position wherein the wheels carried thereby project beneath the lower portion of said carriage when the latter is to be moved and a second position wherein said wheels are retracted above such lower carriage portion when said carriage is in working position on said press bed, said shafts, wheels, actuators, and drive means being disposed directly beneath said upper surface.

2. The construction of claim 1 wherein said wheels are disposed outside respective walls aforesaid, and wherein said drive means comprises a drive motor disposed between said Walls, a drive shaft spaced from and disposed intermediate said pair of shafts and extending between and journaled in said walls, and connecting means extending between said drive shaft and respective wheels carried by one shaft of said pair.

3. The construction of claim 2 wherein one shaft of said pair has a projecting portion outside one of said walls and the other shaft of said pair has a projecting portion outside the other of said walls, wherein an arm is mounted upon each shaft projecting portion aforesaid, and wherein each of said actuators comprises a fluid pressure cylinder pivotally connected to respective arms to effect said shaft rocking movement.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,703,554 3/1955 Haggard et al. 280-43.23 XR 2,940,384 6/1960 Munschauer et al. l00-2l4 2,975,701 3/1961 Munschauer et al. l002l4 3,183,828 5/1965 Clements lO0-229 3,207,065 9/1965 Danly 229 3,225,686 12/1965 Clements 100-229 X 3,230,869 1/1966 Wilkins 100-214 FOREIGN PATENTS 964,964 7/1964 Great Britain.

BILLY I. WILHITE, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
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US2703554 *Apr 16, 1953Mar 8, 1955Delphi Products Company IncPortable stock chute
US2940384 *Apr 3, 1959Jun 14, 1960Niagara Machine & Tool WorksPower press with shiftable bolster means
US2975701 *Aug 17, 1960Mar 21, 1961Niagara Machine & Tool WorksPower press with shiftable bolster means
US3183828 *Mar 11, 1964May 18, 1965Minster Machine CoApparatus for loading dies in presses
US3207055 *Nov 30, 1962Sep 21, 1965Socony Mobil Oil Co IncAutomotive diagnostic system with automatic ventilation
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US3230869 *Jun 5, 1963Jan 25, 1966Wilkins & Mitchell LtdRaising and clamping means for sliding bolsters
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3368479 *Feb 16, 1966Feb 13, 1968Minster Machine CoRolling bolster mechanism for a press
US3841142 *Jun 12, 1972Oct 15, 1974Komatsu Mfg Co LtdMethod and apparatus for setting self-moving bolster in presses
US4528903 *Dec 5, 1983Jul 16, 1985U.S. Industries, Inc.Retractable wheel assembly for movable bolsters
US4630536 *Nov 18, 1985Dec 23, 1986Avondale Industries, Inc.Hydraulic drive apparatus for die carriers
US5129254 *Apr 16, 1991Jul 14, 1992Rheem Manufacturing CompanyRollingly transportable press die apparatus
US5457286 *Dec 13, 1991Oct 10, 1995Flasz; IgorFace plate assembly for electrical receptacle
US6736252 *Oct 24, 2001May 18, 2004Seiko Epson CorporationWork holder for through hole examination apparatus
US20020127092 *Oct 24, 2001Sep 12, 2002Toru ShirasakiWork holder for through hole examination apparatus
DE3016966A1 *May 2, 1980Nov 6, 1980Nippon Steel CorpWalzvorrichtung fuer formstaehle und auf dieser hergestellte formstaehle
DE3016966C2 *May 2, 1980Sep 25, 1986Nippon Steel Corp., Tokio/Tokyo, JpTitle not available
WO1985002580A1 *Dec 5, 1984Jun 20, 1985Us Industries IncRetractable wheel assembly for movable bolsters
U.S. Classification100/229.00R, 100/918, 16/19, 280/43.23, 72/446
International ClassificationB21D37/14
Cooperative ClassificationY10S100/918, B21D37/14
European ClassificationB21D37/14
Legal Events
May 27, 1983ASAssignment
Effective date: 19821213