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Publication numberUS3306586 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 28, 1967
Filing dateJul 13, 1965
Priority dateJul 13, 1965
Publication numberUS 3306586 A, US 3306586A, US-A-3306586, US3306586 A, US3306586A
InventorsGreen George E
Original AssigneeGreen George E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable railing
US 3306586 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 28, 1967 G. E. GREEN 3,306,586

ADJUSTABLE RAILING Filed July 13, 1965 INVENTOR GEORGE E. GREEN 6 BY W I I A TTORNEY United States Patent ()fifice 3,306,586 Patented Feb. 28, 1967 3,306,586 ADJUSTABLE RAILING George E. Green, Baltimore County, Md. (Long Green Pike, Glen Arm, Md. 21234) Filed July 13, 1965, Ser. No. 471,598 1 Claim. (Cl. 256-73) The present invention relates to assembled railings,

and in particular to the adjustable type adapted to be installed about balconies, porches, steps, etc.

One object of the invention is to provide an assembled railing that may be used equally as well on a flat, or on an inclined surface.

Another object of the invention is to provide an assembled railing which may be easily installed by other than skilled labor.

Another object of the invention is to provide such a railing that is strong and durable.

A further object of the invention is to provide such a railing in which it is not necessary to bend certain parts of the railing when placing the railing on an inclined surface.

While several objects of the invention have been set forth, other objects, uses and advantages will become more apparent as the nature of the invention is more fully disclosed, consisting of its novel construction and combination of its several parts as shown in the accompanying drawings and specifically described in the following specifications.

In the drawing:

FIGURE 1 is a view in perspective illustrating the railing when used both on a level and on an inclined run.

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view through one of the uprights and the top and bottom rail.

FIGURE 3 is a view partly in section and partly in elevation taken on the line 33 of FIGURE 2 showing the top and bottom rails running perpendicular to the upright.

FIGURE 4 is a view partly in section and partly in elevation showing the top and bottom rails running angularly to the upright.

FIGURE 5 is a view similar to FIGURE 4 in which the top and bottom rails are angled in the opposite direc tion to that shown in FIGURE 4.

FIGURE 6 is a sectional view taken on the line 66 of FIGURE 3.

FIGURE 7 is a sectional view taken on the line 7 of FIGURE 4.

In referring to the drawings, like reference characters are used to designate like and similar parts throughout the several views.

Referring to the form shown in FIGURES 1 to 7, there is provided a top rail A, a bottom rail B, and a plurality of upright members C. These rail members A and B are formed of rigid channel stock, usually of iron, but may be of any suitable rigid material. Both rails are formed of substantially the same type of stock.

The top rail A is formed with a flat web portion 10 and has two side flange portions 10' and 10".

The bottom rail B is formed with a flat web portion 12 and has two side flange portions 12 and 12".

The upright members C are usually of solid square or rectangular stock, and are all of substantially the same length. The upper end of the upright is preferably rounded on one side, as shown at 14. The upper end may also be rounded on both sides as shown at 15. The upright is pivotally connected to the side portions 10' and 10" by a pin 16. The upright member C has provided adjacent its upper end a hole 18 slightly larger than or of the same size as the pin 16 in order that the member C may be rotatably supported on the pin 16. The flanges 10 and 10 are also provided with openings 20 which are drilled to receive the pin 16 as a press fit in order that the pins 16 are fixed to the side walls 10 and 10".

The uprights C are connected with the bottom rail 12 in substantially the same manner. The pin 22 ex tends between the side members 12 and 12" and through the lower end of the upright C similar to that described for the upper end.

The upper surface 12 of the lower rail member is provided with a rectangular opening 24 through which the upright C extends.

The preferred type of structure is shown in FIGURES 3 and 4. In this form the upright member contacts one edge 24 of the opening 24 when the upright member is in a position perpendicular to the rails.

However, the construction may be as shown in FIG- URES 5 and 7. With this form the railing may be angled in either direction wherein, the upper end of the member C is rounded as shown at 15 in FIGURE 5, and the slot 24 is extended, as shown at 25 in FIGURE 5, on both sides of the pin 26 securing the upright member to the bottom rail, while the form shown in FIG- URES 3 and 4 are movable only in one direction. However, this form shown in FIGURES 3 and 4 does have the advantage that when the upright members C are moved until they contact the ends 24 of the cut out portions 24, the uprights are automatically perpendicular to the rail members, and are in position to be installed on a level surface.

The railing is installed by securing the same to end posts, as shown at 28, 29 and 30, which are secured to a supporting element, wherein the railing is rigid and secure.

While the invention has been shown and described in a particular form, it is not intended as a limitation as the scope of the invention is best defined in the appended claim.

I claim:

An adjustable railing comprising:

a top rail of channel cross section having a flat top web portion and two downwardly directed side flanges,

a bottom rail of channel cross-section having a flat top web portion and two downwardly directed side flanges,

a plurality of upright members extending between the top and bottom rails, each upright member having an upper end portion positioned between the flanges of the top rail and an end surface in close proximity to the web portion of the top rail,

a pin extending through said flanges and through the upper end portion of each upright member, each of said upper end portions having a curved surface between its end surface and one side of the upright member and concentric with said pin, whereby said upright member may pivot with respect to said rail in one direction,

said bottom rail having a plurality of openings through the flat web portion thereof, each upright member extending through one of said openings and having a lower end portion positioned between the flanges of said bottom rail,

a pin extending through the flanges of said bottom rail and through each of the lower end portions of the upright members,

each of said openings in the bottom rail being of greater dimension longitudinally of the bottom rail than the transverse dimension of the upright member extending therethrough,

0 a each said pin extending through the flanges of said bottom rail and each upright member positioning the latter adjacent one end of each Opening considered lengthwise of the rail with the greater portion of the opening positioned on that side of the upright member opposite the side having the curved surf-ace at its upper end, whereby each upright member may pivot with respect to the bottom rail in the same direction that said upright member may pivot with respect to the said top rail.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Hughes 25665 X Winston 25622 Lapp et al. 25665 X Kools 256-21 Bastia 25624 X HARRISON R. MOSELEY, Primary Examiner. 10 D. L. TAYLOR, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1416957 *May 26, 1921May 23, 1922Sheridan Hughes ArthurBaluster-railing construction
US1796175 *Jul 10, 1929Mar 10, 1931James WinstonMetal-stair construction
US2558142 *Jan 21, 1947Jun 26, 1951Lapp William AIron railing
US2715513 *Apr 17, 1953Aug 16, 1955Kools Brothers IncAdjustable railing section
US3202401 *Apr 1, 1963Aug 24, 1965Paul BastiaBalustrade
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3707276 *Nov 5, 1971Dec 26, 1972Superior Aluminum Products IncSimplified relatively heavy duty railing construction
US4125249 *Oct 14, 1977Nov 14, 1978Zen Giuseppe PRailing joint
US4138094 *Mar 31, 1977Feb 6, 1979Peter ThirAdjustable railing assembly
US4272061 *Nov 28, 1979Jun 9, 1981Suckno Brothers CompanyVariable pitch rail system
US4408749 *Jan 18, 1982Oct 11, 1983Mansion Industries, Inc.Variable pitch railing and system
US4421302 *Jan 30, 1981Dec 20, 1983Grimm William GPrefabricated adjustable handrail assembly
US4505456 *Mar 12, 1984Mar 19, 1985Mansion Industries, Inc.Railing and baluster connection
US4533121 *Feb 16, 1982Aug 6, 1985Gene BaseyVariable pitch stair railing assembly
US4898365 *Aug 20, 1987Feb 6, 1990Allied Tube & Conduit CorporationModular barrier
US5557893 *Jul 27, 1995Sep 24, 1996Bowls; George A.Adjustable pitch spiral stairway kit
US6017019 *Jan 12, 1998Jan 25, 2000Erwin Industries, Inc.Modular composite railing
US6052912 *Jan 2, 1998Apr 25, 2000May; William JeffreySpindle alignment tool
US6311957Jun 19, 1998Nov 6, 2001Custom Iron, Inc.Device and method for attaching balusters
US6758460Apr 25, 2001Jul 6, 2004Custom Iron, Inc.Device and method for attaching balusters
US7071439Aug 26, 2004Jul 4, 2006Edward L. GibbsMethod for barrier assembly
US7159853Aug 26, 2004Jan 9, 2007Edward L. GibbsWelded barrier system
US7621510 *Apr 12, 2005Nov 24, 2009Edward L. GibbsTerrain-adjustable barrier
US7896318Aug 23, 2010Mar 1, 2011Edward L. GibbsTerrain-conforming barrier
US7980534 *Jul 6, 2007Jul 19, 2011Edward L. GibbsRackable barrier system
US8505880Jul 21, 2010Aug 13, 2013Origin Point Brands, LlcFence rail support system
US8523150 *Dec 1, 2004Sep 3, 2013Edward L. GibbsFence with tiltable picket
US9470013 *Mar 19, 2013Oct 18, 2016Collins Limited, LlcAdjustable railing
US20030085395 *Jul 19, 2002May 8, 2003Gardner Arthur AModular railing and bracket therefor
US20050023514 *Aug 26, 2004Feb 3, 2005Gibbs Edward L.Internally welded barrier
US20050023515 *Aug 26, 2004Feb 3, 2005Gibbs Edward L.Barrier formed by resistance projection welding
US20050040382 *Aug 26, 2004Feb 24, 2005Gibbs Edward L.Method for barrier assembly
US20050092978 *Aug 26, 2004May 5, 2005Gibbs Edward L.Welded barrier system
US20050199864 *Apr 12, 2005Sep 15, 2005Gibbs Edward L.Terrain-adjustable barrier
US20050205854 *Dec 1, 2004Sep 22, 2005Edward GibbsFence with tiltable picket
US20060169965 *Jan 23, 2006Aug 3, 2006Paskar Stanley MPre-fabricated fencing panels
US20070138457 *Dec 5, 2005Jun 21, 2007Johnstonbaugh G SRailing assembly
US20080283811 *Jul 28, 2008Nov 20, 2008Johnstonbaugh G StephenRailing assembly
US20090064607 *Sep 6, 2007Mar 12, 2009Howard KatzAdjustable stair rail
US20090179183 *Jan 16, 2009Jul 16, 2009Ken FerrisSlot Rail Assembly
US20100200825 *Feb 9, 2010Aug 12, 2010Oz-Post, International LlpRackable wood privacy fence panel
US20100237309 *Mar 21, 2010Sep 23, 2010Ken FerrisBaluster Connection System
US20100288988 *Dec 1, 2004Nov 18, 2010Edward GibbsFence with tiltable picket
US20130277634 *Mar 19, 2013Oct 24, 2013Apex Ornamental Iron, LLCAdjustable railing
US20150115214 *Oct 10, 2014Apr 30, 2015Barrette Outdoor Living, Inc.Railing and baluster plug system
Classifications
U.S. Classification256/73, 256/67, 256/22
International ClassificationE04F11/18
Cooperative ClassificationE04F11/1834
European ClassificationE04F11/18F2P