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Publication numberUS3309050 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 14, 1967
Filing dateMay 6, 1965
Priority dateMay 6, 1965
Publication numberUS 3309050 A, US 3309050A, US-A-3309050, US3309050 A, US3309050A
InventorsBlink Robert O, Holz Frederick H, Lutzke William C
Original AssigneeMitchell Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable table legs
US 3309050 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Mumia E43, 1%? R. o. BLINK ETAL.

ADJUSTABLE TABLE LEGS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 6, 1965 :IES:

S SZW. Y RL JE OKOZ N TNHT R NU .U O MBE T a. ,T NOMC W A l l TR M 4, HEA 1^ EDI BEM ORI RFWY B 7 A7 f Mami@ M R. o. @LINK ETAL, Bg@

ADJUSTABLE TABLE LEGS Filed May e, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR ROBERT O. BLINK FREDERICK H. HOLZ WILLIAM C. LUTZKE BY ATTORNEYS nited States Patent @ffice 3,36%@56 Patented Mar. 14, 1967 3,309,956 AINUSEABLE TABLE LEGS Robert Blink, lliillwauiiee, Frederick H. Holz, Wa

watosa, and William C. Lutzire, Milwaukee, Wis., as-

signors to Mitcheli Manufacturing Company, Milwauhee, Wis., a corporation of a Wisconsin Filed li/iay 6, 1%5, Ser. No. 453,693 6 Claims. (Ci. 24S-188.2)

This invention relates to improvements in adjustable table legs, and more particularly to a table-supporting leg having novel means therein permitting the table to be adjusted and set at a desired height.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide a table leg having novel height adjustment means, as described, which novel leg assembly is particularly well suited for use with elongated tables of the type used in oices, conference rooms, classrooms, etc., as well as with other types of tables and furniture pieces.

A further object of the present invention is to provi-de a novel and improved table leg structure which is ornamental and attractive in appearance, the height adjustment and locking mechanism being unobtrusive and substantially hidden from View.

Further important objects of the invention are to provide a novel adjustable table leg structure which is simple and reliable in operation, which is sturdy and dependable, and which is relatively inexpensive to manufacture and assembled.

With the above and other objects in View, which other objects and advantages will become apparent hereinafter, the invention comprises the adjustable table-supporting leg illustrated and described, and any and all modifications or variations thereof as may come within the spirit of said invention, and within the scope of the appended Claims.

In the accompanying drawings, wherein there is shown one preferred embodiment of the invention, and wherein the same or similar reference numerals designate the same or similar parts in all of the views:

FIG. l is a fragmentary perspective view of a table provided with the improved leg structure;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of the adjustable leg assembly;

FIG. 3 is another perspective View of the structure shown in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view with portions of the leg broken away to show the locking mechanism;

FIG. 5 is a vertical sectional View showing said mechanism in its locking position; and

FIG. 6 is a similar Vertical sectional view showing said locking mechanism in its retracted condition.

Referring now more particularly to FIG. 1 of the drawings, illustrated therein is a fragmentary portion of a conference table utilizing the novel adjustable leg assembly comprising the present invention, the opposite end of said table being provided with an identical leg (not shown), of course. It is to be understood that while the present leg unit is particularly well suited for use in tables of this general type, said leg will also have utility in other types of tables and Various furniture pieces, and the invention is by no means to be limited in this respect.

As hereinabove described, the principal purpose of the invention is to provide a novel leg structure which is not only attractive in appearance, but which leg can be readily adjusted and set at a desired height, and locked in said position. Thus, a table can be set at one height for use in a grammar school classroom or library, or it can be raised for use as an oice conference table or the like, thereby greatly increasing the versatility of said table.

As will be seen, the present leg assembly includes an upper member 10 which is fixed to the underside of the table top 11 adjacent the end thereof, and which upper leg member extends downwardly a substantial distance below said table top. In the illustrated form of the invention said upper leg portion iii is tapered downwardly to provide an attractive, modern design, but it is to be understood that the shape and ornamental appearance of said member can be varied as desired. Similarly, while the illustrated member 10 is preferably formed of steel finished with high grade enamel, or chrome plate, and is provided with rolled edge flanges to provide increased strength and a neat appearance, the material and structural design of said member can be varied to suit particular table requirements, and the invention is not to be limited in this respect.

With reference now to FIGS. 2-4, welded or otherwise rigidly secured on the inner surface of the member 10 is a rectangular tube 12 which is centered on said member 10 and which extends the entire height thereof, said tube preferably being provided with side extensions or anges 13 on its back face to facilitate the welding of the same to the member 10. Said tube includes a pair of side wall portions 16 and 17, and a front wall 14. Formed in one side wall 17 of said rectangular tube is an elongated slot 18 (FIG. 2), and formed in the opposite side wall 16 are a plurality of vertically-spaced rectangular openings 21 (FIG. 3), the number of which openings can be varied to suit the size or desired range of adjustability of the particular table, as will be described.

Slidably fitted within said rectangular tube 12, and extending telescopically from the lower end thereof, is an inner rectangular tube 19 having a transverse base bar 26 thereon (FIG. l) which rests upon the door to provide the tablesupporting means. Said inner tubular member 19 includes a back wall 27, front wall 28, and a pair of side or end walls 31 and 32. Formed in the upper portion of the side wall 32 is a short, vertical slotted opening 33 (FIGS. 2, 5 and 6) which is adapted to register with the outer tube slot 18, and formed in the upper portion of the opposite side wall 31 of said inner tubular member are a pair of rectangular openings 36, 37 (FIGS. 4 6), which are registrable with selected pairs of openings 21 in the outer tube.

Welded or otherwise rigidly secured within and adjacent the upper end of the inner tubular member 19 is a U-shaped housing or bracket 40 including a back wall 41, front wall 42, and a bottom 43, the ends of said bracket being open, and carried within said bracket is an L-'shaped pawl 38 (FIGS. 4 6). Saidjpawl is pivotally mounted on a transverse pin 39, and formed on the upright neck portion thereof are a pair of vertically-spaced teeth 34 and 35 which are insertable into the registering rectangular openings in the telescopic tube members 12 and 19, as will be hereinafter described. Said pawl is provided with dual teeth 34, 35 in lieu ofthe singletooth design of conventional pawls, in order to minimize the possibility of said pawl teeth being sheared olii, even when extremely heavy loads are placed on the table.

The lower, horizontal arm of said L-shaped pawl 38 has a tapped bore 44 (FIGS. 5, 6) in its outer end which is registrable with the aforementioned longitudinal slots 1S, 33 in the interiitting tube members 12 and 19, and formed on the underside of said pawl are a pair of spaced shoulders 45, 46. Said lower pawl arm is spaced above the bottom 43 of the U-shaped bracket 40, and fitted within said shoulders and bearing against the underside of said pawl and bracket bottom S3 is a coil spring 47, there being a mounting nub 43' formed in said bracket bottom there-v for. Said spring is designed to yieldably urge the lower pawl arm upwardly about the pivot 39, thus urging the teeth 34, 35 into the projecting position illustrated in FIG. 5. As is shown in FIG. 6, pivotal movement of said pawl in the opposite direction, against the tension-ot said' spring 47,`tunctions tofretract said teeth, as will be hereinafter described in greater detail.

The complete assembly characterizing the invention alsofincludes a handle unit, which is designated, generally by the numeral 48. Said handle includes a threaded shaft t9-which isiscrewed into the tapped bore 44 and in the end of the pawl 33, a cylindrical body portion 50, and a haudleSl which can be pivoted about its mounting pin 52 froman outwardly-projecting position to an unobtrusive, upwardlyor downwardly-extending position adjacent the tubev member 12.

In the use of the novel table leg structure comprising they present invention,fwhen it is desired to set the table top at a particular elevation, the handle shaft 49 is first turned outwardly somewhat to position the end face 50 ot the cylindrical body portion of said handle clear of the outer tube wall 17. The user then manually pushes downwardly onlsaid handle against the tension of the spring 47l to pivot the pawl 38 downwardly about its aXis 39, thereby retracting the pawl teeth 34, 3S rtrom ltheir normal, rprojecting position, as shown in FIG. 6.' With said pawl teeth thus retracted, the inner telescopic tube member 19 may be slidably adjusted within' the surrounding tube `12 to raise or lower the table top 11 as desired, and said inner tube member is adjusted to position its rectangular openings 36, 37 in registration with the desired pair of openings 21 in said outer tube member 12.

For example, if it is intended to set the table at its lowest elevation, as when it is to beused in a childrens classroom, the inner tubular member .19 is slidably shifted 1 to its uppermost position within the tube 12, and with the rectangular openings 36, 37 therein in registration with the top two openings 21 in said surrounding tube. Ifr the table is intended for use as an oiiice conference table, on the `other hand, said inner tubular member 19 can be lowered to a position wherein the openings 36, 37 therein are in registration with the lowermost outer tube openings 21, or they can be aligned with any desired intermediate pairs of openings in said surrounding tube, of course, depending upon the intended use of the tabie.

When the table has been set at a desired height the yuser merely releases the handle 48, and the spring 47 automatically pivots the pawl 38 upwardly about its axis to insert the teeth 34, 3S' thereon into the registering sets of apertures in said interiitting telescopic tube members 12, 19, thereby locking said members in said condition. In addition to the constant tension of the spring .47, the offset position of the pawl pivot point 39 eliminates the possibility of said pawl inadvertently swinging rearwardly to its` retracted position when the table is in use, even when a substantial load is placed thereon. Moreover,because two teeth 34, 35 are provided in the present pawl the stress thereon is divided, and the possibility of the same.

being sheared off under a load is practically eliminated, as hereinabove mentioned.

After the pawl teeth 34, 35 have been inserted into the proper pairsV of aligned openings in the telescopic tube members 12, 19, as described, the handle 4S is screwed inwardly until the rface 50 of the handle cylindrical portion abuts tightly against the side wall 17 of the outer tube, thereby clampingly retaining thejinteritting tube 19 between said outer tube member and the end face of the pawl 38. Moreover, with said handle closely abutting said outer tube member it is impossible to pivot the pawl, thus securely locking the same in position and fuither ensuring against inadvertent shifting of `said 'telescopic leg members. When the leg has been adjusted and set as described, the outer handle portion 51 may be swung upwardly or downwardly to an unobtrusive position closely adjacent and parallel with the table leg to promote the neat, attractive appearance of the unit. v

From the foregoing detailed description it will be seen that the present invention provides a novel and improved adjustable leg assembly for tables and the like which permits a simple and secure setting of the table at any desired not to be limited or coniine'd to a structure identical in all respects to that illustrated and hereinabove described. In lieu of the rigid table leg illustrated and described, for example, the entire leg assembly can be pivotally associ-- ated with the table top, thus permitting the legs to be swung upwardly against the underside of the table when not in use to provide a compact unit for easy and convenient storage. Moreover, while the telescopic tube members have been described as 'being rectangular in cross section, they could also be cylindrical or some other cross sectional contour, and the vertically-spaced openings therein could be circular, or some other shape, in lieu ot the rectangular openings described. In short, it is contemplated that numerous modiiications or variations could be made in the illustrated structure, and it is intendedy to cover not only the unit shown and described herein, but also any and all modied forms thereof as may come within the spirit of said invention, and within the scope of the following'claims.

What we claim is:

1. A table-supporting leg, comprising: a vertical tube member depending-from a table top, said tube member having a plurality of vertically-spaced openings, and having an elongated vertical slot; an inner .tubular member slidably carried within and projecting telescopically from the lower end of said' outer rtube and having ground-engaging means on its lower end, said inner tubular member having, an opening therein selectively registrable kwith the spaced openings in said outer tubular member, and'said inner tubular member having an opening registrable with said outer tube slot; a pawlpivotally carried in said inner tubular member, said pawl having a tooth thereon adapted to be projected into said registering inner andouter tube openings tok prevent relative movement ot said telescopic tubes, said pawl being pivotal to a retracted, non-projecting position; and means projected through said outer tube slot and registering inner tubev opening operable to pivot said pawl to its non-projecting position when itis desired to slidably adjustl said telescopic tube ,members to adjust the height of the. table.

2. A table-supporting leg, comprising: a vertical tube member depending from a table top, said tube member having a plurality of vertically-spaced openings, and having an elongated vertical slot; an inner tubular member slidably carried within and projecting telescopically from the lower end of said outer tube and having ground-engaging means on its lower end, said inner tubular member having a pair of vertically-spaced openingstherein selectively registrable with the spaced openings in said outer tubular member', and `said inner tubular member having an opening registrable with said outer tube slot; a pawl pivotally carried in said inner tubular member, said pawl having apair of vertically-spaced teeth thereon adapted to 'be projected into said registering inner and outer tube openings to prevent relative movementof said telescopic tubes, said pawlfbeing pivotal to a retracted, non-projecting position; handle means projected through said outer tube slot and registering inner tube openingoperable to pivot said pawl to its non-projecting position when it is 1 outertube member and having ground-engaging meanson its lower end, said inner tubular member having a first side wall provided with a pair of vertically-spaced openings registrable with a selected pair of spaced openings in said outer tubular member, and said inner tubular member having a second side wall provided with a vertical slotted opening registrable with said outer tube slot; a pawl pivotally carried in said inner tubular member, said pawl having a pair of vertically-spaced teeth which are adapted to be projected into registering pairs of said vertically-spaced tube openings to prevent relative movement of said telescopic tubes, said pawl being pivotal to a retracted, non-projecting position; means for yieldably urging said pawl teeth into their projecting position; handle means on the exterior of said tubes projected through said registering tube slots and associated with said pawl, said handle means lbeing manually operable to pivot said pawl to temporarily retract the teeth thereon from their projecting position when it is desired to slidably adjust `said telescopic tube members to adjust the height of the table; and releasable means for locking said telescopic tubes in their adjusted condition.

4. A table-supporting leg, comprising: an upper leg member mounted on and depending from the underside of a table top; a vertical rectangular tube member rigidly secured on the inner face of said upper leg member, said tube member having a first side wall provided with a plurality of vertically-spaced openings, and having a second side wall provided with an elongated vertical slot; an inner rectangular tube member slidably carried within and projecting telescopically from the lower end of said outer tube member and having a ground-engaging element on its lower end, said inner tubular member having a first side wall provided with a pair of vertically-spaced openings registrable with a selected pair of spaced openings in said outer tubular member, and said inner tubular member having a second side wall provided with a vertical slotted opening registrable with said outer tube slot; a pawl pivotally carried in said inner tubular member, said pawl having an end with a tapped bore therein in registration with said tube member slots, and said pawl having a generally upright portion provided with a pair of vertically-spaced teeth which are adapted to be projected into registering pairs of said vertically-spaced tube openings to prevent relative movement of said telescopic tubes, said pawl being pivotal to a retracted, non-projecting position; spring means adapted to yieldably urge said pawl to its projection position; and a handle unit including a shaft adjustably threaded into said pawl end bore, said handle being manually operable to pivot the pawl against the tension of said spring means to temporarily retract the ypawl teeth from their projecting position when it is desired to slidably adjust said telescopic tube members to adjust the height of the table, and said handle being adapted to Ibe turned inwardly to a position abutting against the surface of said outer tube member to lock said telescopic tubes in their adjusted condition.

5. A table-supporting leg, comprising: an upper leg member mounted on and depending from the underside of a table top; a vertical rectangular tube member centered on and rigidly secured to the inner face of said upper leg member, said tube member having a first side wall provided with a plurality of vertically-spaced openings, and having a second, opposite side wall provided with an elongated vertical slot; an inner rectangular tube member slidably carried within and projecting telescopically from the lower end of said outer tube member and having a ground-engaging element on its lower end, said inner tubular member having a first side wall provided with a pair of vertically-spaced openings in its upper end portion registrable with a selected pair of spaced openings in said outer tube member, and said inner tubular member having a second, opposite side wall provided with a vertical slotted opening registrable with said outer tube slot; a bracket rigidly mounted in the upper end portion of said inner tubular member, said bracket having a bottorn; a pawl pivotally carried by said bracket, said pawl having a lower leg portion spaced above and generally parallel to said bracket bottom, there being a tapped bore in the outer end thereof in registration with said tube member slots, and said pawl having a generally upright neck portion provided with a pair of vertically-spaced teeth which are adapted to be projected into registering pairs of said vertically-spaced tube openings to prevent relative sliding movement of said members, said pawl being pivotal to a retracted, non-projecting position; spring means mounted between said bracket bottom and said pawl lower leg and adapted to yieldably urge said pawl about its pivot point to its projecting position; and a handle unit including a shaft adjustably threaded into said pawl end bore, said handle unit having an intermediate portion, and having a gripping element pivotally mounted on the outer end thereof, said handle being manually operable to pivot said pawl against the tension of said spring to temporarily retract the pawl teeth from their projecting position when it is desired to slidably adjust said telescopic tube members to adjust the height of the table, and said handle being adapted to be screwed inwardly to a position wherein the intermediate portion thereof abuts against the surface of said outer tube memlber to lock said telescopic tubes in their adjusted condition.

6. The adjustable table leg structure recited in claim 1 and wherein said pawl is pivotally mounted on a transverse pin which is otset relative to the pawl center of gravity to ensure that said pawl will not inadvertently pivot rearwardly when it is arranged in its projecting position.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,867,763` 7/1932 Rose 1088 2,165,426 7/1939 Tuttle et al. 24S-188.5 2,746,822 5/1956 Copenhaver 24S-488.5 2,775,497 12/1956 Alvarez 108-146 2,805,906 9/1957 Hoven et a1. 108-29 2,947,586 8/1960 Hoven et al. 108-144 FOREIGN PATENTS 480,317 1/1952 Canada.

CLAUDE A. LE ROY, Primary Examiner.

W. D. LOULAN, Assistant Examiner.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Certificate Patent No. 3,309,050 Patented March 14, 1967 Robert O. Blink, Frederick H. Holz and lVilliam C. Lutzke Application having been made by Robert O. Blink, Frederick H. Holz, and lVilliam C. Lutzke, the inventors named in the patent above identified, and Mitchell Manufacturing Company, Milwaukee, lVis., a corporation of Wisconsin, the assignee, for the issuance of a certificate under the provisions of Title 85, Section 256, of the United States Code, adding the name of Robert W'. Schier as a joint inventor, and a showing and proof of facts satisfying the requirements of the said section having been submitted, it is this 1st day of September 1970, certified that the name of the Said Robert lV. Schier is hereby added to the said patent as a joint inventor with the said Robert O. Blink, Frederick H. Holz, and William C. Lutzke.

FRED W. SHERLING Associate Solicitor.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1867763 *Feb 6, 1930Jul 19, 1932Simmons CoHospital table
US2165426 *Jul 9, 1937Jul 11, 1939Eastman Kodak CoTelescoping tripod leg
US2746822 *Feb 21, 1955May 22, 1956Copenhaver Roy TAdjustable table legs
US2775497 *Oct 27, 1955Dec 25, 1956James E GonzalesAdjustable drawing table construction
US2805906 *Nov 8, 1956Sep 10, 1957American Seating CoFolding vertically adjustable table
US2947586 *May 18, 1955Aug 2, 1960American Seating CoTable or the like having its top supported by spaced pedestals each comprising a horizontally elongated base and a pair of vertical columns
CA480317A *Jan 15, 1952Safway Steel ProductsTubing coupler
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3479103 *Oct 2, 1967Nov 18, 1969Geier Frank WWall furniture cabinet unit
US3770236 *Sep 27, 1971Nov 6, 1973H & M EnterprisesVertically adjustable support
US4012158 *Sep 15, 1975Mar 15, 1977Harper Henry JAdjustable seat-back mechanism
US4036525 *Apr 8, 1976Jul 19, 1977Gf Business Equipment, Inc.Backrest adjustment mechanism
US4200254 *Jun 1, 1978Apr 29, 1980George NelsonPanel base
US5394809 *May 3, 1993Mar 7, 1995Steelcase Inc.Adjustable height table
US5685609 *May 30, 1995Nov 11, 1997Miotto International CompanyMechanism to adjust the height of a back support of a chair
US5769005 *Sep 28, 1995Jun 23, 1998Haynes; RobinAdjustable length table leg for a massage table
US8549759Jul 24, 2009Oct 8, 2013Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationAdjustable shoe for a power tool
US8549760 *Jun 4, 2010Oct 8, 2013Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationAdjustable locking shoe
US20100018064 *Jul 24, 2009Jan 28, 2010Bertsch Matthew TAdjustable shoe for a power tool
US20100287782 *Jun 4, 2010Nov 18, 2010Bertsch Matthew TAdjustable locking shoe
Classifications
U.S. Classification248/188.2, 108/146
International ClassificationA47B9/00, A47B9/14
Cooperative ClassificationA47B9/14
European ClassificationA47B9/14