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Publication numberUS3309110 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 14, 1967
Filing dateSep 13, 1965
Priority dateSep 13, 1965
Publication numberUS 3309110 A, US 3309110A, US-A-3309110, US3309110 A, US3309110A
InventorsDonald L Buhner
Original AssigneeDonald L Buhner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Occupant-propelled wheelchair
US 3309110 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

OCCUPANT-PROPELLED WHEELCHAIR Filed Sept. 13. 1965 INVENTOR DONALD BULMER a. AQ.

ATTORNEY United States Patent O 3,399,110 GCCUPANT-PRGPELLED WHEELCHAIR Donald L. Buhner, Westminster, Calif.

(5052 50i) Ave. E., Gal: Harbor, Wash. 98277) Filed Sept. 13, 1965, Ser. No. 487,097 Claims. (Cl. 280-242) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates to wheelchairs and in particular to a driving mechanism which can be operated by the occupants of such chairs. Specifically the driving mechanism involves the use of a unique linkage arrangement whereby the occupant of the wheelchair can propel himself by applying a force in a direction opposite to the direction of travel.

In the past wheelchair drive arrangements have been used to provide the patient with a means of propelling himself without gripping the wheel or its rirn. Such systems included an actuating lever pivotally mounted upon the axle coacting with a drive dog arrangement. By gripping the actuating lever and applying force thereto, a patient could propel himself. To the incapacited patient incapable of reaching for the actuating lever, incapable of applying a gripping force to the lever, or both, this simple lever system was useless. This invention overcomes these difficulties by means of a linkage arrangements.

The object of this invention is to provide a linkage arrangement which translates a horizontal force applied by a patient into a force upon the wheel of a wheelchair in order to propel the wheelchair.

Another object is to provide 4an arrangement which allows an incapacitated person to propel a wheelchair in any direction by applying a horizontal force to a linkage connected to a drive bar.

Other objects will become apparent upon reading the specification and upon reference to the following drawings in which:

FIG. l shows one embodiment of the linkage arrangement for the drive mechanism, and the effect of activating the drive mechanism; and

FIG. 2 shows another embodiment of the linkage arrangement.

In order to propel himself in a forward direction the occupant applies a force to a propelling bar 1 in a rearward direction as shown in FIG. 1. As the force is applied toward the occupant of the wheelchair the center pin 2 attached to the horizontal member 4 is forced in a generally downward direction along an elongated aperture 5 located along the longitudinal axis of the drive bar member 6. This downward force transmitted to the drive bar member 6 causes a reversible drive dog 7 mounted upon the drive bar member 6, to drive the wheel and chair in a forward direction.

The structure of this propelling linkage involves a propelling bar 1 rigidly attached to a horizontal member 4. The horizontal member 4 is pivotally mounted upon any appropriate support structure of the wheelchair. For example, this horizontal member 4 could be pivotally mounted upon the wheelchair leg 9 or upon the upright support structure for the wheelchair foot rest 10. A center pin 2 is mounted upon the horizontal member 4. A drive 'bar member 6 having an elongated slot 5 along its longitudinal axis is pivotally mounted upon the wheelchair axle as shown at point 11 of FIG. l. A reversible drive dog 7 is pivotally mounted upon the drive bar member 6 at an appropriate position as to come into contact with the wheel of the chair.

FIG. 2 shows another embodiment. A sliding clamp arrangement can be used in lieu of the center pin and elongated aperture combination. In this arrangement a sliding clamp 12 mounted upon the horizontal member 4 ice engages the drive bar member 6 thereby allowing the drive bar member to slide within the confines of the clamp. The elongated slot 5 is not necessary in this arrangement.

Quite often the occupant of the wheelchair cannot iirmly grasp the propelling bar 1 to transmit a rearward pulling force, which is translated into -a forward force on the wheels. A Y-member 13 attached to the upper end of the propelling bar 1 allows the patient to impose a rearward pulling force upon the propelling bar by placing his wrist between the cradle of the Y-member. With this arrangement the patient need not have to grasp the propelling bar. In order to afford the patient more comfort in using the Y-member arrangement and also to improve the adhesive characteristics of the Y-member, handle grips 14 are placed about the ears of the Y-member.

This propelling arrangement also uses reversible dogs 7. This allows the patient to cause either a rearward motion or forward motion to the wheels. Thus this invention allows the occupant of a wheelchair to propel himself about freely in all directions with a minimum amount of manual effort.

Both embodiments afford the patient the capability of maneuvering the chair in all directions. To move backward the patient applies a forward pushing force to the propelling bar 1. The linkage arrangement then would react to engage the drive dog against the wheel as to transmit a rearward force against the wheel. By providing this linkage arrangement for both wheels, and by selectively varying the force applied to the propelling bar the patient now has the capability of total mobility in all directions.

I claim:

1. A device to be mounted upon the axle and support structure of a wheelchair allowing an incapacitated person to apply force to the wheel of a wheelchair comprising:

(a) a horizontal member mounted upon the wheelchair support structure;

(b) a center pin mounted upon the horizontal member;

(c) a propelling bar attached to the horizontal member to which the incapacitated person applies a force;

(d) a drive bar member having an elongated aperture along its longitudinal axis for engaging said center pin and allowing said center pin to travel generally downward, and having a pivotal mounting aperture at its lower end for mounting the drive bar member upon the axle of the wheelchair; and

(e) a reversible dog mounted upon said drive bar member and coming into contact with the wheel of the chair to transmit the applied force to the wheel.

2. The device as defined in claim 1 further comprising a Y-member attached to the end of said propelling bar to allow the incapacitated person to apply a force to the propelling bar without gripping said propelling bar.

3. A device to be mounted upon the axle and support structure of a wheelchair allowing an incapacitated person to apply force to the wheel of a wheelchair comprising:

(a) a horizontal member having means for pivotally mounting said mernber to the support structure of the wheelchair;

(b) adrive bar member having means for pivotally mounting said drive bar member to the axle of the wheelchair;

(c) means for engaging said drive bar member, mounted upon said horizontal member to transmit a force upon said drive bar member;

(d) means for transmitting a force from said drive bar member to the wheel of the chair, mounted upon said' drive bar member; and

(e) a propelling bar connected to the horizontal member upon which 'an incapacitated person :applies a force.

ypropelling bar without gripping said propelling bar.

4. yThe device as described in claim 3 wherein the means References Cited by the Examiner for engaging said drive bar member comprises a clamp UNITED STATES PATENTS mounted upon the horizontal member to allow the drive n bar member to slide within said clamp. 2,130,426 9/1938 Henderson ZOO-244 k5. The device as set forth in claim 3 further comprising 5 2,643,898 6/1953 Everest et al ef 28o-240 a Y-member attached to the end of said propelling bar to 3,189,368 6/1965 Petersen 28o-242 allow the incapacitated person to apply a force to the KENNETH H' BETTS, Primary Examner

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2130426 *Jan 22, 1937Sep 20, 1938Henderson DonaldWheel chair drive
US2643898 *Jun 25, 1948Jun 30, 1953Herbert A EverestSelf-propelled wheel chair
US3189368 *Dec 23, 1963Jun 15, 1965James F PetersenWheel chair driver attachment
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3869146 *Feb 8, 1973Mar 4, 1975Donald L BulmerOccupant actuated means for propelling, stopping, directing, and curb hopping a wheelchair
US4098521 *Aug 9, 1976Jul 4, 1978Reme Enterprises, Inc.Wheelchair adaptable for passage in narrow spaces
US4354691 *Aug 28, 1980Oct 19, 1982Queen's University At KingstonWheel chair propulsion system
US4453729 *Sep 20, 1982Jun 12, 1984Lucken Wesley OOccupant propellable wheelchair
US4503724 *Feb 24, 1982Mar 12, 1985Ward Russell GPower transmission unit with oscillating drive and driven members
US4538826 *Jun 14, 1984Sep 3, 1985Paraid LimitedAid for propelling wheeled vehicles
US4840076 *Feb 22, 1988Jun 20, 1989The University Of Virginia Alumni Patents FoundationLever drive apparatus
US4892323 *Oct 27, 1988Jan 9, 1990Oxford Stuart GAll-terrain wheelchair
US4993732 *May 4, 1989Feb 19, 1991Wedemeyer Helmut M RWheelchair
US5020818 *Nov 20, 1989Jun 4, 1991Oxford Stuart GAll-terrain wheelchair
US5149118 *Oct 9, 1990Sep 22, 1992Oxford Stuart GAll-terrain wheelchair
US5167168 *Apr 30, 1991Dec 1, 1992Revab B.V.Driving gear for a muscle power driven vehicle, such as a wheel chair
US5236398 *Aug 3, 1992Aug 17, 1993Franklin E. BarnettWheelchair drive apparatus
US5312127 *Mar 14, 1991May 17, 1994Oxford Stuart GAll-terrain wheelchair
US5351566 *Aug 16, 1993Oct 4, 1994Franklin E. BarnettDrive apparatus and method
US5540111 *Oct 3, 1994Jul 30, 1996Franklin E. BarnettDrive apparatus and method
US5683321 *Aug 3, 1993Nov 4, 1997Franklin E. BarnettDrive apparatus for converting linear motion to rotary motion
US6007082 *Nov 19, 1993Dec 28, 1999Watwood; Brian M.Wheelchair driver and braking system
US7296811 *Jun 10, 2004Nov 20, 2007Pettit Frank PWheelchair propulsion device
WO1990007316A1 *Dec 22, 1989Jul 12, 1990Avantech Pty LtdWheelchair propulsion means
WO2013093156A1 *Dec 18, 2012Jun 27, 2013Civiac Gimenez Jose RamonWheelchair with a mechanism for ascending steps
Classifications
U.S. Classification280/250.1, 280/244, 74/143
International ClassificationA61G5/00, A61G5/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61G5/025, A61G5/023, A61G5/022
European ClassificationA61G5/02A4, A61G5/02B2, A61G5/02A2