|Publication number||US3311092 A|
|Publication date||Mar 28, 1967|
|Filing date||Dec 20, 1965|
|Priority date||Dec 20, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3311092 A, US 3311092A, US-A-3311092, US3311092 A, US3311092A|
|Inventors||Burbach Henry E, Mcmahon Thomas E|
|Original Assignee||Combustion Eng|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (13), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March-28, 1967 V E. M MAHON ETAL 1 9 TYPE SOO'I'BLOWER FOR cnmmme THE TUBES 0F FURNACE WALLS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed D90. 20, 1965 f Irlrl I FIG.
INVENTORS THOMAS E. Mc MAHON m N i E MW H m I March 28, 1967 5 MGMAHQN ETAL 3,311,092
TYPE SOOTBLOWER FOR CLEANING THE TUBES OF FURNACE WALLS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 20, 1965 s il FIG. 4
INVENTOR. THOMAS E. Mc MAHON HENRY E. BURBACH ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,311,092 TYPE SOOTBLOWER FOR CLEANING THE TUBES OF FURNACE WALLS Thomas E. McMahon, West Hartford, and Henry E. Burbach, Avon, Conn., assignors to Combustion Engineering, Inc., Windsor, Conn., a corporation of Deiaware Filed Dec. 20, 1965,'Ser. No. 514,781 4 Claims. (Cl.-122-392) This invention is directed to a sootblower for cleaning furnace wall tubes, and in particular to such a sootblower capable of cleaning furnace wall tubes which have previously been inaccessible or hard to reach for cleaning purposes, such as the centerwall of a furnace.
In recent times, steam generating units are becoming larger and larger, mainly for economic reasons. Today many units being constructed are of such a size that it is desirableto make twin furnaces for the unit, or in other words,.provide a centerwall for the furnace which divides it in half. This type of unit presents some problems, particularly on coal or oil fired units, as to how the centerwall can best be kept clean from ash and soot deposits. The normally installed wall sootblowers cannot be used for cleaning a centerwall, since there is a furnace on both sides of the wall. The normal long retractable sootblowers which rotate throughout a 360 are as they move into and'out of the furnace cannot be efficiently used, since during better than half of their cleaning cycle, the cleaning medium would not be effectively directed at the centerwall to be cleaned.
It is an object to provide a retractable sootblower which can be extended into a furnace adjacent a wall to be cleaned, which sootblower will direct the cleaning medium such that the wall area surrounding the head of the sootblower will be cleaned throughout a 360 arc.
It is 'a further object to provide a sootblower which will maintain the jets of cleaning medium at a fixed distance from the wall being cleaned at all times, thereby optimizing cleaning efficiency.
These and other objects will be made more clear upon a reading of the following, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a cross sectional plan view of a centerwall furnace utilizing our improved sootblower;,
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged sectional plan view showing a portion of one of the sootblowers of FIGURE 1 in more detail;
FIGURE 3 is a view taken on line 3-3 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 4 is a view taken on line 44 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged sectional plan view showing a second embodiment of the invention; and
FIGURE 6 is a view taken on line 66 of FIGURE 5.
Looking now to FIGURE 1 of the drawings, 10 designates a centerwall or divided furnace of a steam generating unit, containing furnace areas 12 and 14, separated by centerwall 16. All of the walls of both furnaces are made up of steam generating tubes welded together to form imperforate walls. Both furnaces 12 and 14 are fired by tangential burners 18 and 20, respectively.
A pair of sootblowers 22 and 26 are illustrated in association with the furnace 12 side of the centerwall 16, for periodically removing soot and ash deposits therefrom. These blowers are of the retract-able type, and can be moved into and out of the furnace proper by suitable drive means, illustrated in FIGURE 1 by drive gear and rack means 24 and 28. Sootblowers are also provided for cleaning the other side of centerwall 16, and these blowers are identical in all respects to blowers 22 and 26.
Looking now to FIGURE 2, sootblower 22 consists of retract tube 30 through which the cleaning medium, steam or air, is supplied to sootblower head 34. When the sootblower is not in operation, it is withdrawn from the furnace proper, with head 34 residing in space 32, so that it is subject to very little radiant heat from the furnace.
During operation, as the retract tube 30 moves head 34 progressively further into the furnace, jets of cleaning medium are directed towards the wall 16 throughvnozzle means 36. As shown in FIGURE 3, a plurality of nozzle means 36 are provided, each being equidistantly spaced around a 360 arc, so that the entire wall area surrounding head 34 is cleaned. Thus a single vblower constructed in accordance with the invention can clean a large wall area ,efliciently.
, In order to :hold the head 34 in contact with Wall 16 at all times, a reaction jet nozzle means '38 is provided. The force of the cleaning medium flowing through nozzle 38 counteracts the, tendency of the jets 36. to force-the head away from wall 16. The size of jet 38 can be much smaller than the combined total of jets 36, since all of the force created by jet 38 forces the head 34 in a direction towards wall 16. In contrast, only a small component of each of jets 36 tends to force head 34 away from wall 16.
In addition to maintaining the cleaning jets 36 at a fixed location from wall 16 so as to optimize cleaning efficiency at all times, reaction jet 38 also reduces whipping of the sootblower tube. In other words, the longer a retractable sootblower becomes, the harder it is to keep it running in a straight path into the furnace. Any small inequalities in the size of the jets 36 in a normal sootblower will cause the sootblower to whip about, and actually cause the head to be physically moved from the longitudinal axis of the retract tube.
Over a period of time the intermittent movement of sootblower 22 into and out of the furnace would wear down the tubes over which head 34 travels. To prevent this from happening, a metal wear strip 40 (FIGURE 4) is welded onto the tubes of centerwall 16 in the path of travel of head 34. If this wear strip 40 becomes too badly worn, it can be removed and replaced by a new one.
FIGURES 5 and 6 illustrate a second embodiment of the invention. In this embodiment, a retract tube 52 of a sootblower has a head 54 rotatably attached thereto, for example by means of a sleeve journal or bearing 60. This bearing surface should be suitably packed so that little or no cleaning medium escapes at this point. In the same manner as that of the embodiment shown in FIGURES 1-4, head 54 is moved longitudinally of centerwall 50, along wear strip 62. Reaction jet 58 maintains the head in contact with wall 50. Instead of the multitude of nozzle means 36 contained in the other embodiment, only two nozzle means 56 are provided (FIG- URE 6). The nozzles 56 are offset from the central axis of head 54, so that the reaction from the cleaning medium flowing through these nozzles causes head 54 to rotate about journal 60 during operation. In this manner, the sootblower cleans a wall area completely surrounding head 54 throughout a 360 arc during operation.
From the above, it can be seen that a sootblower has been provided in accordance with the invention which can efficiently and effectively be used to clean the centerwall of a furnace. Although the invention has been described in relation to cleaning a centerwall of a furnace, it should be obvious that it could also be applied to outer walls of a furnace where it might be diflicult or impossible to mount wall blowers. Having thus described our invention, what we claim is:
1. In combination, a furnace in which combustible matter is burned, wall means associated with said furnace upon which ash or slag resulting from the combustion adhere, sootblower means associated with said wall means for periodically removing deposits of ash or slag from the wall means, said sootblower means comprising a tube through which a cleaning medium flows, means for moving the tube forward and backward in a direction parallel to the planev of the wall means, head means connected to the tube, said head means containing first nozzle means positioned so as to direct cleaning medium in a direction towards the wall means, said head means containing second nozzle means positioned so as to direct cleaning medium in a direction away from the wall means, the direction andrsize of the first and second nozzle means being such that the forces created by the cleaning medium flowing therethrough maintain the head means in continuous contact with the wall means.
2. In combination, a furnace in which combustible matter is burned, wall means associated with said furnace upon which ash or slag resulting from combustion adhere, sootblower means associated with said wall means for periodically removing deposits of ash or slag from the wall means, said sootblower means comprising a tube through which a cleaning medium flows, means for mov ing the tube forward and backward in a direction parallel to the-plane of the wall means, head means connected to the tube, said head means containing first nozzle means, the first nozzle means being positioned such that they direct cleaning medium towards the wall means throughout a 360 arc surrounding the head means, said head means containing second nozzle means which are positioned so as to direct cleaning medium in a direction away from the wall means, the direction and size of all of the nozzle means being such that a force is created which maintains the head means in contiuous contact with the wall means.
3. The combination set forth in claim 2, wherein the first nozzle means are a plurality of radial nozzle means which are equidistantly spaced throughout a 360 arc.
4. The combination set forth in claim 2, wherein there are at least two first nozzle means, being positioned at an angle to radial lines of the head means, and the head means is rotatably attached to the tube, so that the force of the cleaning medium flowing through the first nozzle means causes the head means to rotate, thereby allowing cleaning of the wall means throughout a 360 arc surrounding the head means.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,732,429 10/ 1929 Bell 122-390 1,785,821 12/1930 Snow 15--316 1,842,300 1/1932 Thomas 122-392 2,137,253 11/1938 Thompson 122392 3,138,819 6/1964 McColl 15----317 KENNETH W. SPRAGUE, Primary Examiner.
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|International Classification||F28G3/16, F28G3/00|